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A hízott liba- és kacsamáj termelése, valamint piaci kihívásai AgEcon
Kozak, Janos.
A világ májtermelésének növekedése azt jelzi, hogy e különleges termék fogyasztása iránti igény várhatóan hosszabb távon fennmarad. A termelés szerkezetében azonban átrendeződés várható az olcsóbb hízott kacsamáj javára. Ugyanakkor a libamáj a hízottmáj-termékcsoportban csúcsminőség marad. Magyarország, mivel Franciaország után a legnagyobb májtermelő ország, továbbra is mindkét termék előállításában érdekelt lesz. Hazánk már évtizedek óta a világ vezető libamájtermelő országa, de a jövőben új piaci versenytársak (pl. Kína) megjelenésére is számíthat a világ májkereskedelmében. Emellett más országok növekvő kacsamájtermelése is egyre nehezebbé teszi a magyarországi májtermékek külpiaci értékesítését. Mivel a jelenlegi gyakorlattól eltérő módon hízott májat...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Libamáj; Kacsamáj; Májpiac; Májfogyasztás; Állatjólét; Goose liver; Duck liver; Liver market; Liver consumption; Animal welfare; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119913
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A Multicommodity EU Policy Framework Incorporating Public Good Criteria into the Direct Payment System in Agriculture AgEcon
Dunne, W.; O'Connell, J.J..
For decades the CAP has been the major influence in shaping EU agriculture and food production. The economic and policy environment in the EU is now very different from that which prevailed in the earlier decades. The future economic, social and geographic diversity of the EU will be further increased by enlargement. Agricultural policies and the related operational frameworks will inevitably change to accommodate this added diversity and the changing societal and consumer values. This paper evaluates how the current shape of EU agriculture has been influenced by the reforms to date. It also attempts to focus on where EU farming may be, or wish to go, over the next decade. The evaluation is restricted to the beef sector as it has been to the forefront in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Direct payments for public goods; Animal welfare; Environment; Food safety; Production methods; Extensive production; Economic; Social and geographic diversity; Future role of farming; An administrative framework.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24801
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A Multi-Criteria Decision Framework for Animal Welfare Policy AgEcon
Hellstrom, J.; Bicknell, Kathryn.
Policy decisions aimed at improving farm animal welfare involve balancing several competing objectives. Not only do such decisions involve tradeoffs between social, ethical, economic and welfare considerations, animal welfare itself is a multi-dimensional concept and some husbandry practices may satisfy some welfare needs but fail to satisfy others. Multi-criteria decision analysis is a decision theoretic tool that has been used to inform decision making in fields such as environmental policy, urban and regional planning, and biosecurity – all of which are characterised by competing goals and multiple stake-holders. This paper presents a preliminary multi-criteria framework for the analysis of animal welfare policies at the national level using indoor...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Multi-criteria decision analysis; Decision analysis; Decision support; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115719
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A Structural Equation Model of the Factors Influencing British Consumers’ Behaviour towards Animal Welfare AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; McVittie, Alistair; Hubbard, Carmen; Stott, Alistair W..
Results of national and pan-European consumer surveys and the growth in the demand for so-called “animal friendly” food products suggest that consumers within the European Union show a high level of concern for the welfare of farm animals. This paper analyses the determinants of British consumers’ behaviour towards animal welfare using structural equation models (SEM) with observed and latent variables. SEM is a statistical technique for testing and estimating relationships amongst variables, using a combination of statistical data and qualitative causal assumptions. We used a data set collected in 2005 through face-to-face interviews of 654 consumers in England. We analysed the range of statements in existing literature on consumers’ behaviour towards...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Consumers’ behaviour; Structural equation models.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58149
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Abandonment of dogs in Latin America: review of literature MV&Z
Alves, Ana Julia Silva e; Guilloux, Aline Gil Alves; Zetun, Carolina Ballarini; Polo, Gina; Braga, Guilherme Basseto; Panachão, Ligia Issberner; Santos, Oswaldo; Dias, Ricardo Augusto.
The relinquishment of animals is frequent and common throughout all the Latin America, causing losses in the areas of public health, social, ecological, economic and animal welfare. Among the main causes of pet relinquishment are behavioral problems, lack of space in houses, the lifestyle of the owner, lack of information about the owner responsibilities and costs associated with the keeping of animals. The number of laws related to animal welfare has been growing, due to pressure from the civil population but abandoned animals are a problem of responsibility of all the society. The role of the veterinarian is to inform and educate their customers about the topic. Reduce the relinquishment animal is a public challenge with cultural and long-term solution,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dogs; Abandonment; Public health; Animal welfare; Latin America cães; Abandono; Saúde pública; Bem-estar animal; América Latina.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/16221
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Abate e qualidade da carne. Repositório Alice
MEDEIROS, S. R. de; RIBEIRO, C. B..
Marmoreio; Outros aspectos relacionados à qualidade da carcaça. Bem-estar; Outros reflexos positivos do investimento em bem-estar. Alternativas para melhoria da qualidade da carcaça.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bovino de corte; Abate; Carne; Carcaça; Qualidade; Bem-estar animal; Beef cattle; Slaughtering; Meat; Carcasses; Quality; Animal welfare.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/326405
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Agroecologia, ética e produção animal: contribuição para a construção da legislação de bem estar animal (BEA) no Brasil. Repositório Alice
SCHWARTZ, F. F.; ABREU, L. S. de.
Resumo: A partir de análise da legislação brasileira vinculada ao BEA e de entrevistas realizadas com pesquisadores, legisladores e técnicos do MAPA, buscamos retraçar o ambiente técnico/jurídico que alicerça o BEA no Brasil. As entrevistas foram orientadas por um questionário aberto, realizadas no primeiro semestre de 2011. Consideramos que o BEA possa tornar se um conceito que alberga princípios agroecológicos, recomendáveis na implantação de sistemas de criação e manejos animais, que expressa valores éticos, ecológicos e economicamente justos. Os dados levantados sinalizam para a necessidade de uma maior discussão sobre o tema que ainda se mostra bastante incipiente no Brasil, em especial junto a consumidores. É fundamental para o avanço de BEA no...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bem estar animal; Agroecologia; Legislação; Ecologia vegetal; Bem-estar; Pecuária; Agroecology; Animal welfare; Ethics; Cattle.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/919368
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Air quality in swine growing and finishing facilities with different building typologies AGRIAMBI
Cecchin,Daiane; Campos,Alessandro T.; Cruz,Vasco F. da; Sousa,Francine A.; Amaral,Pedro I. S.; Yanagi Junior,Tadayuki.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the concentration of gases in three swine growing and finishing facilities with different building typologies, regarding floor and dividers. The experiment compared three treatments: pen with water depth, pen with partially slotted floor on the sides, and pen with partially slotted floor on sides and in the center. Measurements of instantaneous concentrations of ammonia (NH3 ppm) and carbon dioxide (CO2 ppm) were taken at animal level. The levels of sound pressure (dB) at animal level and at 1.50 m from the floor were also recorded. It was observed that the pen with water depth was the one with the highest average concentration of NH3. Although there was a significant difference in CO2 concentrations,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Rural buildings; Gas concentration; Sound pressure.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-43662017000500339
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Anesthesia and sedation of map treefrog (Hypsiboas geographicus) tadpoles with essential oils Ciência Rural
Salbego,Joseânia; Maia,Janna Laely dos Santos; Toni,Cândida; Rodrigues,Amanda Sousa Silva; Sousa,Elen Monique Oliveira; Silva,Lenise Vargas Flores da; Mourão,Rosa Helena Veras; Barata,Lauro Euclides Soares; Heinzmann,Berta Maria; Baldisserotto,Bernardo.
ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the sedative and anesthetic properties of essential oils (EOs) in map treefrog tadpoles (Hypsiboas geographicus) and to determine the sedation and deep anesthesia induction times as well as the recovery time. The tadpoles were exposed to one of the EOs from three plant species: Aniba rosaeodora (EOAR - 25, 50, 100 or 200µL L-1), Lippia origanoides (EOLO - 13, 25, 50, 100 or 200µL L-1), and Lippia alba (either chemotype citral [EOL-C - 25, 50, 100 or 200µL L-1] or linalool [EOL-L - 50, 75, 100 or 200µL L-1]) (n = 8 per replicate). The tadpoles exposed to 25 and 50µL L-1 EOL-C and EOL-L, respectively, were not anesthetized within 30min (the maximum time of observation), and those exposed to 200µL L-1 EOLO...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amphibians; Animal welfare; Natural anesthetics.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017001100403
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Anesthesia by sprinkling method in the gills of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum does not influence intensity and morphology of monogeneans. Repositório Alice
BOIJINK, C. L.; MACIEL, P. O.; TAVARES-DIAS, M.; IWASHITA, M. K. P.; MORAIS, M. S.; HIDE, D. M. V.; SOUZA, N. C.; COUTO, M. V. S.; MENESES, J. O.; CUNHA, F. S.; FUJIMOTO, R. Y..
Anestesia por meio de aspersão nas brânquias de tambaqui Colossoma maropomum não influencia a intensidade e a morfologia de monogeneas. O presente estudo avalia a influência da anestesia sobre a fauna parasitária de monogeneas em peixes, sua intensidade e sua viabilidade.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Tambaqui; Parasitology; Animal welfare; Humane slaughter; Histopathology; Parasitologia; Bem-estar animal; Abate humanitário; Histopatologia.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1073358
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ANIMAL WELFARE AND ECONOMIC OPTIMISATION OF FARROWING SYSTEMS AgEcon
Vosough Ahmadi, Bouda; Baxter, Emma M.; Stott, Alistair W.; Lawrence, Alistair; Edwards, Sandra.
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Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Alternative housing systems; Animal welfare; Economic optimisation; Farrowing systems; Pig.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61124
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Animal Welfare in the CAP and Large-Scale Distribution. Public Social Policy and Consumer Trust AgEcon
Arfini, Filippo; Cernicchiaro, Sabrina; Mancini, Maria Cecilia.
This paper studies the role of animal welfare (AW) institutionally and for large scale retail and its value in consolidating trust between institutions-taxpayers and large scale retail-consumers. The first section analyses AW in the new CAP and current strategies of retail with regard to expectations of taxpayers and consumers respectively. The second section analyses interviews on AW carried out in large scale and traditional retailing on the Italian market, and puts forward short and medium term forecasts of the importance that AW could have in distribution strategies in trust building with consumers and in relationships with institutional and other interlocutors of the retail trade.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Animal welfare; Modern retail; Free-riders; Pro-active and reactive strategies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7765
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Aspectos fisiológicos e bioclimáticos de caprinos nas regiões semiáridas. Repositório Alice
VIEIRA, M. M. M.; FURTADO, F. M. V.; CÂNDIDO, M. J. D.; BARBOSA FILHO, J. A. D.; CAVALCANTE, A. C. R.; MAGALHAES, J. A.; COSTA, N. de L..
Resumo: A caprinocultura apresenta importante papel econômico-social para a região Nordeste, por suprir as populações de baixa renda de proteína de valor biológico. A região possui o maior rebanho caprino do Brasil, resultante da adaptação destes animais às condições climáticas locais. As diferentes respostas do animal às peculiaridades de cada região são determinantes no sucesso da atividade pela adequação do sistema produtivo às características do ambiente e ao potencial produtivo dos animais. Nesta revisão serão abordados alguns aspectos fisiológicos e bioclimáticos da caprinocultura nas condições semiáridas. [Physiological and bioclimatic aspects of goats in semi-arid regions]. Abstract: The goat provides important economic and social role in the...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Equilibro térmico; Termogênese; Thermal equilibrium; Caprino; Ovino; Bioclimatologia; Termorregulação; Ecologia animal; Bem-estar; Goats; Sheep; Animal welfare; Bioclimatology; Thermogenesis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1064771
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Assessment of Broiler Chicken Welfare in Southern Brazil Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Federici,JF; Vanderhasselt,R; Sans,ECO; Tuyttens,FAM; Souza,APO; Molento,CFM.
Abstract Scientific literature on broiler chicken welfare in Brazilian industrial systems is scarce. This study aimed at assessing broiler chicken welfare on industrial farms in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil, using the Welfare Quality(r) assessment protocol for poultry, to provide directly applicable scientific information. Results are presented as criteria scores ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better welfare; and percentages of prevalence. The scores classified as excellent (above 80) were absence of prolonged thirst, absence of prolonged hunger, litter quality, breast blister and touch test. Enhanced scores (between 55 and 80) were comfort around resting, plumage cleanliness and dust sheet test. Acceptable scores...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Assessment; Diagnosis; Poultry welfare; Welfare Quality(r).
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2016000100133
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Assessment of surface temperatures of buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) raised under tropical conditions using infrared thermography Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Barros,D.V.; Silva,L.K.X.; Kahwage,P.R.; Lourenço Júnior,J.B.; Sousa,J.S.; Silva,A.G.M.; Franco,I.M.; Martorano,L.G.; Garcia,A.R..
This paper aimed to evaluate the surface temperatures of buffalo bulls using infrared thermography, considering four distinct anatomical parts over time, and to correlate surface temperatures and thermal comfort indexes. The humid tropical climate (Köppen's Afi) was predominant in the research station where the experiment was performed and the trial lasted from April to August. Ten bulls (n=10) were evaluated every 25 days (morning: 6:00-9:00; afternoon: 12:00-15:00) and the parameters assessed were respiratory rate (RR), rectal temperature (RT), and the thermograms of surface temperature for orbital area (ORB), right flank (RF), left flank (LF) and scrotum (SCR). Climatological data was continuously monitored and the Temperature and Humidity Index (THI)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Water buffalo; Infrared imaging; Core temperature; Body surface temperature.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352016000200422
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Attitudes of South Brazilian sheep farmers to animal welfare and sentience Ciência Rural
Tamioso,Priscilla Regina; Guimarães,Paulo Ricardo Bittencourt; Molento,Carla Forte Maiolino.
ABSTRACT: We investigated self-reported attitudes of 148 South Brazilian sheep farmers to animal welfare and sentience. Many farmers (73.0%) knew animal welfare superficially. Farmers that worked for longer in the sheep industry and that raised sheep for commercial purposes mentioned more commonly that they had knowledge about animal welfare (P<0.05). Terms related to freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition were the most used to define animal welfare, cited 24.9% of the times. The majority claimed that their animals experience good levels of welfare (93.2%), especially farmers that kept bigger flocks (P<0.05). However, many respondents believed that sheep welfare could be improved on their farms (71.6%), mainly farmers with less experience in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Emotions; Opinion; Perception.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782017001200652
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Beef Consumer Preferences in Chile: Importance of Quality Attribute Differentiators on the Purchase Decision Chilean J. Agric. Res.
Villalobos,Pablo; Padilla,Carlos; Ponce,Cristian; Rojas,Álvaro.
Agrifood markets worldwide have focused on searching for new quality attribute differentiators, which capture the attention of consumers and meet their needs. The purpose of this research was to determine the importance of a set of quality attribute differentiators associated with a beef cut on the choice behavior of the Chilean consumer. The evaluated differentiating characteristics were: price, origin, production method, and quality assurance. A total of 750 subjects were surveyed in the following cities: Talca, Rancagua, and Santiago. Conjoint analysis was carried out to estimate the impact of the assessed attributes on the purchase decision of the consumers polled. Findings point out that the quality attribute differentiators significantly influence...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Conjoint analysis; Country of origin; Animal welfare; Quality assurance; Differentiation; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392010000100009
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Behavior affected by routine oxytocin injection in crossbred cows in the tropics R. Bras. Zootec.
Lammoglia,Miguel Angel; Garcez,Nora; Cabrera,Amalia; López,Rubén Dario; Rentería,Iliana del Carmen Daniel; Rojas-Ronquillo,Rebeca.
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to determine the effect of routine intramuscular injection of oxytocin to induce milk ejection on behavior assessed in terms of stress and rectal temperature in crossbred cows (Bos indicus × Bos taurus) in the tropics of Veracruz, México. Immediately after calving, cows were milked twice a day (n = 210) and randomly assigned to receive at each milking: 10 IU (0.5 mL) of oxytocin intramuscularly (n = 70); 0.5 mL of saline solution intramuscularly (n = 70); or no injection (n = 70). The following behavioral indicators of stress were observed: trampling, kicking, tail movement, failure to eat, jumping to avoid injection, vocalization, urination, and defecation. After milking, rectal temperature (RT) was measured....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Dairy cow; Stress.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982016000800478
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Behavior and performance of sows fed different levels of fiber and reared in individual cages or collective pens Anais da ABC (AABC)
BUDIÑO,FÁBIO E.L.; VIEIRA,RENATA F.N.; MELLO,SILVIO P.; DUARTE,KEILA M.R..
Sixteen pregnant sows were used. The experimental design was completely randomized with a 2x2 factorial scheme consisting of two housing systems (individual cages and collective pens) and two diets (low [2.67%] and high [13.14%] level of crude fiber). Physiological, behavioral, environmental, and hormonal parameters were studied. In addition, the following productive and reproductive parameters were evaluated: weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion of the sow and piglets, number of piglets born dead and alive, number and weight at weaning, and backfat thickness of sows. Pregnant sows reared in collective pens and fed a high-fiber diet exhibited better physiological responses, indicating greater comfort and better animal welfare. The environmental...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Swine; Animal welfare; Environmental enrichment; Housing systems.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652014000402109
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Behavior, performance and physiological parameters of pigs reared in deep bedding REA
Caldara,Fabiana R.; Rosa,Poliana S. G.; Ferreira,Rony A.; Reis,Nayana M. de O.; Nääs,Irenilza de A.; Paz,Ibiara C. de L. A.; Garcia,Rodrigo G.; Ferreira,Viviane M. O. dos S..
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the behavior, performance and physiological parameters of pigs in different production systems. Twenty four animals in the growth phase were distributed in a randomized block design in three treatments: T1 - concrete floor, T2 - deep bedding with wood shaving, and T3 - deep bedding with coffee husks. The behavioral study was carried out by observing the animal behavior for an uninterrupted period of eight hours throughout seven weeks. The proportions of time spent in each behavior were characterized using the frequency histogram composition. Environmental (IBGTH), physiological (rectal and skin temperature and respiratory rate) and performance (weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion) parameters were measured in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Environment; Animal welfare; Coffee husks; Wood shaving; Swine production.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-69162012000100005
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