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Registros recuperados: 54
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A bio-economic analysis of experimental selective devices in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) fishery in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Raveau, Adriana; Macher, Claire; Mehault, Sonia; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Le Grand, Christelle; Guyader, Olivier; Bertignac, Michel; Fifas, Spyros; Guillen Garcia, Jordi.
Several fleets with various fishing strategies operate as a mixed fishery in the Bay of Biscay. Among the main fleets, bottom trawlers target Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) and, together with gillnetters, they also catch hake (Merluccius merluccius). Trawling leads to average-size catches that are below the minimum landing size (MLS); such catches are discarded since they cannot be sold. These discards result in negative impacts on stock renewal, as most of them do not survive. This also results in an economic loss for both bottom trawlers and gillnetters since these discards represent a future loss of rent. This study, based on the 2009 and 2010 selectivity experiments at sea, assesses the short- and long-term bio-economic impacts of four...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Demersal trawl fishery; Bio-economic analysis; Selectivity; Simulation; Selective device; Nephrops norvegicus; Merluccius merluccius; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00110/22135/19774.pdf
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A closer look at Batillipes dicrocercus and new records of Batillipes potiguarensis (Tardigrada: Arthrotardigrada) from the Brazilian coast with comments on intra- and interspecific variability Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Santos,Érika; Gomes Jr,Edivaldo; Rocha,Clélia M. C. da; Bartels,Paul J.; Fontoura,Paulo.
ABSTRACT Batillipes specimens collected in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean, on the Brazilian Coast (Campos Basin and Potiguar Basin) with a bifurcated caudal appendage similar to B. dicrocercus Pollock, 1970 were assigned to B. potiguarensis Santos, da Rocha, Gomes Jr & Fontoura, 2017. This species was described as having a roundish caudal protrusion but, as shown in this study, it exhibits intraspecific variability of the morphology of the caudal apparatus. The examination of specimens of B. dicrocercus from the type locality (Massachussetts, U.S.A.) and the analysis of the original description and two subsequent emended descriptions, one from the Gulf of Mexico (U.S.A.) and another from the Mediterranean Sea, used for comparison, revealed important...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Batillipedidae; Biogeography; Meiofauna; Atlantic Ocean; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212018000100241
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A comparative review of the fisheries resource management systems in New Zealand and in the European Union ArchiMer
Marchal, Paul; Lallemand, Philippe; Stokes, Kevin; Thebaud, Olivier.
This review aims at comparing the fisheries management systems existing in New Zealand and in the European Union. The involvement of stakeholders at all stages of the management process is generally more transparent and better established in New Zealand than in the EU. Both systems aim at achieving an adequate balance between sustainability and utilisation and consider the precautionary approach as a founding principle. The social objectives are probably more explicit in the EU management system. In New Zealand, B-MSY is a legal management target for all stocks in the quota management system (QMS), but management strategies were poorly explicit until most recently. In the EU, there have not been any legal management targets or strategies until 1999. Since...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fisheries; Total allowable catches; Rights based management; Quota; Atlantic Ocean; Pacific Ocean.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11167/7534.pdf
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An Annual Cycle of Submesoscale Vertical Flow and Restratification in the Upper Ocean ArchiMer
Yu, Xiaolong; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Martin, Adrian P; Buckingham, Christian; Brannigan, Liam; Su, Zhan.
Numerical simulations suggest that submesoscale turbulence may transform lateral buoyancy gradients into vertical stratification, and thus restratify the upper ocean via vertical flow. However, the observational evidence for this restratifying process has been lacking due to the difficulty in measuring such ephemeral phenomena, particularly over periods of months to years. This study presents an annual cycle of the vertical velocity and associated restratification estimated from two nested clusters of meso- and submesoscale-resolving moorings, deployed in a typical mid-ocean area of the Northeast Atlantic. Vertical velocities inferred using the non-diffusive density equation are substantially stronger at submesoscales (horizontal scales of 1-10 km) than at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; Ageostrophic circulations; Frontogenesis; Frontolysis; In situ oceanic observations.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60076/63398.pdf
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An Integrated All-Atlantic Ocean Observing System in 2030 ArchiMer
Deyoung, Brad; Visbeck, Martin; De Araujo Filho, Moacyr Cunha; Baringer, Molly O’neil; Black, Carolanne; Buch, Erik; Canonico, Gabrielle; Coelho, Paulo; Duha, Janice T.; Edwards, Martin; Fischer, Albert; Fritz, Jan-stefan; Ketelhake, Sandra; Muelbert, Jose-henrique; Monteiro, Pedro; Nolan, Glenn; O’rourke, Eleanor; Ott, Michael; Le Traon, Pierre-yves; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Sousa-pinto, Isabel; Tanhua, Toste; Velho, Filomena V.; Willis, Zdenka.
The ocean plays a vital role in the global climate system and biosphere, providing crucial resources for humanity including water, food, energy, and raw materials. There is a compelling need to develop an integrated basin-scale ocean observing system to support of ocean management. We articulate a vision for basin-scale ocean observing – A comprehensive All-Atlantic Ocean Observing Systems that benefits all of us living, working and relying on the ocean. Until now, basin-scale ocean observation has been conducted through loosely-aligned arrangements of national and international efforts. The All-Atlantic Ocean Observing System (AtlantOS) is an integrated concept for a forward-looking framework and basin-scale partnership to establish a comprehensive ocean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean observation; Atlantic Ocean; Ocean observing system; Ocean governance; Basin-scale; Global ocean observing system; Framework for ocean observing.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00508/61957/66048.pdf
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Analysis and visualization of the glass eel behavior (Anguilla anguilla) in the Adour estuary and estimate of its upstream migration speed ArchiMer
Prouzet, Patrick; Odunlami, Marc; Duquesne, Elise; Boussouar, Ahmed.
The studies carried out on the Adour estuary on the migration of glass eels lead to the characterisation of their swimming behavior. Individuals migrate passively with the flood tide current behind the dynamic tide front, and their movements into the water column are linked to the surrounding luminosity and water turbidity. A numerical model was built from observations gathered on glass eel densities during scientific surveys. It uses the outputs of a hydrodynamic model accounting for the variations in the river flow and tide coefficient. It allows the simulation of the displacement of a particle in the longitudinal axis of the estuary. The variation of the vertical movements through the water column takes into account the cloud cover, the moon phases, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Numerical modeling; Fish behavior; Migration; Estuary; Hydrodynamics; Exploitation rate; Glass eel; Anguilla anguilla; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11171/7531.pdf
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Analyzing the market position of fish species subject to the impact of long-term changes: a case study of French fisheries in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Le Floc' H, P; Poulard, Jean-charles; Thebaud, Olivier; Blanchard, Fabian; Bihel, J; Steinmetz, Fabien.
Market position and its evolution were analysed in nine key fish and cephalopod species subject to long-term changes, using the Bay of Biscay fisheries as a case study. Although such long term changes have already been documented, and in some cases shown to be related to the impacts of fishing, changes in the physical environment, or both, relatively little work has been devoted to their potential consequences in economic terms. The nature and extent of these consequences was determined in the present study by looking at the composition of the affected fish production, and the status of different fish products on the markets. We propose a methodology to characterize market position for this set of nine species. The selected species represent a significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Atlantic Ocean; Fish market; Macro economic aggregates; Environmental change.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4716.pdf
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Are commercial logbook and scientific CPUE data useful for characterizing the spatial and seasonal distribution of exploited populations? The case of the Celtic Sea whiting ArchiMer
Verdoit, Marion; Pelletier, Dominique; Bellail, Robert.
A statistical approach is proposed to utilize the information contained both in scientific surveys and commercial fishing logbooks, in order to determine spatial and temporal distributions of recruiting and spawning fish of exploited populations. The approach is based on multivariate descriptive methods including ordination methods and classification techniques. A typology involving a principal component analysis (PCA), followed by a hierarchical ascending classification (HAC), is applied to both scientific and commercial data. PCA that accounts for spatial and temporal contiguities were performed. These analyses allow to compare structures observed at global and local scales, with those observed without focusing on a particular scale. The method is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Contiguity analysis; Cluster analysis; Factorial analysis; Atlantic Ocean; Whiting; Survey data; Commercial catch and effort data; Stock assessment; Bottom trawl survey design.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-335.pdf
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Assessing the risk of vulnerable species exposure to deepwater trawl fisheries: the case of orange roughy Hoplostethus atlanticus to the west of Ireland and Britain ArchiMer
Dransfeld, Leonie; Gerritsen, Hans D.; Hareide, Nils R.; Lorance, Pascal.
With slow growth rates, late maturity and a high maximum age of 100 years or more, orange roughy can be classified as a vulnerable deepwater fish species that can only sustain low rates of exploitation. Historical patterns of exploitation associated with this species suggest that it is currently not possible to manage its fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic sustainably, and the total allowable catch for orange roughy has been gradually reduced to zero for European fisheries since 2010. Orange roughy to the west of Ireland and Britain occurs on distinct bathymetric features (seamounts, hills and canyons) as well as on flat ground along the continental slope. Productivity-susceptibility analysis (PSA) was performed to evaluate the biological vulnerability of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological risk assessment; VMS; Continental slope; Beryciformes; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00176/28758/27234.pdf
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Assessment of impacts from human activities on ecosystem components in the Bay of Biscay in the early 1990s ArchiMer
Lorance, Pascal; Bertrand, Jacques; Brind'Amour, Anik; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Trenkel, Verena.
The ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management and, more specifically, the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive require the assessment of the state and dynamics of an ecosystem in order to determine suitable management strategies. This paper takes an analytical approach to assess the state of the Bay of Biscay ecosystem in the early 1990s, chosen as a period of reference because key monitoring data series have been collected since then. To assess the state of the ecosystem, the pressures exerted by six broad categories of human activities were examined. A literature review of the ecosystem components was made and a component tree was tailored according to data availability. Data rich components were subdivided into subcomponents for their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Reference state; Ecosystem based management; Human pressure; Inventory; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11164/7520.pdf
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Assessments of anthropogenic CO2 distribution in the tropical Atlantic Ocean ArchiMer
Touratier, Franck; Goyet, C; Coatanoan, Christine; Andrie, C.
With a limited number of properties (salinity, temperature, total dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, and oxygen) from a recent cruise in the tropical Atlantic Ocean, We use the simple and recent approach TrOCA (Tracer combining Oxygen, inorganic Carbon, and total Alkalinity) to estimate the distribution of anthropogenic CO2 along three latitudinal sections. In order to assess the quality of the anthropogenic CO2 distribution, results from the method are compared to the CFC-11 measurements. We discuss the large-scale distribution of the main water masses of the tropical Atlantic Ocean in the light of the anthropogenic CO2 and the CFC-11 distributions. Keeping in mind that the anthropogenic CO2 emission began similar to 60 years earlier than that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tropical belt; Atlantic Ocean; Water mass; Carbon cycle.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-886.pdf
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Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the Last Glacial and Deglacial: Inferences from the Atlantic Tropical Thermocline Temperature and Seawater Radiocarbon Activity ArchiMer
Huang, Enqing.
This thesis aims to investigate variations of the last glacial and deglacial Atlantic Ocean circulation, with emphasize on the Atlantic deepwater ventilation rate during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The highlights of the thesis are as the followings: (1) the modern frontal zone between the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic central waters off NW Africa shifted to the south during the last glacial and deglacial time periods. (2) The radiocarbon-based circulation age of the deep Atlantic (> 1500 m) was estimated to be less than 400 years during the LGM, which was equal to or less than its pre-bomb value. Therefore, the LGM deep Atlantic was inferred to be well ventilated. (3) The abyssal Atlantic (below 2500 m) prior to the LGM was more depleted in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Ocean circulation; Atlantic Ocean; Glacial; Deglacial; Thermocline; Radiocarbon; Global carbon cycle; Foraminifera; Carbonate; Trace elements; Deep ocean ventilation rates.
Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00493/60446/63891.pdf
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Bio-economic management strategy evaluation of deepwater stocks using the FLBEIA model ArchiMer
Garcia, Dorleta; Urtizberea, Agurtzane; Diez, Guzman; Gil, Juan; Marchal, Paul.
Deepwater fish are characterized by long lifespans, late maturity and low productivity. This implies slow recovery from low biomass levels and it is, therefore, important to manage these stocks correctly to avoid overfishing. However, these stocks are generally data poor, which it makes difficult to apply quantitative assessment models on which to base their management. The management strategy evaluation (MSE) approach consists in evaluating the performance of management strategies by simulation before their implementation. In the evaluation, the main sources of uncertainty in a fishery system and its management process should be taken into account in order to find robust management strategies. Thus, the MSE approach is relevant to the management of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bio-economic modelling; Deep-sea fisheries; Harvest control rules; Management strategy evaluation; Norway; Bay of Biscay; Gibraltar; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00176/28760/27231.pdf
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Black scorpionfish Scorpaena porcus (Scorpaenidae): a first record in the eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Goascoz, Nicolas; Dufour, Jean-louis; Iglesias, Samuel; Tetard, Alain.
This is the first record of the black scorpionfish Scorpaena porcus being found in the eastern English Channel. A specimen was caught on 15 October 2012 off the port of Courseulles-sur-mer. It measured 31.6 cm and weighted 800 g. From a study of its sagittal otolith, this specimen appeared to be 9 years old.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scorpaena porcus; First record; Eastern English Channel; Atlantic Ocean; Otolith.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00173/28418/26748.pdf
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Comment on 'A new scheme for the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean and the dissection of an Aptian salt basin' by Trond H. Torsvik, Sonia Rousse, Cinthia Labails and Mark A. Smethurst ArchiMer
Aslanian, Daniel; Moulin, Maryline.
P>Torsvik et al. recently presented a revised model for the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean. According to these authors, this new plate tectonic model is internally consistent and consistent with globally balanced plate motion solutions and takes into account realistic intraplate deformation. However, this model shows a number of kinematic and geological problems that we underline here, together with some comparisons with the new kinematic model recently proposed by Moulin et al.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plate motions; Continental margins: divergent; Africa; Atlantic Ocean; South America.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12504/9878.pdf
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Comparative morphology of Cymothoa spp.(Isopoda, Cymothoidae) from Brazilian fishes, with the description of Cymothoa catarinensis sp. nov. and redescriptions of C. excisa Perty and C. oestrum (Linnaeus) Zoologia
Thatcher,Vernon E.; Silva,Jayme de Loyola e; Jost,Glauco F.; Souza-Conceição,José M..
Cymothoa catarinensis sp. nov. collected at Camboriú, Santa Catarina State, Brazil is described. The new species is of small size, has a cephalon that is little immersed in pereonite 1, anterolateral angles of pereonite 1 that reach or surpass the eyes and a pleon that is deeply immersed in pereonite 7. The pleopods of the new species have small, lobular accessory gills projecting from the bases. Cymothoa excisa Perty, 1830, and Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1758) are redescribed. Both are of large size (25-35 mm in length). C. excisa has pointed anterolateral margins of pereonite 1 that reach or surpass the eyes. This species also has trilaminate pleopods in the female and bilaminate pleopods in the male. C. oestrum has rounded anterolateral margins of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Ocean; Brazil; Fish parasites; Marine isopods.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752003000300028
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Contrasting biogeochemical cycles of cobalt in the surface western Atlantic Ocean ArchiMer
Dulaquais, Gabriel; Boye, Marie; Middag, Rob; Owens, Stephanis; Puigcorbe, Viena; Buesseler, Ken; Masque, Pere; De Baar, Hein J. W.; Carton, Xavier.
Dissolved cobalt (DCo; <0.2 µm; 14 to 93 pM) and the apparent particulate cobalt (PCo; >0.2 µm; <1 to 15 pM) were determined in the upper water column (<1000 m) of the western Atlantic Ocean along the GEOTRACES-A02 section (64°N to 50°S). The lowest DCo concentrations, typical of a nutrient-type distribution were observed in surface waters of the subtropical domains. Strong linear relationships between DCo and phosphate (P) as well as meridional gradients of decreasing DCo from high latitudes were characterized and both linked to the Co biological requirement. External sources such as the Amazon and the atmospheric deposition were found to contribute significantly (>10%) to the DCo stock of the mixed layer in the equatorial and north...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cobalt; Biogeochemistry; Atlantic Ocean; Chemical Oceanography; GEOTRACES.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00241/35222/33732.pdf
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Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) from the mouths of marine fishes of Pernambuco State, Brazil Zoologia
Thatcher,Vernon E.; Fonseca,Francinete T..
Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) is described from the mouths of Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792) and Oligoplites palometa (Cuvier, 1832). The fish hosts were caught near Itamaracá and Cabo de Santo Agostinho, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The new species bears a superficial resemblance to Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1793) from which it differs in a number of important respects. In the new species, the basal carinae are large on pereopods 4-7 and usually pointed, whereas in C. oestrum the carinae are small on pereopods 4-6, large on 7 and not pointed. In the new species, only pleopod 1 is simple and 2-5 are provided with pockets and folds. In the other species, pleopods 1-4 are simple and only 5 has folds.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Ocean; Isopod parasite; Parasitic crustacean.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752005000300001
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Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) a buccal cavity parasite of the marine fish, Oligoplites saurus (Bloch &amp; Schneider) (Osteichthyes, Carangidae) of Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil Zoologia
Thatcher,Vernon E.; Araújo,Gustavo S. de; Lima,José T. A. X. de; Chellappa,Sathyabama.
Cymothoa spinipalpa sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae) a buccal cavity parasite of the marine fish, Oligoplites saurus, is described on the basis of eight male specimens and one female. The fish hosts were captured in the coastal waters of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil. In the new species, the anterior margin of the cephalon is doubled ventrally over the bases of the antennae. In this respect, it resembles C. recifea Thatcher &amp; Fonseca, 2005. It differs from that species, however, in being much smaller and having basal carinae on the pereopods 4 to 7 that are small and rounded (not large and pointed). Also, pleopods 2-4 lack the folds and pockets that are present in C. recifea. The new species can be distinguished from all known Cymothoa...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Atlantic Ocean; Isopod parasite; Marine fish parasite.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81752007000100032
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Dynamic Time Warping of Paleomagnetic Secular Variation Data ArchiMer
Hagen, Cedric J; Reilly, Brendan T; Stoner, Joseph S; Creveling, Jessica R.
We present and make publicly available a dynamic programming algorithm to simultaneously align the inclination and declination vector directions of sedimentary paleomagnetic secular variation data.This algorithmgenerates a library of possible alignments through the systematic variation of assumptions about the relative accumulation rate and shared temporal overlap of two or more time-series. The paleomagnetist can then evaluate this library of reproducible and objective alignments using available geologic constraints, statistical methods, and expert knowledge.We apply the algorithm to align previously (visually) correlated medium to high accumulation rate northern North Atlantic Holocene deposits (101– 102 cm/ka) with strong radiocarbon control. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palaeomagnetic secular variation; Palaeomagnetism; Magnetostratigraphy; Dynamic programming; Statistical methods; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00601/71322/69749.pdf
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