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Bilan de douze années de suivi sanitaire de la conchylicultue en baie des Veys ArchiMer
Godefroy, Dominique; Etourneau, Claude.
La baie des Veys est caractérisée par l'ampleur de son bassin versant composé des réseaux hydrographiques de l'Aure et la Vire, ainsi que ceux de la Douve et la Taute. Les apports de pollution bactérienne y sont d'origine multiple. La baie des Veys, classée salubre en 1980, est aujourd'hui le deuxième bassin ostréicole normand. Elle constitue une zone particulièrement sensible tant au niveau environnemental qu'au niveau économique. Cette étude permet de faire le point sur la salubrité bactériologique de ce secteur conchylicole. Le traitement des données bactériologiques est réalisé sur les douze dernières années. L'analyse des résultats obtenus sur les coquillages de chacune des dix stations de suivi, nous conduit à: - identifier trois zones en fonction de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie des Veys; Conchyliculture; Classement; Pollution bactérienne; Salubrité.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00430/54110/55442.pdf
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Caractérisation et déterminisme du développement d'une population de l'annélide tubicole Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) (Polychète Terebellidae) associé à la conchyliculture en Baie des Veys (Baie de Seine Occidentale) ArchiMer
Ropert, Michel.
Since the mid 80's, a tidal population of the polychaete Lanice conchilega has proliferated along the eastern part of the "Baie des Veys" (Western part of the Bay of Seine). Population density 7 000 individuals per square meter. This proliferation affected significantly the local oyster farming industry, by resulting increased sedimentation rates. This work try to improved understanding the phenomenon by analyzing at various temporal and spatial scales the ecosystem and its relationship with the Lanice conchilega population dynamics. Several field works were carried out (i.e. bottom type mapping, topography, hydrology) to analyse the occurrence and development of this population taking into account the overall changes of the "Baie des Veys" ecosystem....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Veys Bay; Seine Bay; Crassostrea gigas; Lanice conchilega; Mussel culture; Baie de Seine; Baie des Veys; Crassostrea gigas; Lanice conchilega; Conchyliculture.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/these-3.pdf
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Etude des mortalités ostréicoles de l'hiver 1998/1999 en Baie des Veys. Caractérisation et analyse temporelle des dessalures observées sur les parcs conchylicoles de la baie de Veys depuis 1996. ArchiMer
Ropert, Michel; Kopp, Joel.
The Shellfish Laboratory of Normandy (LCN : Laboratoire Conchylicole de Normandie) observed unusual hydrologic anomalies associated with important oyster mortalities during the winter of 1999. These anomalies were described as sudden salinity variations during the lidal cycle, particularly on the rising tide. Starting in 1996 a multi-parameter probe was used to monitor salinity, temperature and depth every 10 to 20 minutes in the inter-tidal zone. Alter data processing and filtering, two criteria concerning low salinity were chosen : amplitude and duration. Application of a cumulative function (Ibanez et al., 1993) to this time series data treatment showed the 3 year trend (1996-1999). Salinity variation data and climatic data were used in a multivariate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Mortalités; Salinité; Baie des Veys; Suivi; Crassostrea gigas; Mortality; Salinity; Baie of Veys; Monitoring.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00102/21310/18928.pdf
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Etude d’outils d’évaluation de la contamination ChimiqUe dans les eaux de la ManchE - ECUME ArchiMer
Menet-nedelec, Florence; Halm-lemeille, Marie-pierre; Maheux, Frank; Pierre-duplessix, Olivier; Simon, Benjamin; Gonzalez, Jean-louis; Repecaud, Michel; Facq, Jean-valery.
L’étude ECUME était une opération destinée à tester localement dans les eaux côtières du littoral normand, des outils développés nationalement lors de nombreux travaux, et pressentis pour être utilisés lors des prochaines campagnes d’évaluation de la qualité chimique des masses d’eau littorales pour la DCE.  Ceci afin de déterminer la méthode la plus adaptée et opérationnelle de les déployer, et comparer leurs résultats entre eux et par rapport aux connaissances actuelles des niveaux de contamination. Trois sites ont été choisis : Chausey, baie des Veys et estuaire de Seine. Les résultats des analyses chimiques dans l’eau de mer grâce aux DGT, POCIS, SBSE, et dans les moules ont permis de confirmer le contraste du niveau de contamination en éléments traces...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Contamination chimique; Chausey; Baie des Veys; Estuaire de Seine; DGT; POCIS; SBSE; Biomarqueurs; Stabilité lysosomale; Micronoyaux; Activité catalase; Métaux; Pesticides; Substances pharmaceutiques; HAP; PCB; Phtalates; Alkylphénols.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00434/54582/55966.pdf
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Modelling the influence of environmental factors on the physiological status of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in an estuarine embayment; The Baie des Veys (France) ArchiMer
Grangere, Karine; Menesguen, Alain; Lefebvre, Sébastien; Bacher, Cedric; Pouvreau, Stephane.
It is well known that temporal changes in bivalve body mass are strongly correlated with temporal variations in water temperature and food supply. In order to study the influence of the year-to-year variability of environmental factors on oyster growth, we coupled a biogeochemical sub-model, which simulates trophic resources of oysters (i.e. phytoplankton biomass via chlorophyll a), and an ecophysiological sub-model, which simulates growth and reproduction (i.e. gametogenesis and spawning), using mechanistic bases. The biogeochemical sub-model successfully simulated phytoplankton dynamics using river nutrient inputs and meteorological factors as forcing functions. Adequate simulation of oyster growth dynamics requires a relevant food quantifier compatible...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie des Veys; Normandy; France; Physiological Status; Phytoplankton Carbon Concentration; Food Supply; Temperature; Dynamic Energy Budget model; Biogeochemical Model.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6809.pdf
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Modelling the spatial heterogeneity of ecological processes in an intertidal estuarine bay: dynamic interactions between bivalves and phytoplankton ArchiMer
Grangere, Karine; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Bacher, Cedric; Cugier, Philippe; Menesguen, Alain.
Spatial patterns in ecological communities result from a combination of physical and biological factors. In an estuarine intertidal bay, spatial differences have been found in the structure of phytoplanktonic communities and in the biological performance of cultivated oysters. It has been hypothesised that trophic heterogeneity exists, although the mechanisms controlling it remain undefined. Spatial and temporal interactions in the structure of phytoplanktonic biomass and in the biological performance of cultivated oysters were highlighted in this estuarine intertidal bay using a 2-dimensional hydrodynamic model coupled to a nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton bivalve food web model. The coupled models allowed a reproduction in space and time of variations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial heterogeneity; Hydrodynamics; Ecosystem model; Food supply; Bivalves; Dynamic energy budget model; Physiological status; Baie des Veys.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00017/12854/9819.pdf
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On the interest of using field primary production data to calibrate phytoplankton rate processes in ecosystem models ArchiMer
Grangere, Karine; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Menesguen, Alain; Jouenne, Fabien.
In many ecosystem models based on empirical formulations, parameters generally are calibrated in order to achieve the best fit between measured and simulated chlorophyll a standing stocks. An accurate calibration of rate processes as primary production rarely is taken into account. In this paper, we test the usefulness of calibration of phytoplankton photosynthetic processes in an ecosystem model using field primary production data. We used 18 months of photosynthetic process data from the Baie des Veys ecosystem (Normandy, France). Five empirical formulations of photosynthesis-irradiance curve models amongst the most widely used were tested. In each formulation, the variability of photosynthetic parameters (i.e. the light-saturated rate of photosynthesis...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie des Veys; Normandy; France; Diatoms; Chlorophyll a to carbon ratio; Parameter optimisation; Mechanistic formulations; Empirical formulations; Photosynthesis irradiance curve.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6810.pdf
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Réponse écophysiologique de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas à la variabilité spatio-temporelle des facteurs environnementaux. Etude par modélisation écologique ArchiMer
Grangere, Karine.
The spatial and temporal variability in biotic and abiotic environmental factors influence the ecophysiological response of bivalves (growth, reproduction and survival). In this study, the physiological status of cultivated oysters in the Baie des Veys ecosystem was studied using an ecosystem model which simulates ecophysiological processes of oysters (growth, maintenance and reproduction) and environmental processes which control oyster responses (river inputs, meteorology, hydrodynamic). In order to assess the spatial and temporal scales of variability in this ecosystem, two modelling approaches were developed. Temporal variability from the seasonal to the inter-annual scale was studied using a box model. Results showed that the variability in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie desVeys; Terrestrial inputs; Physiological state; Hydrodynamism; Oyster mortality; Primary production; Ecological model; Crassostrea gigas; Baie des Veys; Apports terrigènes; État physiologique; Hydrodynamisme; Mortalités d'huîtres; Productivité primaire; Modèles écologiques; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/these-6785.pdf
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Simulation de l'influence des apports des bassins versants sur les concessions ostréicoles de la Baie des Veys (Baie de Seine Occidentale) ArchiMer
Grangere, Karine.
Depuis les années 1940, d'importants phénomènes de mortalités des juvéniles de l'huître creuse Crassostrea gigas ont été observés en période estivale dans différents sites de production à travers le monde. En baie des Veys les principaux épisodes de mortalités observés au cours de ces dix dernières années ont conduit à des pertes allant de 17,5 jusqu'à 40 % de la biomasse totale en élevage. Ce travail s'inscrit dans le cadre du volet environnement du programme MOREST (MORtalités ESTivales) lancé en 2001 par l'IFREMER. L' objectif est d'étudier l'influence des apports provenant des bassins versants sur les concessions ostréicoles de la baie des Veys. Pour cela, des simulations ont été réalisées à l'aide d'un modèle hydrodynamique en 2 Dimensions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modèle hydrodynamique 2D; Baie des Veys; Apports fluviaux; Débit; Vent; Temps de résidence; Trajectoires.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56100/57636.pdf
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Spatial and temporal interaction between sediment and microphytobenthos in a temperate estuarine macro-intertidal bay ArchiMer
Orvain, Francis; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Montepini, J.; Sebire, M.; Gangnery, Aline; Sylvand, B..
Intertidal flats of the estuarine macro-intertidal Baie des Veys (France) were investigated to identify spatial features of sediment and microphytobenthos (MPB) in April 2003. Gradients occurred within the domain, and patches were identified close to vegetated areas or within the oyster-farming areas where calm physical conditions and biodeposition altered the sediment and MPB landscapes. Spatial patterns of chl a content were explained primarily by the influence of sediment features, while bed elevation and compaction brought only minor insights into MPB distribution regulation. The smaller size of MPB patches compared to silt patches revealed the interplay between physical structure defining the sediment landscape, the biotic patches that they contain,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthic diatoms; Benthos; Coastal ecosystems; Intertidal flats; Baie des Veys; Normandie; Spatial pattern; Geostatistics; Kriging.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00088/19945/17598.pdf
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