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Registros recuperados: 19
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Active and passive biomonitoring suggest metabolic adaptation in blue mussels (Mytilus spp.) chronically exposed to a moderate contamination in Brest harbor (France) ArchiMer
Lacroix, Camille; Richard, Gaelle; Seguineau, Catherine; Guyomarch, Julien; Moraga, Dario; Auffret, Michel.
Brest harbor (Bay of Brest, Brittany, France) has a severe past of anthropogenic chemical contamination, but inputs tended to decrease, indicating a reassessment of its ecotoxicological status should be carried out. Here, native and caged mussels (Mytilus spp.) were used in combination to evaluate biological effects of chronic chemical contamination in Brest harbor. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination was measured in mussel tissues as a proxy of harbor and urban pollution. Biochemical biomarkers of xenobiotic biotransformation, antioxidant defenses, generation of reducing equivalents, energy metabolism and oxidative damage were studied in both gills and digestive glands of native and caged mussels. In particular, activities of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine biomonitoring; Chronic pollution; Blue mussel Mytilus spp.; Caging; Oxidative stress; Energetic metabolism; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36654/35795.pdf
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Captage de naissain de pectinidés en rade de Brest. Incidences sur les programmes d'aménagement. ArchiMer
Dao, Jean-claude; Caisey, Xavier.
Since 1973, spat collection bas been conducted by IFREMER in the bay of Brest. This collection aimed at providing juveniles of Pecten maximus (1973-77) and then Chlamys varia(1977-87) in order to improve the management of the fishing grounds of the two species. Since 1982, the efforts have been focussed on the P. maximus spat production through the hatchery/nursery systems and the intermediate culture. Juveniles are seeded above a minimum size to create an additional population. In parallel, the levels of spat yied/collector have been followed as a pre-recruit index. At present time, there is no increase of spat collection during 1985-1990. Moreover, the results rise up the question of water quality in the bay of Brest for this group apparently very...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pectinidés; Captage; Collecteurs; Rade de Brest; Scallop; Pectinids; Spat collection; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00108/21965/19560.pdf
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Comparative study of isotopic trends in two coastal ecosystems of North Biscay: A multitrophic spatial gradient approach ArchiMer
Mortillaro, J. M.; Schaal, G.; Grall, Jacques; Nerot, C.; Brind'Amour, Anik; Marchais, V.; Perdriau, M.; Le Bris, H..
In coastal estuarine embayments, retention of water masses due to coastal topography may result in an increased contribution of continental organic matter in food webs. However, in megatidal embayments, the effect of topography can be counterbalanced by the process of tidal mixing. Large amounts of continental organic matter are exported each year by rivers to the oceans. The fate of terrestrial organic matter in food webs of coastal areas and on neighboring coastal benthic communities was therefore evaluated, at multi-trophic levels, from primary producers to primary consumers and predators. Two coastal areas of the French Atlantic coast, differing in the contributions from their watershed, tidal range and aperture degree, were compared using carbon and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Brest; Bay of Vilaine; Benthic; Filter-feeders; Stable isotopes; Organic matter.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27847/26203.pdf
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Control factors of Holocene sedimentary infilling in a semi-closed tidal estuarine-like system: the bay of Brest (France) ArchiMer
Gregoire, Gwendoline; Le Roy, Pascal; Ehrhold, Axel; Jouet, Gwenael; Garlan, Thierry.
This study details the sedimentary infilling of an original tidal-dominated estuary system during the final stage of the last marine transgression. The Bay of Brest is confined and connects the rivers Elorn and Aulne, to the sea of Iroise by a narrow strait encasing a well preserved paleo-channel. The compilation of high- and very-high-resolution bathymetric and seismic data, constrained by sediments datations, allows us to classify the paleo-morphology of the bay into three stepped domains: the paleo-valley floor surrounded by fluvial terraces, the central plateau, and the shallow embayments. Taking into account the main factors controlling the infilling, including sea-level rise, substratum morphology, and hydrodynamics, the stratigraphic scheme of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tide-dominated estuary; Incised-valley; Holocene infill; Seismic stratigraphy; Estuarine processes; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00358/46968/46883.pdf
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Dynamique sédimentaire et évolution holocène d'un système macrotidal semi-fermé : l'exemple de la rade de Brest ArchiMer
Gregoire, Gwendoline.
The bay of Brest is a tide-dominated, semi-enclosed coastal basin, which is connected with two rivers (Aulne and Elorn). Its jagged shoreline and seabed morphology constitute an ideal setting to understand sedimentary transfer at the land-sea interface. In this aim, this study is divided in two different time scale. The first (a) focuses on the present-day sedimentary bedload dynamic and the second (b) on the reconstruction of the Holocene infilling, during the last marine transgression. (a) A analyse combining a sedimentology approach and numerical has highlighted the major control of the tidal currents. Swells and rivers have a minor impact, because the inherited morphology accentuates and promotes tidal currents. There are responsible of a shelly sandy...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dynamique sédimentaire; Holocène; Paléo-vallée; Estuaire; Système côtier; Rade de Brest; Carottages; Sismique-réflexion; Imagerie; Bathymétrie; Seismic reflection; Coastal system; Bay of Brest; Coring; Paleo-valley; Estuary; Sedimentary dynamic; Backscatter imagery; Bathymetry.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60920/64282.pdf
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Effets ingénieurs auto- et allogénique de l’espèce invasive Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758) sur la diversité structurelle et fonctionnelle des habitats benthiques colonisés de la rade de Brest ArchiMer
Vallee, Vincent.
The non-native slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata (Linnaeus, 1758) has proliferated in the Bay of Brest during the 90s. This suspension-feeding gastropod has become a dominant species both in terms of density (> 2000 ind.m-2) and biomass (127 000 t fresh weight in 2000). C. fornicata is also an ecosystem engineer that modifies its habitat by the presence of its own shell (autogenic engineering) and by biodeposition of faeces and pseudo-faeces (allogenic engineering). Here, we tested the effects of C. fornicata on the colonized communities’ structural and functional diversity by distinguishing his auto- and allogenic engineering effects. One way these changes were studied along a gradient characterized by the total weight of slipper limpet (dead and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crepidula fornicata; Espèce ingénieur; Diversité structurelle; Diversité fonctionnelle; Analyse des traits biologiques; Rade de Brest; Crepidula fornicata; Ecosystem engineer; Structural diversity; Functional diversity; Biological traits analysis; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00368/47920/47949.pdf
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Evaluation directe du stock de praires Venus verrucosa en rade de Brest ArchiMer
Pitel, Mathilde; Fifas, Spyros; Berthou, Patrick.
In the 1960s, with a drop in the king scallop stock, the clam became a substitution resource with productions of over 400 tonnes. The drop in the production until the disruption of the fishery in the 1980s is the combined consequence of the increase of the fishing capacities with an unfavourable populating demographic strategy. Large deposits are fairly rare. In 7 years, only one age group, born in 1971, withstood the fishery. Many age groups of satisfactory abundance, from the end of the 80s on, combined with a total disruption of the fishery for a few years, lead to a recovery of the stock with fishing levels equivalent (today) to those of the 1950s. The clam, though less iconic than the king scallop in the local context, has now been for a number of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Campaign; Jeancani; Survey; Venus verrucosa; Clams; Bay of Brest; Brittany; Jeancani; Campagne à la mer; Venus verrucosa; Praires; Rade de Brest; Bretagne.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-4603.pdf
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Evaluation du stock de praires en rade de Brest ArchiMer
Pitel, Mathilde; Martin, Stephane; Fifas, Spyros; Huet, Jerome; Berthou, Patrick.
Pendant les années 50, la praire a joué un rôle secondaire dans le contexte maritime local. Au cours des années 50, cette espèce était ciblée par une flottille différente de la coquille Saint-Jacques de la rade de Brest, à capacité de capture modeste (flottille du Relecq Kerhuon) permettant la réalisation des captures annuelles moyennes de l'ordre de 150 tonnes. La décennie 60, après l'effondrement du stock coquillier a vu la praire occuper une place de ressource de substitution pour atteindre des productions dépassant les 400 tonnes. Les premières étapes de l'évolution de cette pêcherie sont détaillées par Le Gall (1969) et Piboubès (1973). Petit à petit, la flottille s'est transformée (à partir des années 70, entrée progressive des goémoniers dans la...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Jeancani; Venus verrucosa; Clams; Bay of Brest; Brittany; Jeancani; Venus verrucosa; Ressource de substitution; Praires; Rade de Brest; Bretagne.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-4602.pdf
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Evaluation du stock de praires en rade de Brest - 2001 ArchiMer
Pitel, Mathilde; Fifas, Spyros; Huet, Jerome; Berthou, Patrick.
During the 1950s, the clam played only a bit part in the local maritime context. It was the focus of a different fleet than the king scallop fleet, with a lesser fishing capacity (fleet from the Relecq Kerhuon) and an average annual catch of around 150 tonnes. In the 1960s, with a drop in the king scallop stock, the clam became a substitution resource with productions of over 400 tonnes. The first stages of this evolution are detailed by Le Gall (1969) and Piboubès (1973). Slowly, the fleet developed (from the 70s on, with the progressive arrival of seaweed boats in the fishery) The drop of the production until the disruption of the fishery in the 1980s is the combined consequence of the increase of the fishing capacities with an unfavourable populating...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Venus verrucosa; Stock assessment; Clams; Bay of Brest; Brittany; Venus verrucosa; Évaluation de stock; Praires; Rade de Brest; Bretagne.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-4607.pdf
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Feeding and energetics of the great scallop, Pecten maximus, through a DEB model ArchiMer
Lavaud, Romain; Flye-sainte-marie, Jonathan; Jean, Fred; Emmery, Antoine; Strand, Oivind; Kooijman, Sebastiaan A. L. M..
We developed a full life-cycle bioenergetic model for the great scallop P. maximusrelying on the concepts of the Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory. The covariation method was implemented to estimate the parameters of a standard DEB model. Such models are able to predict various metabolic processes from a food availability marker and temperature in the environment. However, suspension-feeders are likely to feed on various trophic sources, from microalgae cells to detritus. They are also able to sort and select food particles very efficiently, depending on their size, energetic value or quality. The present model includes a mechanistic description of the feeding processes, based on Kooijman’s Synthesizing Unit principle which allow to deal with several food...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pecten maximus; DEB theory; Synthesizing Units; Phytoplankton; Feeding process; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00162/27316/28458.pdf
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Les microplastiques : une menace en rade de Brest ? ArchiMer
Frere, Laura.
World production of plastics has increased steadily for the past decades leading to a major contamination of the worldwide aquatic ecosystems recently estimated at more than five trillion plastic pieces floating the surface of the oceans. Microplastics (plastic particles < 5 mm) are introduced into aquatic environments directly as industrial raw material (plastic pellets, cosmetics, clothing) or indirectly via the fragmentation of larger plastics. This emerging contaminant represents an increasing ecological concern for science and society. The present study focused on the microplastic contamination of the Bay of Brest (Brittany, France), a macrotidal coastal ecosystem characterized by intense anthropogenic activity. The main objectives were: (1) to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastiques; Micro-spectroscopie Raman; Matrices environnementales; Rade de Brest; Polluant organique; Communautés bactériennes; Microplastics; Micro-spectroscopy Raman; Environmental matrices; Bay of Brest; Organic pollutant; Bacterial communities.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00497/60913/64266.pdf
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Modeling reproductive traits of an invasive bivalve species under contrasting climate scenarios from 1960 to 2100 ArchiMer
Gourault, Melaine; Petton, Sebastien; Thomas, Yoann; Pecquerie, Laure; Marques, Goncalo M.; Cassou, Christophe; Fleury, Elodie; Paulet, Yves-marie; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Identifying the drivers that control the reproductive success of a population is vital to forecasting the consequences of climate change in terms of distribution shift and population dynamics. In the present study, we aimed to improve our understanding of the environmental conditions that allowed the colonization of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, in the Bay of Brest since its introduction in the 1960s. We also aimed to evaluate the potential consequences of future climate change on its reproductive success and further expansion. Three reproductive traits were defined to study the success of the reproduction: the spawning occurrence, synchronicity among individuals and individual fecundity. We simulated these traits by applying an individual-based...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DEB model; IPCC scenarios; Reproductive traits; Crassostrea gigas; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00440/55188/56794.pdf
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Modern morpho-sedimentological patterns in a tide-dominated estuary system: the Bay of Brest (west Britanny, France) ArchiMer
Gregoire, Gwendoline; Ehrhold, Axel; Le Roy, Pascal; Jouet, Gwenael; Garlan, Thierry.
Long-studied with respect to its sedimentological features (1897), the Bay of Brest (Western Britanny, France) is a textbook example of a tide-dominated estuary. Characterised by macrotidal conditions, this estuary system is sheltered from the open sea (Iroise Sea) by a narrow strait that partitions the wave tide influences and continental/marine inputs. Sediments are supplied to the bay both by rivers (the Aulne and Elorn rivers) and by marine tidal currents. This study presents new analyses of detailed facies and morphological patterns, based on the integration of multisource data compiling seabed sampling, swath and LIDAR bathymetry, and backscatter imagery. The Main Map, at a scale of 1:90,000, contains (1) a sedimentological distribution using the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Morpho-sedimentological cartography; Tide-dominated; Estuary system; Estuarine sedimentation; Backscatter imagery; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00334/44492/44224.pdf
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New insights into the reproductive cycle of two Great Scallop populations in Brittany (France) using a DEB modelling approach ArchiMer
Gourault, Melaine; Lavaud, Romain; Leynaert, Aude; Pecquerie, Laure; Paulet, Yves-marie; Pouvreau, Stephane.
The present study aimed to improve understanding of the environmental conditions influencing the reproductive cycle of the great scallop Pecten maximus in two locations in Brittany (France). We also evaluated potential consequences of future climate change for reproductive success in each site. We simulated reproductive traits (spawning occurrences and synchronicity among individuals) of P. maximus, using an existing Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model. To validate and test the model, we used biological and environmental datasets available for the Bay of Brest (West Brittany, France) between 1998 and 2003. We also applied the scallop DEB model in the Bay of Saint-Brieuc (North Brittany, France) for the same period (1998–2003) to compare the reproductive...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pecten maximus; DEB theory; Reproduction cycle; IPCC scenarios; Bay of Brest; Bay of Saint-Brieuc.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00458/57012/58910.pdf
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Projet Bargip. Action Nourriceries. Rapport final ArchiMer
Le Goff, Ronan; Villanueva, Ching-maria; Drogou, Mickael; De Pontual, Helene.
Objectifs du projet : Suite à la chute des rendements des captures professionnelles de bar européen Dicentrarchus labrax à partir des années 2010-2011, la DPMA  a demandé à l’Ifremer de mettre en place un programme de recherche visant à mieux connaitre la biologie de l’espèce et à acquérir des données permettant d’envisager sa gestion. Parmi les actions de recherche identifiées comme prioritaires, l’une portait sur les nourriceries de l’espèce. Il s’est agi au cours du projet de : - caractériser les habitats préférentiels des juvéniles de bar en travaillant sur deux nourriceries pilotes : estuaire de l’Aulne en rade de Brest et estuaire de la Loire, - développer un protocole (engin, méthodes, stratégie) d’échantillonnage permettant de produire des...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bar européen; Dicentrarchus labrax; Nourriceries; Indices d’abondance; Habitats; Protocole d’échantillonnage au moyen d’un chalut GOV; Test de marquage conventionnel; Rade de Brest; Estuaire de l’Aulne; Estuaire de la Loire.; European Sea Bass; Dicentrarchux labrax; Nurseries; Abundance indexes; Habitats; Sampling protocol with a high opening trawling net; Conventional tagging experimentation; Bay of Brest; Aulne estuary; Loire estuary.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00379/48987/49408.pdf
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Resource Competition Affects Plankton Community Structure; Evidence from Trait-Based Modeling ArchiMer
Sourisseau, Marc; Le Guennec, Valerie; Le Gland, Guillaume; Plus, Martin; Chapelle, Annie.
Understanding the phenology of phytoplankton species is still a challenge and despite a lot of theoretical work on competition for ressources this process is under-represented in deterministic models. To study the main driver of the species selection, we thus used a trait-based model that keeps phenotypic variability through physiological trait parameterization. We next validate the results by using a key species, the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum. Due to their monitoring, we show that harmful algae are ideal models for studying ecological niches and for contributing to this more global challenge. As a first step, a dimensionless model of an estuary (France) was built with water temperature and water exchanges deduced from a hydro-dynamic model....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Droop; Competition; Inter-specific; Estuary; Bay of Brest; Alexandrium minutum; Phenology; Niches.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48414/48624.pdf
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Simulation de l'effet de 3 scénarios de réduction des teneurs de l'Elorn en nitrate sur l'eutrophisation de la rade de Brest ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain.
This study commissioned by the Syndicat de l'Elorn et de la Rivière de Daoulas aimed at assessing on a mathemical modelling basis the impact of 3 scenarios of reduction of the loadings of Elorn river (imposed concentrations : 20, 15 et 10 mg/L NO3) on the status of ulva mass proliferation in the Moulin Blanc cowe (Bay of Brest). An ecological 3D model of N, P and Si cycling in the bay of Brest has been applied to a "reference situation": 2004 meteorological forcing combined to recent loadings of the new sewage plant. This model showed that: · the 3 reduction scenarios did not reduce significantly the early summer biomass of ulvae, but allowed to slightly reduce the subsequent summer and autumn levels of biomass (up to 20% reduction for 10 mg/L NO3). The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mathematical model; Dinoflagellate; Diatom; Ulva; Green tide; Nitrate; Moulin Blanc cowe; Elorn river; Bay of Brest; Modèle mathématique; Dinoflagellé; Diatomée; Ulve; Marée verte; Nitrate; Anse du Moulin Blanc; Elorn; Rade de Brest.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/rapport-6327.pdf
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The annual and seasonal variability of the carbonate system in the Bay of Brest (Northwest Atlantic Shelf, 2008–2014) ArchiMer
Salt, Lesley A.; Beaumont, L.; Blain, S.; Bucciarelli, E.; Grossteffan, E.; Guillot, A.; L'Helguen, S.; Merlivat, L.; Repecaud, Michel; Quemener, Loic; Rimmelin-maury, P.; Treguer, P.; Bozec, Y..
From 2008 to 2014, the MAREL-Iroise buoy, located in the Bay of Brest, collected high-frequency measurements of partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and ancillary hydrographic parameters, in conjunction with a comprehensive sampling regime of two additional carbonate system variables total alkalinity (AT), and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). Biological processes drive variations in AT and DIC throughout the year, except in winter, when primary production is negligible and large freshwater inputs occur. Annually, the Bay of Brest generally behaves as a source of CO2 to the atmosphere (0.14 ± 0.20 mol C m− 2 yr− 1), showing inter-annual variability significantly linked to annual net community production (NCP). The presence of a large community of benthic filter...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Brest; Carbonate system; Dissolved inorganic carbon; Total alkalinity.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00350/46157/45855.pdf
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The Impossible Sustainability of the Bay of Brest? Fifty Years of Ecosystem Changes, Interdisciplinary Knowledge Construction and Key Questions at the Science-Policy-Community Interface ArchiMer
Ragueneau, Olivier; Raimonet, Melanie; Maze, Camille; Coston-guarini, Jennifer; Chauvaud, Laurent; Danto, Anatole; Grall, Jacques; Jean, Frederic; Paulet, Yves-marie; Thouzeau, Gerard.
In this contribution, the study of the Bay of Brest ecosystem changes over the past 50 years is used to explore the construction of interdisciplinary knowledge and raise key questions that now need to be tackled at the science-policy-communities interface. The Bay of Brest is subject to a combination of several aspects of global change, including excessive nutrient inputs from watersheds and the proliferation of invasive species. These perturbations strongly interact, affecting positively or negatively the ecosystem functioning, with important impacts on human activities. We first relate a cascade of events over these five decades, linking farming activities, nitrogen, and silicon biogeochemical cycles, hydrodynamics of the Bay, the proliferation of an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sustainability; Land-ocean continuum; Bay of Brest; Interdisciplinarity; Science-policy-community interface.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00616/72792/72272.pdf
Registros recuperados: 19
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