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After restraint stress, mice with high and low immobility time have a different neurochemical and behavioral profile MV&Z
Reis-Silva, Thiago; Lima, Ana Paula; Moreira, Natalia; Calefi, Atilio; Sandini, Thaísa Meira; Florio, Jorge Camilo; Bernardi, Maria Martha.
High and low immobility on the tail suspension test is a common tool for assessing antidepressant drug effects. However, those parameters might be a natural phenotype present in the mice population and could be selected through behavior evaluation without an induced-drug behavior need. High immobility has been also related to depressed-like behavior, that in humans are characterized by wide range of symptoms, such as anhedonia, anxiety and tiredness. 
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Stress; Mice; Behavior; Animal.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/31107
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Application of basic concepts in ethology in the feline veterinary medicine MV&Z
Genaro, Gelson.
The study of Ethology has grown in the Veterinary Medicine, and nowadays it can be observed a considerable increase in the number of domestic cats in our society. These points highlight the importance of studying this animal from an ethologic point of view. The professional should alert the owner about the behavioural aspects and thoroughly discuss what to expect from a companion animal, minimizing the possibilities of conflicts among them, which can lead to abandonment. The knowledge of the behavioural characteristics, as well as the development of the animal will help for the prevention of future problems.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethology; Behavior; Cat; Feline etologia; Comportamento; Gato; Felino.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/5372
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Avoidance threshold to oil water soluble fraction by a juvenile marine teleost fish ArchiMer
Claireaux, Guy; Queau, Pierre; Marras, Stefano; Le Floch, Stephane; Farrell, Anthony P.; Nicolas-kopec, Annabelle; Lemaire, Philippe; Domenici, Paolo.
When oil spills occur, behavior is the first line of defense for a fish to avoid being contaminated. Here, we determined the avoidance threshold of the European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) to the water-soluble fraction (WSF) of oil using a dual flow choice box. Our experiment revealed that a plume of 20%-diluted WSF (total PAH concentration: 8.54 μg L-1) triggered a significant avoidance response that was detected within 7.5 minutes of introducing WSF-contaminated water in the experimental set-up. However, the ecological relevance of seabass capacity to detect and avoid WSF remains to be established. In the short term, such response is indeed liable to reduce sea bass contact time with oil-contaminated water and thus preserve their functional integrity....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish; Oil; Behavior; Avoidance reaction; Water-soluble fraction.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51899/52522.pdf
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Behavior at a nest of Amazilia lactea (Aves, Trochilidae) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Oniki,Yoshika; Antunes,Alexsander Z.; Willis,Edwin O..
The hummingbird Amazilia lactea (Lesson, 1832) built a nest in São Paulo, Brazil, in the spring (Oct) and added lichens during incubation. The female incubated over 70 per cent of the day, 1-56 min per visit, and brooded two small young somewhat less; brooding stopped by about 10 days of age, as did night brooding. Lack of night brooding for large young hummingbirds may reflect lack of space in a small nest. Young stayed in the nest 19 days. Feedings were widely spaced, and presence of possible predators caused alarm.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amazilia lactea; Nest; Behavior; Brazil.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212000000200007
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Behavior of soybean genotypes transformed with the AHAS gene wich confers tolerance to the herbicide imazapyr. Repositório Alice
KIIHL, T. A. M.; ARIAS, C. A. A..
The transformation of the soybean cultivars BR-16 and Doko with the AHAS gene resulted in the development of imazapyr-tolerant herbicide genotypes. A winter greenhouse trial was conducted in order to compare the conventional genotypes BR-16 and Doko with their transformed counterparts under imazapyr applications. Some aspects (number of pods and seeds weight) were evaluated and observations showed that genotype BR-16-AHAS compared to their conventional counterparts. Another experiment was conducted with the two transformed genotypes (AHAS) at a dosage of zero and 100 g i.a. ha-1 imazapyr application in the summer. The relative responses of the two genotypes were similar to the winter results but the herbicide effects differed regarding mainly the most...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Behavior.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/467811
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Bioactive extracellular compounds produced by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum are highly detrimental for oysters ArchiMer
Castrec, Justine; Soudant, P.; Payton, L.; Tran, D.; Miner, Philippe; Lambert, C.; Le Goic, N.; Huvet, Arnaud; Quillien, Virgile; Boullot, F.; Amzil, Zouher; Hegaret, Helene; Fabioux, C..
Blooms of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium spp., known as producers of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs), are regularly detected on the French coastline. PSTs accumulate into harvested shellfish species, such as the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and can cause strong disorders to consumers at high doses. The impacts of Alexandrium minutum on C. gigas have often been attributed to its production of PSTs without testing separately the effects of the bioactive extracellular compounds (BECs) with allelopathic, hemolytic, cytotoxic or ichthyotoxic properties, which can also be produced by these algae. The BECs, still uncharacterized, are excreted within the environment thereby impacting not only phytoplankton, zooplankton but also marine invertebrates and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Crassostrea gigas; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Bioactive extracellular compounds (BEC); Histology; Behavior.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00435/54637/56042.pdf
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Biología y comportamiento de Neochetina eichhomiae (Warner) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Erirhininae) en condiciones de laboratorio. Colegio de Postgraduados
Martínez Morales, Oscar.
En este trabajo se estudió el ciclo biológico de Neochetina eichhorniae a 26-28 °C y 28-30 °C, en laboratorio. Se colocaron huevos en vasos de plástico con algodón, una vez emergidas las larvas se alimentaron con trozos de pecíolo de lirio acuático, se realizaron observaciones sobre la biología del estado larval. Para observar la formación de pupas se colocó el último instar larval en recipientes con plantas de lirio acuático. Paralelamente se colocaron parejas de adultos en vasos de plástico para la observación de cópula, oviposición y alimentación. Para el comportamiento, se realizaron dos pruebas, la primera de inundación, para observar el desarrollo a partir del huevo y larvas en agua destilada, y la segunda de especificidad o preferencia alimenticia...
Palavras-chave: Ciclo biológico; Comportamiento; Morfología; Neochetina eichhorniae; Eichhornia crassipes; Life Cycle; Behavior; Morphology; Maestría; Entomología y Acarología.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/478
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Biología y comportamiento de Neochetina eichhomiae (Warner) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Erirhininae) en condiciones de laboratorio. Colegio de Postgraduados
Martínez Morales, Oscar.
En este trabajo se estudió el ciclo biológico de Neochetina eichhorniae a 26-28 °C y 28-30 °C, en laboratorio. Se colocaron huevos en vasos de plástico con algodón, una vez emergidas las larvas se alimentaron con trozos de pecíolo de lirio acuático, se realizaron observaciones sobre la biología del estado larval. Para observar la formación de pupas se colocó el último instar larval en recipientes con plantas de lirio acuático. Paralelamente se colocaron parejas de adultos en vasos de plástico para la observación de cópula, oviposición y alimentación. Para el comportamiento, se realizaron dos pruebas, la primera de inundación, para observar el desarrollo a partir del huevo y larvas en agua destilada, y la segunda de especificidad o preferencia alimenticia...
Palavras-chave: Ciclo biológico; Comportamiento; Morfología; Neochetina eichhorniae; Eichhornia crassipes; Life Cycle; Behavior; Morphology; Maestría; Entomología y Acarología.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/478
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Breed and selection line differences in the temperament of beef cattle. Repositório Alice
PIOVEZAN, U.; CYRILLO, J. N. dos S. G.; COSTA, M. J. R. P. da..
The temperament of four beef cattle breeds were measured using a flight time test (FT) and a behavior score test (BST). FT was defined as the time taken by animals to cross a distance of 2 m after weight scale. The BST used a visual assessment of cattle behavior in which the results of four categories defined the score: movements, breathing intensity, vocalization and kicking. FT and BST coefficients of heritability were estimated using the restricted maximum likelihood, considering half siblings.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Beef cows; Behavior; Fear; Husbandry; Vacas de corte; Comportamento; Medo; Manejo.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/971508
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Breed and selection line differences in the temperament of beef cattle - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v35i2.16426 Animal Sciences
Piovezan, Ubiratan; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária; Cyrillo, Joslaine Noely dos Santos Gonçalves; Instituto de Zootecnia do Estado de são Paulo; Costa, Mateus José Rodrigues Paranhos da; Universidade Estadual de São Paulo.
The temperament of four beef cattle breeds were measured using a flight time test (FT) and a behavior score test (BST). FT was defined as the time taken by animals to cross a distance of 2 m after weight scale. The BST used a visual assessment of cattle behavior in which the results of four categories defined the score: movements, breathing intensity, vocalization and kicking. FT and BST coefficients of heritability were estimated using the restricted maximum likelihood, considering half siblings. Caracu presented a lower BST value than the other breeds. Nellore presented intermediate results, followed by Guzerat and Gyr with similar and higher means (p < 0.05). Similar results were observed with FT, but Caracu and Nellore did not differ from each...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.04.00.00-2 beef cows; Behavior; Fear; Husbandry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/16426
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Challenging the win-win discourse on conservation and development: analyzing support for marine protected areas Ecology and Society
Chaigneau, Tomas; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter; T.W.B.Chaigneau@exeter.ac.uk; Brown, Katrina; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter; katrina.brown@exeter.ac.uk.
Conservation designations such as protected areas are increasing in numbers around the world, yet it is widely reported that many are failing to reach their objectives. They are frequently promoted as opportunities for win-win outcomes that can both protect biodiversity and lead to economic benefits for affected communities. This win-win view characterizes the dominant discourse surrounding many protected areas. Although this discourse and the arguments derived from it may lead to initial acceptance of conservation interventions, this study shows how it does not necessarily result in compliance and positive attitudes toward specific protected areas. Consequently, the discourse has important implications not just for making the case for protected area...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Behavior; Compliance; Fisheries; Natural resource management; Philippines.
Ano: 2016
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Chronic administration of Bauhinia forficata link reduced exploratory activity without affecting blood glucose in healthy rats. Repositório Alice
MORANZA, H. G.; SCANAVACA JUNIOR, L.; MATAQUEIRO, M. I.; QUEIROZ-NETO, A. de; FERRAZ, G. C..
Abstract: This study provides information about the effect of chronic ingestion of a decoction of Bauhinia forficata on the behavior of rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the exploratory activity, anxiety level, and blood glucose of healthy rats submitted to prolonged treatment with a decoction of B. forficata. Twenty male rats, aged two months and weighing approximately 145g were randomly distributed into two groups. The Bauhinia group freely ingested a decoction of B.forficata for 4 weeks, while the control group received water. Body weight, food and fluid intake, and glycemic index were quantified. The open field (OF) and elevated plus maze (EPM) tests were applied at the end of the experiment. Data were analyzed by Student?s t test for...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Behavior; Exploratory activity; Ethnopharmacology; Bauhinia fortificata; Planta medicinal; Bauhinia forficata; Medicinal plants; Animal behavior.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1073724
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Circadian time-dependent effects of fencamfamine on inhibition of dopamine uptake and release in rat striatal slices BJMBR
Fencamfamine (FCF) is a central stimulant that facilitates central dopaminergic transmission through inhibition of dopamine uptake and enhanced release of the transmitter. We evaluated the changes in the inhibition of uptake and the release of striatal [3H]-dopamine at 9:00 and 21:00 h, times corresponding to maximal and minimal behavioral responses to FCF, respectively. Adult male Wistar rats (200-250 g) maintained on a 12-h light/12-h dark cycle (lights on at 7:00 h) were used. In the behavioral experiments the rats (N = 8 for each group) received FCF (3.5 mg/kg, ip) or saline at 9:00 or 21:00 h. Fifteen minutes after treatment the duration of activity (sniffing, rearing and locomotion) was recorded for 120 min. The basal motor activity was higher (28.6...
Palavras-chave: Fencamfamine; Chronopharmacology; Behavior; Dopamine uptake; Dopamine release.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1997000500011
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Closing the Gap: Communicating to Change Gardening Practices in Support of Native Biodiversity in Urban Private Gardens Ecology and Society
van Heezik, Yolanda M; University of Otago; yolanda.vanheezik@otago.ac.nz; Dickinson, Katharine J. M.; University of Otago; kath.dickinson@botany.otago.ac.nz; Freeman, Claire; University of Otago; cf@geography.otago.ac.nz.
Private gardens collectively comprise the largest green space in most cities and the greatest potential for increasing the extent of wildlife-friendly and native-dominated habitat, improving the quality of ecosystem services, and providing opportunities for urban dwellers to reconnect with nature. Because attitudes and values driving landscape preferences in gardens are complex and often not conducive to biodiversity, and a gap exists between the possession of knowledge or values and the expression of pro-environmental behavior, facilitating change in gardening behavior is challenging. We attempted to improve knowledge and influence values, attitudes, and gardening behavior of 55 householders in favor of native biodiversity and environmentally friendly...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitude; Behavior; Communication; Garden; Gardening; Native; Urban; Wildlife gardening.
Ano: 2012
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Comparison of Behavior, Morphology and Morphometry of Equine and Canine Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Culture International Journal of Morphology
Grzesiak,Jakub; Marycz,Krzysztof; Czogala,Joanna; Wrzeszcz,Karol; Nicpon,Jakub.
Recent studies revealed multipotent properties of fat tissue isolated mesenchymal stem cells. These cells are successfully used as therapeutic factor for many locomotive disorders, being even more effective than stem cells from bone marrow. Isolated and cultured, AD-MSCs were observed, photographed and measured to compare cells from two different species.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: AD-MSC; Behavior; Morphology; Morphometry.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022011000300059
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Comportamento alimentar de aves em Alchornea glandulosa (Euphorbiaceae) em Rio Claro, São Paulo Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Valente,Renata de Melo.
Fourteen bird species were observed visiting one specimen of Alchornea glandulosa Poepp., 1845, at the Horto Florestal Navarro de Andrade, Rio Claro, São Paulo State, Brazil. Among them, three species seem to be the most efficient seed dispersers of A. glandulosa at the study site: Myiodinastes maculatus (Müller, 1776), Empidonomus varius (Vieillot, 1818) e Tyrannus melancholicus Vieillot, 1819. Besides to swallow fruit whole, these birds contributed with 68.5% of the total feeding visits. A. glandulosa fruit are not the mainly part of the diet of any one of the observed bird species, since they do not fit in the frugivorous specialized category. However, as almost all the observed individuals swallow fruit whole, it is suppose that they promote an...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Frugivory; Alchornea glandulosa; Birds; Behavior; Brazil.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212001000200008
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Comportamento alimentar e dieta de serpentes, gêneros Boiruna e Clelia (Serpentes, Colubridae) Iheringia, Sér. Zool.
Pinto,Carla da Costa; Lema,Thales de.
Boiruna maculata Boulenger, 1896 and Clelia rustica (Cope, 1878) were observed in captivity feeding snakes and rodents, respectively. Both species have shown a similar procedure in relation to the prey. Major behavior differences among the two species were: rodents killed before being swallowed, and snakes were mostly swallowed alive; both species are able to find the rodents head faster than the snake one; the coils formed during constriction were also used to hold the prey, specially the last coil, while swallowing rodents. Informations on stomach contents was gathered by dissection of preserved specimens of Clelia clelia (Daudin, 1803) and C. plumbea (Wied, 1820) were also included in the dietary study. The majority of preys consisted on snakes and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Boiruna; Clelia; Food; Feeding; Behavior.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0073-47212002000200002
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Comportamento de 36 híbridos comerciais de milho na região Oeste do Estado do Pará. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, F. R. S. de; VELOSO, C. A. C.; GAMA. E. E. G. e; CORREA, L. A.; RIBEIRO, S. I..
1999
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Milho; Melhoramento; Comportamento; Variedade; Produtividade; Hibrido; Para; Brasil; Brazil; Zea mays; Maize; Breeding; Behavior; Varieties; Productivity; Hybrid.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/483425
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Comportamento de borregos alimentados com diferentes fontes protéicas na ração concentrada. Repositório Alice
CÂNDIDO, M. J. D.; ANDRADE, I. R. A. de; SILVA, L. V. da; POMPEU, R. C. F. F.; BERNARDES, D. F. V.; ALENCAR, C. E. M. de.
Avaliou-se o comportamento de borregos Morada Nova confinados e alimentados com fontes alternativas de proteína na ração concentrada. Utilizaram-se três diferentes fontes protéicas alternativas na ração concentrada em substituição ao farelo de soja: feno do folíolo da leucena (FFL), uréia (ambas substituindo 100% do farelo de soja) e torta de algodão (substituindo em 51,8%, com base na matéria seca). Ao longo de 24 horas e a intervalos de 10 minutos foram estimados o tempo de ingestão de ração, de ruminação, de outras atividades e de ócio, acordado ou dormindo. Nos intervalos entre as observações acima, foi acompanhada a freqüência de defecação, micção e ingestão de água. Não houve diferença entre tratamentos para o tempo de ingestão de ração e de ócio...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ovino; Raça Morada Nova; Leucaena leucocephala; Pennisetum purpureum; Comportamento; Torta de algodão; Uréia; Behavior; Leucaena leucocephala; Pennisetum purpureum; Cotton meal; Urea.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/902982
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Comportamento de corte, acasalamento e postura de Chelonus insularis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) em ovos de Spodoptera frugiperda. Repositório Alice
REZENDE, M.A.A.; DELLA LUCIA, T.M.C.; CRUZ, I.; VILELA, E.F..
Procurou-se descrever, em laboratorio, o comportamento de corte, acasalamento e postura de C.insularis tendo S.frugiperda como hospedeiro. Dez casais de tres dias de idade foram individualizados em copos plasticos de 50ml de capacidade e observados para a descricao do comportamento. Verificou-se o inicio da sequencia de corte quando o macho toca suas antenas em qualquer parte do corpo da femea. A partir dai, movimenta suas antenas com grande frequencia, bate asas, desloca-se rapidamente e assume a posicao de copula, que consiste na sua monta sobre a femea. Esta permanece em posicao normal de caminhamento, porem sem se mover. (Femeas receptivas apresentaram poucos batimentos de asas e antenas. Em 20% das observacoes, a cabeca do macho ficava em posicao...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Comportamento; Controle biologico; Chelonus insularis; Spodoptera frugiperda; Behavior; Courtship; Biological control; Fall armyworm.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/474556
Registros recuperados: 69
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