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A BGC-Argo Guide: Planning, Deployment, Data Handling and Usage ArchiMer
Bittig, Henry C.; Maurer, Tanya L.; Plant, Joshua N.; Schmechtig, Catherine; Wong, Annie P. S.; Claustre, Hervé; Trull, Thomas W.; Udaya Bhaskar, T. V. S.; Boss, Emmanuel; Dall’olmo, Giorgio; Organelli, Emanuele; Poteau, Antoine; Johnson, Kenneth S.; Hanstein, Craig; Leymarie, Edouard; Le Reste, Serge; Riser, Stephen C.; Rupan, A. Rick; Taillandier, Vincent; Thierry, Virginie; Xing, Xiaogang.
The Biogeochemical-Argo program (BGC-Argo) is a new profiling-float-based, ocean wide, and distributed ocean monitoring program which is tightly linked to, and has benefited significantly from, the Argo program. The community has recommended for BGC-Argo to measure six additional properties in addition to pressure, temperature and salinity measured by Argo, to include oxygen, pH, nitrate, downwelling light, chlorophyll fluorescence and the optical backscattering coefficient. The purpose of this addition is to enable the monitoring of ocean biogeochemistry and health, and in particular, monitor major processes such as ocean deoxygenation, acidification and warming and their effect on phytoplankton, the main source of energy of marine ecosystems. Here we...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean observation; Ocean biogeochemical cycles; Sensors; Carbon cycle; Ocean optics; Best practices; Argo.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00512/62344/66607.pdf
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AVALIAÇÃO DA GESTÃO AMBIENTAL DA CARCINICULTURA MARINHA NO ESTADO DO CEARÁ: ESTUDO DE CASO AgEcon
Araujo, Rogerio Cesar Pereira; Campos, Roberio Telmo; Feitosa, Rommel Darlan.
Este estudo trata da avaliação da gestão ambiental da carcinicultura marinha, particularmente do estudo de caso da fase de engorda em uma fazenda de grande porte (área superior a 50 ha), no município de Aracati, Estado do Ceará. Especificamente, foram investigadas as práticas ambientais adotadas pela fazenda, os fatores determinantes da adoção das práticas, o grau de conformidade com o Código de Conduta da Associação Brasileira de Criadores de Camarão (ABCC) e com os componentes da norma NBR ISO 14001. As práticas ambientais foram identificadas através da aplicação de um questionário com 358 questões e do instrumento de auditoria ambiental para os seguintes elementos da administração da fazenda: controle gerencial, gestão dos efluentes e gestão dos...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Carcinicultura; Gestão ambiental; Melhores práticas; NBR ISO 14.001; Shrimp farm; Environmental management; Best practices; Livestock Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108842
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Community owned solutions: identifying local best practices for social-ecological sustainability Ecology and Society
Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Royal Holloway University of London, UK; j.mistry@rhul.ac.uk; Berardi, Andrea; The Open University, UK; andrea.berardi@open.ac.uk; Bignante, Elisa; University of Torino, Italy; elisa.bignante@unito.it; Haynes, Lakeram; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; lakehays@gmail.com; Benjamin, Ryan; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; garybejamin@gmail.com; Albert, Grace; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; grace.albert.cobra@gmail.com; Xavier, Rebecca; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; rebeccaxavier86@gmail.com; Robertson, Bernie; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; robertsotis1@yahoo.com; Davis, Odacy; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; odacyd@gmail.com; Jafferally, Deirdre; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; deirdre.jafferally@gmail.com.
Policies and actions that come from higher scale structures, such as international bodies and national governments, are not always compatible with the realities and perspectives of smaller scale units including indigenous communities. Yet, it is at this local social-ecological scale that mechanisms and solutions for dealing with unpredictability and change can be increasingly seen emerging from across the world. Although there is a large body of knowledge specifying the conditions necessary to promote local governance of natural resources, there is a parallel need to develop practical methods for operationalizing the evaluation of local social-ecological systems. In this paper, we report on a systemic, participatory, and visual approach for engaging local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Best practices; Community owned solutions; Environmental governance; Guiana Shield; Guyana; Indigenous; Participatory; System viability; Visual.
Ano: 2016
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Decálogo del ambientalismo estéril Ecología austral
Fernández,Roberto J..
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Buenas prácticas; Capital social; Catastrofismo; Cientificismo; Corrupción; Ecologismo; Globalización; Multidisciplinariedad; Tecnocracia; Tragedia de los comunes; Best practices; Corruption; Crying wolf; Globalization; Multidisciplinarity; Policy; Scientism; Technocracy; Tragedy of the commons; Social capital.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1667-782X2014000300012
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Evolving and Sustaining Ocean Best Practices and Standards for the Next Decade ArchiMer
Pearlman, Jay; Bushnell, Mark; Coppola, Laurent; Karstensen, Johannes; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Pearlman, Francoise; Simpsons, Pauline; Barbier, Michele; Muller-karger, Frank E.; Munoz-mas, Cristian; Pissierssens, Peter; Chandler, Cyndy; Hermes, Juliet; Heslop, Emma; Jenkyns, Reyna; Achterberg, Eric P.; Bensi, Manuel; Bittig, Henry C.; Blandin, Jerome; Bosch, Julie; Bourles, Bernard; Bozzano, Roberto; Buck, Justin J. H.; Burger, Eugene F.; Cano, Daniel; Cardin, Vanessa; Llorens, Miguel Charcos; Cianca, Andres; Chen, Hua; Cusack, Caroline; Delory, Eric; Garello, Rene; Giovanetti, Gabriele; Harscoat, Valerie; Hartman, Susan; Heitsenrether, Robert; Jirka, Simon; Lara-lopez, Ana; Lanteri, Nadine; Leadbetter, Adam; Manzella, Giuseppe; Maso, Joan; Mccurdy, Andrea; Moussat, Eric; Ntoumas, Manolis; Pensieri, Sara; Petihakis, George; Pinardi, Nadia; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Przeslawski, Rachel; Roden, Nicholas P.; Silke, Joe; Tamburri, Mario N.; Tang, Hairong; Tanhua, Toste; Telszewski, Maciej; Testor, Pierre; Thomas, Julie; Waldmann, Christoph; Whoriskey, Fred.
The oceans play a key role in global issues such as climate change, food security, and human health. Given their vast dimensions and internal complexity, efficient monitoring and predicting of the planet's ocean must be a collaborative effort of both regional and global scale. A first and foremost requirement for such collaborative ocean observing is the need to follow well-defined and reproducible methods across activities: from strategies for structuring observing systems, sensor deployment and usage, and the generation of data and information products, to ethical and governance aspects when executing ocean observing. To meet the urgent, planet-wide challenges we face, methods across all aspects of ocean observing should be broadly adopted by the ocean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Best practices; Sustainability; Interoperability; Digital repository; Peer review; Ocean observing; Ontologies; Methodologies.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00503/61423/65111.pdf
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Learning from one another: evaluating the impact of horizontal knowledge exchange for environmental management and governance Ecology and Society
Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Royal Holloway University of London, UK; j.mistry@rhul.ac.uk; Berardi, Andrea; The Open University, UK; andrea.berardi@open.ac.uk; Bignante, Elisa; University of Torino, Italy; elisa.bignante@unito.it; Simpson, Matthew; Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (Consulting) Ltd, UK; matthew.simpson@wwtconsulting.co.uk; Haynes, Lakeram; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; lakehays@gmail.com; Benjamin, Ryan; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; garybejamin@gmail.com; Albert, Grace; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; grace.albert.cobra@gmail.com; Xavier, Rebecca; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; rebeccaxavier86@gmail.com; Robertson, Bernie; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; robertsotis1@yahoo.com; Davis, Odacy; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; odacyd@gmail.com; Verwer, Caspar; IUCN National Committee of The Netherlands, The Netherlands; caspar.verwer@iucn.nl; Jafferally, Deirdre; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; deirdre.jafferally@gmail.com.
There is increasing advocacy for inclusive community-based approaches to environmental management, and growing evidence that involving communities improves the sustainability of social-ecological systems. Most community-based approaches rely on partnerships and knowledge exchange between communities, civil society organizations, and professionals such as practitioners and/or scientists. However, few models have actively integrated more horizontal knowledge exchange from community to community. We reflect on the transferability of community owned solutions between indigenous communities by exploring challenges and achievements of community peer-to-peer knowledge exchange as a way of empowering communities to face up to local environmental and social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Best practices; Community owned solutions; Environmental governance; Guiana Shield; Guyana; Indigenous; Knowledge exchange; Participatory; Visual.
Ano: 2016
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Parables: applied economics literature about the impact of genetically engineered crop varieties in developing economies AgEcon
Smale, Melinda; Zambrano, Patricia; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Gruere, Guillaume P..
A vast literature has accumulated since crop varieties with transgenic resistance to insects and herbicide tolerance were released to farmers in 1996 and 1997. A comparatively minor segment of this literature consists of studies conducted by agricultural economists to measure the farm-level impact of transgenic crop varieties, the size and distribution of the economic benefits from adopting them, consumer attitudes toward GE products, and implications for international trade. This paper focuses only on the applied economics literature about the impact of transgenic crop varieties in non-industrialized agricultural systems, with an emphasis on methods. A number of studies have surveyed the findings for both industrialized and non-industrialized agriculture,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically engineered crops; Economic impacts; Technology adoption; Developing economies; Economics methods; Best practices; Biotechnology; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55412
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What Can We Learn from Best Practices Regarding Food Chain Transparency? AgEcon
Molnar, Adrienn; Van Lembergen, Katrien; Gellynck, Xavier; Sebok, Andras; Berczeli, Attila.
This paper reports on food chain transparency. The research specifically aims to investigate best practices. Therefore, inductive research was conducted, starting with the identification of best practices. Further, underlying patterns were investigated to derive hypotheses and to develop a theoretical framework. These were confronted with literature findings which resulted in the validation of the hypotheses and the theoretical framework. Overall it can be concluded that several types of food chain transparency exist, whereas the different types represent a hierarchy of transparency domains, and that the basis mainly applies to information quality. In addition, it is shown that performance indicators measure directly or indirectly the success of...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Inductive research; Best practices; Transparency; Food chain; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122030
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