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Registros recuperados: 12
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A plot of one's own: gender relations and irrigated land allocation policies in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Zwarteveen, Margreet Z..
Discusses the potential opportunities and pitfalls of introducing market forces into the process of water allocation. Proposes several preconditions for beneficial privatization of water allocation and argues for a more sophisticated form of analysis than that generally allowed by proponents of basic needs or of free market approaches.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Women in development; Gender; Land use; Land management; Policy; Female labor; Households; Irrigated farming; Social impact; West Africa; Burkina Faso; Dakiri; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61114
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Caracterização por meio de RAPD de Helicoverpa armigera (HUBNER) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), proveniente de Burkina Faso. Infoteca-e
LIMA, L. H. C.; QUEIROZ, P. R.; OLIVEIRA, M. R. V. de..
Insetos-pragas pertencentes à Ordem Lepidoptera são em muitos casos destrutivos, cosmopolitas e polífagos. A identificação e diagnose correta de espécies dessa ordem são essenciais na elaboração de políticas públicas de sanidade vegetal. Helicoverpa armigera é uma das principais pragas polífagas das culturas agrícolas do mundo todo. Insetos provenientes de Burkina Faso, coletados em diferentes regiões e plantas hospedeiras foram caracterizados por meio de RAPD, no Laboratório de Biologia Molecular, da Estação Quarentenária de Germoplasma Vegetal - EQGV, da Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia. Por se tratar de uma praga quarentenária para o Brasil, a manipulação das larvas para extração de DNA ocorreu em ambiente seguro já que a EQGV é uma estação...
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Helicoverpa armigera; Burkina Faso; RAPD; Identificação molecular.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/187219
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COOPERATION, COLLECTIVE ACTION AND NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN BURKINA FASO: A METHODOLOGICAL NOTE AgEcon
McCarthy, Nancy; Dutilly-Diane, Celine; Drabo, Boureima.
This paper presents a detailed description of the applied methodology used to study collective action in natural resource management (NRM). Data were collected in 48 villages in northeastern Burkina Faso, at the community, institutional, household and market levels. The paper first discusses the analytical framework underlying the study of collective action, and then describes in detail the methods used to measure collective action and community-level cooperative capacity, and the determinants of cooperative capacity. We also describe data collection methods as well as potential problems in eliciting unbiased information. The impact of cooperative capacity on a variety of outcomes observed at both the community and household level is then presented in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Collective action; Natural resource management; Burkina Faso; Cooperation; Social capital; Rangelands; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55441
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Endogenous Economic Reforms and Local Realities: Cotton policy-making in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan; Serra, Renata.
This paper explores the case for believing endogenous reforms to be more developmental than externally-imposed reforms, by drawing on the recent unorthodox experience of cotton sector reform in Burkina Faso. We address questions about reform emergence, feasibility, developmental impact, and sustainability. Our analysis, which carefully incorporates local social and political realities, suggests that the urban elites dominating the Burkinabè state favoured a particular cotton reform process, because it provided them with higher rents; while allowing for some rent distribution to the rural world which secured national consensus around reform. Endogenous reforms, though more feasible, are not necessarily more sustainable over time. In Burkina Faso, the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cotton; Cotton policy-making; Reforms; Burkina Faso; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116227
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Land Use, Production Growth, and the Institutional Environment of Smallholders: Evidence from Burkinabe Cotton Farmers AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan; Thomas, Alban.
The cotton boom in Burkina Faso consisted of a growth in cotton land shares together with an overall increase in total cultivated land. This paper examines the impact of institutional changes in the cotton sector on the evolution of smallholders’ land-use decisions. The empirical analysis is supported by a structural model that takes into account the specific institutional features of the Burkinabè cotton sector and builds upon household level data collected in rural Burkina Faso. We attribute most of the change in land use to the newly established institutional arrangements between producers and stakeholders, mechanization, and slackening of the food security constraint.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Burkina Faso; Cotton; Land Use; Commodity Reform; Institutional Arrangements; Farm Management; Financial Economics; N57; 013; O33; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93136
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Managing Resources in Erratic Environments: An Analysis of Pastoralist Systems in Ethiopia, Niger, and Burkina Faso AgEcon
McCarthy, Nancy; Dutilly-Diane, Celine; Drabo, Boureima; Kamara, Abdul B.; Vanderlinden, Jean-Paul.
Although 22 percent of land in sub-Saharan Africa is arid or semiarid rangeland, development policies have long been biased toward crop agriculture. In the wake of the Green Revolution, international and national agricultural research institutions focused on crop systems and plant breeding. As a result, the customary tenure arrangements that enabled pastoralists to move their livestock from one grazing ground to another fell out of favor. As climate-related crises and desertification have spiraled, however, research and policy interest in rangeland management issues have been renewed. As part of its strategy to seek policies for the efficient functioning of global food systems, IFPRI has been in the forefront of this research. In the 1990s, as part of a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Range management; Ethiopia; Niger; Burkina Faso; Pastoral systems; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37895
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Schooling Returns for Wage Earners in Burkina Faso: Evidence from the 1994 and 1998 National Surveys AgEcon
Kazianga, Harounan.
This paper uses national survey data to estimate up-to-date private rates of return to education in Burkina Faso. Mincer earning regressions are fitted to wage data for women and men, and for public and private sector workers. The main results indicate that rates of return rise by level of education, and the public sector does not compensate female primary education. The findings suggest that current education polices which focus on increasing primary schooling supply be complemented with support for children, especially girls from resource constrained households to reach the secondary and tertiary levels. The estimated returns to education are strongly influenced by sample selection. For both men and women, failing to control for both selection in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Burkina Faso; Education; Labor; Labor and Human Capital; I21; J31.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28388
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Subjective Wealth, Policy Change, and Political Opinions: Evidence from the Cotton Reform in Burkina Faso AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan.
This paper provides new evidence on the pattern of individual subjective welfare after a natural experiment in policy-led rural development, and aims to identify the causal relationships between subjective welfare and political opinions on the effects of the policy change. I adopt a structural approach by introducing a reference-based utility function that contains a signal of individual participation in the policy change, which is conveyed by political opinions. Using data collected in cotton areas of Burkina Faso, several simultaneous estimations are performed to analyze seemingly covariant political opinions on the recent cotton reform and changes in subjective wealth, while addressing measurement issues related to subjective indicators as well as...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Subjective Wealth; Burkina Faso; Policy Change; Rural Development; Political Opinions.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; I32; 013; Q16; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119531
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The Burkinabe Cotton Story 1999-2007: Sustainable Success of Sub-Saharan Mirage? AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan; Headey, Derek D.; Bernard, Tanguy.
Like many other African countries in the 1980s, Burkina Faso was urged to engage in a far-reaching liberalization of its state-led cotton sector. Yet unlike most of its neighbors, the Burkinabè government rejected both the status quo and wholesale liberalization, and instead embarked on a more gradual and sequenced reform path characterized by institutional innovations and partial privatization. Whether the reforms contained genuinely successful elements is therefore an important question, but also a difficult one given the absence of a counterfactual, the confounding influence of exogenous shocks and the recent financial troubles of the sector. To unravel this puzzle, this paper reviews existing evidence linking the reforms to various outcomes, but also...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Burkina Faso; Cotton; Poverty Reduction; Counterfactual analysis; Production Growth; Political Sustainability; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93137
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The relationship between collective action and intensification of livestock production: the case of Northeastern Burkina Faso AgEcon
McCarthy, Nancy.
In this paper, we develop a simple game-theoretic model to explore the relationship between management of common pool resources used as an input in livestock production (common pastures) and the adoption of inputs associated with intensified per animal production (veterinary services, purchased fodder, feed concentrates, etc.). Theoretically, it is shown that better managed pastures should lead to increased adoption of complementary inputs but decrease adoption of substitute inputs; impacts on stock levels, however, are ambiguous. An empirical model is developed and applied to data collected in northeast Burkina Faso in 2000 and 2002. Results indicate that better managed pastures, proxied by community-level cooperative capacity indices, are indeed...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Burkina Faso; Game theory; Common property; Livestock; Collective action; Pastoralism; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50063
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The Role of Institutional Environments on Technical Efficiency: A Comparative Stochastic Frontier Analysis of Cotton Farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali AgEcon
Theriault, Veronique.
This paper examines the role of institutional environments on cotton farmer technical efficiency scores in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali using a stochastic frontier production approach. First, the key institutional changes that have occurred with the recent market-oriented reforms are discussed. Then, farm efficiency per country is measured using cross-sectional data collected by the Cotton Sector Reform Project of the Africa, Power, and Politics Programme in 2009. Results from a one-stage estimation procedure suggest that while no technical inefficiency exists in Benin, an average technical efficiency of 69% and 46% is found in Burkina Faso and Mali, respectively. Agricultural development policies focusing on reducing the inefficiency at the farm level in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Technical Efficiency; Institutional Changes; Reforms; Benin; Burkina Faso; Mali; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103436
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Transmission des fluctuations et calcul des prix de parité à l’importation du riz et du maïs au Burkina. AgEcon
Pale, Eric.
During the first quarter of 2008, the nominal prices of major food items have reached their highest level in nearly 50 years, while prices reached their actual level record in nearly 30 years. Indeed, prices of agricultural products rose sharply in 2006 and 2007 reported an increase more marked in the first quarter of 2008. The FAO food price index rose an average of 8% in 2006 compared to the year earlier and 24% in 2007 compared to 2006. The increase in the average index for first three months of 2008 compared to first quarter 2007 was 53%. Soaring persistent price is mainly due to vegetable oils, which rose to more than 97% during the same period, followed by cereals (87%), dairy (58%) and rice (46%). According to the latest report published by the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Burkina Faso; Maize; Rice; Parity Price; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93026
Registros recuperados: 12
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