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Registros recuperados: 14
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A COMPETITIVENESS STUDY OF FOUR RICE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO AgEcon
Seecharan, Denny; Jacque, Andrew Eliel.
Rice imports into Trinidad and Tobago in 2005 represented approximately 95% of domestic demand. Local production has been declining since reaching a peak of 21,000 tonnes in 1992. Present production is 3,500 tonnes. Rice is produced under a variety of production systems and on farms of varying sizes, productivity and quality of output. This paper examines the competitiveness of four production systems used in Trinidad and Tobago, viz.: the transplanting system (ST), the broadcast seeded system (SB)(both being small farms and highly labour intensive), the partially mechanized system of medium sized farms (MM) and a fully mechanized large farm utilizing aerial technology in the production system (CRP). The methodology involved the collection of data on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Policy analysis matrix; Competitiveness; Comparative advantage; Production systems; Trinidad and Tobago; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36948
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A FRAMEWORK FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIAL PRODUCTS WITHIN THE WTO: A CLOSER LOOK AT FOUR COMMODITIES IN BARBADOS AgEcon
Marcus-Burnett, Emalene.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Special products; Sensitive commodities; WTO; CARICOM Single Market and Economy; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36951
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AN APPROACH TO A MICROBIOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT IN THE POULTRY SECTOR IN TRINIDAD AgEcon
Dookeran, Mark M.; Baccus-Taylor, Gail S.H.; Akingbala, John A..
International studies and epidemiological data have revealed a strong association between salmonellosis and chicken meat. This association provides serious challenges for food safety and international trade. Microbiological Risk Assessment is a food safety tool that is used to determine the incidence of food borne illnesses. The procedure identifies a microbiological hazard in the entire food continuum (from farm to fork), and estimates the adverse effects to human health, of ingesting the microbial hazard. The Assessment integrates four steps, hazard identification, hazard characterisation, exposure assessment and risk characterisation, to produce a practical estimate of risk. In each step, knowledge of the prevalence and concentration of the pathogen,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Broiler chickens; Salmonellosis; Microbiological risk; FAO/WHO; CAREC; CAES; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36952
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ASSESSING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF JAMAICAN ACKEE IN LIGHT OF THE CHALLENGES FACED BY SUGAR AND BANANAS AgEcon
Hyatt, Karl.
Economic theory posits that the removal of impediments to trade should redound to improvement in the overall well-being of all nations. Unfortunately, for many developing countries, this has not been the case; upon significantly reducing their tariffs, they are yet to see any tangible benefits. On the contrary, they have experienced a decline in market share and in some instances significant erosion of trade preferences that they had previously enjoyed with their trading partners. The preferential market access, from which Jamaica and other ACP (African Caribbean and Pacific) states benefit, through exports of sugar and bananas to the EU (European Union), has been eroded as a result of recent rulings by the WTO. These rulings have already affected the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAES; SPS measures; Globalization; Competitiveness; Jamaica; Ackee; WTO; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36947
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ASSESSING THE DEGREE OF FOOD INSECURITY IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: A PILOT PROJECT AgEcon
Bezuneh, Mesfin; Yiheyis, Zelealem; Del Rosario, Pedro-Juan; Ortiz, Luis.
The concept of food insecurity at the household and individual levels has been an area of extensive research in the late 1980s by individual researchers and public agencies. This work culminated in the development of the US Food Security Survey Module (FSSM), which is now seem to be the standard methodology of determining household food’s security status, at least in countries with developed economies. One of the purposes of this study is to adapt the FSSM in the context of a less developed economy, and thereby assess the prevalence of food insecurity and hunger. The module was administered as a pilot in a household survey of 110 low-income families in the Dominican Republic. This study found that 93% of the respondent were food-insecure, some more so...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security Survey Model; Food Insecurity; Survey; Low income families; Household survey; CAES; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36971
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COMPETITIVENESS OF COCOA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO AgEcon
Neptune, Lueandra; Jacque, Andrew Eliel.
Trinidad and Tobago produces a fine flavour cocoa that attracts a premium price on the international market. The country has a long and distinguished record in agronomy and production of cocoa and is home to the Cocoa Research Unit, which attracts international notice and funding. However, cocoa production has been on a steady decline over the past few decades. The objective of this study is to assess the competitiveness and comparative advantage of cocoa production in Trinidad and Tobago and to understand the reasons for decline in output within the context of competitiveness. The analyses were conducted over three cocoa production systems – small farm traditional, large farm traditional, and large farm intensive cultivation. The methodology involved...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cocoa Production decline; Trinidad; Tobago; Policy Analysis Matrix; Trinidad and Tobago; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36949
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FACTORS INFLUENCING ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN CARIBBEAN AND LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES AgEcon
Ligeon, Carel; Gregorowicz, Philip; Jolly, Curtis M..
Alcohol consumption is considered an important social activity but a major health risk in Latin American and Caribbean countries (LAC). Alcohol consumption net benefits are doubtful and the factors influencing alcohol consumption in the LAC countries are not well documented. In this study, we use secondary data and Ordinary Least Squares Regression models to evaluate the factors influencing alcohol consumption in LAC countries. The factors that significantly affect alcohol consumption are: alcohol imports, alcohol exports, alcohol production, consumer price index, real GDP per capita, urban population, number of television sets available to the household, and whether the person is from the Caribbean or not. A closer look at the factors indicates that a 1.0...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Alcohol consumption; Latin American and Caribbean; Importation; Consumer price index; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36956
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FOOD SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS: INITIATIVES OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, WEST INDIES, PHILIPPINES AND BANGLADESH AgEcon
Badrie, Neela; De Leon, Sonia Y.; Talukder, Md. Ruhul Amin.
Protecting human health in today's global food market is an important challenge and one which must be addressed through internationally recognized food safety systems. The overall responsibility for food safety is shared by all segments of the food system, including the various industry sectors, government regulatory agencies and consumers in general. Any threat to the food supply, whether by intentional or unintentional contamination could result in danger to health, considerable cost to food chain suppliers and could also affect trade. This paper will highlight some food safety management initiatives of three countries -- Trinidad and Tobago; the Philippines, and Bangladesh in protecting the food supply from hazards. The initiatives of some...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety management systems; Food safety regulations; HACCP; Trinidad and Tobago; Bangladesh; Philippines; Good Agricultural Practice (GAP); Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP); Food Safety Legislations; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36953
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INCOME EFFICIENCY OF SOIL CONSERVATION TECHNIQUES IN HAITI AgEcon
Jolly, Curtis M.; Shannon, Dennis A.; Bannister, Michael; Flauretin, Gardy; Dale, John (Zach); Binns, Alvin; Lindo, Pauline.
Soil erosion and environmental degradation are serious problems facing food security in Haiti. In 1999, the annual soil loss due to erosion was estimated at 36 million m3 tons. The government of Haiti has been aware of these deteriorating conditions and has sought international assistance to reduce these problems. In 1993, the United States Agency for International Development implemented a soil conservation project and millions of dollars were spent on the encouragement of adoption of soil conservation measures; yet the problems of soil degradation is still menacing food security in Haiti. Hence the need to evaluate the impact of soil conservation in Haiti is important. A survey of 951 farmers, who adopted soil conservation techniques in Haiti, was...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income; Efficiency; Soil Conservation Techniques; Haiti; CAES; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36970
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MARKETING OPPORTUNITIES FOR JAMAICA’S GRAPEFRUIT INDUSTRY AgEcon
Evans, Edward A.; Nalampang, Sikavas; Spreen, Thomas H..
Several Caribbean sugar producing countries are actively looking for viable alternatives to recover some of the expected lost revenues due to the WTO (World Trade Organization) ruling that sugar subsidies in the European Union (EU) are illegal. One alternative worth considering is exporting fresh grapefruits to the EU. This marketing opportunity comes about as the United States of America (U.S.), the world’s leading grapefruit producer and exporter (over half of world production), has suffered a series of recent setbacks (citrus canker, citrus greening diseases, and devastating hurricanes) that threaten the future of that industry. Specifically, grapefruit and pomelo production in the U.S. has declined steadily since 2000 (from 2,506 thousand metric tons...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Grapefruit; Marketing; Florida citrus industry; World Trade Organization; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36963
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ORGANIZING A FRAGMENTED AND DISORGANIZED PRIVATE SECTOR – THE CREATION OF NON- TRADITIONAL AGRIBUSINESS CLUSTERS AND NICHE MARKETS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF CARIBBEAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Amiel, Keith.
Some concerns relating to the demographics of the region as they impact on agricultural production were discussed. Traditional agriculture was in many instances on the decline. Competitive elements have been seizing the opportunity to supply the region through import substitution. Small and medium sized enterprises needed to be empowered by exposing them to state of the art technology and linking them into viable clusters, based on distinctive products, that could enhance their capacity to survive in increasingly globalized economies. This will necessitate both vertical and horizontal integration in the interest of arriving at viable economic entities to facilitate sustainable agri-business. The restructuring will require adjustments and infrastructure...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Niche markets; Caribbean Agriculture; WTO; Caribbean Agri-Business Association (CABA); Commodity; Regional Trade; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Production Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36950
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PESTICIDE USE AND HUMAN HEALTH IN NORTHWESTERN JAMAICA AgEcon
Ncube, Ngqabutho; Bessler, Patricia; Jolly, Pauline E.; Tint, Kyaw; Fogo, Christopher; Binns, Alvin; Jolly, Curtis M..
A number of studies have detected high levels of pesticide residues in surface water and aquatic life in Jamaica and acute pesticide poisoning is believed to be widespread there. Despite efforts by the Jamaican government to create awareness of the dangers of pesticides and adopt safe a pesticide disposal method, many farmers still display poor pesticide handling and disposal practices. The objectives of this study were to 1) describe pesticide use by farmers in northwestern Jamaica including inappropriate methods in pesticides handling and disposal, and 2) determine whether farmers’ perception of the mode of bodily entry of pesticides affects their method of disposal. Farmers in Westmoreland, St. James and Hanover were surveyed using an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pesticide poisoning; Jamaica; Human health; Farmers; CAES; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36968
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THE PROCESS TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPROVED NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY SYSTEM IN ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA AgEcon
Laudat, Julie Ann.
In 1998, the need for improvements in the food safety system of countries of the Caribbean was recognized in a meeting of CARICOM Ministers of Agriculture in Jamaica. A properly functioning food safety system should ensure that all food consumed in a country, whether produced locally or imported and also food exported from that country, conformed to acceptable standards that would ensure the health and safety of the consumers. In Antigua and Barbuda in 2000, was set up an ad hoc National Food Safety Committee with the goal of ensuring that all food and water consumed in Antigua and Barbuda, whether imported, produced locally or for export, conform to acceptable standards to ensure the health and safety of the consumer. Some of the activities undertaken...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: : Food safety system; Imports; Local Products; Antigua and Barbuda; Food legislation; CAES; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Development; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36954
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THE USE OF INTERACTIVE COST OF PRODUCTION IN EXTENSION AND TEACHING AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT-LINKING HAWAIIAN AGRIBUSINESS TO THE WORLD VIA THE WORLD WIDE WEB AgEcon
Shehata, Sabry A..
Innovative Techniques in Teaching Agri-marketing and Management. The website, HawaiianAgriculturalProducts.com, was developed and run to help students learn how to market agricultural products through the website, estimate their cost of production, and improve management and marketing skills. The overall goal of this project is to provide hands-on experience for agribusiness students and farmers in the area of marketing and management. The first objective is to compare different ways of introducing capital budgeting to farmers and students using innovative, interactive cost of production methods. The second goal is for the farmers to apply this technique to their own farming enterprises. The third goal is to use the website to teach e-marketing of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness market websites; Marketing; Hawaii; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Production Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36958
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