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A vision of the future of the Common Agricultural Policy AgEcon
Elkes, Andrea; Halmai, Peter; Papp, Gergely; Udovecz, Gabor; Vasary, Viktoria.
The reforms proposed by the authors intend to ensure the economic, social and environmental sustainability of rural regions and place agricultural policy on a fundamentally different basis. The scope of community and state intervention will change. Payments linked to production will be cancelled and the provision of public goods will be rewarded instead. At the same time, measures aimed at enhancing the viability of the rural economy and society will become more significant. The depth of the changes calls for a new name expressing better the new approach, so instead of CAP the use of a more justified name is suggested: Common Agricultural and Rural Policy (CARP). This paper outlines the vision and the major proposals we suggest to meet the above mentioned...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP; Reform; Public goods; Common Agricultural and Rural Policy; Vision.; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52194
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Accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to the European Union: Impacts on Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Fang, Cheng; Kaus, Phillip J..
Using a world agricultural multimarket model, we analyze the consequences of enlargement of the European Union (EU) to include the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland for agricultural markets. We produce a market outlook through the year 2010 for two enlargement scenarios, which are based on different assumptions regarding the restrictions on grain and dairy production in the acceding countries. In both scenarios, accession of the three Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) leads to a permanent but moderate decrease in EU prices for virtually all commodities. For the three acceding CEECs, domestic prices increase dramatically. Their final consumption of agricultural products decreases in most instances, while production rises. Higher domestic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAP; Economic integration; EU enlargement; Agricultural trade; Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18388
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Agrarpolitische Interessen Frankreichs und Deutschlands – Gemeinsamkeiten und Divergenzen unter sich ändernden Rahmenbedingungen AgEcon
Ahrens, Heinz; Lippert, Christian.
The aim of this contribution is to examine how the French and the German positions on agricultural policy have developed since the foundation of the EEC and what the driving forces were behind. The “general consensus” underlying the EEC treaty, and according to which the common market would be “conquered” by France in the case of the classical agricultural products, could not be translated into practice; for what emerged for these products was not a customs union but a “price support union”. As a consequence French intra-community agricultural exports had to be redirected to the world market. Thus initial positive French income transfers via intracommunity trade were transformed into transfers from the EC budget, an evolution that can be interpreted as a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP; Agricultural policy; European Union; France; Germany; EEC Treaty; Price cuts; Quantitative restrictions; Agenda 2000; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98761
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Agricultural trade liberalisation in the Doha Round: impacts on Spain AgEcon
Philippidis, George.
Whilst there is a growing literature of computable general equilibrium (CGE) studies examining the impacts of the current Doha Proposals, estimates for the EU are highly aggregated (i.e., EU15). Employing a detailed baseline scenario and a plausible Doha outcome, we examine the long run costs for the European Union, in particular focusing on Spain. Moreover, we implement recent CAP reforms through explicitly modelling of CAP mechanisms to provide greater credibility in assessing the long run asymmetric budgetary and welfare impacts on EU member states. Our estimates forecast resource substitution effects between Spanish agro-food sectors and resource shifts from agro-food activities into manufacturing and services production. In Spain, the impacts of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Doha Round; Spain; EU; CAP; Computable General Equilibrium.; F1; F13; F17; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28790
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Agriculture’s inter-industry linkages, aggregation bias and rural policy reforms AgEcon
Lindberg, Gunnar; Midmore, Peter; Surry, Yves R..
As agricultural policy reform and its effects have become increasingly territorialised, analyses which attempt to explain or predict impacts need to be more localised but also identify spillover effects. In addition to the predictions of policy shocks predicted by sectoral partial equilibrium models, local and regional general equilibrium approaches which establish the wider effects of such policy shocks have become popular. However, these neglect a major, underexplored difficulty: agriculture is usually described as a single sector in input-output accounts, whereas policy shocks with differential impacts have effects on other industries which are different to those implied by average input-output coefficients. Regionalisation of aggregated input-output...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and rural development policy evaluation; CAP; Input-output analysis; Aggregation bias; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99358
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AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES ADOPTION: NEW EVIDENCE FROM LOMBARDY REGION AgEcon
Bertoni, Danilo; Cavicchioli, Daniele; Pretolani, Roberto; Olper, Alessandro.
As a consequence of the ‘greening’ process of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) the demand for evaluation of actual agri-environmental measures (AEMs) calls for a deeper analysis of this policy instrument implementation. The idea behind this paper is that farmers’ willingness to participate is a necessary but not a sufficient condition in explaining the AEMs local uptake. Specifically, we test whether AEMs adoption depends both on farms and farmers’ characteristics, and on the local political and institutional framework, as well. Discriminating between genuine farmer incentive and attitude towards AEMs from the role played by the local institutional environment, appears a crucial step toward a better understanding of agri-environmental schemes....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agro - Environmental measures; Lombardy region; CAP; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44848
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An ex-ante analysis of distributional effects of the CAP on western German farm incomes AgEcon
Deppermann, Andre; Grethe, Harald; Offermann, Frank.
This study is concerned with measuring impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on farm income distribution of western Germany. Not only the sheer contribution of market price support and direct payments as a proportion of income is taken into account, but also the impact of support on production incentives. For this purpose, we apply a modelling system consisting of a partial equilibrium model and a programming model. Based on a comparison of Gini coefficients and a decomposition of overall inequality effects we conclude that liberalization of the agricultural sector leads to a more unequal distribution of family farm income in relative terms, whereas a liberalized market provides a more equal situation in absolute terms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; CAP; Farm Group Model; Equilibrium Model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; Q12; Q18; C54; C6; D31.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99428
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Analisis de escenarios de políticas para la gestion publica en la agricultura de regadio AgEcon
Riesgo, Laura; Gomez-Limon, Jose Antonio.
En este trabajo se presenta un enfoque metodológico para el análisis de presiones e impactos de la aplicación conjunta de diferentes escenarios de política agraria y de tarifación del agua de riego. Para alcanzar dicho objetivo se asume que los agricultores consideran distintos criterios en la gestión de su actividad productiva. En este contexto decisional se utilizan modelos de programación matemática basados en la Teoría de la Utilidad Multiatributo (MAUT), de modo que pueda simularse el comportamiento de los agricultores en el futuro. Como resultado de dicha simulación no sólo se obtienen las variables de decisión de los agricultores (planes de cultivos), sino también un conjunto de indicadores económicos, sociales y ambientales que serán de utilidad...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Multiple-Criteria Modelling; Irrigated Agriculture; Scenario Analysis; CAP; Water Policy.; Public Economics; Q25; Q15; C61.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28768
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ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS IN ITALY OF ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESES OF REGIONALIZATION OF THE SINGLE PAYMENT SCHEME AgEcon
Pupo D'Andrea, Maria Rosaria.
The Fischler reform of the CAP deepened the decoupling process of agricultural support started with the 1992 reform, introducing the Single Payment Scheme (SPS). Two models could be used to apply the SPS: in the historic model payments are based on individual reference amounts; in the regional model payments are based on regional reference amounts. Italy chose to apply the historic model, thus “freezing” the distribution of support to farms at the historic reference level. The recent Proposal on the Health Check of the CAP envisaged Member States being allowed to adjust their model towards a flatter rate of the SPS from 2010, a move that could become compulsory for Member States after 2013. The paper analyses the effects at territorial and farm level of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Decoupling; FADN; Regionalization; Single Payment Scheme; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44806
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Animal Welfare in the CAP and Large-Scale Distribution. Public Social Policy and Consumer Trust AgEcon
Arfini, Filippo; Cernicchiaro, Sabrina; Mancini, Maria Cecilia.
This paper studies the role of animal welfare (AW) institutionally and for large scale retail and its value in consolidating trust between institutions-taxpayers and large scale retail-consumers. The first section analyses AW in the new CAP and current strategies of retail with regard to expectations of taxpayers and consumers respectively. The second section analyses interviews on AW carried out in large scale and traditional retailing on the Italian market, and puts forward short and medium term forecasts of the importance that AW could have in distribution strategies in trust building with consumers and in relationships with institutional and other interlocutors of the retail trade.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Animal welfare; Modern retail; Free-riders; Pro-active and reactive strategies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7765
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Are CAP Decoupling Policies Really Production Neutral? AgEcon
Katranidis, Stelios D.; Kotakou, Christina A..
This paper examines the effects of decoupling policies on Greek cotton production. We estimate a system of cotton supply and input derived demand functions under the hypothesis that producers face uncertainty about prices. Using our estimation results we simulate the effects on cotton production under four alternative policy scenarios: the ‘Old’ CAP regime (i.e. the policy practiced until 2005), the Mid Term Review regime, a fully decoupled policy regime and a free trade-no policy scenario. Our results indicate that cotton production gradually decreases as more decoupled policies are adopted. Moreover, the fully decoupled payment is found to be non-production neutral since it indirectly affects producers’ decisions through the wealth effect.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Decoupling; Uncertainty; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44184
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ASSESSING EUROPEAN FARMERS’ INTENTIONS IN THE LIGHT OF THE 2003 CAP REFORM AgEcon
Genius, Margarita; Karagiannis, Giannis; Tzouvelekas, Vangelis.
The effects of the 2003 CAP reform on the farmers’ decisions on whether to abandon their farming activity, how much to produce and what to produce are analyzed in the present paper. To this effect data collected for Hungarian, Dutch and Greek farmers on their perceptions about the reform and its effects, and on their production intentions is analyzed using discrete choice models under 3 alternative scenarios for the future produce prices. The discrete choice model applied in the present paper is sequential since farmers are confronted with a sequence of choices. In the first stage, the choice is between abandoning farming or continuing, then those farmers who have chosen to continue are presented with two additional choices related to their level of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Farmers choices; MTR assesment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44849
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Assessing the effect of the CAP on farm innovation adoption. An analysis in two French regions AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Latruffe, Laure; Viaggi, Davide.
Literature on innovation adoption mechanism has emphasised the positive effect of Single Farm Payments (SFP) and Rural Development Payments on adoption of new technologies. In this context, the expected process of CAP reforming after 2013 is likely to strengthen the role of innovation in the European Union (EU). The objective of this paper is to identify the determinants of the adoption of future innovation, in particular in connection to past innovation, and to assess the role of agricultural policy in the promotion of innovation adoption. The analysis is applied to two regions (Centre and Midi-Pyrénées) in France. Two separate Count models are developed in order to explain famers’ stated intention concerning different intensities of innovation adoption...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovation; Sequences of innovation; CAP; Zero inflated Poisson model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99594
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Croatia's EU accession: socio-economic assessment of farm households and policy recommendations AgEcon
Mollers, Judith; Zier, Patrick; Frohberg, Klaus; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Bojnec, Stefan.
Croatia is very close to meeting the requirements necessary for becoming a member of the European Union (EU). On February 6, 2008, the European Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said that accession negotiations with Croatia are moving ahead well. As in all new member states (NMS), the agricultural sector and food processing chain are core issues within the negotiation process. Successful negotiation requires intimate knowledge of the issue at hand, including the socio-economic situation and the fears and strategies of the stakeholders, particularly small-scale farmers. This report attempts to close some of these knowledge gaps by reviewing Croatia’s rural development dynamics and farm structures, as well as agricultural and rural policies. Based on an...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Croatia; Rural development; EU accession; Slovenia; Farm households; Competitiveness; Agricultural policy; CAP; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; O18; O13; O12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53665
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Cross Compliance of CAP First Pillar Measures: A Transaction Costs Assessment AgEcon
Ridier, Aude; Kephaliacos, Charilaos; Carpy-Goulard, Francoise.
The 2003 review of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has introduced several new policy tools, among which cross-compliance. The introduction of this new policy entails production costs, along with other types of costs arising at the farm level: administrative, information, organisational costs, called transaction costs. The purpose of this paper is to determine the nature of transaction costs and to assess them. The literature on transaction costs in agriculture has, until now, mainly been devoted to the voluntary measures implemented within the framework of the European agri-environmental policy. The first part of the paper intends to use this literature to apply the private transaction costs analysis to the issue of cross compliance. The second part...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cross compliance; Transaction costs; CAP; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44021
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Dairy Policy Modelling Under Imperfect Competition AgEcon
Soregaroli, Claudio; Moro, Daniele; Sckokai, Paolo.
Paper removed at request of author on 11/20/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Simulation Models; Imperfect Competition; CAP; Dairy; Livestock Production/Industries; D4; L1; Q11; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25360
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Die Europäische Agrarpolitik im Spannungsfeld von Osterweiterung und WTO-Verhandlungen AgEcon
Henning, Christian H.C.A.; Glauben, Thomas; Wald, Andreas.
The paper presents a political economy analysis of the present and future CAP reform induced under different policy scenarios regarding future EU enlargement and future WTO agreements. Theoretically, the analysis is based on a political exchange model suggested by HENNING (2000). Main results are: (i) Both present and future CAP reforms are significantly biased by the political influence of farmers' lobby. (ii) In quantitative terms an EU enlargement would induce a much stronger shift in the future CAP when compared to increased WTO restrictions. (iii) The timing of the reform is important, given the fact that induced CAP reforms would be supported by a qualified majority within the EU-15, but within the EU-25 these reforms would be defeated by coalition...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Political economy analysis; CAP; EU enlargement; WTO; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98764
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Differentiation as a Precondition for Efficient EU Enlargement the Case of Slovenia AgEcon
Erjavec, Emil; Kavcic, Stane.
This paper's aim is an assessment of economic effects of Slovenia's accession to the EU in the field of agriculture and a discussion about some key dilemmas about the introduction of CAP in the new member states. For the purpose of assessing economic effects, a new sectoral model of Slovenian agriculture APAS-PAM has been compiled which allows assessment of market and income effects for ten key agricultural products with regard to various accession scenarios. The accession under the scenario of equal treatment of new member states would bring significant improvements in the aggregate income levels. On the other hand, discrimination of the candidate countries in the field of direct payments ("phasing in" process) would result in a fall of aggregate income...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; EU enlargement; Sectoral partial equilibrium models; Accession effects; Political Economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24866
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Distributional Effects of the CAP on Western German Farm Incomes and Regional Farm Income Disparity AgEcon
Deppermann, Andre; Grethe, Harald; Offermann, Frank.
This study is concerned with measuring impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on farm income distribution of western Germany. Not only the sheer contribution of market price support and direct payments as a proportion of income is taken into account, but also the impact of support on production incentives. For this purpose, we apply a modelling system consisting of a partial equilibrium model and a programming model. Based on a comparison of Gini coefficients and a decomposition of overall inequality effects we conclude that liberalization of the agricultural sector leads to a more unequal distribution of family farm income in relative terms, whereas a liberalized market provides a more equal situation in absolute terms. Furthermore, we consider...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; CAP; Farm Group Model; Equilibrium Model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114442
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Distributional Impacts of CAP Adoption on Romanian Households AgEcon
Firici, M. Carmen; Thomson, Kenneth J..
This paper focuses on estimation of distributional economic welfare effects of the adoption of the CAP on different groups of Romanian households. The calculations of welfare effects are based on 1999 household data and refer to a 10-fold breakdown of Romanian households, i.e. five socio-economic categories from urban and rural areas, taking into account own (home) production of food. To identify the most vulnerable groups of Romanian consumers to food price changes, the Slutsky approximation Compensating Variation approach is applied. The results suggest that, if the current CAP is adopted and results in food price changes averaging a 10 per cent increase in all food prices, the lowest-income groups (i.e. urban and rural unemployed households, urban...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Distributional economic effects; CAP; Slutsky approximation; Compensating Variation; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24818
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