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Registros recuperados: 18
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A BGC-Argo Guide: Planning, Deployment, Data Handling and Usage ArchiMer
Bittig, Henry C.; Maurer, Tanya L.; Plant, Joshua N.; Schmechtig, Catherine; Wong, Annie P. S.; Claustre, Hervé; Trull, Thomas W.; Udaya Bhaskar, T. V. S.; Boss, Emmanuel; Dall’olmo, Giorgio; Organelli, Emanuele; Poteau, Antoine; Johnson, Kenneth S.; Hanstein, Craig; Leymarie, Edouard; Le Reste, Serge; Riser, Stephen C.; Rupan, A. Rick; Taillandier, Vincent; Thierry, Virginie; Xing, Xiaogang.
The Biogeochemical-Argo program (BGC-Argo) is a new profiling-float-based, ocean wide, and distributed ocean monitoring program which is tightly linked to, and has benefited significantly from, the Argo program. The community has recommended for BGC-Argo to measure six additional properties in addition to pressure, temperature and salinity measured by Argo, to include oxygen, pH, nitrate, downwelling light, chlorophyll fluorescence and the optical backscattering coefficient. The purpose of this addition is to enable the monitoring of ocean biogeochemistry and health, and in particular, monitor major processes such as ocean deoxygenation, acidification and warming and their effect on phytoplankton, the main source of energy of marine ecosystems. Here we...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean observation; Ocean biogeochemical cycles; Sensors; Carbon cycle; Ocean optics; Best practices; Argo.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00512/62344/66607.pdf
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A laboratory model system for analysing microbial interactions occurring in anoxic estuarine sediments. ArchiMer
Herbert, R; Keith, S.
Defined mixed populations of Clostridium butyricum, Desulfovibrio desulfuricans and Chromatium vinosum co-existed for long periods when grown in a single stage chemostat with glucose as sole carbon source. The nature and availability of the inorganic nitrogen source exerted a major effect on carbon flow in the experimental system. The data show that both the C. butyricum and D. desulfuricans isolates can utilise NO sub(3) as an e super(-)acceptor with an increase in cell yield. Under these growth conditions the free S super(2-) levels were lower resulting in more stable mixed populations. In addition the data show that the C. butyricum produces more oxidised fermentation end-products (acetate) when NO sub(3) super(-) was available and more reduced products...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chromatium vinosum; Desulfovibrio desulfuricans; Clostridium butyricum; Biogeochemistry; Models; Bacteria; Detritus; Mineralization; Anoxic sediments; Estuarine sedimentation; Analytical techniques; Carbon cycle; Interspecific relationships; Microbiology.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-947.pdf
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A methodological framework to assess the carbon balance of tropical managed forests. Repositório Alice
PIPONIOT, C.; CABON, A.; DESCROIX, L.; DOURDAIN, A.; MAZZEI, L.; OULIAC, B.; RUTISHAUSER, E.; SIST, P.; HÉRAULT, B..
Background: Managed forests are a major component of tropical landscapes. Production forests as designated by national forest services cover up to 400 million ha, i.e. half of the forested area in the humid tropics. Forest management thus plays a major role in the global carbon budget, but with a lack of unified method to estimate carbon fluxes from tropical managed forests. In this study we propose a new time- and spatially-explicit methodology to estimate the above-ground carbon budget of selective logging at regional scale. Results: The yearly balance of a logging unit, i.e. the elementary management unit of a forest estate, is modelled by aggregating three sub-models encompassing (i) emissions from extracted wood, (ii) emissions from logging damage and...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Carbon cycle; Selective logging; Error propagation; Production forests; Amazônia; Ciclo do carbono; Floresta.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1051226
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Assessments of anthropogenic CO2 distribution in the tropical Atlantic Ocean ArchiMer
Touratier, Franck; Goyet, C; Coatanoan, Christine; Andrie, C.
With a limited number of properties (salinity, temperature, total dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, and oxygen) from a recent cruise in the tropical Atlantic Ocean, We use the simple and recent approach TrOCA (Tracer combining Oxygen, inorganic Carbon, and total Alkalinity) to estimate the distribution of anthropogenic CO2 along three latitudinal sections. In order to assess the quality of the anthropogenic CO2 distribution, results from the method are compared to the CFC-11 measurements. We discuss the large-scale distribution of the main water masses of the tropical Atlantic Ocean in the light of the anthropogenic CO2 and the CFC-11 distributions. Keeping in mind that the anthropogenic CO2 emission began similar to 60 years earlier than that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tropical belt; Atlantic Ocean; Water mass; Carbon cycle.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-886.pdf
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Climate change projections using the IPSL-CM5 Earth System Model: from CMIP3 to CMIP5 ArchiMer
Dufresne, J-l.; Foujols, M-a.; Denvil, S.; Caubel, A.; Marti, O.; Aumont, Olivier; Balkanski, Y.; Bekki, S.; Bellenger, H.; Benshila, R.; Bony, S.; Bopp, L.; Braconnot, P.; Brockmann, P.; Cadule, P.; Cheruy, F.; Codron, F.; Cozic, A; Cugnet, D.; De Noblet, N.; Duvel, J-p.; Ethe,; Fairhead, L.; Fichefet, T.; Flavoni, S.; Friedlingstein, P.; Grandpeix, J-y.; Guez, L.; Guilyardi, E.; Hauglustaine, D.; Hourdin, F.; Idelkadi, A.; Ghattas, J.; Joussaume, S.; Kageyama, M.; Krinner, G.; Labetoulle, S.; Lahellec, A.; Lefebvre, M; Lefevre, F.; Levy, C.; Li, Zhanbin; Lloyd, J.; Lott, F.; Madec, G.; Mancip, M.; Marchand, M; Masson, S.; Meurdesoif, Y.; Mignot, J.; Musat, I.; Parouty, S.; Polcher, J.; Rio, C; Schulz, M.; Swingedouw, D.; Szopa, S.; Talandier, Claude; Terray, P.; Viovy, N.; Vuichard, N..
We present the global general circulation model IPSL-CM5 developed to study the long-term response of the climate system to natural and anthropogenic forcings as part of the 5th Phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). This model includes an interactive carbon cycle, a representation of tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry, and a comprehensive representation of aerosols. As it represents the principal dynamical, physical, and bio-geochemical processes relevant to the climate system, it may be referred to as an Earth System Model. However, the IPSL-CM5 model may be used in a multitude of configurations associated with different boundary conditions and with a range of complexities in terms of processes and interactions. This paper...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate; Climate change; Climate projections; Earth System Model; CMIP5; CMIP3; Greenhouse gases; Aerosols; Carbon cycle; Allowable emissions; RCP scenarios; Land use changes.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00138/24966/23079.pdf
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Compuestos del ciclo del carbono en la zona litoral del municipio Playa, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba. OceanDocs
Montalvo, J. F.; García, I.; Esponda, S.C.,; Cesar, M.E.; Alburquerque, O..
Se realizaron cinco muestreos entre enero de 2007 y junio de 2008 a la zona costera del municipio Playa, con el fin de evaluar los contenidos de los compuestos del ciclo del carbono. Los parámetros estudiados en la matriz agua fueron carbón orgánico, pH, alcalinidad total, alcalinidad al carbonato, dióxido de carbono total, dióxido de carbono libre, presión parcial de CO2, y contenidos de bicarbonato y carbonato. Los compuestos de carbono orgánico e inorgánico tuvieron una distribución muy heterogénea, los valores de pH (8,24±0,22) y alcalinidad total (2523±119 μmol/kg) indican que el área tiene un comportamiento alcalino, estos montos fueron similares a los encontrados en aguas de la plataforma marina cubanos y superiores a los consignados para el...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Carbon dioxide; Alkalinity; Carbon cycle; Carbon dioxide; Alkalinity; Carbon cycle; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1302; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8721; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_17299.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3390
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Confronting model predictions of carbon fluxes with measurements of Amazon forests subjected to experimental drought. Repositório Alice
POWELL, T. I.; GALBRAITH, D. R.; CHRISTOFFERSEN, B. O.; HARPER, A.; IMBUZEIRO, H. M. A.; ROWLAND, L.; ALMEIDA, S.; BRANDO, P. M.; COSTA, A. C. L. da; COSTA, M. H.; LEVINE, N. M.; MALHI, Y.; SALESKA, S. R.; SOTTA, E.; WILLIAMS, M.; MEIR, P.; MOORCROFT, P. R..
Considerable uncertainty surrounds the fate of Amazon rainforests in response to climate change. Here, carbon (C) flux predictions of five terrestrial biosphere models (Community Land Model version 3.5 (CLM3.5), Ecosystem Demography model version 2.1 (ED2), Integrated BIosphere Simulator version 2.6.4 (IBIS), Joint UK Land Environment Simulator version 2.1 (JULES) and Simple Biosphere model version 3 (SiB3)) and a hydrodynamic terrestrial ecosystem model (the Soil?Plant?Atmosphere (SPA) model) were evaluated against measurements from two large-scale Amazon drought experiments. Model predictions agreed with the observed C fluxes in the control plots of both experiments, but poorly replicated the responses to the drought treatments. Most notably, with the...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Tropical rainforest; Ciclo do cabono; Carbon cycle; Modelo de biosfera terrestre; Terrestrial biosphere model; Floresta tropical.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/965567
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Estimates of carbon flow through bacteriplankton in the S. Benguela upwelling region based on 3H-thymidine incorporation and predator-free incubations. ArchiMer
Lucas, M; Painting, S; Muir, D.
Spatial and temporal estimates of bacterial numbers, biomass, activity and production were measured in the S. Benguela upwelling system during the course of a phytoplankton bloom. Bacterial numbers and biomass were highest in the euphotic zone and correlated closely with particulate carbon in the water column rather than with chlorophyll a concentrations. 3H-Thymidine incorporation gave good estimates of production. Differential utilisation of photosynthetic exudates and detrital POC by bacterioplankton during the course of a bloom might account for the varying significance ascribed to exudates and POC as a source of carbon for bacterial production.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological associations; Algal blooms; Biomass; Microorganisms; Carbon cycle; Bacteria; Nannoplankton; Upwelling; Biogeochemistry.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-985.pdf
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Evaluation of the heterotrophic activity in waters by microanalytical methods. ArchiMer
Bertoni, R.
The radiochemical methods proposed for evaluating heterotrophic activity in waters have been severely criticized in recent years because they are not considered to be sufficiently realistic. Thus, the possibility of directly measuring the heterotrophic consumption of naturally occurring Organic Carbon (OC) in fresh water samples incubated under controlled conditions has been evaluated. The analytical performances of two OC analyzers utilizable for this purpose are discussed here, and some examples of the results obtained by the direct measurement of OC consumption are presented. The consumption rates thus measured ranged from 11.6 to 50.2 mu gC/ 1.h. Although the technique discussed here is less sensitive than radiochemical methods, the few assumptions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biogeochemistry; Microbiology; Carbon cycle; Organic carbon; Water; Heterotrophic organisms; Analytical techniques.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-950.pdf
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Freshwater and its role in the Arctic Marine System: sources, disposition, storage, export, and physical and biogeochemical consequences in the Arctic and global oceans ArchiMer
Carmack, E. C.; Yamamoto-kawai, M.; Haine, T. W. N.; Bacon, S.; Bluhm, B. A.; Lique, Camille; Melling, H.; Polyakov, I. V.; Straneo, F.; Timmermans, M. -l.; Williams, W. J..
The Arctic Ocean is a fundamental node in the global hydrological cycle and the ocean's thermohaline circulation. We here assess the system's key functions and processes: 1) the delivery of fresh and low salinity waters to the Arctic Ocean by river inflow, net precipitation, distillation during the freeze/thaw cycle and Pacific Ocean inflows; 2) the disposition (e.g. sources, pathways and storage) of freshwater components within the Arctic Ocean; and 3) the release and export of freshwater components into the bordering convective domains of the North Atlantic. We then examine physical, chemical or biological processes which are influenced or constrained by the local quantities and geochemical qualities of fresh water; these include: stratification and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arctic; Oceans; Circulation; Freshwater; Carbon cycle; Acidification.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42460/41831.pdf
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Metabolism of CO and CH sub(4) by nitrifiers and the determination of the nitrification rate. ArchiMer
Morita, R; Jones, R.
The nitrifying bacteria were found to survive 24 weeks in the absence of ammonium without decreasing their number of cell size. Because H sub(2), CO, and CH sub(4) are present in the marine environment, these substrates were investigated as a possible source of the energy of maintenance for the nitrifying bacteria. super(14)CO and super(14)CH sub(4) were found to be oxidized by the nitrifiers. N-serve was found to inhibit the oxidation of CO. Using the nitrifiers' ability to oxide CO, a method for the determination of the nitrification rate was developed. The ability of nitrifiers to oxidize CO may play a significant role in the cycling of CO sub(2) in the marine environment. Whether CO and CH sub(4) oxidation play a role in the survival of nitrifiers in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Methane; Carbon dioxide; Survival; Bacteria; Nitrification; Nitrogen cycle; Oxidation; Carbon cycle; Biogeochemistry; Metabolism.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-975.pdf
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Nutrients and carbon budgets for the Gulf of Lion during the Moogli cruises ArchiMer
Durrieu De Madron, X; Denis, L; Diaz, F; Garcia, N; Guieu, C; Grenz, C; Loye-pilot, Md; Ludwig, W; Moutin, T; Raimbault, P; Ridame, C.
Shelf-slope exchanges and budgets of organic and inorganic nutrients are calculated for the Gulf of Lion continental margin in the northwestern Mediterranean. Computations are based on data from three seasonal marine surveys performed in March 1998, June 1998 and January 1999 in the framework of the French Programme National d'Environnement Cotier. A Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone type box model is used to calculate the advective exchanges between the shelf and the adjacent open sea and to estimate the budgets of non-conservative elements (DIP, DIN, DOP, DON, DOC, POC, PON, POP). These budgets consider river discharges, urban sewage supply, atmospheric deposition, and fluxes at the water-sediment and shelf-slope interfaces. Uncertainties on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mer Méditerranée; Echanges côte-large; Fonctionnement de l’écosystème; Cycle du carbone; Bilan de sels nutritifs; Mediterranean Sea; Shelf-slope exchanges; Ecosystem functioning; Carbon cycle; Nutrients budget.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41236/40426.pdf
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Organic matter in sediments in the mangrove areas and adjacent continental margins of Brazil .1. Amino acids and hexosamines ArchiMer
Jennerjahn, Tc; Ittekkot, V.
The nature of sedimentary organic matter from mangroves and the continental margin of eastern Brazil (8 degrees-24 degrees S) has been investigated in order to obtain information on sources and diagenetic processes. The organic matter content of mangrove sediments is three to four times higher than the maximum content of continental margin sediments. Downslope distribution of organic carbon, nitrogen, amino acids and hexosamines shows an enrichment in water depths between 800 m and 1000 m. The distribution of individual amino acids and hexosamines is highly variable in sedimentary organic matter from mangroves and the continental margin, and the observed compositional differences are mainly due to diagenetic alteration. Organic matter is highly reactive in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Organic carbon; Amino acids; Carbon cycle; Mangroves; Continental margin.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00093/20403/18070.pdf
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Polychaete tube walls as zonated microhabitats for marine bacteria. ArchiMer
Reichardt, W.
The predominantly anoxic, sulfide-rich sandy sediment of a shallow lagoon at Kiel Fjord was densely inhabited by the polychaete worm Nereis diversicolor (280 cm super(3) m super(-2) of biomass volume). Burrow walls which contrasted by their brown coloration of at least 1.5 mm thickness with the bulk of the reduced black sediment, made up for 6% of the total volume of the 10 cm cores investigated. Only the uppermost mm of the internal surface layer contained detectable O sub(2). As a result of the build up of internal redox gradients, CO sub(2) dark fixation was activated in the burrow walls (by a factor of approximately equals 2). Assays of ribulose-biphosphate carboxylase activities and viable counts of potentially chemoautotrophic bacteria in different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nereis diversicolor; Polychaeta; Bacteria; Microorganisms; Carbon cycle; Tube dwellers; Carbon fixation; Burrows; Bioturbation; Sediments.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-990.pdf
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Seasonal and vertical variations of sinking particle fluxes in the West Caroline Basin ArchiMer
Kawahata, H; Yamamuro, M; Ohta, H.
A sediment trap experiment was carried out in the West Caroline Basin, located in the equatorial western Pacific between influences of the Asian monsoon and the open ocean. Annual mass flux at the shallow trap at Site 1 was 57.10 g m(-2)yr(-1). Generally, the higher flux of organic matter was associated with higher activities of biogenic opal-producing and carbonate-producing plankton communities. In addition, as the organic matter content increases, the organic carbon/carbonate carbon ratio shows a tendency to increase. Carbonate-producing plankton was predominant during periods 1 and 3 (May to July and November to the beginning of December), which could be due to limited silica supply to the euphotic zone. On the other hand, surface sea water was more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Variation saisonnière; Variation verticale; Flux de particules; Pacifique occidental; Cycle du carbone; Seasonality; Vertical variations; Sinking particle fluxes; Western Pacific; Carbon cycle.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43655/43219.pdf
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The tropical managed forests observatory: a research network addressing the future of tropical logged forests. Repositório Alice
SIST, P.; RUTISHAUSER, E.; PEÑA-CLAROS, M.; SHENKIN, A.; HERAULT, B.; BLANC, L.; BARALOTO, C.; BAYA, F.; BENEDET, F.; SILVA, K. E. da; DESCROIX, L.; FERREIRA, J. N.; GOURLET-FLEURY, S.; GUEDES, M. C.; BIN HARUN, I.; JALONEN, R.; KANASHIRO, M.; KRISNAWATI, H.; KSHATRIYA, M.; LINCOLN, P.; MAZZEI, L.; MEDJIBÉ, V.; NASI, R.; OLIVEIRA, M. V. N. d'; OLIVEIRA, L. C. de; PICARD, N.; PIETSCH, S.; PINARD, M.; PRIYADI, H.; PUTZ, F. E.; RODNEY, K.; ROSSI, V.; ROOPSIND, A.; RUSCHEL, A. R.; ZAMAH SHARI, N. H.; SOUZA, C. R. de; SUSANTY, F. H.; SOTTA, E. D.; TOLEDO, M.; VIDAL, E.; WEST, T. A. P.; WORTEL, V.; YAMADA, T..
While attention on logging in the tropics has been increasing, studies on the long-term effects of silviculture on forest dynamics and ecology remain scare and spatially limited. Indeed, most of our knowledge on tropical forests arises from studies carried out in undisturbed tropical forests. This biasis problematic given that logged and disturbed tropical forests are now covering a larger area thantheso-alled primary forests. A new network of permanent sample plots in logged forests, the Tropical managed Forests Observatory (TmFO), aims to ?ll this gap by providing unprecedented opportunities to examine long-term data on the resilience of logged tropical forests at regional and global scales. TmFO currently includes 24 experimental sites distributed...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Carbon cycle; Climate change; Ecosystem resilience; Logging; Silviculture; Tropical managed Forests Observatory; Tropical forests; Biodiversidade; Ciclo do carbono; Mudanças climáticas; Silvicultura; Florestas tropicais.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/992149
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Variability in benthic oxygen fluxes during the winter-spring transition in coastal sediments: an estimation by in situ micro-electrodes and laboratory mini-electrodes ArchiMer
Lansard, B; Rabouille, C; Massias, D.
Two expeditions were achieved at the winter-spring transition in the Golfe de Fos (Mediterranean Sea) at a site situated at 21 m depth. An in situ autonomous oxygen profiler and laboratory oxygen mini-electrodes were used to measure the oxygen distribution in the sediments and calculate the diffusive oxygen fluxes. Clearer waters during the second expedition promoted a rapid shift from a net heterotrophic environment to a photosynthesis-dominated sediment. The diffusive exchange fluxes of oxygen through the sediment-water interface varied from an average consumption of 5.3 mmol m(-2) d(-1) (February) to a net production of 12 mmol m(-2) d(-1) (March). At both periods, a large spatial heterogeneity was recorded by the different electrodes, with a larger...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygène; Micro-électrodes in situ; Biogéochimie; Cycle du carbone; Sédiment côtier; Oxygen; In situ micro-electrodes; Biogeochemistry; Carbon cycle; Coastal sediment.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43272/43003.pdf
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マニュアスプレッダの堆肥散布機構と散布精度 OAK
申, 宝明; 佐藤, 禎稔; 岸本, 正; 谷, 昌幸; 仙北谷, 康; 加藤, 拓; 林, 芙俊; SHEN, Baoming; SATOW, Tadatoshi; KISHIMOTO, Tadashi; TANI, Masayuki; SENBOKUYA, Yasushi; KATO, Taku; HAYASHI, Futoshi.
マニュアスプレッダによる堆肥の散布精度の現状を把握することを目的とし,横軸ピータ型,縦軸ビータ型,左側方散布型の3機種を対象として堆肥の散布量分布および 堆肥散布精度の調査を行った。各機種の散布量分布は,いずれも山型の形状を示しており,横軸ビータ型,縦軸ピータ型では,マニュアスプレッダの中心から左右1m以内に,それぞれ全体の76%,40%が散布され,左側方散布型は左側3-5mの範囲に全体の71%が集中して散布された。最大散布畳は横軸ビータ型が2.3t/l0a,縦軸ビータ型が6.5t/10a,左側方散布型が10.3t/l0aとなり,重複散布しても規定散布量である2t/l0aが望めない結果となった。また,圃場全体の堆肥散布量は各機種で0.2-3.4t/lOa,2.4-22. 8t/l0a,0.6-5.0t/10aであり, 堆肥の性状によって散布むらが大きくなることが判明した。The purpose of this study was to investigate the present situation of compost spreading with manure spreaders in Tokachi region. Therefore,three different types of manure spreaders: rear horizontal beater type(A),vertical beater type (B) and side discharge type (C),were used to determine the application pattern and accuracy of compost spreading. Application pattern of each...
Palavras-chave: 堆肥の利用; マッピング; 炭素循環; 精密農法; Utilization of compost; Mapping; Carbon cycle; Precision farming.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2701
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