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A canonical correlation analysis of the association between carcass and ham traits in pigs used to produce dry-cured ham Genet. Mol. Biol.
Ventura,Henrique T.; Lopes,Paulo S.; Peloso,José V.; Guimarães,Simone E.F.; Carneiro,Antonio Policarpo S.; Carneiro,Paulo L.S..
The association between carcass and ham traits in a pig population used to produce dry-cured ham was studied using canonical correlation analysis. The carcass traits examined were hot carcass weight (HCW), backfat thickness (BT) and loin depth (LD), and the ham traits studied were gross ham weight (GHW), trimmed ham weight (THW), ham inner layer fat thickness (HIFT), ham outer layer fat thickness (HOFT), pH (pH) and the Göfo value. Carcass and ham traits are not independent. The canonical correlations (r) between the carcass and ham traits at 130 kg were 0.77, 0.24 and 0.20 for the first, second and third canonical pair, respectively, and were all significant (p < 0.01) by the Wilks test. The corresponding canonical correlations between the three...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Canonical correlation; Carcass; Ham; Pig.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572011000300014
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Adjustment of growth parameters for the major body components of pullets Rev. Ciênc. Agron.
Silva,Edney Pereira da; Sakomura,Nilva Kazue; Dorigam,Juliano Cesar de Paula; Malheiros,Euclides Braga; Peruzzi,Nelson José.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was analyze the fit of Gompertz function with or without fixing some of the parameters to describe body growth and major bodily chemical constituents of growing pullets. Weekly, data of body weight and chemical components of body free of feathers and feathers were collected from 1,200 chicks of four laying strains (Hisex Brown, Hisex White, Hy Line Brown and Hy Line White W36) until 18 weeks of age. The variables were subjected to two adjustments fixing, or not, some parameters of Gompertz function. The allometric model parameters were calculated for the chemical components. The lipid and protein composition of the body free of feathers were the components with the biggest change in the last weeks. Moreover, the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass; Growth curve; Weight protein; Feather.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1806-66902016000300572
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Arthropod succession on pig carcasses in southeastern Nigeria Pap. Avulsos de Zool. (São Paulo)
Ekanem,M.S.; Dike,Mike C..
The domestic pig (Sus scrofa) was used as a model to study arthropod succession on carcasses under tree shade and out of shade in southern Nigeria. Carcass decomposition took longer periods under tree shade than in exposed sites, at 24.5 and 16.5 days, respectively. Four decomposition stages - fresh, bloated, decay, and dry - were observed. No significant variabilities were recorded in the types and patterns of infestation of the carcasses by arthropods in both locations. Four classes of arthropods - Insecta, Arachnida, Diplopoda and Crustacea - were recorded. The class Insecta dominated the total arthropods collected with 24 families, and formed 94% of the catches. The other three classes each had one family represented, and contributed only 2% of the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Decomposition stages; Carcass; Arthropods; Insects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0031-10492010003500001
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Assessing the Value of Coordinated Sire Genetics in a Synchronized AI Program AgEcon
Parcell, Joseph L.; Schaefer, Daniel; Patterson, David J.; John, Mike; Kerley, Monty S.; Haden, Kent.
Synchronized artificial insemination was used to inseminate cows using different types of sire genetics, including low-accuracy, calving-ease, and high-accuracy. These three calf sire groups were compared to calves born to cows bred using natural service. We found substantial production efficiency grains, carcass merit improvement, and economic value to calves born to cows following a synchronized artificial insemination program with high-accuracy semen included. The economic advantage to the high-accuracy calf sire group was computed to be in the neighborhood of $40 to $80/head, relative to the natural service calf sire group.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Artificial insemination; Beef; Cow; Carcass; Feed-out; Genetics; Pre-conditioning; Sire synchronization.; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37618
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Available phosphorus in diets for 15 to 30 kg pigs genetically selected for meat deposition R. Bras. Zootec.
Arouca,Cláudio Luiz Corrêa; Silva,Francisco Carlos de Oliveira; Fontes,Dalton de Oliveira; Saraiva,Alysson; Donzele,Juarez Lopes; Silva,Martinho de Almeida e; Paula,Eriane de.
With the objective to evaluate the effect of dietary available phosphorus levels (aP) on the performance, blood and bone parameters of castrated male and female pigs, genetically selected for meat deposition, 60 commercial hybrids pigs with initial weight of 15.54±0.68 kg were allotted in a completely randomized block design, with six treatments (0.103, 0.210, 0.317, 0.424, 0.531, and 0.638% aP), five replicates, and two animals per experimental unit. Pigs were fed ad libitum and water was provided until the end of the experimental period (21 days), when animals reached 31.31±2.94 kg. Daily weight gain and daily feed intake increased, while the feed conversion improved quadratically up to 0.534, 0.487, and 0.574% aP maximum responses, respectively. The aP...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass; Growth; Minerals; Nutrition; Performance.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000100010
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Available phosphorus in diets with or without ractopamine for late finishing gilts R. Bras. Zootec.
Campos,Priscila Furtado; Silva,Francisco Carlos de Oliveira; Ferreira,Aloízio Soares; Oliveira,Rita Flávia Miranda de; Donzele,Juarez Lopes; Girotto Júnior,Celso José; Pereira,Cinthia Maria Carlos; Saraiva,Alysson.
With the objective to evaluate levels of available phosphorus (aP) in diets with or without ractopamine, 112 gilts with high genetic potential for meat deposition with initial weigh of 94.0±2.28 kg were allotted in a completely randomized block design, in a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement (0.109, 0.209, 0.309, and 0.409% aP and 0 or 5 ppm of ractopamine), with eight treatments, seven replicates, and two gilts per experimental unit. There were no interactions between aP levels and ractopamine. The levels of available phosphorus influenced both daily weight gain and daily phosphorus intake, which increased linearly. Feed conversion improved in a quadratic way up to the estimated level of 0.330% aP maximum response. Daily weight gain increased and feed conversion...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beta agonist; Carcass; Ideal protein; Minerals; Performance.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000300023
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Available phosphorus levels for 95 to 120 kg barrows genetically selected for lean gain R. Bras. Zootec.
Arouca,Cláudio Luís Corrêa; Silva,Francisco Carlos de Oliveira; Fontes,Dalton de Oliveira; Donzele,Juarez Lopes; Oliveira,Rita Flávia Miranda de; Haese,Douglas; Kill,João Luís; Paula,Eriane de.
With the objective of evaluating available phosphorus (aP) levels in diets for barrows selected for lean meat deposition, eighty commercial hybrid pigs with initial weight of 94.05±1.05 kg were used in this experiment. Pigs were allotted in a completely randomized block design, with five treatments (0.092, 0.156, 0.220, 0,284, and 0.348% of aP), eight replicates and two pigs per experimental unit. The average daily weight gain of pigs increased and the feed conversion improved quadratically with increasing aP in the diets up to the estimated levels of 0.21 and 0.20%, respectively. There was no effect of the dietary aP on average daily feed intake. However, aP intake, bone strength and concentration of phosphorus in the bones increased linearly with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass; Finishing; Minerals; Nutrition; Performance.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000600017
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Available Phosphorus Levels in Diets for Muscovy Ducks in Housing Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Costa,VR; Cruz,FGG; Rufino,JPF; Silva,AF; Freitas,BKM; Feijó,JC; Guimarães,CC.
ABSTRACT The present study aimed to determine ideal levels of available phosphorus for muscovy ducks in housing. Two hundred and forty muscovy ducks of creole lineage were used, distributed in boxes with water and food ad libitum. The experimental design was completely randomized with treatments consisting of six nutritional plans that included the initial, growth and termination phases and differed in relation to available phosphorus levels, and four replicates of 10 muscovy ducks each. The birds had weekly performance evaluations, and after 90 days, eight birds (four males and four females) in each treatment were slaughtered for evaluation of carcass traits. Data collected were subjected to Tukey test at 5% of significance. Differences were not observed...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bone; Cairinamoschata domesticus; Carcass; Mineral; Waterfowl.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2019000200338
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Bovine carcass sexing by PCR method Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci.
Curi,Rogério Abdallah; Mota,Lígia Souza Lima Silveira da; Amarante,Mônica Regina Vendrame; Lopes,Catalina Romeiro.
The objective of the present study was to develop a methodology that would permit sexing bovine meat ready for commercialization. A male-specific primer sequence was used, followed by analysis of the amplified product. The method proved to be efficient for sex verification and is of practical utility in the prevention of fraud in beef sale.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bovine; Carcass; Sexing; PCR.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-95962002000300007
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Características de carcaças de búfalos engordados em pastagem nativa de terra inundável. Infoteca-e
LOURENÇO JUNIOR, J. de B.; COSTA, N. A. da; CARVALHO, L. O. D. de M.; NASCIMENTO, C. N. B. do; DUTRA, S..
bitstream/item/31958/1/CPATU-BP81.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bubalino; Terra inundavel; Campo Experimental do Baixo Amazonas; Monte Alegre; Pará; Brasil; Buffalo; Carcass; Fattening; Production; Native pasture; Floodable land; Feed.; Alimentação; Carcaça; Carne; Engorda; Pastagem Nativa; Produção.; Amazonia; Meat..
Ano: 1987 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/383676
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Carcass and meat quality in light lambs from different fat classes in the EU carcass classification system IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Sañudo, C.; Alfonso, M.; Sánchez, A.; Delfa, R.; Teixeira, A..
Ninety commercial lamb carcasses were analysed according to the four different fat classes in the light lamb European classiffication system. Shoulder fat increased 3%, muscle decreased 2% and bone decreased 1% for each class increase. No signifficant differences were found among fat classes regarding pH, WHC, cooking losses, juiciness, myoglobin content, meat colour measured immediately after cutting (L*, a*, b*), odour intensity or flavour quality. Some differences were found in colour evolution through ageing. Shear force decreased and tenderness and flavour intensity increased with fat class but this effect was only signifficant in the leanest animals.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Carcass; Meat quality; EU system classification.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/795
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Carcass characteristics, physicochemical changes and oxidative stress indicators of meat from sheep fed diets with coffee pulp Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Salinas-Rios,T.; Sánchez-Torres-Esqueda,M.T.; Hernández-Bautista,J.; Díaz-Cruz,A.; Nava-Cuellar,C.; Ortega-Cerrilla,M.E.; Cordero-Mora,J.L.; Vaquera-Huerta,H.; Velasco,J.L.F..
The purpose of this study was to determine how feeding sheep coffee pulp affects carcass characteristics and what changes occur in physicochemical, antioxidant capacity and oxidation of the meat during refrigerated storage. The experiment was carried out in 15 Blackbelly lambs weighing an average 22.86±0.76kg. The animals were assigned to three treatments: T0=control diet, T1=diet with 8% coffee pulp, and T2=diet with 16% coffee pulp. After fattening for 56 days, the sheep were slaughtered and the carcasses assessed. The inclusion of 16% coffee pulp in the diet increased carcass dressing from 48.19 to 50.83% and decreased the amount of fat in rumen and intestines from 3.43 to 2.53% (P<0.05). The inclusion of coffee pulp in the diet did not alter the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Antioxidant; Carcass; Dressing percent; Fat.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352014000601901
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Cloridrato de ractopamina em dietas para suínos em terminação - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i1.9281 Animal Sciences
Ferreira, Matheus Soares da Silva; Universidade Federal de Lavras; Sousa, Raimundo Vicente de; Universidade Federal de Lavras; Silva, Viviam de Oliveira; Universidade Federal de Lavras; Zangerônimo, Márcio Gilberto; Universidade Federal de Lavras; Amaral, Nikolas de Oliveira; IFET - Machado/MG.
O presente trabalho objetivou avaliar o uso de ractopamina em diferentes níveis de inclusão na dieta para suínos em terminação. Foram utilizados 50 suínos híbridos comerciais com peso inicial de 74,08 (1,42) kg, aleatoriamente distribuídos em cinco blocos casualizados. Havia dois animais em cada parcela experimental, macho e fêmea, alimentados com dieta suplementada com ractopamina (0, 5, 10, 15 e 20 ppm) durante 28 dias. Foram avaliados desempenho e características de carcaça dos animais. A ractopamina melhorou o desempenho, espessura de toucinho, profundidade, área de olho de lombo e rendimento de carne na carcaça, porém sem influenciar no consumo de ração, rendimento de cortes e qualidade da barriga. Exceto a dose de 0 ppm, não houve diferença entre as...
Tipo: Pesquisa de campo Palavras-chave: 5.05.00.00-7 agonista β-adrenérgico; Carcaça; Desempenho; Partidor de nutrientes; Qualidade de carne nutrição e alimentação animal β-adrenergic agonist; Carcass; Performance; Nutrient partitioner; Meat quality.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/9281
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Comparison of the effects of semi-refined rice oil and soybean oil on meat oxidative stability, carcass yield, metabolism, and performance of broilers Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Avic.
Moraes,ML de; Ribeiro,AML; Kessler,A de M; Cortés,MM; Ledur,VS; Cura,E.
Two experiments (EXP 1 and EXP 2) were conducted to compare soybean oil (SO) and semi-refined rice oil (RBO) added to broilers diets. In EXP 1, 400 male Ross x Ross 308 broilers were reared in battery cages, and their performance was evaluated. A metabolism assay was performed. In EXP 2, 1344 broilers from the same strain were reared in floor pens with rice husks litter. In addition to performance, carcass yield and meat oxidative stability were evaluated. In both EXP, birds were distributed in a 2x4 factorial arrangement, with two types of oils (SO or RBO) and four oil inclusion levels (1%, 2.5%, 4%, or 5.5%). Two periods were considered: starter (1 to 21 days of age) and grower (22 to 42 days). In both EXP, oil type had no influence on starter...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Broiler; Carcass; Metabolism; Rice oil; Soybean oil; Performance.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-635X2009000300004
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Composição corporal de búfalos Murrah. Infoteca-e
NASCIMENTO, C. N. B. do; CARVALHO, L. O. D. de M.; COSTA, N. A. da.
bitstream/item/32739/1/CPATU-BP145.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bubalino; Raca Murrah; Avaliacao; Composicao corporal; Buffalo; Breed; Carcass; Valuation.; Carcaça.; Body composition..
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/378460
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Correlation between lipid, cholesterol and fatty acid contents in the shoulder of castrated and non-castrated Santa Inês lambs R. Bras. Zootec.
Santos-Cruz,Cristiane Leal dos; Cruz,Christian Albert Carvalho da; Lima,Thiago Ramos; Pérez,Juan Ramon Olalquiaga; Junqueira,Rodrigo Soares; Cruz,Braulio Crisanto Carvalho da.
The objective of this study was to establish a correlation between the content of total lipids, cholesterol and fatty acid profile of the edible portion of the shoulders of 12 castrated and 12 non-castrated Santa Ines lambs, slaughtered at different ages (84, 168, 210, 252 days). Shoulders and the edible portion (muscle and fat) were weighed and stored at -5 °C. Castrated and uncastrated lambs increased their body weight and half carcass weight, respectively. The shoulder weight increased in the carcasses of uncastrated animals. The edible portion of the shoulders of castrated lamb has greater amount of total lipids (16.09 g/100 g). The cholesterol content was influenced by castration, reducing with age. Santa Ines castrated lambs, under semi-extensive...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Carcass; Cut; Composition; Sheep.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982012000700030
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Cortes comerciais em carcaça de búfalos Murrah. Infoteca-e
NASCIMENTO, C. N. B. do; CARVALHO, L. O. D. de M.; COSTA, N. A. da.
bitstream/item/32742/1/CPATU-BP146.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bubalino; Murrah; Buffalo; Breed; Carcass; Yield.; Carne; Carcaça; Rendimento; Raça; Tecnologia.; Meat; Technology..
Ano: 1993 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/378459
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Crude glycerin in diets for feedlot Nellore cattle R. Bras. Zootec.
van Cleef,Eric Haydt Castello Branco; Ezequiel,Jane Maria Bertocco; D'Aurea,André Pastori; Fávaro,Vanessa Ruiz; Sancanari,Juliana Borsari Dourado.
Two studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of crude glycerin on feed intake, performance, carcass characteristics, and total digestibility of Nellore bulls. In experiment 1, cattle (n = 30) were fed a control diet without crude glycerin and diets containing 7.5, 15, 22.5, and 30% crude glycerin, for 103 d. Animals were harvested and data of carcass characteristics were collected. In experiment 2, a digestibility trial was performed using indigestible acid detergent fiber (iADF) as internal marker, and five rumen-cannulated steers. Both experiments were conducted as a randomized complete block design and data were analyzed using mixed procedures. In experiment 1 no differences were observed among treatments on dry matter intake, and performance...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; By-products; Carcass; Digestion; Glycerol.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014000200006
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Development of organs and tissues in lambs raised on Spanish mountain grassland IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Álvarez-Rodríguez, J.; Sanz, A.; Joy, M.; Carrasco, S.; Ripoll, G.; Teixeira, A..
The present study was conducted to establish the pattern of body development in grass-raised Churra Tensina lambs. Forty-nine single male lambs were slaughtered at three body-weight intervals, according to the commercial categories of suckling (11.191.0kg), light (22.190.8 kg) and heavy lamb (32.092.9 kg). Non-carcass and carcass components were recorded and the half left carcasses were completely dissected. Lambs showed a low growth rate of main organs in relation to empty body weight (BW) (PB0.01). Skin fleece and liver accompanied the rest of mass growth (P 0.05). The allometric coefficients of forestomachs and large intestine were higher than that of the small intestine (PB0.05). Joints related to locomotion had early development (PB0.01), whereas...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Sheep; Carcass; Non-carcass; Tissues; Fat depots; Allometric growth.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/4892
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Digestible lysine for 63 to 103 day-old barrows of genetic lines selected for lean deposition R. Bras. Zootec.
Fortes,Eduardo Ianino; Donzele,Juarez Lopes; Oliveira,Rita Flávia Miranda de; Saraiva,Alysson; Silva,Francisco Carlos de Oliveira; Souza,Matheus Faria de; Rocha,Gabriel Cipriano; Alebrante,Leandro.
Ninety-six barrows from 63 to 103 days of age were used to evaluate the effects of dietary digestible lysine levels on performance and carcass traits of two genetic lines selected for lean deposition. Pigs with initial body weight of 23.800 ± 1.075 kg were allotted in a completely randomized block design, within a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement (four digestible lysine levels: 0.80, 0.90, 1.00, 1.10%, and two genetic lines), with six replicates and two pigs per experimental unit. There was no interaction between genetic and digestible lysine levels. The digestible lysine levels also did not influence performance or carcass traits of pigs; however, average daily lysine intake increased with increasing digestible lysine level in the experimental diets. Pigs from...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Amino acids; Carcass; Genotype; Growing; Performance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982011001000015
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