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Registros recuperados: 59
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2nd Forum on Irrigation and water for sustainable development: 15 –16 December, 2008 Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia AgEcon
Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Erkossa, Teklu; Balcha, Yodit.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainable development; Irrigation management; Irrigation water; Irrigated farming; Irrigation systems; Supplemental irrigation; Land management; Land use; Investment; Case studies; Government policy; Rural poverty; Groundwater; Small scale systems; Socioeconomic development; Economic aspects; Economic growth; Income; Water management; Water resources development; Water harvesting; Water supply; Public policy; Agricultural production; Developing countries; Public-private cooperation; History; Case studies; River basins; Crop production; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118411
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A framework for efficient wastewater treatment and recycling systems AgEcon
Mekala, Gayathri Devi; Davidson, Brian; Samad, Madar; Boland, Anne-Maree.
Use of un-treated/partially treated wastewater for irrigation in the dry countries of Asia and Africa and recycling of treated wastewater in the water scarce developed countries has become a common practice due to various reasons. While the lack of wastewater treatment to appropriate levels before use is a major problem in developing countries, the high cost of wastewater recycling is the major problem in developed countries. The current paper is part of a doctoral research and presents the conceptual framework for the research and the methodology that can be used to tackle the problems associated with wastewater recycling.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water reuse; Wastewater; Recycling; Pricing; Water allocation; Cost benefit analysis; Wastewater irrigation; Developing countries; Developed countries; Case studies; India; Australia; Hyderabad; Melbourne; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46387
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A gender performance indicator for irrigation: Concepts, tools and applications AgEcon
van Koppen, Barbara.
Although gender issues are today a priority on the agendas of irrigation policy makers, interventionists, farm leaders and researchers, there is still a considerable gap between positive intentions and concrete action. An important but hitherto ignored reason for this is the lack of adequate generic concepts and tools that are policy-relevant and can accommodate the vast variation in irrigation contexts worldwide. The Gender Performance Indicator for Irrigation (GPII) aims to fill this gap. In any particular scheme, this tool diagnoses the gendered organization of farming and gender-based inclusion or exclusion in irrigation institutions. It informs irrigation agencies what they themselves can do for effective change-if necessary. The tool also identifies...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Gender; Women; Irrigation management; Water management; Policy; Decision making; Performance evaluation; Indicators; Irrigated farming; Farming systems; Case studies; Water users' associations; Leadership; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44562
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Accounting of agricultural and nonagricultural impacts of irrigation and drainage Systems: A report of research in Taiwan and Sri Lanka in 2003 AgEcon
This paper is a collaborative research between the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and the Agricultural Engineering Research Centre of Taiwan. This study contributes to IWMI’s program on the Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture. The research in 2003 consists of two components. First, research in Taiwan continues on estimating the positive and negative externalities of paddy-rice production. Second, research is being conducted in Sri Lanka to assess more broadly the impact of water resource development. In addition, two extensive literature reviews have been completed
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation programs; Drainage; Rice; Crop production; Case studies; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92407
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Adaptive, participatory and integrated assessment (APIA) of the impacts of irrigation on fisheries: Evaluation of the approach in Sri Lanka. AgEcon
Nguyen-Khoa, Sophie; Smith, Laurence; Lorenzen, Kai.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fisheries; Irrigation effects; Assessment; Decision making; Case studies; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92016
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Adoption and Impacts of Improved Maize Production Technology: A Case Study of the Ghana Grains Development Project AgEcon
Morris, Michael L.; Tripp, Robert; Dankyi, A.A..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ghana; Maize; Zea mays; Plant production; Seed production; Productivity; Production factors; High yielding varieties; Fertilizer application; Cropping systems; Farming systems; Farm income; On farm research; Extension activities; Research projects; Technology transfer; Appropriate technology; Innovation adoption; Socioeconomic environment; Economic analysis; Economic trends; Economic policies; Human nutrition; Surveys; Sampling; Case studies; Agroecological zones; Ghana Grains Development Project; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48767
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ADOPTION OF MAIZE AND WHEAT TECHNOLOGIES IN EASTERN AFRICA: A SYNTHESIS OF THE FINDINGS OF 22 CASE STUDIES AgEcon
Doss, Cheryl R.; Mwangi, Wilfred; Verkuijl, Hugo; De Groote, Hugo.
This paper synthesizes the findings of 22 micro-level studies on technology adoption carried out by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) with national agricultural research systems in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda from 1996-1999. The authors found that technology adoption is taking place across Eastern Africa but considerable scope remains to improve the productivity of smallholder agriculture in higher potential regions with high levels of adoption. Extension was the variable most highly correlated with technology adoption, and extension services continue to play an important role in disseminating information on new varieties and how to manage them. Despite the usefulness of the micro-study results, especially for priority...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Maize; Wheat; Innovation adoption; Technology transfer; Plant Breeding; Small farms; Case studies; Fertilizers; Private sector; Nongovernmental organizations; Research institutions; International organizations; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46522
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Agricultural Employment Trends in an Enlarged European Union: Does the CAP Reform/Introduction Matter? AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Cook, Peter; Stange, Henriette; Weingarten, Peter.
In the course of economic development there is a general downward trend of agricultural employment, although structural change in agriculture is often delayed. In the EU-15, agricultural employment decreased by -2.3% p.a. (measured in regular persons) and -3.0% p.a. (measured in annual working units) between 1995 and 2000. In some of the new EU Member States, employment in agriculture plummeted in the early 1990s, whereas in others it increased during the first years of transition and has served as a social buffer in times of economic hardship. The most important determinants of agricultural employment changes are labor saving technical progress, the macroeconomic environment, the farm structure, socio-economic characteristics of the farmer and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural labor market; Agricultural policy; European Union; Transition countries; Case studies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; J43; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25395
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An assessment of small-scale users’ inclusion in large-scale water user associations of South Africa AgEcon
Faysse, Nicolas.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farmers’ associations; Water users’ associations; Water resource management; Irrigation management; Catchment areas; Legislation; Legal aspects; Water allocation; Farmer participation; Decision making; Case studies; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52969
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Assessing irrigation performance with comparative indicators: The case of the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, Mexico AgEcon
Kloezen, Wim H.; Garces-Restrepo, Carlos.
Describes and evaluates the application of IWMI's minimum set of performance indicators to the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, and compares this with the application of a small set of process performance indicators.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Irrigation scheduling; Water allocation; Water distribution; Case studies; Institutional constraints; Operation; Monitoring; Indicators; Performance indexes; Water rights; Economic aspects; Data collection; Environmental effects; Performance evaluation; Water use efficiency; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44580
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Balancing irrigation and hydropower: Case study from Southern Sri Lanka AgEcon
Molle, Francois; Jayakody, Priyantha; Ariyaratne, Badugodahewa Ranjith; Somatilake, H.S..
This report analyzes a case from southern Sri Lanka, where the Samanalawewa dam and the Kaltota Irrigation Scheme (KIS) compete for the water of the Walawe river. At the catchment level, it is shown that dam releases are well attuned to the needs of KIS and to the occurrences of natural runoff, and that little of the dam water is "lost" to the river.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Reservoirs; Dams; Hydroelectric schemes; Economic analysis; Canals; Irrigation scheduling; Cropping systems; Case studies; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44544
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Basin-level use and productivity of water: examples from South Asia AgEcon
Molden, David J.; Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Habib, Zaigham.
Discusses and illustrates concepts for identifying ways of improving productivity of water within basins. The results of applying a water accounting procedure to four sub-basins in South Asia (Bhakra in India; Chishtian in Pakistan; Huruluwewa in northern Sri Lanka; and Kirindi Oya in southern Sri Lanka) are presented. The methodology used identifies the quantities and productivity of various uses of water within a basin. This information is then used to identify the water-saving potential, and the means of improving the productivity of the managed supplies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Water conservation; River basins; Water use; Productivity; Case studies; Irrigated farming; Indicators; Water scarcity; South Asia; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Bhakra; Chishtian; Kirindi Oya; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61099
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Capacity building for participatory irrigation management in Sindh Province of Pakistan. AgEcon
Memon, Yameen; Talpur, Mustafa; Murray-Rust, Hammond.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: River basins; Institutions; Organizations; Private sector; Public sector; Local government; Mapping; Water resource management; Water policy; Legislation; Rural women; Constraints; Groundwater; Surface water; Water quality; Water use; Water users; Dams; Reservoirs; Large-scale systems; Irrigation management; Industrialization; Case studies; Operations; Maintenance; Canals; Conflict; Farmer-agency interactions; Policy; Water supply; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92769
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Charging for irrigation water: The issues and options, with a case study from Iran AgEcon
Perry, Christopher J..
Inadequate funding for maintenance of irrigation works and emerging shortages of water are prevalent. The use of water charges to generate resources for maintenance and to reduce demand is widely advocated. Examples from other utilities, and from the domestic/industrial sectors of water supply suggest the approach could be effective. In developing countries, the facilities required for measured and controlled delivery of irrigation are rarely in place, and would require a massive investment in physical, legal and administrative infrastructure. To be effective in curtailing demand, the marginal price of water must be significant. The price levels required to cover operation and maintenance (O&M) costs are too low to have a substantial impact on demand,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Productivity; Water allocation; Water use efficiency; Operations; Maintenance; Cost recovery; User charges; Water rates; Pricing; River basins; Water shortage; Economic aspects; Salinity; Case studies; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44567
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Community-driven development and scaling-up of microfinance services: case studies from Nepal and India AgEcon
Sharma, Manohar P..
This case study examines the scaling-up experiences of two microfinance institutions: the Nirdhan Utthan Bank Limited (NUBL) in Nepal and the Self-Help Group (SHG)-Bank linkage program of the National Agricultural Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) in India. Both NUBL and NABARD groups use self-regulation (peer selection, peer monitoring, and peer enforcement of contracts) as key to gaining access to services not otherwise available to them. There are two community-based drivers. First, loan products are closely driven by client preferences, as evidenced by strong demand to join the program, high repayment rates, and very low dropout rates. Second, the process of organizing clients into groups has a significant empowering effect, providing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community-driven development (CDD); Scaling up; Microfinance; Case studies; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60396
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Current policy and status of DDT use for malaria control in Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and South Africa. AgEcon
Biscoe, Melanie L.; Mutero, Clifford M.; Kramer, Randall A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Malaria; Waterborne diseases; Disease vectors; Public health; Policy; Ddt; Legal aspects; Pesticide residues; Case studies; Health Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92015
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Ecology of jungle rice (Echinochloa colonum), a weed of the rice agroecosystem: a case study in Bilaspur (Chattishgarh) International Rice Research Institute
Dubey, V..
p.52-55
Palavras-chave: Weeds; Echinochloa colonum; Ecology; Case studies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1039
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Empowerment of farmer organizations: case study of Farmer Managed Irrigated Agriculture Project, Sindh. AgEcon
Murray-Rust, Hammond; Memon, Yameen; Talpur, Mustafa.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farmer managed irrigation systems; Farmers' associations; Irrigation programs; Case studies; Irrigation management; Water management; Irrigated farming; Farmer participation; Legal aspects; Institution building; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92779
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Enhancing Student Learning Experiences and Providing Value to the Agribusiness Industry by Building the Industry-Institution Interface AgEcon
Foltz, John C.; Devadoss, Stephen.
This paper addresses agribusiness industry-institution interfaces, research-education linkages, and improving agribusiness education with opportunities such as agricultural students’ internships with agribusiness companies, conducting applied research, and finding opportunities for agribusiness educational seminars conducted by universities. The rationale for agribusiness internships is discussed, and agribusiness internship structure and planning is outlined. The potential benefits of a Departmental Advisory Board are listed, along with suggestions for implementing such a group. Applied agribusiness research opportunities including case studies and extension, outreach, or trade publications are highlighted, and examples of this type of work are discussed....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Advisory board; Agribusiness management; Case studies; Continuing education; Internships; Agribusiness; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90638
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Environmental and social values of river water: examples from the Menik Ganga, Sri Lanka. AgEcon
Dissanayake, Priyanka; Smakhtin, Vladimir U..
Many decisions on water allocation in river basins are made on economic grounds. Environmental and social benefits of water should also be considered in river basin management, and attempts should be made to value them similarly. This is not a straightforward task and very few studies have directly addressed this issue to date. In this paper, the Menik Ganga (River) in southern Sri Lanka is used as a case study to attempt and evaluate the costs and benefits of environmental water allocations, referred to as ‘environmental flows’ (EF). In this study, a broad definition of EF is used: the components of EF evaluated include the requirements of the religious festival, the requirements of the Yala National Park, the requirements of the Pilinnawa Coastal Wetland...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rivers; Ecosystems; Wetlands; Wildlife; Fisheries; Water allocation; Water requirements; Case studies; Economic evaluation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91876
Registros recuperados: 59
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