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Registros recuperados: 9
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Behavioral changes induced by cocaine in mice are modified by a hyperlipidic diet or recombinant leptin BJMBR
Erhardt,E.; Zibetti,L.C.E.; Godinho,J.M.; Bacchieri,B.; Barros,H.M.T..
The objective of the present study was to determine if the acute behavioral effects of cocaine acutely administered intraperitoneally (ip) at doses of 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg on white male CF1 mice, 90 days of age, would be influenced by leptin acutely administered ip (at doses of 5, 10 and 20 µg/kg) or by endogenous leptin production enhanced by a high-fat diet. The acute behavioral effects of cocaine were evaluated in open-field, elevated plus-maze and forced swimming tests. Results were compared between a group of 80 mice consuming a balanced diet and a high-fat diet, and a group of 80 mice fed a commercially available rodent chow formula (Ralston Purina) but receiving recombinant leptin (rLeptin) or saline ip. Both the high-fat-fed and rLeptin-treated mice...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mice; Cocaine; Leptin; Hyperlipidic diet; Interaction.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006001200014
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Behavioral effects of endogenous or exogenous estradiol and progesterone on cocaine sensitization in female rats BJMBR
Souza,M.F.; Couto-Pereira,N.S.; Freese,L.; Costa,P.A.; Caletti,G.; Bisognin,K.M.; Nin,M.S.; Gomez,R.; Barros,H.M.T..
Cocaine sensitization is a marker for some facets of addiction, is greater in female rats, and may be influenced by their sex hormones. We compared the modulatory effects of endogenous or exogenous estradiol and progesterone on cocaine-induced behavioral sensitization in 106 female rats. Ovariectomized female rats received progesterone (0.5 mg/mL), estradiol (0.05 mg/mL), progesterone plus estradiol, or the oil vehicle. Sham-operated control females received oil. Control and acute subgroups received injections of saline, while the repeated group received cocaine (15 mg/kg, ip) for 8 days. After 10 days, the acute and repeated groups received a challenge dose of cocaine, after which locomotion and stereotypy were monitored. The estrous cycle phase was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cocaine; Locomotor activity; Female rats; Estradiol; Progesterone; Stereotypic activity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2014000600505
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Cocaine/levamisole-induced systemic vasculitis with retiform purpura and pauci-immune glomerulonephritis BJMBR
Veronese,F.V.; Dode,R.S.O.; Friderichs,M.; Thomé,G.G.; Silva,D.R. da; Schaefer,P.G.; Sebben,V.C.; Nicolella,A.R.; Barros,E.J.G..
Levamisole has been increasingly used as an adulterant of cocaine in recent years, emerging as a public health challenge worldwide. Levamisole-associated toxicity manifests clinically as a systemic vasculitis, consisting of cutaneous, hematological, and renal lesions, among others. Purpura retiform, cutaneous necrosis, intravascular thrombosis, neutropenia, and less commonly crescentic nephritis have been described in association with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) and other autoantibodies. Here we report the case of a 49-year-old male who was a chronic cocaine user, and who presented spontaneous weight loss, arthralgia, and 3 weeks before admission purpuric skin lesions in the earlobes and in the anterior thighs. His laboratory tests on...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Cocaine; Levamisole; Systemic vasculitis; ANCA; Retiform purpura; Crescentic glomerulonephritis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016000500501
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Effect of cocaine on periadolescent rats with or without early maternal separation BJMBR
Planeta,C.S.; Marin,M.T..
Cocaine-induced behavioral sensitization and weight loss were investigated in periadolescent Wistar rats kept with their mothers or subjected to repeated maternal separation. Litters allocated to the separation procedure were placed in a temperature-controlled (33ºC) chamber for 3 h per day from postnatal day 6 (P6) to P20. Non-handled rats were left undisturbed until weaning. Treatments were started on P30-31 and the test was performed on P36-37. Animals received injections of saline or cocaine (10 mg/kg, sc) twice daily for 5 days. On day 6 all animals received saline. On day 7 animals were challenged with 10 mg/kg cocaine and their locomotion was evaluated in activity cages. A third group received saline throughout the 7-day period. Body weights were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Cocaine; Adolescence; Behavioral sensitization; Maternal separation; Early stress.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2002001100015
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Effects of cocaine, methamphetamine and modafinil challenge on sleep rebound after paradoxical sleep deprivation in rats BJMBR
Martins,R.C.S; Andersen,M.L; Shih,M.C; Tufik,S.
Sleep loss is both common and critically relevant to our society and might lead to the abuse of psychostimulants such as amphetamines, cocaine and modafinil. Since psychoactive substance abuse often occurs within a scenario of sleep deficit, the purpose of this investigation was to compare the sleep patterns of rats challenged with cocaine (7 mg/kg, ip), methamphetamine (7 mg/kg, ip), or modafinil (100 mg/kg, ip) subsequent to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) for 96 h. Our results show that, immediately after 96 h of PSD, rats (10 per group) that were injected with a psychostimulant presented lower percentages of paradoxical sleep compared to those injected with saline (P < 0.01). Regarding slow wave sleep (SWS), rats injected with psychostimulants...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Sleep deprivation; Sleep; Cocaine; Methamphetamine; Modafinil; Rebound; Dopamine.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000100011
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Influence of progesterone on GAD65 and GAD67 mRNA expression in the dorsolateral striatum and prefrontal cortex of female rats repeatedly treated with cocaine BJMBR
Souza,M.F.; Toniazo,V.M.; Frazzon,A.P.G.; Barros,H.M.T..
Female rats are intensely affected by cocaine, with estrogen probably playing an important role in this effect. Progesterone modulates the GABA system and attenuates the effects of cocaine; however, there is no information about its relevance in changing GABA synthesis pathways after cocaine administration to female rats. Our objective was to investigate the influence of progesterone on the effects of repeated cocaine administration on the isoenzymes of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65 and GAD67) mRNA in brain areas involved in the addiction circuitry. Ovariectomized, intact and progesterone replacement-treated female rats received saline or cocaine (30 mg/kg, ip) acutely or repeatedly. GAD isoenzyme mRNA levels were determined in the dorsolateral...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cocaine; Progesterone; GAD mRNA; Dorsolateral striatum; Prefrontal cortex.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2009001100011
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Influence of the dopaminergic system, CREB, and transcription factor-κB on cocaine neurotoxicity BJMBR
Planeta,C.S.; Lepsch,L.B.; Alves,R.; Scavone,C..
Cocaine is a widely used drug and its abuse is associated with physical, psychiatric and social problems. Abnormalities in newborns have been demonstrated to be due to the toxic effects of cocaine during fetal development. The mechanism by which cocaine causes neurological damage is complex and involves interactions of the drug with several neurotransmitter systems, such as the increase of extracellular levels of dopamine and free radicals, and modulation of transcription factors. The aim of this review was to evaluate the importance of the dopaminergic system and the participation of inflammatory signaling in cocaine neurotoxicity. Our study showed that cocaine activates the transcription factors NF-κB and CREB, which regulate genes involved in cellular...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cocaine; Apoptosis; NF-κB; CREB; BDNF; Neurotoxicity.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2013001100909
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Trends in drug use among students in Brazil: analysis of four surveys in 1987, 1989, 1993 and 1997 BJMBR
Galduróz,J.C.F.; Noto,A.R.; Nappo,S.A.; Carlini,E.A..
The consumption of psychotropic drugs among Brazilian secondary school students was examined by comparing data from four surveys using a questionnaire adapted from the WHO's Program on Research and Reporting on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Students filled out the form in their classrooms without the presence of teachers. The target population consisted of 10-18-year-old students (on average, 15,000 students responded to each survey) in Brazil's ten largest state capitals: Belém, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and São Paulo. Among the legal drugs, lifetime use (use at least once during life) of tobacco was increased in seven cities (the exceptions were Brasília, Porto Alegre and Rio de...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Students; Trends; Inhalants; Cocaine; Marijuana; Surveys; Brazilian students.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2004000400009
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ラット後躯自己血液潅流標本における血管拡張反応の薬理学的特性 OAK
Nishimura, Masakazu; Su, Che; Lee, Tony J.-F.
Palavras-chave: Neurogenic vasodilation; Rat; Hindquarters; Antihistaminics; Cocaine.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1355
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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