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Registros recuperados: 11
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ANALYSIS OF THE U.S. COMMODITY LOAN PROGRAM WITH MARKETING LOAN PROVISIONS AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Price, J. Michael.
Over the next several years, crop prices are projected to be below to slightly above commodity loan rates. As a result, marketing loan benefits to farmers, in the form of loan deficiency payments and marketing loan gains from the commodity loan program, are likely to continue to be sizeable. The level of realized per-unit revenues facilitated by marketing loans exceeds commodity loan rates, thereby raising expected net returns to farmers. Model simulations show that the loan program can raise total acreage planted to major field crops, generally increasing levels of domestic use and exports while lowering crop prices. Cross-commodity effects of supply response to relative returns (including marketing loan benefits), however, result in acreage shifts among...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Commodity loans; Marketing loans; Nonrecourse loans; Loan deficiency payments; Price support; Commodity programs; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34035
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Are Our Agricultural Risk Management Tools Adequate for a New Era? AgEcon
Barnett, Barry J.; Coble, Keith H..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Risk; Commodity programs; Insurance; Agricultural Finance; Risk and Uncertainty; D80; G11; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94700
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Discussion: What Have We Learned from the New Suite of Risk Management Programs of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008? AgEcon
Lubben, Bradley D.; Novak, James L..
New revenue-based support programs in the 2008 Farm Bill represent a fundamental shift in farm programs and risk management decision-making. However, complexity, uncertainty, economics, and, arguably, an incomplete analysis of the new Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) program all contributed to low enrollment in the new program in 2009. An effective analysis of ACRE should consider farm programs as part of an integrated risk management portfolio, including crop insurance, marketing, and other risk management tools as opposed to a separate lottery program. Improving this integration could be one of the most significant consequences of the 2008 Farm Bill.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm bill; Commodity programs; Risk management; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Public Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92591
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Factors Influencing ACRE Program Enrollment AgEcon
Woolverton, Andrea E.; Edwin, Young.
Authorized by the 2008 Farm Act, the Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) program is the first revenue-based, income-support program that calculates payments using recent market prices and a producer’s actual plantings. The payments are triggered when a farm’s revenue and State revenue (price multiplied by yield per planted acre) fall below a calculated guarantee for a crop. By contrast, other income-support programs are based on legislated rates and support levels, computed using a farm’s base acres and payment yields. Had the ACRE program been available during crop years 1996-2008, this report shows that farmers would have benefited more from participating in 2002 Farm Act programs than in the hypothetical ACRE program. The report further suggests that,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Average Revenue Crop Election; ACRE; 2008 Farm Act; Farm bill; Commodity programs; Risk management; Income support; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55954
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Get a GRIP: Should Area Revenue Coverage Be Offered through the Farm Bill or as a Crop Insurance Program? AgEcon
Paulson, Nicholas D.; Babcock, Bruce A..
The successful expansion of the U.S. crop insurance program has not eliminated ad hoc disaster assistance. An alternative currently being explored by members of Congress and others in preparation of the 2007 farm bill is to simply remove the "ad hoc" part of disaster assistance programs by creating a standing program that would automatically funnel aid to hard-hit regions and crops. One form such a program could take can be found in the area yield and area revenue insurance programs currently offered by the U.S. crop insurance program. The Group Risk Plan (GRP) and Group Risk Income Protection (GRIP) programs automatically trigger payments when county yields or revenues, respectively, fall below a producer-elected coverage level. The per-acre taxpayer...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Area revenue insurance; Commodity programs; Crop insurance; Group Risk Income Protection; Agricultural and Food Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18333
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Get a Grip: Should Area Revenue Coverage Be Offered Through the Farm Bill or as a Crop Insurance Program? AgEcon
Paulson, Nicholas D.; Babcock, Bruce A..
The successful expansion of the U.S crop insurance program has not eliminated ad hoc disaster assistance. An alternative currently being explored by Congress in preparation of the 2008 farm bill is a standing disaster relief program. One form such a program could take can be found in the area insurance programs currently offered by the U.S crop insurance program. Total per acre taxpayer costs of offering Group Risk Income Protection (GRIP) in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa for corn and soybeans are estimated to have the ability to fund a country target revenue program at the 93% coverage level.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Area insurance; Commodity programs; Crop insurance; Farm bill; Group Risk Income Protection; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42458
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Growing Farm Size and the Distribution of Farm Payments AgEcon
MacDonald, James M.; Hoppe, Robert A.; Banker, David E..
Crop production is shifting to much larger farms. Since government commodity payments reflect production volumes for program commodities, payments are also shifting to larger farms. In turn, the operators of very large farms have substantially higher household incomes than other farm households, and as a result government commodity payments are also shifting to much higher-income households. Since the changes in farm structure appear to be ongoing, commodity payments will likely, under current policies, continue to shift to higher income households. This brief uses 2003 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) data to detail the shifts.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm structure; Commodity programs; Farm payments; Farm household income; Farm income; Farm program payments; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34089
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Implications of Integrated Commodity Programs and Crop Insurance AgEcon
Coble, Keith H.; Barnett, Barry J..
Moving from price-triggered to area revenue–triggered programs was perhaps the most common theme among 2007 farm bill proposals. Area revenue–triggered commodity programs may make farm-level revenue insurance products seem redundant, raising questions about why the federal government should continue both programs. Area revenue–triggered programs would remove much of the systemic risk faced by producers. As a result, private sector insurers may be able to insure the residual risk without federal involvement. This paper examines the effects of moving to area revenue–triggered commodity programs with a focus on public policy issues that would likely arise.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Commodity programs; Revenue insurance; Systemic risk; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis; D81; G22; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46981
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Integrating Commodity and Conservation Programs: Design Options and Outcomes AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Aillery, Marcel P.; Nickerson, Cynthia J..
Can a single program support farm income and encourage producers to adopt environmentally sound farming practices? While simple in concept, attempting to roll the farm income support features of existing commodity programs and conservation payments into a single program raises questions. Exactly how would farm commodity and conservation payments be combined? What difference would it make for environmental gain and farm income support? This report approaches the questions in two ways. First, spending patterns in existing commodity and conservation programs are analyzed to determine the extent to which producers who are currently receiving commodity payments also receive conservation payments. Then, a number of hypothetical program scenarios are devised and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation; Commodity programs; Income support; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6703
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Price Determination for Corn and Wheat: The Role of Market Factors and Government Programs AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Hoffman, Linwood A..
Annual models for U.S. farm prices for corn and wheat are developed based on market factors as well as government agricultural commodity programs. The pricing relationships utilize a stocks-to-use modeling framework to capture the effects of market supply and demand factors on price determination. This formulation is augmented by factors that represent the changing role of agricultural policies, particularly government price support and stockholding programs. For wheat, international market effects as well as wheat feed use and related crosscommodity pricing considerations also are included. Model properties and model performance measures are presented. Additionally, recent price-forecasting applications of the models are discussed. The relatively simple...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Corn; Wheat; Farm price; Price determination; Stocks-to-use ratio; Price supports; Commodity programs; Forecasts; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33581
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THE 2002 FARM ACT: PROVISIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR COMMODITY MARKETS AgEcon
Westcott, Paul C.; Young, C. Edwin; Price, J. Michael.
The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (2002 Farm Act), which governs agricultural programs through 2007, was signed into law in May 2002. This report presents an initial evaluation of the new legislation's effects on agricultural commodity markets, based on sectorwide model simulations under alternative policy assumptions. The analysis shows that loan rate changes under the marketing assistance loan program of the 2002 Farm Act initially result in an increase in total planted acreage of eight major program crops. This increase in plantings, however, is relatively small (less than 1 percent), partly due to the inelasticity of acreage response in the sector. In the longer run, the simulations indicate that overall plantings of the eight program...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm legislation; 2002 Farm Act; Agricultural programs; Commodity programs; Marketing loans; Counter-cyclical payments; Direct payments; Planting flexibility; Base acres; Payment yields; Farm income; Risk management; FAPSIM; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33745
Registros recuperados: 11
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