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Registros recuperados: 8
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A Bayesian belief network model for community-based coastal resource management in the Kei Islands, Indonesia Ecology and Society
Hoshino, Eriko; CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; eriko.hoshino@csiro.au; van Putten, Ingrid; CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Ingrid.vanputten@csiro.au; Girsang, Wardis; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia; girsang_2010@yahoo.com; Resosudarmo, Budy P; Indonesia Project, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, ACT, Australia; budy.resosudarmo@anu.edu.au; Yamazaki, Satoshi; Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; satoshi.yamazaki@utas.edu.au.
Understanding the specific relationships between ecological and socioeconomic conditions and marine tenure is likely to contribute to successful functioning of self-governance institutions for common-pool resources. Complex interrelationships of factors influencing fishing activities of coastal communities and implementation of customary marine tenure over their waters can be represented in a Bayesian belief network model. We developed a Bayesian belief network model that includes the links between factors for fishing communities in the Kei Islands in Indonesia, based on indepth local surveys. Our results showed that the cumulative impacts of multiple factors on key social, economic, and environmental outcomes can be much larger than the impact from a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bayesian belief network; Community-based management; Customary marine tenure; Indonesia; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
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Does Adaptive Management of Natural Resources Enhance Resilience to Climate Change? Ecology and Society
Tompkins, Emma L; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia; e.tompkins@uea.ac.uk; Adger, W. Neil; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia; n.adger@uea.ac.uk.
Emerging insights from adaptive and community-based resource management suggest that building resilience into both human and ecological systems is an effective way to cope with environmental change characterized by future surprises or unknowable risks. We argue that these emerging insights have implications for policies and strategies for responding to climate change. We review perspectives on collective action for natural resource management to inform understanding of climate response capacity. We demonstrate the importance of social learning, specifically in relation to the acceptance of strategies that build social and ecological resilience. Societies and communities dependent on natural resources need to enhance their capacity to adapt to the impacts...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Caribbean; Trinidad and Tobago; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Community-based management; Natural resource management; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2004
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Examining Enabling Conditions for Community-Based Fisheries Comanagement: Comparing Efforts in Hawai‘i and American Samoa Ecology and Society
Levine, Arielle S.; San Diego State University; alevine@mail.sdsu.edu; Richmond, Laurie S.; Humboldt State University; laurie.richmond@humboldt.edu.
Much attention in global fisheries management has been directed toward increasing the involvement of local communities in managing marine resources. Although community-based fisheries comanagement has the potential to address resource conservation and societal needs, the success of these programs is by no means guaranteed, and many comanagement regimes have struggled. Although promising in theory, comanagement programs meet a variety of political, social, economic, ecological, and logistical challenges upon implementation. We have provided an analysis of two community-based fisheries comanagement initiatives: Hawai‘i’s Community-Based Subsistence Fishing Area (CBSFA) legislation and American Samoa’s Community-Based Fisheries...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: American Samoa; Community-based management; Fisheries comanagement; Hawai‘ I; Marine resource management; Traditional conservation methods.
Ano: 2014
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Factors in Overcoming Barriers to Implementing Co-management in British Columbia Salmon Fisheries Ecology and Society
Pinkerton, Evelyn; Simon Fraser University; evelyn_pinkerton@sfu.ca.
Ten years of research and efforts to implement co-management in British Columbia fisheries have demonstrated that we lack neither good models nor the political will in communities to design and test local and regional institutions for successful involvement in various aspects of management. The barriers lie rather in the distrust and resistance of management agencies and the lack of broadly organized political support. The nature of the barriers and some of the elements of a successful approach to overcoming them are identified and discussed. The analysis is focused around the barriers encountered by two differently situated fishing communities or regions that have launched conservation initiatives through cooperation between local aboriginal and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Aboriginal-nonaboriginal partnerships; Adaptive management; Bottom-up approach; British Columbia; Co-management; Community-based management; Fisheries; Institutional barriers; Onorhynchus spp.; Salmon; Selective fishing; Stewardship..
Ano: 1999
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Social networks and environmental management at multiple levels: soil conservation in Sumatra Ecology and Society
Matous, Petr; University of Tokyo; University of Sydney; petr.matous@sydney.edu.au.
Many agrarian communities in developing countries suffer from insufficient productivity and use farming practices that deteriorate the environment both locally and globally. Research suggests that social networks play a role in environmental management, different studies emphasize different aspects of network structures, and the implications of the scales at which networks operate are not explicitly discussed. Here, I ask what types of social structures in farmer networks are conducive to environmental protection and agricultural productivity enhancement, and I show that the answer depends on the scale of the investigation. Using original data representing 16 farmer groups comprising 315 households and 1575 information-sharing links, I analyzed the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Community-based management; Cross-level interactions; Fertilizers; Social networks; Soil management.
Ano: 2015
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The Effects of Well Management and the Nature of the Aquifer on Groundwater Resources AgEcon
Huang, Qiuqiong; Liu, Yang; Rozelle, Scott; Polasky, Stephen; Wang, Jingxia.
This paper examines how the nature of a common property resource affects the effectiveness of community-based management on resource conservation. We focus on groundwater management in rural China because there are different types of community-based groundwater management in different communities. In some communities wells are collectively owned and the community leader allocates water among households. In our paper we call this collective well management. In other communities wells are privately owned and households make their own pumping decisions. We call this private well management. In comparing the effects of different types of well management on the groundwater resource, unlike previous studies, we control for the nature of the aquifer. Communities...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community-based management; Connected community; Isolated community; Collective well management; Private well management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q15; Q25; O17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49920
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The role of strong-tie social networks in mediating food security of fish resources by a traditional riverine community in the Brazilian Amazon Ecology and Society
Fillion, Myriam; Centro de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, Universidade de Brasília; Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur le bien-être, la santé, la société et l’environnement (CINBIOSE), Université du Québec à Montréal; Department of Biology, University of Ottawa; fillion.myriam@uqam.ca; Saint-Charles, Johanne; Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur le bien-être, la santé, la société et l’environnement (CINBIOSE), Université du Québec à Montréal; Faculté de communication, Université du Québec à Montréal; saint-charles.johanne@uqam.ca; Mongeau, Pierre; Faculté de communication, Université du Québec à Montréal; mongeau.pierre@uqam.ca; Mergler, Donna; Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur le bien-être, la santé, la société et l’environnement (CINBIOSE), Université du Québec à Montréal; mergler.donna@uqam.ca.
Social networks are a significant way through which rural communities that manage resources under common property regimes obtain food resources. Previous research on food security and social network analysis has mostly focused on egocentric network data or proxy variables for social networks to explain how social relations contribute to the different dimensions of food security. Whole-network approaches have the potential to contribute to former studies by revealing how individual social ties aggregate into complex structures that create opportunities or constraints to the sharing and distribution of food resources. We used a whole-network approach to investigate the role of network structure in contributing to the four dimensions of food security: food...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazon; Common property regimes; Community-based management; Fish consumption; Food security; Mercury; Natural resource management; Social networks; Strong ties.
Ano: 2015
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Trade-Offs in Values Assigned to Ecological Goods and Services Associated with Different Coral Reef Management Strategies Ecology and Society
Hicks, Christina C; Newcastle University; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University; christina.c.hicks@gmail.com; McClanahan, Tim R; Wildlife Conservation Society; tmcclanahan@wcs.org; Cinner, Joshua E; Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence for Coral Reef Studies; joshua.cinner@jcu.edu.au; Hills, Jeremy M; ENVISION; j.hills@envision.uk.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Co-management; Community-based management; Ecological economics; Fisheries closures; Globalization; Marine protected areas; Social– Ecological systems; Total economic value.
Ano: 2009
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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