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Registros recuperados: 31
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A QUALITATIVE CHOICE ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING POST-CRP LAND USE DECISIONS AgEcon
Johnson, Phillip N.; Misra, Sukant K.; Ervin, R. Terry.
The future use of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) lands is an important agricultural policy issue. To examine the effects of factors that influence landowners' post-contract use of CRP lands, a survey of Texas High Plains CRP contract holders was conducted in 1992. This study analyzes the results of the survey using a qualitative choice model. It was found that the presence of a livestock enterprise in the current contract holder's operation increases the probability of these acres remaining in the established cover. Contract holders who value the commodity base have an increased probability of returning their acres to crop production.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Conservation Reserve Program; Ordered probit model; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15532
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A Risk Analysis of Converting CRP Acres to a Wheat-Sorghum-Fallow Rotation AgEcon
Williams, Jeffery R.; Llewelyn, Richard V.; Pendell, Dustin L.; Schlegel, Alan J.; Troy, Dumler.
This study examines the economic potential of producing a wheat (Triticum aesitivum) and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) rotation with three different tillage strategies compared to the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) in a semi-arid region. This research uses stochastic efficiency with respect to a function (SERF) to determine the preferred management strategies under various risk preferences and utility-weighted certainty equivalent risk premiums. Yields, input rates, and field operations from an experimental field in western Kansas are used to calculate net returns for each tillage strategy. Although current net returns to crop production using reduced tillage and no-tillage strategies are higher than CRP, risk analysis indicates CRP...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Conservation tillage; Simulation; Sorghum; Wheat; Risk; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45985
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Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets examines the potential role that land ownership might play in determining the agricultural sector’s involvement in carbon sequestration programs. By estimating the carbon sequestration potential of agricultural producers who own most of the land they operate, this report finds that land ownership should not be a constraining factor in agriculture’s ability to provide carbon offsets.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Keywords: Climate change; Carbon sequestration; Carbon offsets; Cap and trade programs; Farmland ownership; Tenure; Farming practices; Conservation practices; Conservation Reserve Program; Crops; Livestock; Environmental services; ERS; USDA; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58994
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An Econometric Analysis of the Environmental Benefits Provided by the Conservation Reserve Program AgEcon
Fleming, Ronald A..
Over $1.7 billion has been spent on the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) since 1985. The purpose of this study is to show that these expenditures have aided the environment. Rather than quantify changes in environmental variables, a spatial econometric model is used to test if CRP enrollments are greater in counties with poorer environmental quality. In seven of nine regions, CRP enrollments are higher in counties with an environmental concern. This positive finding justifies past expenditures by the CRP and supports continued funding as an environmental program. The CRP is targeting current environmental concerns that will lead to future improvement.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Econometrics; Environmental quality; Soil erosion; Spatial data; Water quality; Wildlife habitat; Q28; Q58; C31; Q24; Q25.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43388
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AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF LOUISIANA SMALL FARMERS' INVOLVEMENT IN THE CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM AgEcon
McLean-Meyinsse, Patricia E.; Hui, Jianguo; Joseph, Randolph, Jr..
The study examines Louisiana small farmers' reasons for not participating in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), their awareness of the program, and their willingness to participate in the program. The results suggest that: farmers do not participate in the CRP if revenues from cropland are an important source of income, or if they are tenants; awareness is significantly related to education, income, race, and average return per acre; willingness is positively influenced by payment per acre, age, and farm status. Participation depends on whether payments per acre are comparable to the opportunity costs of removing cropland from production.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Binomial and multinomial logit models; Conservation Reserve Program; Nonparticipation; Small farmers; Socioeconomic characteristics; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15170
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AN EVALUATION OF POST CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM ALTERNATIVES IN THE TEXAS HIGH PLAINS AgEcon
Johnson, Phillip N.; Segarra, Eduardo.
Four policy alternatives for CRP lands upon expiration of the current contracts in Hale county, Texas are evaluated using chance-constrained programming. It was found that if CRP contracts are extended at the current average rental rate, 40 percent of the current enrollment would be expected to return to crop production, while 66 percent would return to crop production if the program were eliminated. The results also indicate that the marginal value of CRP payments to producers is lower than the marginal value of deficiency payments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Chance-constrained programming; Soil erosion; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15275
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An Ex Post Evaluation of the Conservation Reserve, Federal Crop Insurance, and Other Government Programs: Program Participation and Soil Erosion AgEcon
Smith, Vincent H.; Goodwin, Barry K..
Recent research has questioned the extent to which government policies, including conservation and risk management programs, have influenced environmental indicators. The impacts of income-supporting and risk management programs on soil erosion are considered. An econometric model of the determinants of soil erosion, program participation, conservation effort, and input usage is estimated. While the Conservation Reserve Program has reduced erosion an average of 1.02 tons per acre from 1982 to 1992, approximately half of this reduction has been offset by increased erosion resulting from government programs other than federally subsidized crop insurance.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Farm policy; Soil erosion; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31090
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Balancing the Multiple Objectives of Conservation Programs AgEcon
Cattaneo, Andrea; Hellerstein, Daniel; Nickerson, Cynthia J.; Myers, Christina.
Many of the Nation’s conservation programs seek to achieve multiple environmental objectives. Implementing a multi-objective program efficiently requires program managers to balance different environmental and cost objectives. A number of conservation programs use an index approach to prioritize objectives and rank program applications. This approach keeps program objectives distinct and enables program managers to use weights to determine the relative importance of each objective. This report provides empirical evidence on the environmental and cost tradeoffs of different index weighting schemes in USDA’s Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The analyses take into account both land characteristics and how changes to an index affect producer decisions to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Environmental Benefits Index; Environmental benefits; Conservation program participation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7257
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Beginning Farmers and Ranchers AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Newton, Doris J..
USDA defines beginning farmers and ranchers as those who have operated a farm or ranch for 10 years or less either as a sole operator or with others who have operated a farm or ranch for 10 years or less. Beginning farmers tend to be younger than established farmers and to operate smaller farms or ranches, some of which may provide no annual production. Beginning farmers often face obstacles getting started, including high startup costs and limited availability of land. USDA—through the Farm Service Agency and the Natural Resources Conservation Service—provides loans and conservation assistance to beginning farmers and ranchers. This report draws on data from annual surveys and the Census of Agriculture to provide policymakers with a better understanding...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural production; Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS); Beginning farmers and ranchers; Census of Agriculture; Farm assets; Food; Conservation; And Energy Act of 2008; Conservation Reserve Program; Operator characteristics; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58618
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CARBON SEQUESTRATION, CO-BENEFITS, AND CONSERVATION PROGRAMS AgEcon
Feng, Hongli; Kling, Catherine L.; Gassman, Philip W..
Land use changes to sequester carbon also provide "co-benefits," some of which (for example, water quality) have attracted at least as much attention as carbon storage. The non-separability of these co-benefits presents a challenge for policy design. If carbon markets are employed, then social efficiency will depend on how we take into account co-benefits, that is, externalities, in such markets. If carbon sequestration is incorporated into conservation programs, then the weight given to carbon sequestration relative to its co-benefits will partly shape these programs. Using the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) as an example, we show that CRP has been sequestering carbon, which was not an intended objective of the program. We also demonstrate that more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Carbon sequestration; Co-benefits; Conservation Reserve Program; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18336
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Conservation Reserve Program in South Dakota: Major Findings from 2007 Survey of South Dakota CRP Respondents AgEcon
Janssen, Larry; Klein, Nicole L.; Taylor, Gary; Opoku, Emmanuel; Holbeck, Michael.
This study summarizes key results from a 2007 survey completed by 753 CRP contract holders in South Dakota. Topics covered include: comparison of national and South Dakota CRP trends, key characteristics of CRP contract holders in South Dakota, current CRP management practices and overall crop/livestock management practices, and respondent assessment of relative importance of various factors affecting their CRP decisions. Projected re-enrollment rate into a new CRP contract varies from 34 percent to 63 percent of existing CRP acres, depending on scenario. Statewide, 61 percent of post-CRP acres, not re-enrolled, are projected to be used for crop production, 30 percent for grass hay or livestock production, and 9 percent for other uses.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; CRP land management; Post-CRP land use; Crop management practices; Agricultural conservation policy; Pasture / grassland management; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q15.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37936
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Conservation-Compatible Practices and Programs: Who Participates? AgEcon
Lambert, Dayton M.; Sullivan, Patrick; Claassen, Roger; Foreman, Linda F..
In recent years, the Federal Government has increased its emphasis on conservation programs that reward good stewardship on working farmland. This report examines the business, operator, and household characteristics of farms that have adopted certain conservation-compatible practices, with and without financial assistance from government conservation programs. The analysis finds that characteristics of the farm operator and household, in addition to the characteristics of the farm business, are associated with both the likelihood that a farmer will adopt certain conservation-compatible practices and the degree to which the farmer participates in different types of conservation programs. For example, operators of small farm operations and operators not...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation programs; Conservation-compatible management practices; Conservation structures; Farm households; Conservation Reserve Program; Environmental Quality Incentives Program; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7255
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Contract Designs and Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program in the Era of Biofuel Production AgEcon
Wu, Feng; Guan, Zhengfei.
This article has presented a farmer decision making model of participation in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) under the current rising bio-fuel production. The decision is specified as an optimal stopping problem and farming return is assumed following stochastic process with the uncertainty of growth rate. Nonliear Kalman filter approach is used to continuously upgrade the new information and estimate the random growth rate with the minimum error. The problem is formulated as a linear complementarity problem that is solved numerically using a fully implicit finite difference method. It is found that participation in the CRP is sensitive to financial incentive, and shortening contract length is also an effective method to promote land enrollment in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Nonlinear Kalman Filter; Farmer Participation; Real Option; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51646
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Does Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and/or Off-Farm Work Affect the Level and Distribution of Farm Household Income? AgEcon
Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N..
Since both release resources from agricultural production, it is not surprising that decisions to work off the farm and to participate in the U. S. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) are correlated. By incorporating these decisions into a heteroskedastic specification of a farm household income function, we identify their effects on mean income, as well as on the variability in income for groups of farm households participating in combinations of these activities. Our results indicate participation in CRP and off-farm work by the operator and the spouse increase farm household income, but these choices also decrease the variability in household income among participant households relative to that of other farm households with otherwise similar...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Farm household income; Income distribution; Off-farm work; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57035
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Economic Considerations for Playa Management Alternatives AgEcon
Jones, DeDe; Amosson, Stephen H.; Warminski, Patrick L..
Playa lakes are very important to the Texas High Plains. They provide habitat for a wide variety of wildlife, and are the Ogallala Aquifer’s primary recharge source. Plowing and sedimentation have caused substantial damage to the overall health of many playas. A need exists to protect this resource for future generations. Several government programs are available to assist landowners with playa preservation including CP23A, the Wetlands Reserve Program, and the Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program. This study evaluates each conservation program and weighs the economic benefits and costs of program implementation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Southern Great Plains; Playa Lakes; CP23A; Conservation Reserve Program; Wetlands Reserve Program; Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56420
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Effects of the Conservation Reserve Program on Elevator Merchandising Margins in Oklahoma AgEcon
Adam, Brian D.; Hong, Seung Jee; Dicks, Michael R..
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) takes cropland out of production for 10 years, reducing grain supplies available to elevators. Results suggest that the program has negatively impacted elevator merchandising margins, but that elevators adjusted rather quickly to CRP changes, making most of the adjustment within 1 year. The reduction in margins reflects an element of pressure on agribusiness that has not been measured in previous studies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Conservation Reserve Program; Country elevators; Land retirement programs; Merchandising margins; Q1; Q2; D4; L1.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42835
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ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION IN AGRICULTURE: LAND RETIREMENT VERSUS CHANGING PRACTICES ON WORKING LAND AgEcon
Feng, Hongli; Kurkalova, Lyubov A.; Kling, Catherine L.; Gassman, Philip W..
The study develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the allocation of conservation funds via selectively offering incentive payments to farmers for enrolling in one of two mutually exclusive agricultural conservation programs: retiring land from production or changing farming practices on land that remains in production. We investigate how the existence of a pre-fixed budget allocation between the programs affects the amounts of environmental benefits obtainable under alternative policy implementation schemes. The framework is applied to a major agricultural production region using field-scale data in conjunction with empirical models of land retirement and conservation tillage adoption, and a biophysical process simulation model for the environmental...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Land retirement; Working land; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18627
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Evaluation of the Conservation Reserve Program: Disaggregate slippage AgEcon
Uchida, Shinsuke.
Among multiple slippage effects potentially generated in voluntary land retirement programs, this study attempts to identify one unique source of slippage. Specifically, I examine slippage caused by within-a-farm land conversion from uncultivated land to cropland. With the U.S. Agricultural Census farm-level longitudinal data on land use and enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), I find that an average partial-farm CRP participant converts 25% of noncropland to cropping activities as a consequence of CRP enrollment. Also, an estimated slippage rate varies across farm types and regions. In particular, farms with relatively inelastic crop acreage supply lead to more slippage. Knowledge about the mechanisms through which slippage occurs should...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Land use; Land conservation; Slippage.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q18; Q24; Q58..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103612
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FACTORS AFFECTING CONSERVATION PRACTICE BEHAVIOR OF CRP PARTICIPANTS IN ALABAMA AgEcon
Hendrix, Shannon; Wheelock, Gerald; Onianwa, Okwudili O..
This study examines the factors that affect conservation practice choices of CRP farmers in Alabama. From over 9,000 contracts enrolled in the state between 1986 and 1995, 594 were randomly selected for the study. A multiple-regression analysis was employed to analyze the data. Results indicate that education, ratio of cropland in CRP, farm size, gender, prior crop practice, and geographic location of contract had a significant influence on the choice of conservation practice adopted.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conservation practices; Conservation Reserve Program; CRP contracts; Cost share; Erodible cropland; Grass practice; Land retirement; Tree practice; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14730
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Impact of High Crop Prices on Environmental Quality: A Case of Iowa and the Conservation Reserve Program AgEcon
Secchi, Silvia; Babcock, Bruce A..
Growing demand for corn due to the expansion of ethanol has increased concerns that environmentally sensitive lands retired from agricultural production into the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) will be cropped again. Iowa produces more ethanol than any other state in the United States, and it also produces the most corn. Thus, an examination of the impacts of higher crop prices on CRP land in Iowa can give insight into what we might expect nationally in the years ahead if crop prices remain high. We construct CRP land supply curves for various corn prices and then estimate the environmental impacts of cropping CRP land through the Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) model. EPIC provides edge-of-field estimates of soil erosion, nutrient loss,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural markets; Conservation Reserve Program; Environmental quality; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9373
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