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Lattice-work corridors for climate change: a conceptual framework for biodiversity conservation and social-ecological resilience in a tropical elevational gradient Ecology and Society
Townsend, Patricia A; University of Washington; ptownsen@uw.edu; Masters, Karen L; Council on International Educational Exchange; KMasters@ciee.org.
Rapid climate change poses complex challenges for conservation, especially in tropical developing countries where biodiversity is high while financial and technical resources are limited. The complexity is heightened by uncertainty in predicted effects, both for ecological systems and human communities that depend heavily on natural resource extraction and use. Effective conservation plans and measures must be inexpensive, fast-acting, and able to increase the resilience of both the ecosystem and the social-ecological system. We present conservation practitioners with a framework that strategically integrates climate change planning into connectivity measures for tropical mountain ecosystems in Costa Rica. We propose a strategy for doubling the amount of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Buffer capacity; Climate adaptation; Community involvement; Conservation incentives; Costa Rica; Environmental services payments; Forest landscape restoration; Habitat priority-setting; Landscape connectivity; Reforestation; Resilient ecosystems; Resilient livelihoods; Riparian zones; Tropical mountain ecosystems.
Ano: 2015
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Valuation of Biodiversity for Use in New Product Research in a Model of Sequential Search AgEcon
Simpson, R. David; Sedjo, Roger A..
We develop a model of search in which a researcher chooses the size of sequential batches of samples to test. While earlier work has considered similar questions, the contribution of this paper is to use the search model to place a value on the marginal research opportunity. The valuation of such opportunities may be of little interest or relevance in many of the contexts in which search models are employed, but we apply our analysis to an area of considerable societal interest: the valuation of biological diversity for use in new product research. While data from which to make inferences are limited, we find that, using plausible estimates of relevant parameters, the value of biodiversity in these applications is negligible.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Search; Sequential; Conservation incentives; Environmental Economics and Policy; D83; Q29.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10618
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