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Registros recuperados: 22
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A globális pénzügyi és gazdasági válság, valamint a konszern számvitel összefüggései AgEcon
Simon, Szilvia.
Napjainkban a világgazdaság egyik legfontosabb megoldásra váró problémája, hogy hogyan előzhető meg újabb globális pénzügyi és gazdasági válságok kialakulása, illetve léteznek-e olyan módszerek, eszközök, amelyek segítségével a már kialakult válságok hatásai, következményei mérsékelhetők. A módszerek, eszközök részben már rendelkezésre állnak, melyek közül célszerű kiemelni a konszern számvitel módszertanát, mert segítségével elkészíthető konszolidált éves beszámolót. E konszolidált éves beszámoló ugyanis alkalmas arra, hogy a konszerntagok közötti belső kapcsolatokból adódó halmozódásokat kiszűrve előmozdítsa a vállalatcsoportok reális megítélését. Segítségével elkerülhetővé válhat a – válság kialakulásában nagymértékben szerepet játszó – jogi, pénzügyi...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Globális pénzügyi válság; Élelmiszer-gazdaság; Konszolidáció; Anyavállalatok; Global economic crisis; Food economy; Consolidation; Parent companies; Financial Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99176
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AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT TO GOVERNMENT POLICIES: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Yee, Jet; Korb, Penelope J..
Economic theory alone cannot predict the impacts of government payments on farm structure. We estimate a 5-equation model for the 1978-96 period to measure the impacts using state micro and macro data sets. We found that government payments were positively associated with farm size and farm exits, but negatively associated with the extent of consolidation in farm production and the off-farm work of operators.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Government payments; Productivity; Farm size; Farm exits; Off-farm work; Consolidation; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20367
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Analysis of mixed-sediment consolidation experiments ArchiMer
Grasso, Florent; Le Hir, Pierre; Bassoullet, Philippe.
Estuarine sediment transport models require that a time variation of erodibility due to consolidation be taken into account. If numerical modelling of mud sedimentation and consolidation is currently satisfactory, simulation of mud-sand mixture consolidation is more problematical. This is partly due to mixed-sediment processes, as hindered settling and segregation, not well understood yet. Hence, based on extensive settling columns experiments, the aim of this study is to improve our understanding of mud-sand mixture consolidation for varying concentrations (54 to 600 kg/m3) and large sand contents (15 to 80%). Firstly, we observed that for a given initial mass concentration and sand content the final consolidation appeared independent from the initial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Settling column experiments; Consolidation; Sedimentation; Mud/sand mixtures; Sand segregation; Gelling concentration..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00206/31727/30129.pdf
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Commodity Payments, Farm Business Survival, and Farm Size Growth AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; Roberts, Michael J..
In the last 25 years, U.S. crop farms have steadily declined in number and grown in average size, as production has shifted to larger operations. Larger farms tend to receive more commodity program payments because most payments are tied to a farm’s current or historical production, but whether payments have contributed to farm growth is uncertain. This study uses farm-level data from the census of agriculture to determine whether there is a statistical relationship between farm commodity program payments and greater concentration in production. The analysis indicates that, at the regional level, higher commodity program payments per acre are associated with subsequent farm growth. Also, higher payments per acre are associated with higher rates of farm...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural payments; Farm size; Farm survival; Concentration; Consolidation; Government payments; Commodity programs.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55968
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CONCENTRATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURAL INPUT INDUSTRIES AgEcon
King, John L..
Consolidation in the agricultural biotechnology industry can both enhance and dampen market competition. This report examines the causes and consequences of industry consolidation and its effect on market efficiency. In some cases, concentration realizes economies of scale, which can improve market efficiency by driving down production costs. The protection of intellectual property rights is integral to the agricultural biotechnology marketplace, stimulating research and development, investment, and the development of substitute markets. However, excessively broad intellectual property rights can hinder the market for innovation. Recent data on mergers, acquisitions, and strategic collaborations in the agricultural biotechnology industry, as well as the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Industry concentration; Consolidation; Biotechnology; Market efficiency; Market power; Intellectual property rights; Agricultural input industries; Mergers; Acquisitions; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33631
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Consolidation as a Regulatory Compliance Strategy: Small Drinking Water Systems and the Safe Drinking Water Act AgEcon
Lee, Min-Yang A.; Braden, John B..
Despite extensive research and policy initiatives to increase the technical, financial, and managerial capacity of small drinking water systems, there has been little research focusing on understanding how consolidation can increase the overall capacity of the drinking water industry. Consolidation of water systems may be a mechanism that increases regulatory compliance by removing poorly performing systems from the industry and replacing inefficient management and/or capital. The US drinking water system is highly fragmented, with over 50,000 Community Water Systems (CWSs), of which the vast majority are classified as "small" by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A discrete choice model is employed to determine the characteristics shared by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community Water System; Drinking Water; Merger; Consolidation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q25; Q53.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9772
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CONSOLIDATION IN U.S. MEATPACKING AgEcon
MacDonald, James M.; Ollinger, Michael; Nelson, Kenneth E.; Handy, Charles R..
Meatpacking consolidated rapidly in the last two decades: slaughter plants became much larger, and concentration increased as smaller firms left the industry. We use establishment-based data from the U.S. Census Bureau to describe consolidation and to identify the roles of scale economies and technological change in driving consolidation. Through the 1970's, larger plants paid higher wages, generating a pecuniary scale diseconomy that largely offset the cost advantages that technological scale economies offered large plants. The larger plants' wage premium disappeared in the 1980's, and technological change created larger and more extensive technological scale economies. As a result, large plants realized growing cost advantages over smaller plants, and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Concentration; Consolidation; Meatpacking; Scale economies; Structural change; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34021
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Dynamics of sand and mud mixtures: a multiprocess-based modelling strategy ArchiMer
Le Hir, Pierre; Cayocca, Florence; Waeles, Benoit.
Mixed sediments are constituted of cohesive and non-cohesive materials with distinct behaviours that numerical models traditionally manage separately. This paper first introduces a rapid state of the Art in sediment transport modelling in order to point out the specific requirements for process-based models applied to mixed sediments. Based on a preliminary study by Waeles et al. (2007), which showed the validity of the advection approach to compute fine sand transport, a complete modelling strategy is described: it is applied to the suspended transport of sand and mud mixtures, and accounts for consolidation of mixed sediments. Special care is paid to the realistic representation of the structure and density of sand and mud mixtures, and to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment transport modelling; Mixed sediment; Sand; Mud; Suspension; Consolidation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00028/13952/12567.pdf
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ECONOMIC SITUATION OF MOLDAVIANS FARM ENTERPRISES AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Schulze, Eberhard.
The given Discussion Paper represents the results of a questionnaire, conducted in 2003, on basic economic questions in 104 Moldavian farm enterprises. The received results continue the cycle of research activities concerning the privatization and restructuring of farm enterprises in different countries of Central and Eastern Europe, are written on a similar structure, allowing to carry out a comparative analysis between the countries of the region. To some extent, the given paper can be regarded as a continuation of the Discussion Paper 60. As the base for the analysis "the standardized questionnaire" has been put forward, developed by IAMO, being advanced and adapted by the authors to local conditions. Study of the activity of farm enterprises of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consolidation; Land lease; Production factors; Buy-sell; Work force; Legal forms; Moldova; Konsolidierung; Verpachtung; Produktionsfaktoren; Kauf und Verkauf; Arbeitskräfte; Rechtsformen; Консолидация; Аренда; Производственные ресурсы; Купля-продажа; Трудовые ресурсы; Организационно-правовые формы; Молдова.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis; С 81; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92020
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El proceso de consolidación de las agencias de desarrollo rural como instrumento para operar el Proyecto Estratégico para la Seguridad Alimentaria. El caso de Guerrero 2007 y 2008. Colegio de Postgraduados
Contreras Domínguez, Josafat.
En México, la prestación de servicios asistenciales al medio rural ha presentado diversas modalidades. Uno de ellos es la creación de la Agencia de Desarrollo Rural (ADR), como un foro para hacer llegar los servicios profesionales a las familias rurales. Tal propósito es insertar en el territorio un equipo de profesionistas que identifiquen la problemática en ejercicios participativos y elaboren propuestas de planes pertinentes para promover mejoras en las condiciones de vida que padece la población en situación de pobreza. En el estado de Guerrero se puso en operación el Proyecto Estratégico para la Seguridad Alimentaria – Guerrero Sin Hambre (PESA-GSH) incorporando las ADRs como agente promotor. Este modelo se basa en el Enfoque de Desarrollo...
Palavras-chave: Servicios profesionales; Seguridad alimentaria; Agencia de desarrollo; Consolidación; Professional services; Food security; Development agency; Consolidation; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; Maestría.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/341
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Food Industry Mergers and Acquisitions Lead to Higher Labor Productivity AgEcon
Ollinger, Michael; Nguyen, Sang V.; Blayney, Donald P.; Chambers, William; Nelson, Kenneth B..
Processing plants in eight major food industries were highly productive before being acquired and they significantly improved their labor productivity afterward, Economic Research Service and U.S. Census Bureau researchers found in their analysis of Census data. The plant-level data on production inputs and costs provided a detailed picture of food-production facilities involved in mergers and acquisitions. The industries are meatpacking, meat processing, poultry slaughtering and processing, cheese making, fluid milk processing, flour milling, feed processing, and oilseed crushing. The analysis suggests that mergers and acquisitions contributed to the general improvement in labor productivity, echoing an earlier ERS study. Labor productivity is defined as...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Mergers; Acquisitions; Labor productivity; Consolidation; Structural change; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7246
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Impact of land readjustment project on farmland use and structural adjustment: The case of Niigata, Japan AgEcon
Arimoto, Yutaka.
This paper examines the impact of farmland readjustment projects on farmland use and structural adjustment in Niigata, Japan. We use census data of rural communities for 1990 and 2000 to conduct pooled regression, first-difference, difference-in-differences, and propensity score matching estimations. We find positive impact of farmland readjustment projects in alleviating farmland abandonment and in facilitating outsourcing of agricultural works and farmland rental. The results suggest that farmland consolidation may be an effective option to resolve farmland fragmentation and to promote structural adjustment in concentrating farmland to efficient farmers which is a premise for strengthening the agricultural sector under economies of scale.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land readjustment; Consolidation; Fragmentation; Farmland rental; Farmland abandonment; Japan; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61278
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IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL FAILURE OF RELEVANCE CONSOLIDATED BUDGET AgEcon
Milojevic, Ivan; Mihajlovic, Milan; Cvijanovic, Marko.
Review article
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Organizational structure; Budget system; Consolidation; Financial Economics; H61; H60.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123959
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INDEPENDENT COMMERCIAL BANK MERGERS AND AGRICULTURAL LENDING CONCENTRATION AgEcon
Ahrendsen, Bruce L.; Dixon, Bruce L.; Lee, Laderrek T..
In an era of rapid consolidation in banking, the effect of mergers on the availability of credit to agricultural businesses is unclear. Commercial bank mergers have profoundly altered the urban credit marketplace and are positioned to do the same for the agricultural credit marketplace. Adjustment models are estimated with data on independent bank consolidations from 1988 through 1995. The regression results bode well for agricultural lending if acquiring banks have larger concentrations of assets in agriculture than acquired banks. Conversely, if acquiring banks have smaller concentrations than acquired banks, acquisitions have a negative impact on agricultural lending. Since most acquiring banks have smaller agricultural loan concentrations than...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Acquisition; Agricultural loan portfolio; Banks; Consolidation; Merger; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15363
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MARKET INTEGRATION: CASE STUDIES OF STRUCTURAL CHANGE AgEcon
Franken, Jason R.V.; Parcell, Joseph L..
The grain/oilseed industry is undergoing considerable structural change in the form of mergers and the addition of new processing facilities to add value beyond commodity grade. The rapid structural changes in this industry call into question the relevance of previous research conducted in these areas. Focusing on two structural change events in northeast Missouri as case studies provides an incisive glimpse at the larger impact of structural change on the grain/oilseed industry. This study addresses the merger of Archer Daniels Midland and Quincy Grain, and the opening of a producer-owned ethanol plant in northeast Missouri to determine if these structural change events altered pricing patterns and linkages in Missouri grain/oilseed markets, and assess...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ethanol; Consolidation; Structural Change; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18977
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Market Integration: Case Studies of Structural Change AgEcon
Franken, Jason R.V.; Parcell, Joseph L.; Sykuta, Michael E.; Fulcher, Christopher L..
The grain/oilseed industry is undergoing considerable structural change through mergers and new value-added businesses, which raises price-related questions. We analyze the level of price integration prior to and following a merger between two grain firms and the start-up of a producer-owned ethanol facility. This research utilizes error correction vector autoregression analysis to compute market integration structural change effects. We find evidence that market integration initially increases with the merger, but deteriorates with time following the merger. We find no significant localized change in the level of price integration for the case of a new value-added business.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consolidation; Structural change; Price integration; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10243
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Merging Cooperatives: Planning, Negotiating, Implementing AgEcon
Swanson, Bruce L..
Guidelines for reorganization of cooperatives through merger, acquisition, or consolidation are provided. Planning, negotiating, and implementing phases of reorganization are covered. Items from actual combinations of cooperatives are reported as they relate to phases of the reorganization process.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cooperatives; Reorganization; Merger; Consolidation; Acquisition; Negotiation; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52014
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Numerical modelling of mixed-sediment consolidation ArchiMer
Grasso, Florent; Le Hir, Pierre; Bassoullet, Philippe.
Sediment transport modelling in estuarine environments, characterised by cohesive and non-cohesive sediment mixtures, has to consider a time variation of erodibility due to consolidation. Generally, validated by settling column experiments, mud consolidation is now fairly well simulated; however, numerical models still have difficulty to simulate accurately the sedimentation and consolidation of mixed sediments for a wide range of initial conditions. This is partly due to the difficulty to formulate the contribution of sand in the hindered settling regime when segregation does not clearly occur. Based on extensive settling experiments with mud-sand mixtures, the objective of this study was to improve the numerical modelling of mixed-sediment consolidation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mud-sand mixtures; Hindered settling; Consolidation; Experiments; Numerical modelling; Segregation.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36539/35168.pdf
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Report on Long Term Challenges and Opportunities for Future Competitiveness and Prosperity of the Agriculture and Agri-Food Industry - Chapter 2: Structure and Performance of the Canadian Food Processing Industry AgEcon
This report is the second chapter of the final report prepared by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial (FPT) Working Group (WG) on Economic Analysis at the request of FPT Assistant Deputy Ministers (ADMs), in a joint FPT effort to study the challenges and opportunities facing the agriculture and agri-food sector. The report is a compilation of data and information that presents a snapshot of the Canadian Food Processing Industry in relation to the structure, performance, productivity growth, innovation, challenges and opportunities. It finalizes the analysis of the FPT WG by expanding and updating the information that was previously published in a Progress report on AAFC Online in February, 2006.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food processing; Structural change; Consolidation; Performance; Competitiveness; Productivity growth; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52706
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Structural Change in the Meat, Poultry, Dairy and Grain Processing Industries AgEcon
Ollinger, Michael; Nguyen, Sang V.; Blayney, Donald P.; Chambers, William; Nelson, Kenneth B..
Consolidation and structural changes in the food industry have had profound impacts on firms, employees, and communities in many parts of the United States. Over 1972-92, eight important food industries underwent a structural transformation in which the number of plants declined by about one-third and the number of employees needed to staff the remaining plants dropped by more than 100,000 (20 percent). The number of plants in one other industry also dropped, but that industry added jobs. Economists generally attribute structural changes such as these to rising or falling demand and shifts in technology. This report examines consolidation and structural change in meatpacking, meat processing, poultry slaughter and processing, cheese products, fluid milk,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Structural change; Food processing; Consolidation; Grain processing; Meat slaughter; Dairy processing; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7217
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