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Registros recuperados: 34
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"A Definition at Last, but What Does It All Mean?"—Newspaper Coverage of the USDA Organic Seal and its Effects on Food Purchases- AgEcon
Kiesel, Kristin.
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/06/08.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Labeling; Media effect; Organic food; Scanner data; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6351
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CHARACTERISTICS OF CONSUMERS DEMANDING AND THEIR WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR CERTIFIED SAFER PORK AgEcon
Miller, Gay Y.; Unnevehr, Laurian J..
A telephone survey of 609 Illinois households was conducted in spring 1999. Most consumers surveyed have concerns about pork safety. Concerns were greatest among households with children, lower incomes, older consumers, and Blacks. Lower consumption of pork was associated with higher concern. Consumers had more confidence in USDA certification of enhanced pork safety than in industry certification. Most consumers were willing to pay some price premium for a certified safer product. Those willing to pay more were more likely women, older consumers with incomes less than $70,000, who live in an urban household, and have concern about pork safety.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Certified safer pork; Consumer demand; Food safety; Pork; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14697
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CHINESE CONSUMER DEMAND FOR ANIMAL PRODUCTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S. PORK AND POULTRY EXPORTS AgEcon
Wang, Qingbin; Fuller, Frank H.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Halbrendt, Catherine K..
This paper examines Chinese consumer preference for major animal products and assesses the potential impacts of a reduction in China's import tariff on its pork and poultry demand and net import. Our analysis suggests that China's demand for animal products will continue to grow as income increases. Using a trade model, results of our scenario analysis indicate that a reduction in China's import tariffs will significantly increase its net pork and poultry imports and the U.S. will capture most of the increases. Nevertheless, the impact on the market price in China and the U.S. is likely to be very small.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Almost Ideal Demand System; China; Consumer demand; Demand elasticity; Food demand; Partial equilibrium model; Two-stage budgeting; U.S. meat export; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15102
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Consumer acceptance and valuation of beef that has been tested for BSE AgEcon
Cranfield, John A.L..
In light of the discovery of BSE infected cattle in Canada in 2003, a number of efforts have been undertaken to ensure the safety of beef produced in Canada. Recent discussion has focused on testing live cattle for the BSE prion. This paper investigates consumer acceptance and valuation of beef from live cattle that have been tested for BSE. Using data from an internet-­‐based survey of English speaking Canada, single bound estimates of WTP are measured. Expected WTP is 43 per cent for the entire sample, but ranges from 52 per cent for respondents with a high purchase intention to 28 per cent for those with less than a high purchase intention. Nevertheless, the proportion of respondents who were predicted to purchase a tested beef product was small, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Beef; BSE; Willingness to pay; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103458
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Consumer Demand for Quality: Major Determinant for Agricultural and Food Trade in the Future? AgEcon
Caswell, Julie A.; Joseph, Siny.
The impact of consumer demand for quality on the agricultural and food system is an increased emphasis on quality differentiation but not all in the direction of upgrading quality. The more elite market segments are thriving and reaching growing numbers of consumers but the basic price/quality markets remain strong. Most recent economic studies find that consumers are willing to pay for food safety and other quality attributes, and for information about them. The magnitude of the valuations varies by food product, attribute, country, and study design. This literature and a case study of genetically modified foods suggest that consumer demand has a strong effect on agricultural and food trade.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food quality; Food safety; Consumer demand; Willingness to pay; International trade; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D12; L15; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7390
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Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Food Labels in a Market with Diverse Information: Evidence from Experimental Auctions AgEcon
Huffman, Wallace E.; Shogren, Jason F.; Rousu, Matthew C.; Tegene, Abebayehu.
With the continuing controversy over genetically modified (GM) foods, some groups advocate mandatory labeling of these products, while other groups oppose labeling. An important issue is how GM labels affect consumers' willingness to pay for these food products in the market. Using a statistically based economics experiment with adult consumers as subjects, we examine how willingness to pay changes for three food products--vegetable oil, tortilla chips, and potatoes--when GM labels are introduced. Participants in the experiments discounted GM-labeled foods by approximately 14% relative to their standard-labeled counterparts. The evidence also showed that sequencing of food labels affects willingness to pay, and that randomizing treatments is an important...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Corn chips; Experimental economics; Food labels; Genetic modification; GM foods; Laboratory auctions; Potatoes; Vegetable oil; Willingness to pay; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31071
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Consumer Willingness to Pay for Livestock Credence Attribute Claim Verification AgEcon
Olynk, Nicole J.; Tonsor, Glynn T.; Wolf, Christopher A..
A choice experiment was used to determine consumer value for verification of livestock production process attributes. Willingness to pay for verification of production process attributes varied for both milk and pork chops across attributes and verifying entity. Statistically significant evidence of social desirability bias was found by comparing estimates of consumer preferences solicited using direct and indirect questioning. Indirect questioning may yield more accurate representations of consumer value than direct questioning, and therefore more accurate estimates for agribusiness decision making.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Certification; Consumer demand; Credence attribute; Social desirability bias; Verification; Willingness to pay; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93215
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CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR REDUCED PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN TOMATOES: THE TURKISH CASE AgEcon
Akgungor, Sedef; Miran, Bulent; Abay, Canan.
The paper investigates the Turkish consumers' willingness to pay for a label that guarantees that pesticide residues in foods do not cause health problems. Contingent valuation survey was conducted to 1005 randomly selected households to elicit tomato purchasing behavior under alternative prices and residue scenarios. A tobit model was used to estimate a demand model. To determine the probability of purchase, a probit model was estimated.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pesticide residues; Food safety; Consumer demand; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21578
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Consumption of dairy products in urban China: results from Beijing, Shangai and Guangzhou AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; Rozelle, Scott.
Using urban survey data collected by the authors in 2001–02, this paper analyses demographics, cultural factors and purchasing behaviours influencing the consumption of fresh milk, yogurt, ice cream and powered milk in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, China. Results from estimation of a double-hurdle model of consumption show that income and marketing channels are the key determinants of milk consumption levels; however, education, advertising and convenience play a more important role in consumption of other dairy products. There is some evidence that milk powder, as a consumer good, may be becoming an inferior product in urban China. Finally, the survey data suggest that the growing sophistication of China’s retail sector is influencing consumption of...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Demand analysis; Livestock; Market development; Marketing; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118526
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Demand for Pasture-Raised Livestock Products: Results from Michigan Retail Surveys AgEcon
Conner, David S.; Oppenheim, Diana.
Pasture-raised livestock production offers opportunity for product differentiation and enhanced sustainability. Shopper surveys at three Michigan retail locations measured consumers’ attitudes and beliefs regarding pasture-raised livestock products, and willingness to pay for pasture-raised milk and beef. The shoppers associate pasture-raised products with attributes important to purchase decisions. The shoppers express willingness to pay, on average, about 35% more for pasture-raised milk and beef. Informational messages appear to have no effect on these responses. We suggest pasture-raised is a viable marketing strategy and recommend premium pricing strategies and promotion based on verifiable health benefits.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Consumer demand; Pasture-raised livestock products; Sustainability; Tobit; Willingness to pay; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90550
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Demand for quality-differentiated beef in Japan AgEcon
Saghaian, Sayed H.; Reed, Michael R..
In this article, we apply a model of vertical product differentiation to the Japanese beef market. We theoretically derive a system of consumer demand functions for quality-differentiated beef in Japan. We choose a particular utility function which is nonlinear in the consumption of the quality-differentiated product and linear in the consumption of all other goods. We employ a seemingly unrelated econometric model to estimate Japanese consumer demand functions for four beef types from the four origins. The empirical results show Japanese consumers prefer domestically produced beef to imported US and Australian. We also find seventeen substitution and two complementary effects among the various origins.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Vertical quality differentiation; Consumer demand; Beef; Japan; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97504
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Demands for Food Products Across the Development Spectrum: Application of a Rank Four Demand System AgEcon
Cranfield, John A.L..
A rational rank four AIDS model (RAIDS) is used to estimate consumer demands for final goods and services in countries spanning the development spectrum. RAIDS is used as it provides more general price and expenditure responses. It also nests the Quadratic and non-liner AIDS models. RAIDS is estimated using the entire sample and sub-samples based on the country's level of per capita expenditure. Results indicate selection of nested functional form differs by sub-sample. AIDS is selected for the low per capita expenditure countries, sample is considered. Differences in parameter estimates manifest themselves in price and Engel elasticities. Such differences warrant caution when using global demand systems to undertake policy analysis.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Model selection; Demand system rank; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34111
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DETERMINANTS OF DEMAND FOR BEEF: THE IMPACT OF FAT TRIMMING AgEcon
Wang, Guijing; Fletcher, Stanley M.; Carley, Dale H..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Beef products; Lower fat; Consumer demand; Demand elasticities; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25959
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Determinants of household choice of breakfast cereals: healthy or unhealthy? AgEcon
Golub, Alla A.; Binkley, James K..
We studied consumer demand for more and less healthy breakfast cereals. Using ACNielsen Homescan database and USDA food nutrition data, we developed three cereal nutrition indexes for each household in the data. In addition to the standard demographic characteristics of households and prices, we included variables representing differences between private labels and national brands. We found that the structure of the industry, through its effect on the product mix produced, affects consumer choice of nutritious foods. Some households buy fewer healthy cereals simply through reluctance to trust private labels. Among all factors expected to influence consumer purchases, the prices appear to have the strongest effect on the healthiness of the choice of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Healthy and unhealthy food; Breakfast cereals; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19181
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Experimental Evidence of Risk Aversion in Consumer Markets: The Case of Beef Tenderness AgEcon
Alfnes, Frode; Rickertsen, Kyrre; Ueland, Oydis.
Consistency of quality is important for brand loyalty and market share in consumer markets. Among consumers of beef, tenderness is the primary quality attribute. We use an experimental auction market to investigate how inconsistency in tenderness affects consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for beef. We find that both the level and the spread of tenderness affect consumers’ WTP for beef. Categorization the beef into various classes of tenderness increased the total value of the beef by 8%, which suggests that improved tenderness labeling may be a profitable strategy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Beef tenderness; Consumer demand; Experimental auction; Marketing; Risk aversion; Consumer/Household Economics; C91; D12; D8; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24553
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Gianluigi Zenti, President, Academia Barilla SpA - The Changing Consumer: Demanding but Predictable AgEcon
Hartl, Jochen.
It is crucial to understand and predict consumers' behaviour to meet future consumer demands. This report contributes to the discussion by giving an insight into consumers' behaviour from the perspective of Gianluigi Zenti, executive director of Academia Barilla. It is discussed how consumers' choice has changed in particular with regard to Italian food in the US and how Barilla has responded to that challenge.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer demand; Consumer behaviour; Academia Barilla; Italian food; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8193
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Household Expenditure Patterns for Carbohydrate Sources in Russia AgEcon
Shiptsova, Rimma; Goodwin, Harold L., Jr.; Holcomb, Rodney B..
This study provides a unique view of the demand for carbohydrate sources in Russia at the household level. The data used in this analysis were obtained from a 1996 survey in eight Russian metropolitan areas. An almost ideal demand system (AIDS) model is used to examine the expenditures for potatoes, bread, flour, rice, and pasta. The impacts of household demographic factors on the consumption of carbohydrates are also discussed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Carbohydrate sources; Consumer demand; Demographic variables; Household survey; Russia; Shonkwiler and Yen consistent two-step estimation procedure; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31111
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IMPORT DEMAND FOR DISAGGREGATED FRESH FRUITS IN JAPAN AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
Using annual Japanese fresh fruit import data from 1971 to 1997, this study analyzes the import patterns of Japan's seven most popular fresh fruits by implementing and testing a general differential dmand system that nests four alternative import demand specifications. When tested against the general system using the five-good case (bananas, grapefutis, oranges, and lemons and aggregating pineapples, berries, and grapes), the analysis rejects the Almost Ideal Demand System and National Bureau of Research specifications but does not reject Rotterdam and Central Bureau of Statistics models. When estimated using the six-good case (bananas, grapefuits, oranges, lemons, and pineapples and aggregating berries and grapes), the analysis rejects all...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Almost Ideal Demand System; Consumer demand; Fruit; Import demand; Japan; Rotterdam; Demand and Price Analysis; C3; F1; Q0.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15081
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Import Demand for Disaggregated Fresh Fruits in Japan AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
Using annual Japanese fresh fruit import data from 1971-1997, this study analyzes the import patterns of Japan's seven most popular fresh fruits by implementing and testing a general differential demand system that nests four alternative import demand specifications. When tested against the general system using the five-good case (bananas, grapefruits, oranges, and lemons and aggregating pineapples, berries, and grapes), the analysis rejects the AIDS and NBR specifications, but does not reject Rotterdam and CBS. When estimated using the six-good case (bananas, grapefruits, oranges, lemons, pineapples, and aggregating berries and grapes), the analysis rejects all specifications except the Rotterdam model.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Almost Ideal Demand System; Consumer demand; Fruit; Import demand; Japan; Rotterdam model; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15639
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Influences of Labeling Policy and Media Coverage On the Demand for Butter and Margarine AgEcon
Lin, Chung-Tung Jordan; Lee, Jonq-Ying.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food labeling; Regulation; Media coverage; Trans fat; Consumer demand; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61161
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