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Registros recuperados: 22
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A "G" chromosome banding study of three cupped oyster species : Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea angulata and Crassostrea virginica (Mollusca : Bivalvia) ArchiMer
Leitao, Alexandra; Thiriot-quievreux, Catherine; Malheiro, Isabel; Boudry, Pierre.
The G-banding technique was performed on chromosomes from gill tissue of three cupped oyster species : Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea angulata and Crassostrea virginica. Identification of the ten individual chromosome pairs was obtained. Comparative analysis of G-banded karyotypes of the three species showed that their banding patterns generally resembled each other, with chromosome pair 3 being similar in all three species. However, differences from one species to another were also observed. The G-banding pattern highlighted greater similarities between C. gigas and C. angulata than between these two species and C. virginica, thus providing an additional argument for genetic divergence between, these two evolutionary lineages. C. gigas and C. angulata...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea angulata; Crassostrea gigas; G banding; Chromosome.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/publication-2736.pdf
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Aspects biométriques et biochimiques de la croissance de l'huître Crassostrea virginica en élevage suspendu à Solomons (Baie de Chesapeake) ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe; Prou, Jean; Heral, Maurice.
Growth and proximate biochemical composition of the American oyster Crassostrea virginica were studied in the Patuxent river (Maryland), located in the middle reach of the Chesapeake bay (U.S.A.). The effects of stocking densities and environmental variables (depth, temperature) were examined in 1989-1990 on oyster population by using off-bottom culture. No significant density effect was observed on the shell growth, which is described by using a seasonally oscillating function. In contrast, the meat growth and the proximate biochemical composition were bath affected by the stacking density and the depth location. The variability of the resulting effects was observed based on a seasonal trend. Different hypothesis mainly related tO environmental conditions...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: USA; Chesapeake Bay; Oysters; Growth; Biochemical composition; Crassostrea virginica; Croissance; USA; Chesapeake Bay; Huîtres; Biochimie; Biométrie; Crassotrea virginica.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-3076.pdf
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Causes of decline of oyster production (Crassostrea virginica) in the Maryland portion of the Chesapeake Bay : a literature study ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe; Heral, Maurice; Rotschild, Brian.
The historical landings of Eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica are described for the Maryland part of the Chesapeake Bay. The different trends are analyzed concurrently with the main events and management strategies which occurred. Three main periods are identified : (1) the great fishery when annual oyster landings from 1840 to 1890 reached 600,000 metric tons. This period was characterized by gross overfishing and the destruction of oyster habitat by the oyster gears; (2) the reduced but stable landings from 1900 to 1980, with failure of the reseeding plan connected to heavy sedimentation and anoxie summer conditions. Landings did not exceed 80,000 metric tons; (3) the large decrease of production (1981-1988), with landings as low as 15,000 metric tons...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Production; Chesapeake Bay; Mortalities; Crassostrea virginica; Oysters; Production; Chesapeake Bay; Mortalités; Crassostrea virginica; Huîtres.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-3081.pdf
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Center for Independent Experts (CIE) Review of the Status of the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) ArchiMer
Goulletquer, Philippe.
NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) received a petition to list the Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as either threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Eastern oyster is an emblematic species in the US coastal states, playing a significant role at various levels: shaping coastal social communities, providing a commercial activity (public fishery & aquaculture) and recreational - amenity benefits, and as a keystone species in highly diverse and sensitive ecosystems (estuaries). This petition is likely the result of concerns regarding the partial collapse of public fisheries in several states as well as from the resulting damages to this species induced by severe hurricanes. A Biological Review Team (BRT)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biology; Habitat threats; Predation; Disease; Bivalvia; Crassostrea virginica; Oyster; Recommendations.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15458/12833.pdf
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Effect of ionizing radiation onVibrio bacteria in Crassostrea virginica (American oyster) ArchiMer
Eberiel, D; Dooley, K; Langton, L; Malleth, J.
The presence of Vibrio bacteria in raw shellfish poses a significant health hazard to the consuming public. These human pathogens are natural, seasonal components of the microbial flora of shellfish which can result in primary septicemic or diarrheal fatal infections. Existing shellfish depuration neither targets nor eliminates the Vibrio bacteria. For this reason, additional purification processes are necessary. In this study, the effect of low dose gamma radiation on the inactivation ofVibrio cholerae (01 and non 01) and vulnificus is investigated. Log decrement (D10) values ranging only to a high of 0.09 KGy in the Vibrio strains support the hypothesis that food irradiation technology can provide an additional effective and efficient shellfish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: USA Coasts; USA; Vibrio vulnificus; Vibrio cholerae; Crassostrea virginica; Bivalvia; Vibrio; Bacteria; Self purification; Marine molluscs; Irradiation; Gamma radiation; Ionizing radiation; Oyster culture.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/acte-1619.pdf
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Effect of the density of the culture and the depth on the seasonal variation of the biochemical composition of Crassostrea virginica in patuxent river (Chesapeake Bay) ArchiMer
Prou, Jean; Heral, Maurice; Goulletquer, Philippe; Forget, Maïté; Bougrier, Serge; Razet, Daniel.
The project of cultivation of oyster has been designed to evaluate the growth rate, the mortality, the reproductive effort, production and biochemical composition of the oyster function of the density and the depth. This plan was intended: - to build model of growth rate, - to demonstrate the action of the different parameters on growth rate (temperature, food effect...), - to evaluate the density effect to see if the available food could be a limiting factor, - to estimate the effect of the depth joined to the impact of the high turbidity near the bot tom, - to detect the mortality related to the prevalence of diseases. The project began in July 1989 by dredging 20 000 small oysters at the mouth of the Patuxent River near Cove Point. Three experimental...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Physiology; Seasonal variation; Biochemical composition; Density; Crassostrea virginica; Cheseapeake Bay.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00200/31104/29503.pdf
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Effects of temperature abuse on survival ofVibrio vulnificus in oysters ArchiMer
Murphy, S; Oliver, J.
Of the several bacterial diseases which may result from consumption of shellfish, those caused by marine bacteria of the genus Vibrio are the most abundant. In the United States, up to 10,000 non-fatal cases per year are estimated to be caused by the various members of this genus. More than 95% of all deaths in the United States which result from seafood consumption are caused by a single bacterium, Vibrio vulnificus. The bacterium is a normal inhabitant of estuarine waters, and occurs naturally in especially high numbers in molluscan shellfish. Infections following consuption of raw or undercooked shellfish, especially oysters, result in fatality rates of over 60%. Because most oysters in the United States are transported large distances before marketing,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: USA Coasts; Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio vulnificus; Crassostrea virginica; Bivalvia; Bacteria; Temperature effects; Food technology; Fish poisoning; Oyster culture.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/acte-1622.pdf
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Essai d'acclimatation de Crassostrea virginica et performances biologiques comparées avec Crassostrea gigas (1ère partie) ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Naciri, Yamama; Peignon, Jean-marie; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Baud, Jean-pierre; Nourry, Max; Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie.
Premier volet du programme d'essai d'acclimatation de l'huître américaine Crassostrea virginica, ce rapport présente les actions et les résultats de l'année 1992 qui a été consacrée à : • l'importation selon les normes du CIEM d'un lot de 50 huîtres en provenance d'Angleterre, • leur élevage en salle de quarantaine et leur conditionnement en vue d'une accélération de la maturation sexuelle, • l'obtention d'une première génération, ainsi que son suivi en élevage larvaire et en micronurserie à l'URGE-La Tremblade, • au contrôle des performances comparées des deux populations de C. virginica et de C. gigas en nurserie de prégrossissement à l'URRA-Bouin pendant toute la période automnale et hivernale. Au terme de cette première année d'étude il apparait que la...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusques; Acclimatation; Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea gigas; Génétique; Pathologie.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00077/18843/16417.pdf
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Essai d'acclimatation de Crassostrea virginica et performances biologiques comparées avec Crassostrea gigas (2ème partie) ArchiMer
Gerard, Andre; Naciri, Yamama; Peignon, Jean-marie; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Baud, Jean-pierre; Heurtebise, Serge; Nourry, Max; Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie; Zanette, Yvan; Blachier, Philippe.
Deuxième volet du programme d'essai d'acclimatation de l'huître américaine Crassostrea virginica, ce rapport présente les actions et les résultats de l'année 1993 qui a été consacrée au suivi des performances comparées de croissance des populations de C. gigas et C. virginica produites en 1992, ceci en trois sites différents: • dans le bassin de Marennes-Oléron en claire et sur estran, à la station IFREMER de Bouin en élevage intensif, au CREAA sur l'Ile d'Oléron en marais extensif. Au terme de cette seconde année d'étude, il est d'ores et déjà possible d'affirmer que que la souche anglaise de C. virginica étudiée ne présente pas de caractéristiques de croissance susceptibles de la rendre compétitive par rapport au témoin Crassostrea gigas et cela d'autant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusques; Acclimatation; Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea gigas; Génétique; Pathologie.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00077/18846/16419.pdf
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Evolution of oyster aquaculture : problems and perspectives ArchiMer
Heral, Maurice.
The total marine molluscs produced by aquaculture had increased from 1984 to 1990 by 1 000 000 tons going from 1 993 985 tons to 2 964 688 tons. The oyster production remained constant with 870 000 tons. Crassostrea gigas, the Japanese oyster, represented more than 80 % of the oyster production but high mortalities appeared in different countries connected to end of winter and summer mortalities and development of new diseases. The cultivation of Crassostrea virginica, the American oyster, was limited (80 000 tons) by the spreading of two diseases (MSX and dermo) destruction of habitat and over-exploitation. Production of the fiat oyster Ostrea eduIis was still very limited by the presence of the Bonamia diseases in a11 the countries except on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres; Culture; Production; Ostréiculture.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/acte-3067.pdf
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Integrating societal perspectives and values for improved stewardship of a coastal ecosystem engineer Ecology and Society
Scyphers, Steven B; University of South Alabama; Dauphin Island Sea Lab; Northeastern University; s.scyphers@neu.edu; Picou, J Steven; Coastal Resource and Resiliency Center University of South Alabama; spicou@southalabama.edu; Brumbaugh, Robert D; The Nature Conservancy; rbrumbaugh@tnc.org; Powers, Sean P; University of South Alabama; Dauphin Island Sea Lab; spowers@disl.org.
Oyster reefs provide coastal societies with a vast array of ecosystem services, but are also destructively harvested as an economically and culturally important fishery resource, exemplifying a complex social-ecological system (SES). Historically, societal demand for oysters has led to destructive and unsustainable levels of harvest, which coupled with multiple other stressors has placed oyster reefs among the most globally imperiled coastal habitats. However, more recent studies have demonstrated that large-scale restoration is possible and that healthy oyster populations can be sustained with effective governance and stewardship. However, both of these require significant societal support or financial investment. In our study, we explored relationships...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Common pool resource; Crassostrea virginica; Ecosystem-based management; Ecosystem services; Marine protected areas; Restoration; Spawning sanctuaries.
Ano: 2014
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Juvenile oyster disease (JOD) in American oysters, Crassostrea virginica, reared in France. Detection of abnormal calcium deposits in gill and mantle tissues ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie; Chollet, Bruno; Maffart, Patricia.
Progeny of Crassostrea virginica oysters, introduced into France in 1992, were reared during 1992 and 1993, to test their growth performances. These assays were performed to investigate the possible replacement of Crassostrea gigas with a non indigenous species, Crassostrea virginica. During the summer of 1993, sporadic mass mortalities (80-90%) occurred among young, Crassastrea virginica, oysters reared in the IFREMER nursery in La Tremblade (Charente Maritime).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Histology; Crassostrea virginica; Mortality; Oysters.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1995/acte-2975.pdf
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Lethal and sub-lethal effects of Deepwater Horizon slick oil and dispersant on oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae ArchiMer
Vignier, J.; Soudant, P.; Chu, F. L. E.; Morris, J. M.; Carney, M. W.; Lay, C. R.; Krasnec, M. O.; Robert, Rene; Volety, A. K..
In April 2010, crude oil was spilled from the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil platform for 87 days, coincident with the spawning season and recruitment of the oyster, Crassostrea virginica, in the Gulf of Mexico. Impacts of acute exposures to surface-collected DWH oil (HEWAF), dispersed oil (CEWAF) and dispersant alone (Corexit 9500A®) on planktonic larval stages of C. virginica (veliger, umbo and pediveliger) were tested in the laboratory. Exposures to HEWAF, CEWAF and dispersant were toxic to larvae impairing growth, settlement success and ultimately survival. Larval growth and settlement were reduced at concentrations of tPAH50 ranging from 1.7 to 106 μg L−1 for HEWAF and 1.1–35 μg L−1 for CEWAF, concentrations well within the range of water sampled during...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deepwater Horizon oil spill; Crassostrea virginica; Corexit 9500A (R); Larvae; Growth; Settlement; PAH.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00345/45572/45181.pdf
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Marteilia in American oysters Crassostrea virginica reared in France ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie; Chollet, Bruno.
Progeny of Crassostrea virginica oysters, introduced into France in 1992, were reared at 3 different locations. A survey was taken of these young C. virginica oysters during 1993. Histological and electron microscopical examination revealed a parasite interpreted as a Martelia-like protozoan in 1 oyster. The structure and the initial stages of the developmental cycle of this parasite are described for the first time in American oysters. However, no mature spores were detected. Thus, exact identification of the protozoan is difficult. This study indicates that American oysters could be infected with Marteilia spp. during cohabitation with Marteilia-infected native bivalves in France.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marteilia like parasite; Marteiliosis; Crassostrea virginica; American oyster.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1995/publication-2897.pdf
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Marteiliosis in American oysters Crassostrea virginica reared in France ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Cochennec, Nathalie; Chollet, Bruno.
Progeny of Crassostrea virginica oysters, introduced into France in 1992, were reared at 3 different locations. A survey was taken of these young C, virginica oysters during 1993. Histological and electron microscopical examination revealed a parasite interpreted as a Marteilia-like protozoan in 1 oyster. The structure and the initial stages of the developmental cycle of this parasite are described for the first time in American oysters. However, no mature spores were detected. Thus, exact identification of the protozoan is difficult. This study indicates that American oysters could be infected with Marteilia spp, during cohabitation with Marteilia-infected native bivalves in France.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: American oyster; Crassostrea virginica; Marteiliosis; Marteilia-like parasite.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00258/36926/36177.pdf
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Modelisation of oyster shell growth at 3 stations in the Patuxent river (Chesapeake Bay) ArchiMer
Prou, Jean; Goulletquer, Philippe; Bacher, Cedric.
In oyster production area the determination of the stock, estimation of mortality and growth rates are determinant for knowledge of the fishery. Growth models can be used to predict the time to reach marketable size (76 mm in Chesapeake Bay). They are also important in term of management, when they can predict the future value of the stock (Askew, 1978). Oyster growth models can be built by analysing growth of natural oysters but absolute age is orten unknown. Many authors report growth data in Chesapeake Bay for suspended oyster culture. Unfortunalely, modelisation of the growth was not developed. In that study oyster, shell growth models have been established at three stations in the Patuxent river. Seasonal eITects on growth were integrated in the model
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modelisation; Oysters; Crassostrea virginica; Growth; Chesapeake Bay.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00200/31109/29512.pdf
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Overwiew on molecular tools in bivalve shellfish aquaculture ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Saavedra, Carlos.
Dr. Boudry presented an overview of the current development of molecular tools in shellfish bivalves, focussing on the recent development in oysters, species to which the most efforts are dedicated. This review was prepared together with Dr. Saavedra (Mollusc Research Group, Torre de la Sal, Spain) within the Fish and Shellfish group of the EU Network of Excellence "Marine Genomics Europe". Searches in DNA sequence databank ("GenBank") show that 4% are microsatellite sequences, 23% are mitochondrial sequences and the remaining 73 % other nuclear sequences. Among these, 75% concern oyster (Crassostrea) species, 15% mussel (Mytilus) species and 10% scallop (Argopecten) species. Some of these sequences were targeted as candidate genes related to known...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: QTLs; Mitochondrial geneome; Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea gigas; Crassostrea; Shellfish bivalves; Molecular tools; Genetic.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-3480.pdf
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Physiological and biochemical changes associated with massive mortality events occurring in larvae of American oyster (Crassostrea virginica) ArchiMer
Genard, Bertrand; Pernet, Fabrice; Lemarchand, Karine; Boudry, Pierre; Moraga, Dario; Tremblay, Rejean.
In this paper, biochemical and physiological analyses were used to characterize changes associated with mortality event occurred during veliger development of American oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Biochemical analyses included the evaluation of lipid classes, fatty acid composition and total protein content. Larval physiology was evaluated by studying feeding activity, enzymes related to energy metabolism, oxidative stress levels and enzymatic antioxidant defenses. These analyses were complemented by bacterial community analyses as well as by measuring larval oyster performance. We observed that mortality events coincided with (1) strong changes in the surrounding bacterial community; (2) a progressive decrease in feeding activity; (3) higher levels of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Massive mortality; Larvae; Microbial environment; Lipid; Fatty acids; Energy metabolism; Oxidative stress; Antioxidant enzymes; Crassostrea virginica.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00051/16231/13753.pdf
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Population Genetics of the Eastern Oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) in the Gulf of Mexico ArchiMer
Varney, Robin L.; Galindo, Clara; Cruz, Pedro; Gaffney, Patrick M..
Genetic variation in eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) collected from 13 sites in the Gulf of Mexico was examined using a combination of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequencing, mtDNA restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, and nuclear single nucleotide polymorphism analysis. Both mitochondrial and nuclear markers showed significant differentiation among samples. Combined with previous allozyme and microsatellite data, these results indicate considerable population subdivision throughout the Gulf of Mexico, despite the potentially homogenizing effect of larval dispersal.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gulf of Mexico; Mitochondrial DNA; Single nucleotide polymorphism; Genetics; Oyster; Crassostrea virginica.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7397.pdf
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Ressources génétiques chez les huîtres creuses : conservatoire de souche et marqueurs moléculaires ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Heurtebise, Serge; Collet, Bertrand; Cornette, Florence; Ledu, Christophe; Phelipot, Pascal; Gerard, Andre.
The cupped oyster strain bank was created at Ifremer at La Tremblade in 1992. It was funded by the Poitou-Charentes regional council. Its goals were: 1. to study the intra- and interspecific genetic differentiation within the genus Crassostrea. 2. to study acclimatization potential of foreign oysters in French waters in order to identify species that could replace Crassostrea gigas in case of a major disease outbreak in C. gigas or in case of a need or desire to diversify shellfish production. 3. to study the possibility of interspecific hybridisation in the genus Crassostrea and hybrid performance.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Saccostrea commercialis; Crassostrea rhisophorae; Crassostrea gasar; Crassostrea sikamea; Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea rivularis; Crassotea angulata; Crassostrea gigas; Génétique.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1997/acte-3242.pdf
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