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Registros recuperados: 63
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A 2004 Social Accounting Matrix for Israel: Documentation of an Economy-Wide Database with a Focus on Agriculture, the Labour Market, and Income Distribution AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A.; Flaig, Dorothee; Luckmann, Jonas; Grethe, Harald.
This document describes the Israeli Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year 2004, developed by the Agricultural and Food Policy Group at the University of Hohenheim. The SAM is a part of a larger research project which aims to analyse several economic, trade, and labour policies in the context of economic integration of agriculture between Israel and the West Bank. Data are obtained from various sources in Israel. Sources include the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS), the Central Bank of Israel (CBI), and the Israeli Tax Authority (ITA). Data from sources outside of Israel are used to fill-in some gaps in the domestic reports. External sources include the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: SAM; IO Table; CGE; Database; Israel.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; C6; C8; D1; D3; D5; D6; E2; E6; F1; F2; H2.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110156
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A Hedonic Analysis on the Implicit Values of Fresh Tomatoes AgEcon
Huang, Chung L.; Lin, Biing-Hwan.
The food habits and dietary patterns of American consumers are changing and they are increasingly demanding food products that possess certain attributes relating to how the food was produced or processed. The objectives of the study are to analyze household purchase of fresh tomatoes and to determine the magnitudes of the price premium paid for the organic tomatoes by estimating a hedonic price model. The study uses the 2003 ACNielsen Homescan panel data. The data set represents a nationally representative panel of U.S. households, which provide food purchase data for at-home consumption. For empirical implementation, parameters of the hedonic model were estimated using the Box-Cox transformation procedure. The results indicated that consumers value the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Box-Cox transformation; Fresh tomatoes; Hedonic price; Organic produce; Product attributes; Crop Production/Industries; D1; Q11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25404
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A Two-Stage Value Chain Model for Vegetable Marketing Chain Efficiency Evaluation: A Transaction Cost Approach AgEcon
Lu, Hualiang.
We applied a two-stage value chain model to investigate the effects of input application and occasional transaction costs on vegetable marketing chain efficiencies with a farm household-level data set. In the first stage, the production efficiencies with the combination of resource endowments, capital and managerial inputs, and production techniques were evaluated; then at the second stage, the marketing technical efficiencies were determined under the marketing value of the vegetables for three typical marketing chains in Nanjing area, P.R. China. The impacts of the transaction costs to the supply chain technical efficiency both at the production and marketing stages were examined by using Tobit model. Study showed that transaction costs significantly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Two-stage value chain model; Data envelopment analysis; Technical efficiency; Transaction cost; Vegetable; China; Industrial Organization; D1; D8; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25327
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A Unified Approach to the Estimation of Demand for Improved Seed in Developing Agriculture AgEcon
Langyintuo, Augustine S.; Hamazakaza, Petan; Nawale, Edah; Mekuria, Mulugetta.
This paper proposes a new approach for estimating the demand for seed within a developing country context where only improved seeds are sold but adoption rates for improved varieties low. A farmer views an improved seed firstly as a derived input embodying production attributes and secondly, as a technology embodying consumption characteristics. He therefore jointly decides on its adoption and the quantity of seed required to plant a predetermined area. Drawing on the theory of demand for consumption goods characteristics and production input attributes, this paper specified and estimated non-separable household demand and consumption models using data collected from 300 farm households in Zambia during the 2003/04 crop season. The estimated results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Consumer goods characteristics; Production inputs; Technology attributes; Non-separability; Censored equations; Zambia; Crop Production/Industries; C21; D1; O3; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25332
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Agricultural Change and Population Growth: District-Level Evidence From India AgEcon
Witcover, Julie; Vosti, Stephen A.; Lipton, Michael.
Green Revolution technologies were developed and promoted in the 1960s in response to alarm about impending famine in Asia. By boosting food supplies and fostering development, the technologies were expected to create "breathing space" for completing demographic transitions there. This paper uses District-level data from rural India on agricultural transformation (from 1961 to 1981) and on changes in human fertility (from 1971 to 1981) to examine whether they did so. In a reduced form model, female literacy and marriage rates emerged as strong fertility change determinants; effects varied by age cohort. Growth in real wages in rural areas, in part brought about by HYV technologies, accelerated fertility declines. With real wage growth effects of Green...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development; Q16; J1; Q18; D1; O3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25443
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An Analysis of the Consumption of Sausages in Scotland using Supermarket Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Wrieden, Wendy; Davis, Victoria; Milne, Anne; Leat, Philip M.K..
This paper addresses consumers’ choices by looking into: current food choices made by different socio-economic groups; price barriers for diet improvement; and ways in which marketing may affect product choice. The study seeks: first, to analyze the differences in consumption of sausages of different nutritional composition among different socio-demographic and lifestage groups; and second, to measure whether it is possible to improve diet quality without affecting household expenditure. Sausages represent a relatively high proportion of red and processed meat purchases in Scotland, contributing significantly to the fat and sodium in the Scottish diet. The data used consisted of two-years of weekly information from a top-4, UK supermarket. The results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Scotland; Saturated fats; Sodium; Consumer choices; Sausages consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91678
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Analysis of Value-Added Meat Product Choice Behaviour by Canadian Households AgEcon
Zhang, Xu; Goddard, Ellen W..
The competitive landscape in retailing has changed over the past decade. Moreover, the degree of product differentiation has been increasing: households are able to choose between an increasing number of store brands and national brands of similar products. The value added meat market is no different than any other sector of the grocery market – both national brands and private label brands are being developed to appeal to the consumer‘s desire for convenience, health, production and environmental attributes. Understanding the factors that are influencing consumers‘ value added meat product preferences is important for meat manufacturers who wish to add value to their firm‘s performance and increase market share. This knowledge is required in order to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumer behaviour; Store loyalty; Meat demand; Value-added meat; National/store brand choice; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; D1; M3.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99703
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BAYES' ESTIMATES OF THE DOUBLE HURDLE MODEL IN THE PRESENCE OF FIXED COSTS AgEcon
Holloway, Garth J.; Barrett, Christopher B.; Ehui, Simeon K..
We present a model of market adoption (participation) where the presence of non-negligible fixed costs leads to non-zero censoring of the traditional double-hurdle regression. Fixed costs arise due to household resources that must be devoted a priori to the decision to participate in the market. These costs-usually a cost of time-motivate two-step decision-making and focus attentions on the minimum-efficient scale of operations (the minimum amount of milk sales) at which market entry becomes viable. This focus, in turn, motivates a non-zero-censored Tobit regression estimated through routine application of Markov chain Monte Carlo Methods.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market participation; Fixed costs; Double-hurdle model; Censored regression.; Financial Economics; O1; O11; C34; O13; Q16; D1.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14741
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BAYESIAN HERDERS: ASYMMETRIC UPDATING OF RAINFALL BELIEFS IN RESPONSE TO EXTERNAL FORECASTS AgEcon
Lybbert, Travis J.; Barrett, Christopher B.; McPeak, John G.; Luseno, Winnie K..
Temporal climate risk weighs heavily on many of the world's poor. Recent advances in model-based climate forecasting have expanded the range, timeliness and accuracy of forecasts available to decision-makers whose welfare depends on stochastic climate outcomes. There has consequently been considerable recent investment in improved climate forecasting for the developing world. Yet, in cultures that have long used indigenous climate forecasting methods, forecasts generated and disseminated by outsiders using unfamiliar methods may not readily gain the acceptance necessary to induce behavioral change. The value of model-based climate forecasts depends critically on the premise that forecast recipients actually use external forecast information to update...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; O1; D1; Q12.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14762
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Changing Attitudes: Does Personal Experience Matter? A Structural Equilibrium Equation Modeling Approach with Panel Data AgEcon
Tutkun, Aysel.
Conversion to particularly animal-friendly stabling (PAFS) is one of the programs for which Swiss farmers receive direct payments from the government. This conversion to PAFS is analysed within a structural equation model in order to 1) review the link between intention to convert and observed conversion behavior, 2) prove the influence of personal experience on changing attitudes and norms, after having converted. The behavior model encompasses three theoretical constructs which influence the Behaviour: Attitude toward PAFS and Subjective Norm regarding PAFS, which both affect Intention to perform PAFS. Lastly, Intention influences the Behavior, i.e. observed conversion to PAFS. These variables are available for two time points, so one can...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Subjective norm; Personal experience; Observed behavior; Conversion to particularly animal friendly stabling; Theory of reasoned action; Consumer/Household Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; C8; D1; Q12; Z13.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7971
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Children's Educational Completion Rates and Dropouts in the Context of Ethiopia's National Poverty Reduction Strategy AgEcon
Woldehanna, Tassew; Jones, Nicola; Tefera, Bekele.
A combination of quantitative and qualitative method was used to analyse the determinants of school completion/dropout of children from primary education. A Cox box proportional hazard model was used analyse the survival of children in primary education. The findings have important implications for the formulation and revising Ethiopian Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. While the policy focus of the 1996-initiated ESDP and the SDPRP (2002-5) on increasing educational access for all has been broadly successful, children from poor and/or highly indebted families still face significant constraints because they have to contribute to household survival through paid and unpaid work. It is therefore imperative to increase efforts to improve the livelihood options...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Education; Children; Ethiopia; PRSP; Poverty; Survival analysis; Labor and Human Capital; A2; D1; J2.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25351
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Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods in Taiwan: Is Positive Discount the Same as Negative Premium? AgEcon
Kaneko, Naoya; Chern, Wen S..
This paper finds Taiwanese consumers' willingness to pay a premium on the non-GM food differs from their willingness to accept a discount on the GM food. It further finds that the non-GM choosers are more committed to the non-GM food than the GM choosers to the GM food.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Genetically Modified; Contingent Valuation; Willingness to Pay; Stated Preference; Consumer/Household Economics; Q0; D1.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19491
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Consumers' Perceptions about Food Quality Attributes and Their Incidence in Argentinean Organic Choices AgEcon
Rodriguez, Elsa M.; Lupin, Beatriz; Lacaze, Maria Victoria.
There is an increasing consumers' concern for food safety and quality and, at the same time, there has been a significant market increment in differentiated or high value products consumption, including organic products. The lack of empirical research in Argentina regarding consumers' awareness of food safety brought our attention. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to analyse consumers' perceptions about the risk and quality attributes of food consumption; and to evaluate the incidence of these factors when buying organic products in Argentina. The Lancaster model (1966) provided the theoretical basis for the use of products attributes and characteristics to analyse the incidence of these attributes in consumers' choices. The data used in this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Quality attributes; Consumers; Organics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q18; D1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25791
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Coping with Drought in Rice Farming in Asia: Insights from a Cross-Country Comparative Study AgEcon
Pandey, Sushil; Bhandari, Humnath; Ding, Shijun; Prapertchob, Preeda; Sharan, Ramesh; Naik, Dibakar; Taunk, Sudhir K.; Sastri, Asras.
Drought is a major constraint affecting rice production especially in rainfed areas of Asia. Despite its importance in rice growing areas, the magnitude of economic losses arising from drought, its impact on farm households and farmers' drought coping mechanisms are poorly understood. This paper provides insights into these aspects of drought based on a cross-country comparative analysis of rainfed rice growing areas in China, India and Thailand. The economic cost of drought is found to be substantially higher in eastern India than in the other two countries. Higher probability and greater spatial covariance of drought and less diversified farming systems with rice accounting for a large r share of household income are likely to be the main reasons for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Drought; Economic cost; Coping mechanisms; Poverty; Crop Production/Industries; D1; I3; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25553
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Credit Accessibility, Risk Attitude, and Social Learning: Investment Decisions of Aquaculture in Rural Indonesia AgEcon
Miyata, Sachiko; Sawada, Yasuyuki.
This study examines the factors that influenced poor Indonesian farmers to invest in floating net aquaculture after being relocated due to a reservoir construction project. To compare three primary decision factors, credit accessibility, risk attitudes, and social learning, (i.e., learning effects from others’ experience), we analyze 16 years of socio-economic retrospective data collected in the field interviews exclusively for this study. Our analysis reveals that credit accessibility and risk attitudes are the most important factors that influence the rate of aquaculture investment. Social learning as well as household education also influences the investment decision significantly. Our results suggest that developmen t projects that involve voluntary...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Household investment decision; Credit constraints; Risk attitudes; Social learning; Panel data; Farm Management; D1; D8; D12; Q22.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25669
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Deposit Collectors AgEcon
Ashraf, Nava; Karlan, Dean S.; Yin, Wesley.
Informal lending and savings institutions exist around the world, and often include regular door-to-door deposit collection of cash. Some banks have adopted similar services in order to expand access to banking services in areas that lack physical branches. Using a randomized control trial, we investigate determinants of participation in a deposit collection service and evaluate the impact of offering the service for micro-savers of a rural bank in the Philippines. Of 137 individuals offered the service in the treatment group, 38 agreed to sign-up, and 20 regularly used the service. Take-up is predicted by distance to the bank (a measure of transaction costs of depositing without the service) as well as being married (a suggestion that household bargaining...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Savings behavior; Microfinance; Field experiment; Savings mobilization; Deposit collector; Financial Economics; D1; D9; G1; G2; O1.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28502
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Determinants of Decision to Pay a Price Premium for Modified Food by Consumers of the Republic of Korea AgEcon
Kaya, Ozgur; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Suh, Dong-Kyun.
The knowledge of the overall willingness-to-pay and the specific price premiums consumers accept when buying foods with less fat, saturated fat, sodium, sugar and more fiber shapes food manufacturer and distributor marketing strategies and supports the development of public health strategies. This study applies survey data collected in Korea to identify consumer profiles associated with the expressed willingness to pay a premium for foods with nutritionally desired attributes and, next, estimates the influence of consumer and household characteristics on the WTP a particular premium level for such foods. Results indicate the importance of socio-economic variables such as location, income and education, variables representing the risk of health problems...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Willingness to pay; Price premium; Modified food; Republic of Korea; Survey data; Logit; Generalized ordered logit; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Q1; C3; D1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61004
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Determinants of Farm Household Income Diversification in the United States: Evidence from Farm-Level Data AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Harris, James Michael; Hallahan, Charles B.; Uematsu, Hiroki.
This study examines the determinants of income diversification of farm households in the United States. Farm households allocate their time between farm and off-farm activities to help stabilized household income (consumption). What characterizes those households who engage in off-farm activities? Is there any pattern over time? Using 1999, 2003 and 2007 farm-level data from the USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), this study estimates intensity of off-farm income (or income diversification). The results show that older operators, full owners, and small farms have higher intensity of off-farm income in total household income. In contrast, dairy farms, vertically coordinated farms and farms located in the Southern and Pacific regions have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tobit; Income diversification; Vertical integration; Tenure; Farm households; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; D1; J2; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61632
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Does Reducing Malaria Improve Household Living Standards? AgEcon
Laxminarayan, Ramanan.
Living in malaria-endemic regions places an economic burden on households even if they do not actually suffer an episode of malaria. Households living with endemic malaria are less likely to have access to economic opportunities and may have to modify agricultural practices and other household behavior to adapt to their disease environment. Data from Vietnam demonstrate that reductions in malaria incidence through government-financed malaria control programs can contribute to higher household income for all households living in endemic areas. Empirically, a 10% decrease in malaria cases at the national level translates to a roughly US $30 million annual economic benefit in the form of improved living standards.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Malaria; Living standards; Disease; Health Economics and Policy; D1; O1; I0.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10633
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Does Where We Live Matter? Understanding the Link Between Obesity and the Market for Food AgEcon
Chen, Susan E.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; Snyder, Samantha D..
Paper is under revision. Removed at author's request 10/27/08.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Incidence of obesity and overweight; Spatial lag model; Spatial dependence; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; C21; D1; I18; J10.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9682
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