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Registros recuperados: 8
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Bioindicators of pollutant exposure in the northwestern Mediterranean sea ArchiMer
Burgeot, Thierry; Bocquene, Gilles; Porte, C; Dimeet, Joel; Santella, Rm; Garcia De La Parra, L.m.; Pihol-leszkowicz, A.; Raoux, C.; Galgani, Francois.
Several bioindicators were used to evaluate the biological and genotoxic effects of marine pollutants near large coastal cities in the northwestern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Three target species of teleosts were selected: red mullet Mullus barbatus and 2 types of comber (Serranus hepatus and S. cabrilla). Induction of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity specific for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) was measured in the livers of the fish, and inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by organophosphorus insecticides and carbamates was measured in their muscle tissues. Maximal EROD activities (16.8 +/- 2.7 to 19.4 +/- 4.2 pmol min(-1) mg protein(-1)) recorded in red muller near Barcelona (Spain),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: EROD; GST; AChE; Antioxidant enzymes; Biomonitoring; DNA adducts; PAH; Mullus barbatus.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00183/29410/27779.pdf
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DNA damage by ochratoxin A in rat kidney assessed by the alkaline comet assay BJMBR
Zeljezic,D.; Domijan,A.-M.; Peraica,M..
There are few studies of ochratoxin A (OTA) genotoxicity in experimental animals and the results obtained with cell cultures are inconsistent, although the carcinogenic potential of OTA for the kidney of experimental animals has been well established. We studied the genotoxic potential of OTA in the kidney of adult female Wistar rats (5 in each group) treated intraperitoneally with OTA (0.5 mg kg body weight-1 day-1 for 7, 14, and 21 days) measuring DNA mobility on agarose gel stained with ethidium-bromide using standard alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). Negative control animals were treated with solvent (Tris buffer, 1.0 mg/kg) and positive control animals were treated with methyl methanesulfonate (40 mg/kg) according to the same...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Comet assay; DNA adducts; Experimental animals; Mycotoxin.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2006001200006
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DNA damage in dab (Limanda limanda) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) from European seas ArchiMer
Hylland, Ketil; Skei, Bjorn Borge; Brunborg, Gunnar; Lang, Thomas; Gubbins, Matthew J.; Le Goff, Jeremie; Burgeot, Thierry.
Dab (Limanda limanda) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) were collected from coastal and offshore locations in the Baltic (dab only), North Sea (haddock from one location only) and Iceland. Blood was analysed for DNA strand breaks using the comet assay and liver samples for DNA adduct concentrations. DNA strand breaks were at background levels in dab from the two Iceland locations and from the Dogger Bank. The highest levels were observed in dab from the Firth of Forth, Ekofisk and the German Bight. Hepatic DNA adducts in dab were highest at Ekofisk, in the Baltic and Dogger Bank, below detection limit in dab from Iceland and low in dab from the Firth of Forth and German Bight. There was large variation in DNA strand breaks between locations and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ICON; Comet; DNA adducts; Genotoxicity; Haddock; Dab; European seas.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/42064/44971.pdf
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Genotoxicity and activation of cellular defenses in transplanted zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha along the Seine river ArchiMer
Chatel, Annelle; Faucet-marquis, Virginie; Gourlay-france, Catherine; Pfohl-leszkowicz, Annie; Hubert, Francoise.
The aim of the present study was to confirm the relevance of studying DNA adduct formation in a field study. In that context, freshwater mussels Dreissena polymorpha, collected in a reference station, were transplanted in different sites with a pollution gradient. After one and two months, mussels were collected and DNA adduct formation was analyzed using the 32P post labelling technique on both gills and digestive glands. In addition, the expression of genes involved in the detoxification system (catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), HSP70, aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), P glycoprotein (PgP), metallothionein (MT)) was assessed by RT-PCR. DNA adducts were observed at amount comparable to data from literature....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biomarker; Pollution; DNA adducts; Detoxification; Dreissena polymorpha; RT-PCR.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00195/30639/32450.pdf
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Histopathological lesions and DNA adducts in the liver of European flounder (Platichthys flesus) collected in the Seine estuary versus two reference estuarine systems on the French Atlantic coast ArchiMer
Cachot, Jerome; Cherel, Yan; Larcher, Thibaut; Pfohl-leszkowicz, Annie; Laroche, Jean; Quiniou, Louis; Morin, Jocelyne; Schmitz, Julien; Burgeot, Thierry; Pottier, Didier.
An epidemiological survey was conducted in the Seine estuary and in two smaller and relatively preserved estuaries on the French Atlantic coast in order to estimate the occurrence of liver lesions in European flounder, Platichthys flesus, and also to seek putative risk factors for the recorded pathologies. Four hundred and seventy-eight fish of both sexes and of different size ranges were sampled in the three studied areas, 338 of which in the Seine estuary. All fish were examined for histopathological liver lesions, while DNA adducts and otoliths were analyzed on a subsample. Five categories of hepatic lesions were recorded with the following prevalence for the Seine estuary: 36.7 % inflammations, 8 % parasites (mainly encysted nematodes), 6.5 % foci of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Epidemiological study; European flounder; Seine estuary; Liver histopathology; Necrosis; FCA; Tumors; Inflammations; Parasites; DNA adducts; Pollution.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00125/23576/21498.pdf
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Induction and elimination of bulky benzo[a]pyrene-related DNA adducts and 8-oxodGuo in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed in vivo to B[a]P-contaminated feed ArchiMer
Akcha, Farida; Burgeot, Thierry; Budzinski, H; Pfohla Leszkowicz, A; Narbonne, J.
With the aim of developing biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) genotoxicity for biomonitoring of the marine environment, the formation of DNA adducts and oxidative DNA damage was studied in the sentinel organism Mytilus. Mussels M. galloprovincialis were exposed for 21 d to different doses of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) (50 and 100 mg B[a]P kg(-1) dry wt mussel d(-1)) via trophic intake. The kinetics of B[a]P concentration in whole mussel tissues was determined in both groups, and a dose-response study was conducted for both gill B[a]P-related DNA adducts and 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) formation in gill and digestive gland DNA. Exposure was followed by a 10 d depuration period to study mussel recovery. Although B[a]P was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DNA repair; 8 oxodGuo; DNA adducts; Mussel; BaP.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-813.pdf
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L'éthoxyrésorufine-o-déethylase, les adduits à l'ADN et les mocronuclei dans les organismes marins. Application à la surveillance des effets biologiques sur les côtes françaises ArchiMer
Burgeot, Thierry.
Three biomarkers [ethoxyresorufm-o-deethylase (EROD), DNA adducts and micronuclei (MN) were studied for biomonitoring applications along French coasts. EROD was developed at an experirnental stage in two pilot sites, Seine Bay and Fos sur Mer, using the dab (Limanda limanda), dragon et (Callionymus lyra), red mullet (Mullus barbatus) and comber (Serranus hepatus) as target species. Higbest EROD activity was observed in the subestuarial part of Seine Bay and at the stations closest to sources of pollution from Cortiou and Fos sur Mer. The suitable number of fish for detection of a significant difference between two EROD activities was deterrnined as a function of sampling variance and a preselected statistical power. A preliminary study on hepatocytes in a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ethoxyrésorufine-o-déethylase; Adduits à l'ADN; Micronuclei; Poisson; Moule; Huître; Biosurveillance; Ethoryresorufin-o-deethylase; DNA adducts; Micronuclei; Fish; Mussel; Oyster; Biomonitoring.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00443/55462/56984.pdf
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The toxicity of benzo[a]pyrene on sole (Solea solea) hepatocytes: assessment of genotoxic and enzymatic effects ArchiMer
Wessel, Nathalie; Menard, Dominique; Pichavant-rafini, K.; Ollivier, H.; Le Goff, Jean-michel; Burgeot, Thierry; Akcha, Farida.
The benzo[a]pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon known to be genotoxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic in higher vertebrates. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the enzymatic and genotoxic effects of BaP in a benthic fish species, Solea solea. Sole hepatocytes were exposed to BaP in order to measure the modulation of ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase (EROD) activity and the DNA strand breaks induced by BaP metabolism. Exposures were performed in both culture flasks and microplate wells in order to check for the possible miniaturization of the exposure system. Moreover, sole liver microsomes were exposed to BaP in the presence of standard DNA in order to assess the potential formation of DNA adducts in sole. The results demonstrated the ability of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genotoxicity; Sole; BaP; DNA strand breaks; EROD; DNA adducts.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00018/12968/9944.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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