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Registros recuperados: 28
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A Study of Dairy Farm Technical Efficiency Using Meta-Regression: An International Perspective Chilean J. Agric. Res.
This paper develops a meta-regression analysis to explain the variation of mean technical efficiency (PETP) measurements from a total of 65 frontier studies that report technical efficiency (ET) measurements at the dairy farm level in the literature published in English and Spanish. The analysis includes the effect of methodology on ET measurements, as well as the effect of the econometric procedure on the meta-regression estimates. Eight models were estimated, and two of these were selected: a fixed effects specification with dummy variables for the most significant studies without geographical effects (EFS), and a specification where the multiple observations are averaged and geographical effects included (OP). Based on model performance, the EFS option...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Meta-regression; Frontier models; Technical efficiency; Dairy farms.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-58392009000200011
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Adoption of Environmental Best Practice Amongst Dairy Farmers AgEcon
Bewsell, Denise; Kaine, Geoff.
The adoption of environmental management practices is addressed in this paper. The use of consumer behaviour theory and a market research approach is discussed by describing how it was used in the study. Qualitative methods were used to gather data from dairy farmers in four New Zealand catchments. The environmental practices explored were; excluding stock from waterways, reducing phosphorus use, improving soil macroporosity, managing effluent and improving the efficiency of border-dyke irrigation. The findings are discussed, highlighting that farm contextual factors influenced farmers’ decision making in terms of adopting environmental management practices. The results suggest that environmental practices need to be linked to farm context. This should...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environment; Adoption; Dairy farms; Context; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98494
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Assessing Participation in the Milk Income Loss Contract Program and its Impact on Milk Production AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K..
The MILC program, a counter-cyclical income support program, was designed to provide price support to dairy farmers. Since the inception of the MILC program it has been argued that the program is inefficient and rewards inefficiency by keeping high cost, small dairy farms in business. Large dairy producers have expressed concerns that the MILC payments have negatively affected their farming income. Using farm-level, ARMS data from 2005, this study investigated the factors that affect farmer’s decision to participate in MILC program and if participation in MILC has an impact on milk production. The results show that participation in MILC program is positively correlated with farmer’s educational attainment, organic certification subsidy, milk price,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Agricultural policy; Milk Income Loss Contract Program; Two-step probit estimation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; H20; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103775
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Assessing Production Efficiency of Dairy Farms in Burdur Province, Turkey JARTS
Binici, Turan; Department of Agricultural Economics, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey. E-mail: turanbinici@yahoo.com; Demircan, Vecdi; Department of Agricultural Economics, Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey; Zulauf, Carl R.; Ohio State University, Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics, Ohio, USA.
This study finds that a sample of 132 dairy farmers located in Burdur Province, Turkey, are producing at a low level of production efficiency. Efficiency ranges from 24 percent to 94 percent, with the average being 50 percent. Eighty one percent of the variation in output among the sampled farmers is due to differences in their production efficiency. If a farmer with average efficiency improved efficiency to that of the most efficient farmer in the sample, then the average dairy farmer could realize a 47 percent saving in cost. Two statistically significant factors associated with the variation in production efficiency are identified: the type of feeding system used and herd size. Use of extension programs explained little of the variation in production...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Economics and Econometrics stochastic frontier analysis; Production efficiency; Dairy farms.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/96
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DAIRY FARM SIZE, ENTRY, AND EXIT IN A DECLINING PRODUCTION REGION AgEcon
Rahelizatovo, Noro C.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
As with most agricultural industries, the U.S. dairy industry has evolved into a structure including fewer yet larger firms. In Louisiana, total milk production has declined along with dairy farm numbers since 1972. This study addresses the impact of alternative policies, macroeconomic factors, and technology on the structure of the Louisiana dairy industry using a micro-data non-stationary Markov chain analysis. Results indicate that a number of factors have affected the structure of the industry in Louisiana, including but not limited to prices, milk supply reduction programs, technology and interest rates.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Markov chain analysis; Seemingly unrelated regression; Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15372
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Determinants of productivity change of crop and dairy farms in Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden in 1995-2004 AgEcon
Zhu, Xueqin; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M..
IAAE Beijing conference 2009
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Decomposition of TFP; Stochastic frontier models; Crop farms; Dairy farms; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51648
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Economic Efficiency of Smallholder Intensive Dairy Farms in Iran: Adjusted for Market Distortion AgEcon
Bakhshoodeh, Mohamad; Shahnoushi, Naser.
The dairy farmers in Iran are faced with milk price distortion due to the market imperfection. To measure an unbiased farm-specific efficiency, prices should be adjusted in an imperfect market. To examine this issue, a shadow-price profit frontier was applied to a sample of 860 Iranian small intensive dairy farms surveyed in 2005-06 in order to calculate profit efficiency of individual dairy farmers. This adjusted measure was then compared with that of unadjusted measure that assumes undistorted market. A multiple general linear model (GLM) technique was applied to the data to examine the multiple effects of pure-bred animals, and the used farm capacity on profit efficiency indices. The mean value of adjusted profit efficiency was 0.40, significantly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Profit efficiency; Dairy farms; Iran; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C31; N55; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52996
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Economic feasibility of converting cow manure to electricity: A case study of the CVPS Cow Power program in Vermont AgEcon
Wang, Qingbin; Thompson, Ethan; Parsons, Robert L.; Rogers, Glenn.
A case study of the Central Vermont Public Service Corporation (CVPS) Cow Power program examines the economic feasibility for dairy farms to convert cow manure into electricity via anaerobic methane digestion. The study confirms that it is technically feasible to convert cow manure to electricity on dairy farms but the economic returns highly depend on the base electricity price paid by CVPS, premium rate paid by CVPS customers, financial supports from government agencies and other organizations, and sales of the by-products of methane generation. Lessons learned from this program will be useful to other dairy farms and communities interested in converting cow manure into electricity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Anaerobic digestion; Dairy farms; Renewable energy; Economic feasibility; Vermont.; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104564
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Economic Impacts of EPA's Manure Application Regulations on Dairy Farms with Lagoon Liquid Systems in the Southwest Region AgEcon
Huang, Wen-Yuan; Magleby, Richard S.; Christensen, Lee A..
EPA's new restrictions on land application of manure nutrients by concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) could decrease the net return of 6-17% of the medium and large dairy farms with lagoon systems in the southwestern United States. Many of the other dairy CAFOs in the region could achieve higher net income under the restrictions if they reduce feed costs by better utilizing manure and expanding homegrown feed production.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAFO; Dairy farms; Land application; Manure regulations; Nutrient management; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; C61; Q12; Q52; Q58.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43993
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Eine empirische Untersuchung zum Wachstum von Milchviehbetrieben mittels der Ereignisanalyse AgEcon
Francksen, Tammo; Hagemann, Martin; Latacz-Lohmann, Uwe.
This paper investigates determinants of growth of milk production in German dairy farms. Event history analysis is applied to estimate the likelihood of a farm’s moving from a nongrowing episode into a growing episode and to assess the impact of various covariates on that likelihood. The analysis is based upon a balanced panel of annual farm accounts from 616 specialised dairy farms from Germany, covering the financial years 1995/96 to 2008/09. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird innerbetriebliches Wachstums von deutschen Milchviehbetrieben mittels der Ereignisanalyse untersucht. Dabei wird die Wahrscheinlichkeit des Austritts aus einer Nicht-Wachstumsepisode bzw. des Eintritts in eine Wachstumsepisode eines Bebetriebes geschätzt. Darüber hinaus werden...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Event history analysis; Dairy farms; Internal growth; Determinants of growth; Ereignisanalyse; Milchviehbetriebe; Innerbetriebliches Wachstum; Einflussfaktoren auf Wachstum; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114494
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Exploring the Role of Managerial Ability in Influencing Dairy Farm Efficiency AgEcon
Byma, Justin P.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper explores the role of managerial ability in determining efficiency in New York dairy farms. Using an unbalanced panel of farm data from 1993 through 2004, we estimate output-oriented technical efficiencies using stochastic distance frontier functions. We find that both lagged net farm income and farmers’ own estimates of the value of their labor and management as proxies for managerial ability impact measured efficiency. Efficiency increases with operator education, farm size, and extended participation in a farm management program, but decreases with operator age.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Distance function; Management and efficiency; Stochastic frontier analysis; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95594
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How can Farmer Managerial Capacity Contribute to Improved Farm Performance? A Study of Dairy Farms in Sweden AgEcon
Johansson, Helena.
This paper investigates how managerial capacity aspects influence efficiency of dairy farms in Sweden. Based on non-parametric methods, Tobit and logistic regressions, several managerial capacity aspects are found to influence long and short run input efficiency scores, but to influence output efficiency less. Examples of important aspects are: internal locus of control, positive profitability attitude, profitability perception and participation in study circles. Based on this, a way of supporting dairy farms to become more profitable is to organize educational and discussion clubs where the farmers learn from each other and form professional dairy farm advisors.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Data envelopment analysis; Decision-making; Efficiency; Logistic regression; Managerial capacity; Tobit Regression; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9874
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How "efficient" are dairy farms in mountain areas? AgEcon
Ortner, Karl M..
Pure Technical Efficiency scores of Austrian dairy farms are estimated econometrically on the basis of data envelopment analysis and bootstrapping. In a second stage, using the same assumptions on the distribution of error terms, the distances of farms to their production possibility curve are estimated as functions of farm attributes. Since some of these attributes refer to natural conditions which are more or less unfavourable, the farms in the sample are facing individual frontiers. The distinction between sectorial and individual frontiers gives rise to a distinction between “overall” and “firm-level” efficiency. Using overall efficiency for the calculation of possible savings from a move to the frontier will overestimate these savings and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: DEA; Efficiency; Dairy farms; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44371
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In the Land of Milk and Money: One Dairy Farm's Strategic Compensation System AgEcon
Graham, Mary E.; Welsh, Rick; Mueller, George.
Farm business need to attract, retain and motive valuable workers, and meet productivity and quality goals in order to achieve their strategic objectives. Willow Bend Farm, a dairy operation run by the Muller family in upstate New York, created and implemented a strategic compensation system to help achieve farm growth over its nearly forty-year history. This paper is a case study of Willow Bend’s total compensation system from 1957-1996, during which time the farm experienced tremendous growth. The owners of Willow Bend Farm implemented an array of compensation programs over this time period, including a unique worker cow-ownership program that, by design, increases worker’s initial investment as new calves are born. Other incentives target key behaviors...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Compensation; Human resource management; Dairy farms; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90417
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Influence of Animal Feeding on Milk Supply in Navarre AgEcon
Casasnovas, Valero L.; Aldanondo, Ana Maria.
Determining the competitive position of dairy farms depends on several technological, economic and institutional variables. Among them, are remarkable those related to animal feeding in the current context of high variability on prices. In this context, the aim of our study is to analyze the effects on milk supply and the competitiveness of dairy farms with different models of land intensification, with greater reliance on market purchases or self production of livestock feed. Our work is based on an econometric approach to a variable cost function, in a fixed effects model for unbalanced panel data of specialized dairy farms in Navarre (Spain). From this region, we use 3 geographical areas in relation to the availability of grazing land. It has been...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multiproduct cost function; Panel data; Milk; Animal feed; Dairy farms; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114316
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Los factores determinantes del paso de las explotaciones de la leche a la carne en la Cornisa Cantabrica: analisis empirico para una comarca del interior de Galicia AgEcon
Alvarez, Alfonso Ribas; Iglesias, Edelmiro Lopez; Loureiro, Maria L..
Este trabajo pretende contribuir al estudio de los factores que determinan el paso de las explotaciones de vacuno de leche a vacuno de carne en la Cornisa Cantábrica, examinando para ello la relación de este proceso con las características productivas y familiares de las explotaciones. Además, se contrasta en concreto el papel jugado por la concentración parcelaria, la principal medida de reforma de estructuras agrarias aplicada en la agricultura de estas regiones durante las últimas décadas. Los datos empleados se refieren al período 1985-1999 y a una muestra de 458 explotaciones con ganado bovino (activas en 1999) sobre una población de 1.420 unidades productivas situadas en la Comarca Interior de la provincia de A Coruña. De esas unidades productivas,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Cattle production; Land consolidation; Logistic regression; Livestock Production/Industries; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8008
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Managing Labor on Dairy Farms: A Resource-Based Perspective with Evidence from Case Studies AgEcon
Mugera, Amin W.; Bitsch, Vera.
Labor management practices in agriculture are a marginally and fragmentally researched subject with limited theoretical background in agricultural economics. The resource-based theory is proposed as a framework to analyze labor management on farms and its application discussed with evidence of six case studies. In-depth interviews with farm managers, supervisors, and non-supervisory employees provide data to illustrate the provisions of the resource-based theory. The theory requires heterogeneity, immobility, value, rareness, inimitability, and non-substitutability for resources to contribute to sustained competitive advantage. The human resource system of the case farms satisfies these conditions and hence qualifies as a source of competitive advantage....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Human resource management; Resource-based theory; Sustained competitive advantage; Dairy farms; Hired farm workers; Labor and Human Capital; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8140
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Measurement of dynamic efficiency, a directional distance function parametric approach AgEcon
Serra, Teresa; Stefanou, Spiro E.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M..
This research proposes a parametric estimation of the structural dynamic efficiency measures proposed by Silva and Oude Lansink (2009). Overall, technical and allocative efficiency measurements are derived based on a directional distance function and the duality between this function and the optimal value function. The applicability of the parametric proposal is illustrated by assessing dynamic efficiency ratings for a sample of Dutch dairy farms observed from 1995 to 2005.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Structural dynamic efficiency; Dairy farms; Parametric approach; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; D21; D24; D61; D92.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61107
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Measuring and Explaining Technical Efficiency of Dairy Farms: A Case Study of Smallholder Farms in East Africa AgEcon
Gelan, Ayele; Muriithi, Beatrice Wambui.
Replaced with revised version of paper 11/18/10.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Efficiency scores; Data Envelopment Analysis; Fractional regression; Returns to scale; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96187
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Modelling efficiency with farm-produced inputs: dairying in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Mkhabela, Thulasizwe S.; Piesse, Jenifer; Thirtle, Colin G.; Vink, Nick.
This paper models dairy farms in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, emphasising the complexities unique to this multi-product industry. Net and gross output approaches to measuring production are discussed and then tested using panel data from 37 dairy farms in KwaZulu-Natal from 1999 and 2007. Production functions for the three outputs: milk production, animals and farm-produced feed, are fitted as a simultaneous system to model the farms’ production activities. This simultaneous model is complemented by a single equation reduced form that is fitted as a frontier, which allows estimation of the relative efficiencies of the individual farms. The results show that, with data this detailed, it is possible to refine the model until it fits very tightly. Indeed, in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy farms; Production; Frontiers; Efficiency; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61999
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