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Registros recuperados: 67
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Analysing the Impact of Decoupling at a Regional Level in Ireland: A Farm Level Dynamic Linear Programming Approach AgEcon
Shrestha, Shailesh; Hennessy, Thia C..
This paper describes a methodology to assess the impact of the decoupling of payments on Irish farms at a regional level. The methodology is based on a farm level dynamic linear programming model which optimises regional gross margin under a set of constraints. Regionally representative farms are selected using cluster analysis. The model maximises aggregate gross margins from all the farm types in a region allowing land and milk quota to transfer between farms within the region. The model is estimated for a baseline scenario, assuming no policy change, and under a decoupled scenario where farm payments are fully decoupled from production. An example of an impact study at the Border region in Ireland is presented in this paper to demonstrate the methodology.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Linear Programming; Cluster analysis; Agricultural policy; Regional level; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25458
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ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS IN ITALY OF ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESES OF REGIONALIZATION OF THE SINGLE PAYMENT SCHEME AgEcon
Pupo D'Andrea, Maria Rosaria.
The Fischler reform of the CAP deepened the decoupling process of agricultural support started with the 1992 reform, introducing the Single Payment Scheme (SPS). Two models could be used to apply the SPS: in the historic model payments are based on individual reference amounts; in the regional model payments are based on regional reference amounts. Italy chose to apply the historic model, thus “freezing” the distribution of support to farms at the historic reference level. The recent Proposal on the Health Check of the CAP envisaged Member States being allowed to adjust their model towards a flatter rate of the SPS from 2010, a move that could become compulsory for Member States after 2013. The paper analyses the effects at territorial and farm level of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Decoupling; FADN; Regionalization; Single Payment Scheme; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44806
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Analysis of the Socio-Economic Impact of the Tobacco CMO Reform on Italian Tobacco Sector AgEcon
Arfini, Filippo; Donati, Michele; Menozzi, Davide.
The Tobacco CMO (Common Market Organization) is involved in a intense debate between the European tobacco industry and those who are against to a crop whose transformed product is dangerous to the health. European institutions have shown a strong interest in this complex issue introducing two Reforms (1992 and 1998) and one revision in 2004. This paper aims to analyse and investigate the socio-economic impact of the tobacco CMO Reform of 2004 in Italy, across the scenarios proposed by the EC Commission (2004), both on the tobacco production and processing sector. The considered socio-economic indicators are harvested surfaces, farm income and overall employment, while the sample of farms used in this research belong to the FADN–Italy sample.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tobacco CMO; CAP reform; Decoupling; Positive Mathematical Programming; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; Q12; Q18; J21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24481
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Are CAP Decoupling Policies Really Production Neutral? AgEcon
Katranidis, Stelios D.; Kotakou, Christina A..
This paper examines the effects of decoupling policies on Greek cotton production. We estimate a system of cotton supply and input derived demand functions under the hypothesis that producers face uncertainty about prices. Using our estimation results we simulate the effects on cotton production under four alternative policy scenarios: the ‘Old’ CAP regime (i.e. the policy practiced until 2005), the Mid Term Review regime, a fully decoupled policy regime and a free trade-no policy scenario. Our results indicate that cotton production gradually decreases as more decoupled policies are adopted. Moreover, the fully decoupled payment is found to be non-production neutral since it indirectly affects producers’ decisions through the wealth effect.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Decoupling; Uncertainty; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44184
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Assessing impacts of CAP reform in France and Germany AgEcon
Kupker, Bernd; Huttel, Silke; Kleinhanss, Werner; Offermann, Frank.
The 2003 CAP Reform left EU member states much room for national implementation. The farm group model EU-FARMIS is applied to quantify the effects of the reform and the impacts of the options for national implementation. The analysis is done for France and Germany because their implementation schemes adequately reflect the broad range of options. It is found that cereal and fodder maize production is reduced both in France and Germany. In contrast, the acreage of other arable fodder crops, of set-aside and of non-food crops is expanded. While bull fattening is substantially reduced in both countries, suckler cow production is extended in France due to partial decoupling, but reduced in Germany due to full decoupling. Sectoral income effects measured in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP Reform; Decoupling; Farm group model; FADN; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97189
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Assessing the 2003 CAP Reform: Sensitivity to the Decoupling of Agenda 2000 Direct Payments AgEcon
Gohin, Alexandre.
The European Union decided in June 2003 a new reform of its farm policy with a new step toward the decoupling of farm income support instruments. Available impact studies find that this reform will reduce production incentives, substantially for beef and to a lesser extent for arable crops. All these studies assume that the Agenda 2000 arable crop direct payments are already mostly decoupled while beef premiums are much more linked to production. Our main objective in this paper is to test the sensitivity of these results to this questionable modelling of Agenda 2000 direct payments which neglects eligibility rules and land market imperfections. Our analysis reveals that the negative effects of the reform on both arable crop and beef production are not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; Decoupling; Computable General Equilibrium; European Union.; International Relations/Trade; D57; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18868
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Auswirkungen einer Entkopplung von Ausgleichszahlungen auf den EU-Getreidemarkt AgEcon
Gomann, Horst.
The proposals for reforming the Common Agricultural Policy within the Mid Term Review of the European Commission fueled the discussion about the future of direct payments to farmers. The EU Commission recommends a decoupling of animal and area payments from the production by granting these direct payments as a payment claim per hectare of eligible farm land. However, introducing area tied payments the intended shift of payments “from the produce to the producer” will not take place, but instead an increased transfer of payments to land owners seems likely. This study therefore analyses the impacts of changing the area payments for grand cultures into person-tied payments on the cereals market of the European Union. For the assessment of impacts homogenous...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; EU Cereal Market; Decoupling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98267
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CAP reform and its impact on structural change and productivity growth: A cross country analysis AgEcon
Kazukauskas, Andrius; Newman, Carol F..
The recent reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have exposed the European agricultural sector to a new set of constraints and challenges. The decoupling of direct payments from production is expected to make production decisions more market-oriented as farmers move from mainly subsidy revenue maximization objectives toward profit maximizing behaviour. However, ex-post analyses of the productivity of farms have yet to uncover any evidence of a positive effect of the decoupling policy on farm productivity. Using the Irish, Danish and Dutch farm level data, we identify the extent to which both system and product switching after the introduction of decoupling has occurred and to what extent these changes have contributed to productivity growth in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Semiparametric estimation; Farming; Decoupling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; D24; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61103
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CAP Reform and the Mediterranean EU-Member States AgEcon
Borresch, Rene; Kavallari, Aikaterini; Schmitz, P. Michael.
In the previous years the Mediterranean Member States of the EU came across the Reform of the CAP and especially last year faced the second wave of the Reform for three typical Mediterranean products, namely cotton, olive oil and tobacco. In this paper a partial equilibrium model is used to simulate the impacts of decoupling, as a key point of the decided CAP Reform. The second wave of the Reform appears to be of crucial importance for the southern EU countries and although the producer's income is reduced, there are positive welfare effects.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Partial equilibrium model; CAP reform; Greece; Italy; Spain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; Q17; D59.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24607
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CAP Reform in the Light of the WTO Doha Round Negotiations AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
Our paper focuses on the question: how the measures of June 2003 agreement can help the EU to meet the new WTO commitments. As decoupling of direct payments and WTO classification of the new payments seem to be one of the most important questions from the point of view of WTO negotiations, our analysis focuses mainly on the Single Farm Payment (SFP). We assesses the decoupled nature of the single farm payment (SFP) based on WTO and OECD criteria. We conclude that the SFP meets not only the current WTO (design based) criteria of decoupling, but can also be qualified as effective fully decoupled system using the OECD terminology.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; WTO; Decoupling; International Relations/Trade; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24693
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CAP-reform and the provision of non-commodity outputs in Brandenburg AgEcon
Happe, Kathrin; Damgaard, Martin; Osuch, Amanda; Sattler, Claudia; Zander, Peter; Uthes, Sandra; Schuler, Johannes; Piorr, Annette.
This paper presents an attempt to model the response of selected farms to decoupled direct payments and the associated impact on the provision of a defined set of non-commodity outputs (NCO’s) using a combined modelling approach consisting of the AgriPoliS and MODAM models. AgriPoliS focuses on the socio-economic dimension of multifunctionality at the individual farm and regional levels and explicitly models heterogeneous farms (in size, location and efficiency) within a competitive and dynamic environment. The linear-programming model MODAM allows a detailed representation of production processes and their impact on the environmental dimension of multifunctionality at the farm level. We simulate the impact of a uniform area payment and a fully decoupled...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Multifunctionality; Non-commodity outputs; Modelling; Simulation; Policy analysis; Ecological indicators; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97193
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Consequences of the 2003 CAP Reform on a Mediterranean Agricultural System of Portugal AgEcon
Carvalho, Maria Leonor da Silva; Godinho, Maria de Lurdes Ferro.
Agriculture in dry land Mediterranean areas faces considerable level of production risk as result of the unpredictable weather. Governmental income stabilisation instruments have had a major impact on Mediterranean farms in changing land allocation, and changing income levels and variability. Using a mathematical programming model, the impact of the 2003 CAP reform on land allocation and on income variability is evaluated for a Portuguese Mediterranean farm. The results show an increase of extensification of production activities. They also show an increase in total farm income, a reduction in relative total income variability and an increase in relative production income variability.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy modelling; Decoupling; Mediterranean; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; C61.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24719
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Declining "Common" Agricultural Policy? CAP Reform of 2003 and Its National Implementation in the Member States AgEcon
Halmai, Peter; Elekes, Andrea.
This paper focuses on the basic element of the 2003 CAP reform process: on the single farm payment and its national implementation models. We examine possible economic impacts (production distorting effects, redistribution, restructuring, resource allocation and effects on land market) of the basic SFP models. In sum, we can say that the 2003 CAP reform and the new support provide an opportunity to overcome some of the difficulties the CAP faces with. However, the wide range of national diversities threatens the principle of the single market, and transparency and operation of the common market organizations. As there is a wide range of possible constructions member states can decide for, the common nature of the CAP gets more and more questionable.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Decoupling; Single farm payment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q17; Q18; F13; F15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24480
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Decoupled Payments and the Localization of Activities AgEcon
Daniel, Karine; Kilkenny, Maureen.
This article considers the impacts of (de)coupled farm sector support on the locations of farming and agro-industrial activity. An economic geography model is developed which has two types of regions, one with extensive agricultural production (rural), the other with intensive farming that is more densely populated (urban). The farm and agro-industrial sectors are vertically linked. A service sector that is not directly linked to either basic industry is also explicit. We show that coupled and decoupled subsidies affect the spatial distribution of farming, industry, and service sector activity. Support that is provided to all farmers regardless of crop, thus semi-decoupled, increases spatial agglomeration. Support targeted to farmers of particular crops,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Location; Agriculture; Economic geography; Decoupling; Agricultural Finance; R12; R58; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24942
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Decoupling EU Farm Support: Does the New Single Payment Scheme Fit within the Green Box? AgEcon
Swinbank, Alan; Tranter, Richard B..
Recent reform of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has led to a further decoupling of farm support. The EU believes that the new Single Payment Scheme, which replaces the former system of area and headage payments to farmers, tied to production, will qualify for green-box status in the WTO. We examine this contention, particularly in light of the recent WTO panel report on upland cotton.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Decoupling; EU; Green box; Single Payment Scheme; WTO; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23867
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Decoupling Farm Payments: Experience in the U.S., Canada, and Europe AgEcon
Ogg, Clayton W.; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Commodity payments in Europe and North America are production based, encouraging greater chemical use and cropping area. Thus, each region undermines the other’s price supports at the expense of the environment. Countries can, however, sever the link between yield levels and payments. Allowing farmers to exit agriculture poses challenges for the US, but perhaps not for Canada and the EU.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Liberalizing trade; Environment; Flexibility; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Q15; Q17.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37001
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Deficiency Payments and Market Power: Effects of Imperfect Competition on Welfare Distribution and Decoupling AgEcon
Russo, Carlo.
Despite the increasing importance of market power in the food industry, most policy models assume perfect competition. Ignoring market power may lead economists to make incorrect, or at least misleading, policy recommendations. In this paper I develop a theoretical model in which market power can alter conclusions regarding the welfare effects of a specific policy change: replacing deficiency payments with decoupled payments to farmers, and apply it to the U.S. wheat market and milling industry. The main conclusions of the theoretical model are that, middlemen’s market power may cause i) an increase in public expenditure, ii) an extraction of policy rents from the taxpayers by the middlemen, and iii) a reduction of the social benefit from decoupling...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Deficiency Payments; Market Power; Financial Economics; Q18; L13.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9767
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Do decoupled payments really encourage farmers to work more off farm? A micro-level analysis of incentives and preferences AgEcon
Douarin, Elodie.
According to neo-classical theory, farm operators’ labour allocation is determined by the relative wage they can earn from their labour on and off the farm. At the equilibrium, time should be allocated so that the marginal returns from on- and off-farm work are equal. Thus, a move from coupled to decoupled payments should have important impacts on labour allocation, as it reduces the return to farm labour and increases the unearned income of operators. However, empirical studies on decoupling have shown so far only limited impact from decoupling and sometimes contradictory findings. In this paper, individual preferences and constraints are taken into account to try and identify potential barriers to labour allocation adjustment. Empirical analysis based on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Time allocation; Farm operators; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44024
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Effect of decoupling and agri-environmental policy on biodiversity in the uplands in UK AgEcon
Acs, Szvetlana; Dallimer, Martin; Hanley, Nick; Gaston, Kevin J.; Armsworth, Paul R..
Recent decades have witnessed substantial losses in biodiversity in Europe, principally driven by the ecological changes associated with intensification of agricultural production. These changes especially affected the biodiversity in the marginal areas, such as the uplands in UK, since the habitat change was greater than in lowland zones. Livestock farming is the main land use in these areas, and economic viability of these farmers substantially relies on income coming from agricultural subsidies and different agri-environmental payments. The production decisions are influenced by these incentives and those have a subsequent effect on biodiversity. In order to address the problem of economic viability of farmers together with its impact on biodiversity...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Agri-environmental policy; Ecological-economic model; Biodiversity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51740
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'Effective prices' as a device to analyze the impact of the Agenda 2000 and Mid-Term Review policy reforms on dairy and beef: measurement and simulation results for Germany AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A..
The Agenda 2000 and the Mid-Term Review introduced a complex combination of policy changes for beef and dairy. It is not clear to what extent the package will influence production decisions. This study proposes a simple method for incorporating the effect of direct payments into the analysis of cow herd response. Effective support prices are derived by adjusting the Agenda 2000 reductions in dairy and beef support prices to reflect the compensation given to farmers in terms of direct payments and premiums. Following the Mid-Term Review different assumptions are made with respect to the extent to which these payments are, or are perceived as being coupled to production. The effective prices obtained for Germany are used in a simulation model to assess the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Effective price; Decoupling; Direct payments; Agricultural policy; Agenda 2000; Mid-Term Review; Beef; Dairy; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98076
Registros recuperados: 67
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