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Registros recuperados: 18
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Analyzing Resources for the Production of High-Value Agricultural Products in the California High Desert AgEcon
Phillips, Jon C.; Hays, Lauren.
Urbanization of previously undeveloped land is a critical concern in Southern California. Housing development brings with it several potentially detrimental effects, among which are hardening of the landscape (pavement), diminished water absorption into the soil, and increased harmful runoff into the Pacific Ocean. The High Desert Region of San Bernardino County, California is an area currently experiencing significant development pressure. It is our belief that the development of agricultural production could, to some extent, substitute for residential and commercial development, and that agricultural production is a more sustainable use of the land in this area. This report examines and inventories resources of an unincorporated area near the Cajon Pass...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: High-value agricultural products; Resources; Desert; California; Strategic planning; Sustainable agriculture; Demographics; Direct marketing; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7427
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BEEF, '97, PART IV: CHANGES IN THE U.S. BEEF COW-CALF INDUSTRY, 1993-1997 AgEcon
Dargatz, David.
Section 1 of this report shows demographic changes of the U.S. beef cow-calf industry from a historical perspective from data provided by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and Census of Agriculture. Results of two NAHMS national studies in Section II complete the overview of change in the U.S. beef cow-calf industry during the 5-year period from 1993 to 1997. NAHMS, CHAPA Phase I included data collected from 2,539 cow-calf operations in the 48 continental states via telephone during the fall of 1992. Subsequent data collection was done on operations in 18 states and from producers with five or more beef cows and 50 percent or more of their calf crop born between January 1 and June 30 (spring calving) The 18 states represented 70...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Beef; Cattle; Cow-calf; Demographics; Identification; Economics; Marketing; Weaning; Morbidity; Mortality; Nutrition; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32755
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Chapter 17: DETERMINING FOODBORNE ILLNESS IN THE UNITED STATES: A STEP TOWARD VALUATION AgEcon
Steahr, Thomas E..
This book was originally published by Westview Press, Boulder CO, 1995.
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: Foodborne illness; Demographics; Morbidity; Mortality; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25978
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DAIRY '96, PART II: CHANGES IN THE U.S. DAIRY INDUSTRY: 1991-1996 AgEcon
Ott, Stephen L..
The NAHMS Dairy '96 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's dairy animal population for education and research. This report contains demographic changes of the U.S. and world dairy industry from a historical perspective from data provided by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Census of Agriculture, and Foreign Agriculture Service. Results of two NAHMS national studies overview changes in the U.S. dairy industry in the 5-year period of 1991 to 1996. The 1991 National Dairy Heifer Evaluation Project included herds of 30 or more milk cows and heifer-rearing operations in 28 states representing 83 percent of U.S. milk cows. NAHMS Dairy '96 described dairy production for operations...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Dairy; Cattle; Demographics; Breed; Rolling herd average; Milk; Feed; Weaning; Vaccination; Morbidity; Mortality; Housing; Biosecurity; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32741
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EQUINE '98, PART I: BASELINE REFERENCE OF 1998 EQUINE HEALTH AND MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Garber, Lindsey.
The NAHMS Equine '98 Study was designed to provide both participants and the industry with information on the nation's equine population for education and research. The USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) collaborated with NAHMS to select a statistically valid sample such that inferences can be made for all places with equids and for all equids in the participating states. Included in the study were 28 states that accounted for 78.2 percent of the U.S. horses and ponies and 78.0 percent of farms with horses and ponies. NASS interviewers collected data from 2,904 participants via questionnaire from March 16 through April 10, 1998 for Part I. Inventory data from the 133 participating race tracks were included in this report....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: NAHMS; Equine; Equids; Demographics; Population; Hoof care; Health; EIA; Births; Deaths; Illnesses; Neonatal; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32746
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Factors Affecting Demand for Branded Beef AgEcon
Martinez, Stephen W.; Hanagriff, Roger D.; Lau, Michael H.; Harris, James Michael.
This paper finds that branded fresh beef expenditures increased from 20.8 percent in 1998 to 28.6 percent in 2004 for all fresh beef expenditures. In addition, geographic location, household income, household race, and household size were found to affect the likelihood of branded fresh beef purchases in 2004.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Branded beef; Demographics; Demand; Panel Data; Logit; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34885
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FOOD EXPENDITURES BY U.S. HOUSEHOLDS: LOOKING AHEAD TO 2020 AgEcon
Blisard, Noel; Variyam, Jayachandran N.; Cromartie, John.
By 2020, the effects of demographic changes and income growth will increase per capita spending on food 7.1 percent. Income growth alone, which will effect spending increases of almost 10 percent on away-from-home foods and 3 percent on at-home foods, will raise per capita food spending about 6 percent. Expansion of the Nation's population will drive growth in food demand and, combined with rising incomes and other demographic changes, is projected to boost total U.S. food spending 26.3 percent. On a national level, the slow but steady growth of the population will result in little variation among expenditure growth levels of individual food groups. The largest projected increase is for fruits, up 27.5 percent, while the smallest is for both beef and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Household food expenditures; Income; Demographics; Projections; Consumer Expenditure Survey; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34045
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HOUSEHOLD FOOD SPENDING BY SELECTED DEMOGRAPHICS IN THE 1990s AgEcon
Blisard, Noel; Harris, James Michael.
Average per-person total food expenditures, adjusted for inflation, declined about 7 percent between 1990 and 1998, from $2,189 to $2,037. This decline resulted primarily from the average at-home food expenditures per person declining by about 6 percent and the away-from-home food expenditures declining by about 8 percent. Price-adjusted food spending reflects changes in the real price of food as well as any quantity adjustments made by consumers. However, the national average masks the fact that some population subgroups had significantly higher or lower food expenditures than average. For example, while total food spending declined for all demographic groups except female-headed and Black households, these two demographic groups still had the lowest per...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food expenditures; Food spending; Demographics; Consumer Expenditure Survey; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33610
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Long-term ecological research in the forests of the United States: Key lessons for its application in Chile and around the world RChHN
FRANKLIN,JERRY F; SWANSON,MARK E.
Long-term ecological research addresses questions to which short-term research projects cannot effectively respond because of the temporal scales over which many ecosystem processes operate. In North America, this type of research has yielded important information on key processes and organisms in many forest types, from eastern broadleaf forests to the coniferous forests of the west, and from tropical to boreal latitudes. Long-term ecological research (that conducted at the decade scale or longer) in the forests of North America has included watershed studies, silvicultural trials, establishment of permanent plots to assess forest demographics, and the study of disturbance regimes and predator-prey systems. Instituting such research in forest ecosystems...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Demographics; Long-term ecological research; Multidisciplinary; Watersheds; Wildlife.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2010000100011
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MEASURING THE WELL-BEING OF THE POOR: DEMOGRAPHICS OF LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Blisard, Noel; Harris, James Michael.
The economic well-being of the U.S. population with incomes below 130 percent of the official poverty guideline is of special interest to policymakers and food assistance program administrators. For example, the Food Stamp Program uses gross income below this level as one of several criteria for determining eligibility for program benefits. This study employs alternative welfare measures, including the Sen index, to assess the economic status of the low-income population and to track changes in welfare status over time. In general, welfare measures of households with income no greater than 130 percent of the poverty line improved slightly between 1981 and 1995. The study also assesses which demographic characteristics that describe these low-income...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food stamps; Demographics; Low-income households; Welfare measures; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33582
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Nonmetropolitan Outmigration Counties: Some Are Poor, Many Are Prosperous AgEcon
McGranahan, David A.; Cromartie, John; Wojan, Timothy R..
Population loss through net outmigration is endemic to many rural areas. Over a third of nonmetro counties lost at least 10 percent of their population through net outmigration over 1988-2008. Some of these counties have had very high poverty rates, substantial loss in manufacturing jobs, and high unemployment. Lack of economic opportunity was likely a major factor in their high outmigration. Most high net outmigration counties, however, are relatively prosperous, with low unemployment rates, low high school dropout rates, and average household incomes. For these counties, low population density and less appealing landscapes distinguish them from other nonmetro counties. Both types of outmigration counties stand out on two measures, indicating that...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Migration; Net migration; Rural development; Life-cycle migration; Population growth; Nonmetropolitan; Nonmetro; Rural economy; Metro; Rural America; Census data; Population growth; Demographics; ERS; USDA; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96769
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REGIONAL ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THE WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE IN THE EMSLAND, NORTH GERMANY AgEcon
Bergmann, Holger; Thomson, Kenneth J..
The European Union’s Water Framework Directive (WFD) has “the purpose to protect and preserve water resources across the European Union to ensure future sustainable use” but is likely to add to agricultural land losses, e.g. to infrastructure, industrial estates and housing. While the environmental as well as the micro-economic benefits of the Directive - e.g. for water producers and consumers - are well established, there is a lack of knowledge as to its regional economic effects. Based on a system dynamics approach incorporating an input-output table, a regional model (POEMS) has been developed for the Emsland region in Northern Germany. POEMS has been employed to capture the economic, ecological and social effects of three WFD scenarios which reduce...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Water Framework Directive; System Dynamics; Regional Economic Modelling; Emsland; Demographics; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51637
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Rural America At A Glance, 2008 Edition AgEcon
Kusmin, Lorin D..
Rural America At A Glance, 2008 Edition highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The 2008 edition focuses on employment, poverty, population change, and demographic characteristics of nonmetro areas.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural indicators; Population; Employment; Rural unemployment; Nonmetropolitan; Nonmetro; Rural economy; Metro; Rural America; Census data; Population growth; Employment; Unemployment; Poverty; Demographics; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59019
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Rural America At A Glance, 2009 Edition AgEcon
Kusmin, Lorin D..
Update of an annual series, the 2009 edition of Rural America At A Glance deals with effects of the major recession on rural America. Initially, effects of the recession were mitigated in nonmetro areas by high commodity prices throughout much of 2008, but as the recession deepened, prices fell. Both nonmetro and metro areas experienced rising unemployment as manufacturing and other major employment sectors contracted, and they were similarly affected by the mortgage foreclosure crisis. However, even before the current recession, nonmetro poverty rates had risen in the growth years after the 2001 recession, against the usual trend during a time of economic expansion; the nonmetro poverty rate has exceeded the national poverty rate since 2001. The nonmetro...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural indicators; Population; Housing markets; Employment; Rural unemployment; Nonmetropolitan; Nonmetro; Rural economy; Metro; Rural America; Census data; Population growth; Unemployment; Poverty; Demographics; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59017
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Rural America at a Glance, 2010 Edition AgEcon
Kusmin, Lorin D.; Hertz, Thomas.
Rural America At A Glance, 2010 Edition highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The 2010 edition focuses on the U.S. rural economy, including employment trends, poverty, and demographics.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural indicators; Population; Employment; Rural unemployment; Nonmetropolitan; Nonmetro; Rural economy; Metro; Rural America; Census data; Population growth; Unemployment; Poverty; Demographics; ERS; USDA; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96637
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South Korea Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Gurung, Rajendra Kumar; Pa, Chung; Deng, Hugh.
South Korea is a highly urbanized and industrialized country. Increased urbanization and greater specialization have led to rising incomes, and changes in food production and consumption patterns. Changes in consumption and increased production specialization have also resulted in changes in trading patterns, with South Korea emerging as a leading importer of agri-food products. South Korea places great importance on self-sufficiency in food staples, and achieving income parity between rural and urban households. To attain these goals, considerable support has been provided to its agriculture sector. South Korea's policy support to the agriculture sector ranks among the worlds' highest. Small holdings still persist, entry into the sector is difficult, and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: South Korea; Agricultural policy; Self-sufficiency; Natural resources; Demographics; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52051
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Specification and estimation of heterogeneous risk preference AgEcon
Guan, Zhengfei; Wu, Feng.
In this paper we specify and estimate producers’ risk preference using farm data. We allow heterogeneous risk preference across individuals and propose a specification to model the heterogeneity. We base farmers’ decision making on a utility maximization framework and incorporate both market and production risk in farmers’ decision making. We do not assume any specific utility function or distribution of risk. The empirical application to farm level production data shows that risk preference does vary among individuals; demographic and institutional factors have significant effect on producers’ risk attitude.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk Preference; Heterogeneity; Production Risk; Price Risk; Demographics; Subsidy; GMM; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51804
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The Impact of Demographic and Structural Change on Transport Use AgEcon
Ballingall, John; Steel, Doug.
The 2002 New Zealand Transport Strategy states that in the long run, economic development and transport activity need not be directly related. This implies that a degree of „decoupling‟ is required – that economic development needs to occur without similar growth in transport. Before evaluating the possible impacts of policies that may be introduced to achieve decoupling, it is vital to consider what might happen to the relationship between economic development and transport over the next 50 or 100 years. Two key factors that are likely to impact upon this relationship in the future are demographic change and structural change. This paper suggests that in the absence of any policy change, some decoupling of economic development and transport may take place...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transport; Economic development; Decoupling; Demographics; Energy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97782
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