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Registros recuperados: 31
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A scenario for the conversion of Common Agricultural Policy payments in Spain after the 2011 legislative proposals Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Andrés,Silvia; García,José M; Compés,Raúl.
S. Andrés, J.M. García, and R. Compés. 2013. A scenario for the conversion of Common Agricultural Policy payments in Spain after the 2011 legislative proposals. Cien. Inv. Agr. 40(2):291-306. This paper evaluates the impact of a new model of agricultural policy outlined in legislative proposals issued by the European Commission in October 2011 and estimates its effects on agricultural aid in Spanish Autonomous Communities compared with 2009. Therefore, the OECD agricultural policy-index system was used. To the extent that transversal criteria are applied, which support the transfer of aid between territories, the results suggest that changing the payment assignation model would involve a redistribution of aid towards areas that currently least benefit from...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; CAP post-2013; Direct payments; OECD; Redistribution.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202013000200005
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America's Diverse Family Farms 2007 Edition AgEcon
Hoppe, Robert A.; Banker, David E.; Korb, Penelope J.; O'Donoghue, Erik J.; MacDonald, James M..
American farms encompass a wide range of sizes, ownership structures, and business types, but most farms are still family farms. Family farms account for 98 percent of farms and 85 percent of production. Although most farms are small and own most of the farmland, production has shifted to very large farms. Farms with sales of $1 million or more make up less than 2 percent of all farms, but they account for 48 percent of farm product sales. Most of these million-dollar farms are family farms. Because small-farm households rely on off-farm work for most of their income, general economic policies, such as tax or economic development policy, can be as important to them as traditional farm policy.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Family farms; Farm program payments; Farm production; Farm household income; Commodity payments; Direct payments; Government payments; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Contracting; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59029
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Auswirkungen und alternative Ausgestaltung der Modulation von Direktzahlungen AgEcon
Kleinhanss, Werner.
The system of direct payments in the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is being criticised with respect to the level, unequal distribution and allocation effects on production. Besides the decoupling of direct payments a modulation and a partial transmission to the second pillar of CAP are proposed. Modulation on a voluntary basis was already introduced in Agenda 2000. In its Mid-term Review of the Agenda the Commission proposes an obligatory dynamic modulation scheme including the capping of direct payments beyond a threshold of 300 000 €. Possible impacts of the Commission's proposal are assessed with simulations based on farm accounting data of EU-FADN. Distribution effects between farm sizes and member states are unveiled. Alternate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Midterm-review; Modulation; Farm accounting data network; Direct payments; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98269
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Decoupled Payments and Agricultural Policy Reform in Korea AgEcon
Lim, Song-Soo.
Abolishing a nearly 50-year-old policy for rice price support, Korea adopted a new direct payment program in 2005. Making the transition to decoupled income payments has been governed by the need for operative and effective income safety nets and the WTO disciplines on domestic support. The program aims to deal with over-supply of rice while guarding against the threat of income insecurity. Integrated into a target price mechanism, the fixed and variable payments compensate part of farm income loss arising from adverse market conditions. Besides, the government launched a public stockholding measure to ensure food security. A review of previous studies highlights the fixed payment has no or at most minimal effects on production while the variable payment...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupled payments; Direct payments; Policy reform; Rice; Korea; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9755
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Der biologische Landbau in Österreich – Entwicklungen und Perspektiven AgEcon
Freyer, Bernhard; Eder, Michael; Schneeberger, Walter; Darnhofer, Ika; Kirner, Leopold; Lindenthal, Thomas; Zollitsch, Werner.
Until now, organic farming in Austria saw its largest growth in the period between 1994 and 1998. The following factors all contributed to Austria achieving the highest percentage of organic farms in Europe: the early addition of guidelines for organic crop production and animal husbandry to the Austrian Codex Alimentarius, the government support for organic farms during and after conversion through compensatory payments, favourable market conditions through the entrance of supermarket chains, the establishment of a marketing company, an active policy by the organic associations and the development of advisory services. However, this dynamic development has not persisted in the late nineties. Whether the crises in conventional production will provide...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Production; Economics; Market; Conversion; Direct payments; Prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98995
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Destabilising Farmers’' Revenues by Shifting to Direct Payments? The Case of EU’'s Common Agricultural Policy AgEcon
Hansen, Heiko.
This paper quantifies the effects of EU’'s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on the instability of domestic farmers’ revenues during the period 1986 to 2004. Comparing explicitly the situations with and without policy shows that CAP transfers have lowered the variability of revenues for major commodities through time. The decomposition of agricultural support allows to reveal the impacts of single instruments on instability and indicates that arable area and beef headage payments, introduced in the 1990s, tend to stabilise domestic farmers’ revenues. With market price support, however, farmers’ revenues are more stable.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); Revenue stabilisation; Direct payments; Producer Support Estimate (PSE); Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25731
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Direct payments, crop insurance and the volatility of farm income. Some evidence in France and in Italy AgEcon
Enjolras, Geoffroy; Capitanio, Fabian; Aubert, Magali; Adinolfi, Felice.
Volatility of farm income represents a major challenge for farm management and the design of public policies. This paper measures the extent to which risk management tools, especially direct payments and crop insurance, can significantly reduce crop income volatility in France and in Italy. We use an original dataset of 9,555 farms for the period 2003-2007 drawn up from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) and three different econometric models to explain the volatility of crop income. The results are contrasted between the specialization of the farms and the two countries: Italian farms use management tools (CAP payments and crop insurance) so as to improve their income and to reduce its volatility (crop insurance, inputs). French farms use the same...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Volatility; Direct payments; Insurance; France; Italy; FADN; Risk and Uncertainty; G22; Q14; Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122478
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Distributional effects of direct payments in Switzerland AgEcon
El Benni, Nadja; Mann, Stefan; Lehmann, Bernard.
The switch from market-support to direct payments in Switzerland had impacts on the income distribution among farmers. In this paper, the distributional effect of the switch as a whole and of the different kinds of direct payments are elaborated through a presentation of different decomposed Gini coefficients. Although the income distribution in Swiss Agriculture is still more equal than in most other countries, the Gini coefficient has risen from 0.27 in 1990 to 0.38 in 2009 and is by now strongly dependent on the composition of direct payments. Off-farm income and direct payments decrease, while market income increases income inequality.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income distribution; Direct payments; Gini decomposition; Agricultural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q00; Q18; Q28..
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99368
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DO DIRECT PAYMENTS DISTORT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION? A COUNTY-LEVEL ANALYSIS AgEcon
O'Donoghue, Erik J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct payments; Agricultural production; Farm structure; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60923
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Economic Analysis of Base Acre and Payment Yield Designations Under the 2002 U.S. Farm Act AgEcon
Young, C. Edwin; Skully, David W.; Westcott, Paul C.; Hoffman, Linwood A..
The 2002 Farm Act provided farmland owners the opportunity to update commodity program base acres and payment yields used for calculating selected program benefits. Findings in this report suggest that farmland owners responded to economic incentives in these decisions, selecting those options for designating base acres that resulted in the greatest expected flow of program payments. Decisions of farmland owners in South Dakota, in upland cotton area, and in the Heartland region support the payment-maximization argument. In general, landowners favored maximizing payments over aligning base acres to current or recent plantings. Farmland owners with high-payment base acres, such as rice and cotton, held on to these base acres and, whenever possible, expanded...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Base; 2002 Farm Act; Direct payments; Counter-cyclical payments; Production flexibility contract payments; Base acres; Program yields; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33594
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'Effective prices' as a device to analyze the impact of the Agenda 2000 and Mid-Term Review policy reforms on dairy and beef: measurement and simulation results for Germany AgEcon
Jongeneel, Roelof A..
The Agenda 2000 and the Mid-Term Review introduced a complex combination of policy changes for beef and dairy. It is not clear to what extent the package will influence production decisions. This study proposes a simple method for incorporating the effect of direct payments into the analysis of cow herd response. Effective support prices are derived by adjusting the Agenda 2000 reductions in dairy and beef support prices to reflect the compensation given to farmers in terms of direct payments and premiums. Following the Mid-Term Review different assumptions are made with respect to the extent to which these payments are, or are perceived as being coupled to production. The effective prices obtained for Germany are used in a simulation model to assess the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Effective price; Decoupling; Direct payments; Agricultural policy; Agenda 2000; Mid-Term Review; Beef; Dairy; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98076
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El modelo de ayudas directas en la PAC post-2013: análisis de impactos de escenarios potenciales AgEcon
Blanco, Maria; Garcia-German, Sol; Bardaji, Isabel.
Following their introduction in 1992, direct payments have become one of the main instruments of the Common Agricultural Policy. The aim of this study is to analyse potential scenarios of harmonization of direct payments in the CAP post-2013. In doing so, we use the CAPRI model, which represents the functioning of agricultural markets at the global level and simultaneously models CAP measures at the EU regional level. Results suggest that while a flatter rate of direct payments would have minor impacts on agriculture at the EU level, it would imply substantial redistributive effects, both across regions and Member States.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Direct payments; CAPRI; Agro-economic models; CAP post-2013; Agricultural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; C60; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120199
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Farming on the Edge in Poland. Options for Improving Farm Incomes for the Main Types of Farms after Joining the EU AgEcon
Majewski, Edward; Dalton, Graham E..
The aim of the paper is to examine the financial impacts of introducing the Common Agricultural Policy into the Polish farming sector after the accession to the EU. Aggregated results from farm level modelling using linear programming for 210 farm types representing the variety of Polish farms, and 90% of the agricultural sector are presented. The benefits of the negotiated subsidy arrangements are unequally distributed and only a partial solution to low farm family incomes.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU accession; Polish Agriculture; Direct payments; Typical farms; Farm model.; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24307
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Grundsätzliche Überlegungen zu einer Entkopplung der Direktzahlungen in der EU AgEcon
Breustedt, Gunnar.
This paper analyses theoretically the consequences of decoupling and argues for a wider discussion among agricultural economists and the public. Quantitative work on forecasting the consequences seems to be problematic in general. We ask, if the allocation of land will change that dramatically, in particular, we wonder whether setaside will increase that much as some research and statements argue if direct payments are abolished or decoupled from land use. Taking into account economies of scale that can be realised because of faster change in the farming structure, adapted behaviour of farmers due to dramatic changes in the subsidisation scheme, technological progress, and price changes of factors and products in farmers’ benefit we conclude that most...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Direct payments; Decoupling; Lucas critique; Policy advice; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98355
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How Coupled are Decoupled Farm Payments? A Review of Coupling Mechanisms and the Evidence AgEcon
Bhaskar, Arathi; Beghin, John C..
This survey paper explores the literature on decoupling of farm programs that has emerged in the last 10 years. The paper identifies and assesses the various channels of potential coupling of decoupled farm payments and provides taxonomy of coupling mechanisms found in theoretical and empirical papers. Coupling of decoupled payments is pervasive but effects when measurable are small, with the exception of the impact on land values. The paper points to unresolved issues on potential coupling mechanisms for further research.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Decoupled payments; Farm policy; Agricultural trade policy; Coupling; Direct payments; CCP; PFC; SFP; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7347
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Közös Agrárpolitika 2013 után: kihívások és lehetséges válaszok AgEcon
Popp, Jozsef; Molnar, Andras.
Az ártámogatási mechanizmusokat 1992 óta fokozatosan felváltották a termeléstől független közvetlen kifizetések, amelyek enyhítették a KAP negatív mellékhatásait. A jelenlegi KAP ugyanis kevésbé torzítja az európai és globális agrárpiacokat, mérsékli a fejlődő országok szegény gazdálkodóinak hátrányos helyzetét, sőt a környezetet jobban terhelő termelésre is mérséklően hat. Ennek ellenére a közvetlen kifizetések és vidékfejlesztési támogatások jelenlegi rendszere egyenlőtlen előnyöket nyújt a tagállamok és az egyes gazdák számára, világos jövedelemelosztási, vidékfejlesztési vagy környezetvédelmi célok megvalósítása nélkül. A vidékfejlesztés és környezetvédelem támogatásának megalapozása gyakran hiányos, a végrehajtás pedig nem eléggé hatékony. Ráadásul a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: KAP-reform; Közvetlen támogatások; Vidékfejlesztés; Költségvetési felülvizsgálat; CAP reform; Direct payments; Rural development; Budget review; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99071
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Measuring the Effects of Alternative Support Policy Instruments on Beef Supply AgEcon
Benjamin, Catherine; Piot-Lepetit, Isabelle.
The European Union beef market regulation is largely influenced by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). With the 1992 CAP reform, there was a partial shift by the EU from product price support to a more direct form of income support by way of direct payments. For beef there was a move to direct payments on intermediate products which was essentially a direct payment for the possession of various categories of animals and these were linked to a land resource base. The Agenda 2000 reform consists in a further price decrease associated with an increase in direct payments. The objective of this paper is to assess how the behaviour of beef producers is sensitive to changes in production prices and to changes in premiums. The analysis relies on an analytical...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Beef supply; Dynamic modelling; Expectations; Direct payments; Common Agricultural Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; C61; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24781
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Modellierung der Auswirkungen einer Entkopplung der Direktzahlungen in der EU auf die Flächenallokation und Wiederkäuerproduktion: Eine Analyse unterschiedlicher Modellergebnisse AgEcon
Balkhausen, Oliver; Banse, Martin; Grethe, Harald; Nolte, Stephan.
Decoupling of direct payments can be expected to have complex effects and the net effect on crop and fodder acreage is unclear. A literature review reveals that various simulation models uniformly project a decline of the cereal and silage maize acreage as well as ruminant production in the EU-15 in the course of decoupling of direct payments. In contrast, model results are mixed with respect to the direction of the decoupling effect on oilseed and pasture as well as voluntary set aside area. The model type is not found to have a systematic effect on model results. It is rather the assumptions about the effects of direct payments on production which differ widely and drive model results to a large extent. A model analysis which is based on the partial...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Direct payments; Land allocation; Partial equilibrium agricultural sector models; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97401
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Modulation of Direct Payments: A crossed analysis of incremental schemes AgEcon
Boulanger, Pierre.
The progressive attempt and implementation of direct payment limitations since the 1992 CAP reform has developed a “modulation mechanism” aiming to transfer funds from market support and direct payment schemes (CAP first pillar) towards rural development measures (CAP second pillar). Under the 2007-2013 European financial perspectives, the annual 5% rate of modulation is expected to increase. The paper focuses on the financial impacts of four scenarios together with corresponding political and institutional feasibilities. The paper imposes on itself three sound constraints: (i) expanding modulation should not jeopardise the future in-depth reform of the direct payment regime, (ii) modulation should be compulsory and consistent with rural development...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct payments; Rural development; European budget; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44023
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Polish Agriculture under Different Policy Scenarios: Impacts on Production and Farm Income AgEcon
Majewski, Edward; Hinners-Tobragel, Ludger; Straszewski, Slawomir; Was, Adam.
The aim of the paper is to examine impacts of different rates of direct payments on production structures and farm incomes of Polish family farms after the accession to the EU. Analyses have been made for 2004, the assumed year of accession, with the use of a linear programming farm optimisation model. 15 farm types, further differentiated by soil quality, have been selected for the study. The modelling results show, that depending on the respective policy scenario (i.e. the rate of direct payments) the introduction of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in Poland may cause some shifts in farm production. Under the conditions of Agenda 2000 and with 25 % of direct payments, as proposed by the European Commission, farm incomes would in 2004 approximately...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: EU accession; Polish Agriculture; Direct payments; Typical farms; Farm model; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98273
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