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Registros recuperados: 10
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Analyse et gestion des pêcheries côtières : nécessité d'une nouvelle démarche ? IRD
Durand, J.L.; Farrugio, H.; Lemoine, M..
La pêche artisanale contribue pour la moitié des prises de poissons au Brésil. Cependant, en dépit de son importance, elle n'a pas bénéficié des mêmes crédits et services que ceux accordés à la pêche industrielle par le Programme de Développement de la Pêche lancé en 1967. Les bateaux financés par la pêche capitaliste moderne ont rapidement épuisé les stocks de poissons et crevettes destinés à l'exportation et ont envahi les espaces côtiers traditionnellement utilisés par les communautés de pêcheurs artisanaux, en créant de graves conflits. En même temps, ces communautés souffrent des impacts de la pollution produite par une urbanisation chaotique et par l'implantation de centres industriels importants dans des estuaires et lagune côtières. Cette étude...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; PECHE INDUSTRIELLE; SURPECHE; CONCURRENCE; CONFLIT SOCIAL; FACTEUR ANTHROPIQUE; POLLUTION; SYNTHESE; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36775
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Anthropologie sociale et pêche artisanale : le cas des artisans-pêcheurs de St-Pierre (Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) IRD
Geistdoerfer, A..
The coastal fishermen of St-Pierre have used the same fishing equipment for almost a century (with the exception of boat engines). There are many reasons for the decline in coastal cod fishing - natural, economic and cultural. During the last twenty years cod have almost disappeared from the islands; the various fishing companies (established since 1950) are not interested in the production of small-scale fisheries, nor in the future of coastal fishermen. The politicians and managers, however, continue to predict a prosperous future for the coastal fishing industry. Subsidies are handed out to the fishermen of St-Pierre to persuade them to try long-liners, dredger-boats, etc., but there are many examples of these attempts ending in failure. This destroys...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ECONOMIE DES PECHES; PECHE ARTISANALE; MILIEU INSULAIRE; CRISE ECONOMIQUE; ANTHROPOLOGIE MARITIME; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36778
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Approche historique de l'expansion des pêcheurs ghanéens Fante et Ewe sur le littoral ivoirien IRD
Delaunay, K..
Small-scale marine fisheries in the Côte d'Ivoire are at present in the hands of Ghanaian fishermen (Fante and Ewe tribes), who have a long-established tradition as seafarerers. in order to understand this situation, we have examined the historical processes leading to this Ghanaian "dynamism". Study of the timing of the expansionist movement of Ghanaian fishermen shows that the Fante and Ewe have developed different strategies, which help explain the logic of the phenomena of permanent settlement and technological change. The historical approach leads to a study of social relationships. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE MARITIME; PECHE ARTISANALE; HISTOIRE SOCIALE; EXPANSION; PECHEUR; ETHNIE; TECHNIQUE TRADITIONNELLE; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE; EVOLUTION DES PECHERIES; RELATIONS GHANA COTE D'IVOIRE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36773
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Contresens possibles et nécessaire pluridisciplinarité : l'exemple des ethmaloses de la lagune Ebrié IRD
Laë, Raymond; Albaret, Jean-Jacques; Durand, Jean-René.
In the Ebrié lagoon (Côte d'Ivoire), the violent conflicts opposing "individuals" and "collective" artisanal fishermen in 1982 originated in the collapse of Bonga catches and led to the total ban of purse seines for reasons of overfishing. The results of bio-ecological research, mainly in the fields of reproductive biology and distribution of the species in the lagoon, did not agree with the hypothesis of overfishing, particularly because of the great abundance of Etmalosa in several unexploited sectors of the lagoon. Finally, sociologist emphasized the long-lasting conflict between "individual" autochtonous fishermen and "collective" fishermen (most of them being "foreigners"). The coming together of several scientific disciplines provided a better...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; PECHE LAGUNAIRE; ENGIN PECHE; ZONE DE PECHE; REGLEMENTATION; CONFLIT SOCIAL; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE; RECHERCHE PLURIDISCIPLINAIRE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36781
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Du schéma d'aménagement à ses résultats réels : "l'effet informel" dans l'aménagement des pêches artisanales sénégalaises IRD
Laloë, Francis; Chauveau, Jean-Pierre; Samba, A..
The history of public intervention in the marine fisheries sector in Senegal illustrates the existence of perverse effects, leading especially to a reinforcement of small-scale fisheries while the local industrial fishhery encounters great difficulties in modernising and developing, despite the fact that it receives most public assistance. We call this the "informal effect" in the fishery management system. The difference between the initial development plan and the observed results can be explained by the fact that certain data (concerning especially small-scale fisheries) are more difficult to collect because the permitted analytical categories are not adapted to reality. A simple geometrical interpretation of the problem, base on a statistical modelling...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; POLITIQUE DE DEVELOPPEMENT; DYNAMIQUE DE POPULATION; MODELISATION; PREVISION; AMENAGEMENT DES PECHES; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36812
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La pêche maritime artisanale dans un contexte urbain : l'exemple de Conakry IRD
Lootvoet, Benoît.
Seventy percent of the fish consumed in Guinea is produced by the local small-scale fisheries and more than 60% of the artisanal fishery landings are located in the capital. The Conakry Peninsula has 24 landing sites; this means that workers involved in "informal activities" related to small-scale fisheries are scattered throughout the city. This explains why multidisciplinary studies concerning the social and economic organization of these activities, developed in the Centre de Recherche Halieutique de Boussoura (Conakry), are based on broader research topics including the dynamics of urban settlement and of urban property ownership. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; MILIEU URBAIN; PROGRAMME DE RECHERCHE; PROJET DE DEVELOPPEMENT; GESTION DES PECHES; PECHE INDUSTRIELLE; ORGANISATION SOCIALE; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36802
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Le processus de travail et la transformation capitaliste dans le secteur de la pêche catalane IRD
Alegret, J.L..
The aim of this paper is to show how the Catalan fishery mobilizes and controls its workforce. We stress the mechanisms which are used to reduce the negative effects that the special features of fishing work impose on capitalist processes. We also wish to show how the revival and transformation of the "fishing guilds" and the "catch sharing" system have proved historically and practically to be the best mechanisms for bringing about the slow transformation of the fisheries sector in Catalonia. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; PECHE COTIERE; ORGANISATION SOCIALE; PECHEUR; CONFRERIE; ECONOMIE DES PECHES; SALAIRE; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36804
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Les sciences sociales et la pêche artisanale IRD
Chaussade, J..
The study of the fishing industry has for many years been based on an implicit or explicit preconception, which consisted in thinking of fishing as being the central and most important activity, determining all over activities coming before or after. With the use of several examples, the author shows that this interpretation is incorrect. Small-scale fishing, as with all socio-economic activities, forms part of a complex series of interrelationships (or both spatial and temporal combinations). Its management cannot be reduced simply to management of fish stocks. An overall multidisciplinary approach to the fishery system, taken at different scales, is therefore needed. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; SCIENCES SOCIALES; GEOGRAPHIE HUMAINE; PROBLEMATIQUE; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36809
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L'exploitation des petits pélagiques côtiers au Sénégal : réponse de la recherche à la crise sardinière IRD
Deme, M.; Levenez, Jean-Jacques.
The decline of the semi-industrial purse seine fishery, in contrast to the growth of the small-scale fishery, has led the state authorities and professionals to call upon research to provide the objective reasons for the decline. After an assessment of the fishery, of the legal framework, and the economic aspects, the different levels of competition between the small-scale and semi-industrial fisheries were identified and the potential for cooperation between the two activities were analysed. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; DEVELOPPEMENT; PECHE INDUSTRIELLE; REGRESSION; CRISE ECONOMIQUE; COUT; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE; EVOLUTION DES PECHERIES; PECHE SARDINIERE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36774
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Pêche, clans-pêcheurs et développement en Nouvelle-Calédonie IRD
Leblic, I..
A knowledge of Kanake social organization (the indigenous population of New Caledonia) and the role that fishing clans hold within it, is an indispensableprecondition for understanding the successes and failures of marine development projects, a question of crucial importance for New Caledonia. The magical foundations of technical activities such as fishing laws, hierarchies between clans, the overall scheduling of catches and the distribution of foodstuffs, even today remain the unavoidable framework of any reflection on Kanake society, and even more so of any economic intervention from the outside. This article also enables us to see, on the basis of concrete examples, what are the contrainsts and opportunities of ethnological research in the face of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PECHE ARTISANALE; LAGON; PECHEUR; STRUCTURE SOCIALE; CLAN; ETHNIE; POLITIQUE DE DEVELOPPEMENT; AIDE PUBLIQUE; COOPERATIVE; ETUDE SOCIOECONOMIQUE.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:36783
Registros recuperados: 10
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