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Registros recuperados: 68
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A BÚZA ÉS KUKORICA FEDEZETI TERMÉSÁTLAGÁNAK ALAKULÁSA MAGYARORSZÁGON AgEcon
Hollosy, Zsolt.
Megállapítható, hogy Magyarország Európa kukoricatermelésében jelentős szerepet játszik, annak ellenére is, hogy az 1980-as évek közepétől nem tart lépést a hazai termésátlagok növekedése az EU-15 tagállamának átlagával. A búza jelentősége kisebb, itt a leszakadás az 1990-es évek elején kezdődött. A termésát-lagok jelentősen ingadoznak. A termelés meghatározó régiói: Észak- és Dél-Alföld, Dél-Dunántúl. A fedezeti termésátlag évről évre növekedett. A vizsgált időszakban a búzát a fő régiókban támogatások nélkül is sikerült – jellemzően a 26 AK-nál jobb minőségű földeken – nyereségesen termelni. A búzatermelés egé-szére igaz, hogy a vizsgált területek mindegyikén eredménnyel termelhető, a mel-léktermék költségcsökkentő, valamint a támogatások jövedelemnövelő...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: EU; Régió; Búza; Kukorica; Fedezeti termésátlag; EU; Region; Wheat; Corn; Collateral production average; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57691
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A Conflict of Legitimate Concerns or Pandering to Vested Interests? Conflicting Attitudes Towards the Regulation of Trade in Genetically Modified Goods - The EU and the US AgEcon
Perdikis, Nicholas.
The success of multilateral negotiations in reducing explicit trade barriers has focused the attention of policy makers and other interest groups on the impact domestic policies and attitudes may have on trade flows. In the area of genetically modified goods the principal area of dispute between the U.S. and the EU involves fundamental differences in the perception of these goods and consumer attitudes towards them. The current dispute settlement mechanisms do not provide a way of dealing with this type of issue. Existing bodies were designed to deal with "producer vested" interests and so cannot deal with "legitimate" consumer concerns. The paper concludes that a new body should be established to deal with these within the ambit of the WTO.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conflicts; EU; GMOs; Trade; U.S.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23835
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A Free Trade between Ukraine and the European Union: Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Nekhay, Olexandr; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; Fellmann, Thomas.
The negotiations on a deep and comprehensive free trade agreement (FTA) between Ukraine and the EU are currently in process. Such a FTA can be expected to imply opportunities as well as challenges for agricultural markets. This paper provides a model-based quantitative assessment of the potential impacts of a FTA on agricultural commodity markets in the EU and Ukraine. For the quantitative analysis the dynamic, partial equilibrium model AGLINK-COSIMO has been adapted and applied. The modules for the EU and Ukraine have been extracted from the global model and prepared to run together. Thus, the focus is on the bilateral trade positions and not on the effect on other countries. The simulation of a FTA between the EU and Ukraine was done through the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ukraine; EU; Free Trade Agreement (FTA); Agricultural Markets; AGLINK-COSIMO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114616
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A MEZŐGAZDASÁGI JÖVEDELMEK STABILITÁSA AgEcon
Lamfalusi, Ibolya.
A mezőgazdasági jövedelmek stabilitásának megteremtése mindenkor az ag-rárpolitika fontos törekvése. A mezőgazdaságból élőknek a termelői jövedelem nagysága és alakulása meghatározza a gazdálkodói életszínvonal minőségét. Az EU országok jövedelemstabilitási mutatóival összevetve a magyar mezőgazda-ságét meg¬állapítható, hogy a hazai gazdálkodók helyzete igen kedvezőtlen. Az ágazatban mind a nominális értéken vett jövedelem stabilitása, mind pedig a jövedelem re¬ál¬értéke kedvezőtlenül alakult. A reáljövedelem 1998 és 2005 között egyetlen évben sem érte el az 1998. évi 80%-át, sőt 2003-ban 50%-nál kevesebb volt. A mezőgazdasági termelés jövedelemstabilitását a mezőgazdasági kibocsátás kiegyensúlyozottsága határozza meg alapvetően. A kibocsátás már magában...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Jövedelem; Stabilitás; Instabilitás; EU; Mezőgazdaság; Income; Stability; Instability; EU; Rural economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Production Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57674
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A Risk Assessment Model on Pine Wood Nematode in the EU AgEcon
Soliman, T.; Hengeveld, G.M.; Robinet, C.; Mourits, Monique; van der Werf, Wopke; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M..
Pine wood nematode, B. xylophilus poses a serious threat for the European forest industry. This study applies a quantitative risk assessment to analyze the risk of pine wood nematode in the EU, by estimating the reduction expected within forestry stock available for wood supply and its downstream roundwood market. Spatial analysis is used to join information on climate suitability, host distribution, pest spread and value of assets. Economic impacts are presented spatially on a NUTS-2 scale based on partial budgeting technique and for the EU as a whole based on partial equilibrium modeling. Results highlight the Southern regions of Europe as high risk areas with a total impact on available forestry stock of 19,000 M € after 20 years of an outbreak and no...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk assessment; Pine wood nematode; Economic analysis; EU; Crop Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116010
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A small nation’s comparative advantage: The case of Latvia AgEcon
Fedotovs, Aleksandrs.
Problem of comparative advantage in international trade is important in theoretical and practical aspect. Theoretical models in this area are periodically re-examined in search for empirical evidence. The aim of the paper is to verify the two fundamental theories in the case of a small European country - Latvia - and disclose problems in the country’s trade specialization. In Latvia’s trade with “old” EU countries, the Ricardian model and the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem can be corroborated. After 2000, however, share of EU-15 countries in Latvia’s exports steadily declines. Instead, share of regional (Baltic) market increases, while the potential of CIS markets remains underexploited. Problem of identifying new areas of comparative advantage has become...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Сomparative advantage; Competitive advantage; Wood exports; EU; Economy of Latvia.; International Development; F11; F14.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95940
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Aflatoxin Redux: Does European Aflatoxin Regulation Hurt Groundnut Exporters from Africa? AgEcon
Xiong, Bo; Beghin, John C..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/02/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Standards; Aflatoxin; Maximum Residues Limit; Groundnut; Gravity equation; Africa; Market access; EU; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q17; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61314
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Agricultural Risk Management in the European Union and in the USA AgEcon
Szekely, Csaba; Palinkas, Peter.
Risk management has become increasingly important in virtually all aspects of the economy, including agriculture. Every country that considers agriculture a strategically important economic sector strives for effective risk management in agriculture. In our study American and European Union farmers’ risk management practices were, based on various surveys, compared. In terms of agricultural risk management, major differences between the USA and the EU were evident, and these derive from different farming cultures, differences in historical evolution, and economic philosophy. This study provides an overview regarding the important similarities and dissimilarities.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Risk management; Risk perception; EU; USA; Surveys.; Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49193
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Agricultural trade liberalisation in the Doha Round: impacts on Spain AgEcon
Philippidis, George.
Whilst there is a growing literature of computable general equilibrium (CGE) studies examining the impacts of the current Doha Proposals, estimates for the EU are highly aggregated (i.e., EU15). Employing a detailed baseline scenario and a plausible Doha outcome, we examine the long run costs for the European Union, in particular focusing on Spain. Moreover, we implement recent CAP reforms through explicitly modelling of CAP mechanisms to provide greater credibility in assessing the long run asymmetric budgetary and welfare impacts on EU member states. Our estimates forecast resource substitution effects between Spanish agro-food sectors and resource shifts from agro-food activities into manufacturing and services production. In Spain, the impacts of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Doha Round; Spain; EU; CAP; Computable General Equilibrium.; F1; F13; F17; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28790
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Agriculture and European Union Enlargement AgEcon
Josling, Timothy E.; Kelch, David R.; Liapis, Peter S.; Tangermann, Stefan.
Potential accession of a number of eastern and central European countries into the European Union (EU) seems destined to lead to further reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The financial costs of absorbing these countries may be extreme. This report documents the modeling framework (European Simulation Model, ESIM) used to analyze the 1992 CAP reform and discusses possible effects of EU enlargement.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: CAP reform; European Union; EU; European Union enlargement; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33571
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ALBERTA AND THE EU-27: PAST TRADE RELATIONS AND FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES AgEcon
Emter, Nicholas A.; Mirus, Rolf.
Canada and the EU-27 are negotiating a comprehensive economic partnership agreement against the backdrop of the stalled multilateral negotiations under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The new agreement is expected to stimulate trade, investment, and technology transfer between the two partners. This report provides a review of the last 15 years of Alberta’s experience in exporting goods to the EU-27, with the goal of gaining insights into how freer trade could affect future exports to the region. First, we summarize the state of bilateral economic relations between the prospective partners, relying in part on a study jointly sponsored by the EU and the Government of Canada. The second part focuses on the exports to the EU from Alberta...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Canada; EU; International trade; Trade; Imports; Exports; Commercial services exports; Merchandise exports; Commercial services imports; Merchandise imports; Manufactured goods; Commodities; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60403
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Analyzing of Special Hungarian Micro-Regions from the Point of View of a New Rural Category AgEcon
Ritter, Krisztian.
There is no universally accepted definition of the category of "rural area" in Hungary and this issue is the subject of controversy. The EU or OECD standards cannot be fully applied due to unique national characteristics. As a) the role of agriculture in the national economy has drastically decreased in the last 15 years in Hungary - due to the political transition and globalisation, and as b) this decreasing importance causes heavy and pressing problems, especially in agricultural and ex-agricultural areas and regions, job loss is a characteristic sign of the underprivileged areas, and that affects mainly the villages and rural people who have lost their jobs in the agricultural sector. Main goal of the author's Ph.D. research is an analysis of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural employment; EU; Job loss; Rural area; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q19.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24448
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Are Food Price Differences in EU Member States a Result of the Penn Effect? AgEcon
Fousekis, Panos.
Panel data from 14 EU member states and non parametric techniques are used in this paper to investigate the relationship between food prices and real per capita incomes. The empirical results suggest that the Penn Effect largely holds for Total Food prices but not for the prices of certain among the seven disaggregate food commodities considered. In particular, for Cereals, for Fats and Oils, and for Other food products poorer countries are likely to face prices no lower than those prevailing in richer ones
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Prices; Living Standards; EU; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; C14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58057
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Assessing the Impact of ACP/EU Economic Partnership Agreement on West African Countries AgEcon
Busse, Matthias; Grossmann, Harald.
The European Union is currently negotiating free trade agreements, called Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), with African countries as part of the Cotonou Agreement between the European Union and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. The paper empirically assesses the impact of the EPAs on trade flows and government revenue for 14 West African countries. The results indicate that the decline in import duties due to the preferential tariff elimination might be of some cause for concern and that complementary fiscal and economic policies have to be implemented before or at the time the EPAs come into force.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic Partnership Agreements; EU; ECOWAS; Africa; International Relations/Trade; F15; O24; O55.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26198
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AZ ÁTALAKULÓ MAGYARORSZÁGI TEJGAZDASÁG AgEcon
Konig, Gabor.
Az EU csatlakozással a tejágazatban bár bővült a belföldi piac – nőtt a forgalom és a fogyasztás, amit a növekvő olcsó import fedezett –, a felvásárlás és az értékesítés (bel- és külpiacra egyaránt) csökkent, illetve stagnált. Az import erősödése a hazai cégek belpiaci részesedését mintegy 80%-ra csökkentette, miközben a vállalati koncentráció még intenzívebbé vált a magyar tejágazatban, s a nagyvállalatok tovább erősítették pozíciójukat, míg a kicsik tovább gyengültek. 2005-ben a Parmalat – állami segítséggel – termelői tulajdonba került, ami a vertikális integráció erősödéséhez vezetett. A külföldi tulajdon meghatározó helyzetbe került a tejiparban – 2004-ben 87% volt a részesedése, ami a második legnagyobb az élelmiszeripari alágazatok között –, célja...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tej; Tejipar; Élelmiszeripar; EU; Agrárkereskedelem; Versenyképesség; Milk; Dairy industry; Dairy sector; EU; Agrotrade; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57650
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Az éghajlatváltozás növekvő szerepe a közösségi szakpolitikákban, különös tekintettel a közös agrárpolitikára AgEcon
Baksa, Adrienn.
Az éghajlatváltozás globális hatásainak Európa is kiszolgáltatott. Így megnövekedett annak az igénye, hogy az Európai Unió adaptációs és mitigációs intézkedéseket építsen be szakpolitikáiba. Hosszabb távra azonban összehangolt és megfelelő pénzügyi háttérrel rendelkező EU-s klímastratégia szükséges. A megváltozó éghajlat kulcstényező az európai mezőgazdaság és vidék fejlődésében, ezért a közeljövő Közös Agrárpolitikáját (KAP) már ehhez javasolt igazítani. A fenntartható termelést elősegítik a 2007–2013-as EU-s vidékfejlesztési intézkedések, melyek nagy része a mitigációt is ösztönzi. Ezért az EU további vidékfejlesztési többletforrásokat csoportosított az éghajlatváltozás okozta hatások mérséklésére és az adaptáció növelésére. Véleményem szerint az EU...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Éghajlatváltozás; EU; Klímapolitika; Közös agrárpolitika; Vidékfejlesztés; Climate change; EU; Climate policy; Common Agricultural Policy; Rural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99134
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Az eredetmegjelölés koncepcionális kérdései a Balatoni Borrégióban AgEcon
Brazsil, David; Sidlovits, Diana.
A magyar szőlő-bor ágazat fejlődését alapvetően befolyásolja a Közösségi Borpiaci Reform kapcsán megváltozó új jogi szabályozás, mely három új, egységes borkategóriát vezet be az Európai Unióban. A Balatoni Borrégió termelési szerkezetéből megállapítható, hogy borainak 99%-a földrajzi árujelzőkkel kerül forgalomba. Ezen árujelzők jövőbeli használatához termékleírás elkészítése kötelező. A termékleírás elkészítése felveti a jelenleg használt földrajzi árujelzők régiós elvek szerinti újragondolását. A „Balatoni” kategóriát oltalom alatt álló földrajzi jelzős termékkategóriává alakítva biztosítható lenne a – termelők nagy részének nagyfokú önállósága melletti – régiós borkategória. Erre építve a jelenlegi m.t. minőségi és védett eredetű kategóriákat, szigorú...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Közös borpiaci szabályozás; Borkategóriák; EU; Balatoni Borrégió; Eredetmegjelölés; Common wine market regime; Wine categories; EU; Lake Balaton Wine Region; Designation of origin; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92494
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Az Európai Unió agrárérdekei AgEcon
Udovecz, Gabor.
Az EU tagállamai mindenben különböznek, de azonosak a közösséghez való tartozásban. Az eltérő adottságok, fejlettségi szint, hagyományok, értékek és érdekek közös nevezőre hozása kompromisszumok révén valósul meg. A közelmúltban azonban olyan újabb változások jelentek meg az EU-ban, melyek az agrárszférát, annak érdekeit és megoldásait gyökeresen átrendezhetik. - The EU member states have nothing in common except that they all belong to the community. The reconciliation of diverse conditions, stages of development, traditions, values and interests takes place via compromise. Recently, however, new changes have appeared within the EU, which could fundamentally alter the agricultural sector and its interests and solutions....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: EU; Tagállamok különbözőségei; Támogatások; Eredményesség; Változások; EU; Member states’ diversity; Subsidies; Success; Changes; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57732
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CERTIFICATION ON SUSTAINABILITY IN THE BIOFUEL SECTOR: a case study on Brazilian ethanol AgEcon
Zezza, Annalisa.
This paper tries to identify under which conditions voluntary certification could be an answer to the governance of sustainability at global level. The study addresses the case of biofuel sustainability certification in Brazil and the role of the EU Directive on biofuels. The case study has permitted to identify and analyze some of these factors as the degree of dependence from foreign market, the policy environment, the structure of the supply chain, the benefits and costs associated to certification as well as some unintended consequences. The research has been conducted through a case study in the state of Sao Paolo (Brazil).
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuel; Certification; Brazil; EU; Sustainability; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124112
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Changes in the Hungarian dairy industry after EU accession AgEcon
Konig, Gabor; Major, Anita.
Since EU accession the Hungarian dairy industry’s domestic market has generally expanded as turnover and consumption have both grown, but this has been increasingly due to cheap imports, while the purchase and sale of domestic products has been decreasing or stagnating (both in the domestic and foreign markets). The growth in imports has cut Hungarian corporations domestic market share to 80%. In Hungary corporate concentration has become even more pronounced with large corporations further strengthening their position and smaller ones further shrinking. Moreover, foreign ownership prevails and has the primary aim of meeting domestic demand. Changes in ownership contribute to the strengthening of vertical integration. Still, in the EU corporate...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Dairy industry; Milk; Hungary; EU; Agriculture; Trade; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107654
Registros recuperados: 68
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