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Biotechnology and Planted Forests: Assessment of Potential and Possibilities AgEcon
Sedjo, Roger A..
This paper addresses the potential impact of the introduction and development of biotechnology on planted forests. It includes a description of some recent innovations in forestry including the use of traditional breeding, and also more recent innovations involving biotechnology, including the development of clonal propagation and the use of modern molecular biology techniques. In addition to describing these innovations, the paper undertakes an assessment of their probable impact on future production of the forest industry, on the global timber supply, and on future markets for timber and wood products. The paper offers a description of recent innovations in tree breeding and biotechnology, including a discussion of innovations in agriculture that have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Plantation forests; Genetic modification; Genetic research; Economic benefits; Transgenic; GMO; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q21; Q23; Q16; O32; L73.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10862
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CONSUMERS' WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR FOOD SAFETY: A PATHOGEN SPECIFIC ANALYSIS AgEcon
Mukhopadhaya, Kaushik; Adhikari, Bishwa B.; Mumma, Gerald A.; Teisl, Mario F..
Estimates of the economic benefits of intervention strategies to make food safer from specific pathogens for different durations of protection are not available. We estimated consumers' willingness to pay for a hypothetical vaccine that would deliver a 1-year, 5- years, 10-years, or lifetime protection against Salmonella, E. coli, or Listeria. We used logit and Tobit models to estimate the economic benefits of food safety measures against these major foodborne pathogens. Based on FoodNet 2002 population survey data, consumers were willing to pay for protection against foodborne pathogens. They were willing to pay more for longer protection and for protection against E. coli compared to Salmonella or Listeria. However, they were less willing to pay if...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Food Safety; Economic benefits; Population survey; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20064
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Control of Footrot in Small Ruminants of Nepal AgEcon
McLeod, Ross.
Footrot, a bacterial disease which attacks the feet of sheep and goats causing lameness and high levels of flock mortality, was endemic in the western districts of Nepal. As a result of the collaborative efforts between Nepalese, Australian and British scientists within ACIAR projects AS2/1991/017 and AS2/1996/021, the virulent form of this disease has been eradicated from the livestock industries of the country. The economic benefits stemming from this achievement are described and quantified in this report. Over the 1993–2022 period, ACIAR invested $A1.5 million in research designed to improve the management of footrot in Nepal. Based on levels of disease prevalence reported at the beginning of the projects and a probability of the disease spreading to...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Footrot; Ruminants; Bacterial disease; Nepal; Australia; Livestock; Economic benefits; Net present value; Benefit-cost ratio; Disease eradication; Farm Management; International Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47694
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Distribution of economic benefits from the fisheries of Lake Victoria OceanDocs
Abila, R.O.; Odongkara, K.O.; Onyango, P.O..
The Lake Victoria fishery contributes immensely to the socio-economic development of the riparian states. The East African Community has designated the lake basin as an ‘economic growth zone’, with the potential to develop into a major economic region. The fisheries are vital in creating employment opportunities, mostly rural-based, thereby helping to reduce rural-urban migration. Fish is also a rich source of animal protein for human consumption and provides raw material (fishmeal) for processing animal feeds. The fish industry contributes to GDP and has continued to be an important source of foreign exchange earned from fish exports. Besides, the fish industry contributes to the national and local government revenues through levying of various taxes,...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Fishery economics; Fishery management; Fishery policy; Marketing; Resource management; Socioeconomic aspects; Economic benefits; Trade; Riparian zone; Economic analysis; International policy; Exploitation; Resource development; Freshwater fish; Inland fisheries; Inland water environment; Lake fisheries; Lake fisheries; Fishery management; Marketing; Economic analysis; Resource development; Resource management; Trade; Inland fisheries; Inland water environment; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4159; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24026; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4620; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2469; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_28018; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6524; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7848; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3873; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3875.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2128
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Economic Benefit Evaluation and Application of Northwest Rural Eco-Campus Based on Principal Component Projection Model AgEcon
Wei, Hong-ying; Wang, Lan-ying; Qiu, Yu-qiao.
Financial cost benefit (investment yield, financial net present value, benefit-cost ratio), social and economic benefits (saving rate of medical cost, average household income rate of trained farmers), technical and economic benefits (toilet-flushing water saves, pests and disease reduce rate, fruit or vegetable increase rate, and improve rate of technical skill level), and ecological and economic benefits (saving rate of afforestation cost, reduction of CO2 discharge, reduction of SO2 discharge, soil improvement, fertilizer saving rate) are selected. According to the original survey data of eco-campus economic benefits with 3 different models, Principal Component Projection is used to discuss the calculation method for evaluation index weight of economic...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Rural eco-campus; Economic benefits; Evaluation; Principal Component Projection; China; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93460
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Economic Constraints to the Management of Marine Protected Areas: the Case of Kisite Marine National Park and Mpunguti Marine National Reserve, Kenya OceanDocs
Emerton, L.; Tessema, Y..
This document was produced in response to a growing interest by environment and wildlife agencies in Eastern Africa in addressing issues relating to the financial and economic sustainability of MPAs, and to their increasing recognition that economic and financial measures form important tools in MPA management. This study is intended to document practical lessons learned, and to highlight needs and niches for the use of economic and financial tools for MPA management in the region. The case study was carried out as part of the Pilot Project on Partnerships for the Management of Kisite Marine National Park and Mpunguti Marine National Reserve Complex, implemented by the Kenya Wildlife Service and technical assistance from IUCN - The World Conservation...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Marine parks; Economic benefits.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/788
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ESTIMATING THE VALUE OF BT CORN: A SURVEY AgEcon
Hyde, Jeffrey; Martin, Marshall A.; Preckel, Paul V.; Edwards, C. Richard; Dobbins, Craig L..
This document contains a survey used to gather data for use in estimating the value of Bt corn within a particular region. The survey instrument is provided in an appendix. The body of this paper provides background information regarding the survey and contact information for questions.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bt corn; European corn borer; Southwestern corn borer; Economic benefits; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28661
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EVALUATING TELEMEDICINE IN RURAL SETTINGS: ISSUES AND APPLICATIONS AgEcon
Capalbo, Susan Marie; Heggem, Christine N..
Changes in health care policies, demographics, and technology have presented new opportunities for the delivery of medical care services and information to rural communities. Telemedicine—the use of electronic information and communications technologies to provide and support health care when distances separates the participants—is one technology that has impacted the efficiency of delivery of rural health care services. This paper presents an overview of the telemedicine technologies, government involvement in support of telemedicine, evaluation efforts to date for these technologies, and issues that need to be addressed in designing an economic-based framework to evaluate the net benefits of telemedicine technologies to rural communities and consumers....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural health care; Telemedicine; Averted costs; Economic benefits; Telecommunications technology; R0; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; I1.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29240
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EVALUATING TELEMEDICINE TECHNOLOGIES IN RURAL SETTINGS AgEcon
Capalbo, Susan Marie; Heggem, Christine N..
Changes in health care policies, demographics, and technology have presented new opportunities for the delivery of medical care services and information to rural communities. Telemedicine—the use of electronic information and communications technologies to provide and support health care when distance separates the participants—has significantly impacted the delivery of rural health care services. This paper presents an overview of the telemedicine technologies, government involvement in support of telemedicine, and issues that need to be addressed in designing an economic framework to evaluate the net benefits of telemedicine to rural communities and consumers. Federal and state governments have invested millions of support dollars in the form of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural health care; Telemedicine; Averted costs; Economic benefits; Telecommunications technology; R0; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; I1.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29167
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Evaluation of the agricultural vocational training programmes conducted by the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Farm Science Centres) in Indian Punjab JARTS
Singh, Kuldeep; Krishi Vigyan Kendra , Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; Peshin, Rajinder; Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (SKUAST-Jammu), India; Saini, Surinder Kaur; Department of Extension Education, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
Krishin Vigyan Kendras-KVKs (Farm Science Centres) have been established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 569 districts. The trust areas of KVKs are refinement and demonstration of technologies, and training of farmers and extension functionaries. Imparting vocational trainings in agriculture and allied fields for the rural youth is one of its mandates. The study was undertaken to do a formative and summative (outcome and impact) evaluation of the beekeeping and mushroom growing vocational training programmes in the Indian state of Punjab. One-group pre and post evaluation design was employed for conducting a formative and outcome evaluation. The knowledge tests were administered to 35 beekeeping and 25 mushroom cultivation trainees,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultultural economics Krishin Vigyan Kendra; KVK; Vocational training programmes; Mushroom cultivation; Beekeeping; Formative evaluation; Outcome evaluation; Impact evaluation; Adoption; Economic benefits.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010091334536
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Out of the pot and into the money: Managing the Western Rock Lobster Fishery by ITE's or ITQ's? AgEcon
McLeod, Paul; Lindner, Robert K.; Nicholls, John.
The West Coast Rock Lobster fishery is Australia's most valuable commercial fishery. Around 550 vessels harvest an average of 10,500 tonnes of lobster per annum. The industry has an enviable track record of biological management based on a variety of input controls, although three significant pot reduction interventions have been necessary in recent years. An evaluation of a range of possible future management regimes is reported in this paper. The results were derived from a purpose built bio-economic model three separate biological zones in the fishery using non linear optimization to produce ten year steady state solutions for alternative management options. Management options included the current pot control system, and versions of variable...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rock lobster; Quotas; ITQs; Western Australia; Bioeconomic; Economic benefits; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10403
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Potential Benefits of Bt Brinjal in India — An Economic Assessment AgEcon
Kumar, Sant; Lakshmi Prasanna, P.A.; Wankhade, Shwetal.
The potential economic benefits of Bt brinjal hybrids in terms of yield gain, reduction in insecticide-use, and increase in net returns per hectare have been reported in this study. Results have shown that adoption of Bt brinjal hybrids would provide yield gain of 37 per cent and reduction in total insecticide-use of about 42 per cent over non-Bt hybrids. Other benefits like increase in additional brinjal production (30 thousand tonnes), savings from insecticides (` 47 crore) against Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB), increase in net returns (` 11029/ha), and reduction in price of brinjal output (3%), etc. would be at 15 per cent adoption level. With increased adoption level of 60 per cent of Bt brinjal hybrids would provide, additional production of 119...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GM food crop; Bt brinjal hybrid; Fruit and shoot borer; Economic benefits; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q11; Q16; Q15.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109420
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Pressures and Preferences Affecting Willingness to Apply Beef Manure on Crops in the Colorado High Plains AgEcon
Hoag, Dana L.; Lacy, Michael G.; Davis, Jessica.
Little is known about producers' willingness to use manure. Past studies have focused on substitutability for fertilizers. We surveyed crop producers in a cattle-dense region of the Colorado Plains about whether and why they apply manure, focusing on how pressures (like owning cattle) or preferences (pro and con) affect their adoption. Using logistic regression, findings show that pressure and preference (PS/PF) significantly affect adoption. A producer with high PS/PF was 10 times more likely to use manure than one with low PS/PF. Policy and decision makers can use such findings to inform education and policy aimed at increasing the land application of manure.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Economic benefits; Economic costs; Management; Manure application; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30915
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THE ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING: A REVIEW AND ANALYSIS AgEcon
Weimer, Jon P..
A minimum of $3.6 billion would be saved if breastfeeding were increased from current levels (64 percent in-hospital, 29 percent at 6 months) to those recommended by the U.S. Surgeon General (75 and 50 percent). This figure is likely an underestimation of the total savings because it represents cost savings from the treatment of only three childhood illnesses: otitis media, gastroenteritis, and necrotizing enterocolitis. This report reviews breastfeeding trends and previous studies that assessed the economic benefits of breastfeeding.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Breastfeeding; Economic benefits; Otitis media; Gastroenteritis; Necrotizing enterocolitis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33813
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The role of wetlands in lake ecological functions and sustainable livelihoods in lake environment: A case study on cross border Lake Jipe - Kenya/Tanzania OceanDocs
Ndetei, Robert.
Wetlands are highly productive ecosystems. Their values and functions support other ecosystems and are significant to economic development. They once covered large areas of the world and are now among the rarest and most at-risk ecosystems. They are highly valued for their recreational, educational, scientific, aesthetic, spiritual and cultural values; and form an important component of lakes that provide critical functions influencing lake ecological functions. Despite the important roles in sustaining vibrant lake ecology, supporting economic development and elevating poverty, almost all wetlands in the world are threatened by diverse human induced factors. Lake Jipe striding across the Kenya-Tanzania international boundary is an important ecosystem to...
Tipo: Proceedings Paper Palavras-chave: Ecosystem management; Wetlands; Land use; Man-induced effects; Economic benefits; Resource management; Policies; Environment management; Resource conservation; Inland waters; Water reservoirs; Freshwater lakes.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1492
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ผลประโยชน์ด้านสุขภาพอนามัยของผู้บริโภคในการประกาศมาตรฐานการปนเปื้อนสารอะฟลาทอกซินในถั่วลิสง Thai Agricultural
Thanaporn Athipanyakul; Sanan Jogloy; Weera Pakuthai.
Objective of this study was to assess health economic benefits of published standard of aflatoxin residue in peanut by measuring the cost of illness. Data were carried out from the total number of 99 producers and 100 consumers in the Northeast and the North of Thailand. The results showed that 3.8 persons in 100,000 persons would be at the risk of liver cancer due to consumption of contaminated peanut. The benefit gain of 1,793 to 2,658 million baht per year was estimated in case of the enforcement of new standard. However, other benefits of all stakeholders along supply chain of peanut must be considered for implementation of the policy. The fair comparison of benefits and costs of policy implementation of aflatoxin residue standard must also be taken...
Tipo: Collection Palavras-chave: Peanut; Aflatoxin; Economic benefits; Cost of illness; ถั่วลิสง; อะฟลาทอกซิน; ผลประโยชน์ทางเศรษฐศาสตร์; ต้นทุนความเจ็บป่วย; การปนเปื้อนเชื้อรา.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5106
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