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A HAZAI TEJTERMELŐ TEHENÉSZETEKBEN ALKALMAZOTT TARTÁS- ÉS ÜZEMELTETÉSTECHNOLÓGIÁK ÉRTÉKELÉSE AgEcon
Atkos, Istvan.
Az elvégzett értékelés alátámasztja a szakirodalmakban is olvasható véleményeket, miszerint ma már csak a kényelmes fekhelyű színszerű istállókban, kötetlenül tartott és magas fokon automatizált fejőállásokban fejt állományokkal van esély a versenyképes, fenntartható tejtermelésre, feltételezve természetesen a korszerű fajtát és az igényes takarmányozást. Ennek a tartás-1 és üzemeltetés-technológiai2 korszerűségi követelménynek csak a színszerű istállóban, almozott kötetlen tartás és a színszerű istállókban almozatlan kötetlen tartás tudnak eleget tenni. Közülük az alommentes változat – amellyel elsősorban a prognosztizált klímaváltozás miatt kell foglalkozni – még további vizsgálatokat is kíván. Építési, hőszigetelési, klimatizálási és üzemeltetési...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tartás- és üzemeltetéstechnológiák; Etológia; Ergonómia; Környezetvédelem; Ökonómia maintenance and operation technologies; Ethology; Ergonomics; Environmental protection; Economics; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57712
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Animal models of anxiety: an ethological perspective BJMBR
In the field of anxiety research, animal models are used as screening tools in the search for compounds with therapeutic potential and as simulations for research on mechanisms underlying emotional behaviour. However, a solely pharmacological approach to the validation of such tests has resulted in distinct problems with their applicability to systems other than those involving the benzodiazepine/GABAA receptor complex. In this context, recent developments in our understanding of mammalian defensive behaviour have not only prompted the development of new models but also attempts to refine existing ones. The present review focuses on the application of ethological techniques to one of the most widely used animal models of anxiety, the elevated plus-maze...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Animal models of anxiety; Ethology; Defence; Risk assessment; Plus-maze; Behavioural profiling; Pharmacology.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X1997000300002
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Application of basic concepts in ethology in the feline veterinary medicine MV&Z
Genaro, Gelson.
The study of Ethology has grown in the Veterinary Medicine, and nowadays it can be observed a considerable increase in the number of domestic cats in our society. These points highlight the importance of studying this animal from an ethologic point of view. The professional should alert the owner about the behavioural aspects and thoroughly discuss what to expect from a companion animal, minimizing the possibilities of conflicts among them, which can lead to abandonment. The knowledge of the behavioural characteristics, as well as the development of the animal will help for the prevention of future problems.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Ethology; Behavior; Cat; Feline etologia; Comportamento; Gato; Felino.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.revistamvez-crmvsp.com.br/index.php/recmvz/article/view/5372
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Attack behavior of Podisus rostralis (Heteroptera: pentatomidade) adults on caterpillars of Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: bombycidae). Repositório Alice
LEMOS, W. P.; COLA ZANUNCIO, J.; SERRÃO, J. E..
Estudou-se, em laboratório, o comportamento de ataque de adultos do predador Podisus rostralis (Stäl) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) tendo como presa lagartas de quarto estádio de Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Dez adultos do predador, com 24 horas de idade, foram observados durante duas horas acompanhando-se os seguintes comportamentos de ataque: (1) Predador: localização da presa; observação da presa; toque das presas com as antenas; comportamento de ataque; paralisação da presa; fuga do predador após ataque; finalização do ataque; ataques sucessivos; e (2) Presa: defesa. O predador P. rostralis localizou sua presa antes do ataque, aproximando-se dela através de lentos movimentos circulares. O ataque é, usualmente, realizado na parte posterior da...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Controle biológico; Ethology.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/578082
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Behavior of buffalo heifers reared in shaded and unshaded pastures during the dry season on Marajó Island, Pará, Brazil Animal Sciences
Almeida, Jean Caio Figueiredo de; Joset, Waléria Cristina Lopes; Noronha, Rafaela de Paula Pachêco; Barbosa, Antônio Vinicius Correa; Lourenço Júnior, José de Brito; Silva, Jamile Andréa Rodrigues da.
The objective of this research was to evaluate the behavior of twenty buffalo heifers reared during the dry season on Marajó Island, Pará, Brazil. The animals were distributed into two groups, those with shade (WS) and those without shade (WOS). The experimental day was divided into six shifts: morning (6:00 to 9:55 a.m.), intermediate (10:00 a.m. to 1:55 p.m.), afternoon (2:00 to 5:55 p.m.), evening (6:00 to 9:55 p.m.), night (10:00 p.m. to 1:55 a.m.), and early morning (2:00 to 5:55 a.m.). The WS group was kept in silvipastoral system paddocks, while the WOS group was kept in unshaded paddocks. Climatic data were registered and temperature and humidity index (THI) were calculated. Behavior data such as grazing, rumination, idle time, and other activities...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.04.05.00-4 bioclimatology; Ethology; Heat..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/43088
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Behavior of Saanen dairy goats in an enriched environment Animal Sciences
Gomes, Karina Aurora Rodrigues; Valentim, Jean Kaique; Lemke, Sara Santana Ramos; Dallago, Gabriel Machado; Vargas, Ricardo Cruz; Paiva, Andre Luíz da Costa.
 The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavior of lactating Saanen dairy goats housed with or without the use of environmental enrichment technique. Twelve animals were split into two equal groups and assign to one of two treatments: stall with or without enrichment. Five objects were used to enrich the stalls: plastic PET bottles suspended and freely on the floor (both filled with corn as a visual and auditory stimuli), general cleaning brushes fixed to the wall of the stall, suspended tire, and a tree trunk for climbing. The behavior of the goats was observed during two hours for 10 consecutive days. The behaviors were recorded using focal-animal sampling method, observing each animal during 10-minute period. Descriptive statistics were...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zootecnia caprinocultura bem-estar animal etologia animal welfare; Dairy goat; Environmental enrichment; Ethology; Stereotyping..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/42454
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Comportamento de ovinos da raça Santa Inês, de diferentes pelagens, em pastejo - doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v33i3.9974 Animal Sciences
Santos, Merilene Maria dos; UFRPE; Azevedo, Marcílio de; UFRPE; Costa, Lígia Alexandrina Barros da; UFRPE; Silva Filho, Florisval Protásio da; UFRPE; Modesto, Elisa Cristina; UFRRJ; Lana, Ângela Maria Quintão; UFMG.
O objetivo deste experimento foi avaliar o comportamento de ovinos da raça Santa Inês, de diferentes pelagens em condições de pastejo. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado, com três cores de pelame (branco, castanho e preto), representando os tratamentos e 7 repetições, em um arranjo de parcela subdividida com cor do pelame na parcela e período na sub-parcela. As observações das variáveis analisadas foram realizadas em quatro períodos experimentais, onde cada período conteve três dias de observações comportamentais. Sendo as variáveis analisadas: tempo de pastejo, tempo de ruminação, tempo em ócio, outras atividades e bebendo água. As observações foram realizadas a cada 10 min., das 6 às 17h. Não houve interação significativa (p >...
Tipo: Pesquisa de campo Palavras-chave: 5.04.00.00-2 Adaptação; Clima; Conforto térmico; Etologia 5.04.01.00-9 Adaptation; Climate; Thermal comfort; Ethology.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/9974
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Feeding behavior of F1 Holstein x Zebu lactating cows fed increasing levels of banana peel Animal Sciences
Pimentel, Paulo Roberto Silveira; Rocha Júnior, Vicente Ribeiro; Melo, Marco Túlio Parrela de; Ramos, Joyce Cipriana Pacheco; Cardoso, Lucas Gabriel; Silva, Jéssica Jordane Pereira.
This study evaluated the feeding behavior of F1 Holstein x Zebu cows fed increasing levels of banana peel. Diets contained 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60% replacement of sorghum silage with banana peel. The experimental design was two 5x5 Latin squares. Cows were subjected to visual observation after adaptation of each trial period. The times spent in feeding (4.13 to 5.58 hours day-1) and in idle (10 to 12.53 hours day-1) presented quadratic effect. The time spent ruminating, number and duration of rumination periods, chews per cud, and numbers of cuds per day were not affected by treatments. The total chewing time showed a quadratic effect, with peak at 18.58% replacement. The banana peel levels did not affect consumption, rumination and chewing neutral detergent...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Zootecnia/Produção Animal banana plantations; Co-product; Ethology; Animal nutrition..
Ano: 2016 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/32266
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Feeding behavior of goat kids fed diets containing peach palm meal Animal Sciences
Pereira, Taiala Cristina de jesus; Ribeiro, Leandro Sampaio Oliveira; Pereira, Mara Lúcia Albuquerque; Pires, Aureliano José Vieira; Carvalho, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de; Pereira, César Augusto Ramos.
The aim in this study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of goat kids fed diets containing peach palm meal replacing corn (0, 10, 40, 60, and 85 % on a dry matter basis). Thirty crossbred Boer kids, with 90 days old and initial body weight of 16.7 ± 3.5 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with six replicates. Diets were daily supplied ad libitum to allow 10-20 % leftovers. Three collections were performed every 28 days. Diets were isoenergetics and isonitrogenous, composed of corn, soybean meal, peach palm meal, mineral supplement and Tifton 85 hay, with roughage: concentrate ratio of 30:70. There was a linear reduction in the intakes of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) with a respective decrease of 35.7 % and 58.8 %...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Boer; Feed; Feeding rate; Ethology; Idle; Rumination..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/47088
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Feeding behavior of sheep fed sugarcane silage enriched with detoxified castor bean meal Animal Sciences
Oliveira, Aline Carsoso; Garcia, Rasmo; Almeida, Vitor Visintin Silva de; Oliveira, Hellenn Cardoso; Silva, Robério Rodrigues; Lima Júnior, Dorgival Morais de.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feeding behavior of sheep fed sugarcane silage enriched with increasing levels of detoxified castor bean meal. Twenty-four non-castrated male Santa Inês sheep with an average body weight of 25.34 kg and four months of age, were distributed in four treatments - 0, 7, 14 and 21% of the natural matter of detoxified castor bean meal in sugarcane silage. There was a linear increase (p < 0.05) in time spent eating and feeding and rumination efficiency (g MS and NDF/h) with the inclusion of castor bean meal in silage. However, there was a linear decreasing response for time spent resting (p < 0.05). Time spent ruminating, number of boluses per day and numbers of chews per day per bolus were not affected (p >...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Rumination; Intake; Ethology; Feeding efficiency; Rumination efficiency; Chewing..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/43848
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Heterogeneous genetic cows of three genetic groups in feedlot system in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil - 10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i1.11306 Animal Sciences
Borges, Christiano Raphael de Albuquerque; UFRPE; Azevedo, Marcílio de; UFRPE; Lima, Ivalda de Albuquerque; UFRPE; Brasil, Lúcia Helena de Albuquerque; UFRPE; Ferreira, Marcelo de Andrade; UFRPE.
The behavior of 15 Girolando cows from three genetic groups (1/2, 5/8 and 3/4 HG) in feedlots was evaluated. Experimental design was completely randomized with 3 treatment (genetic groups) and 5 replicates. The animals were evaluated by the variables: food, rumination, rest, locomotion, water intake, demand and time in the shade, and other activities. Group 5/8 HG spent more time feeding (267.88 min.) than groups 3/4 HG (245.55 min.) and 1/2 HG (259.55 min.). Idle standing time was higher (204.66 min.) for 3/4 HG when compared to the other groups. There was no statistical difference for the duration of rest in the shade. Solar radiation and THI were the factors which most influenced the animals’ behavior. Results show that the genetic groups 5/8 and 3/4 HG...
Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Stress; Ethology.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/11306
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Ingestive behavior of steers on pastures of Brachiaria brizantha and Cynodon dactylon Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Zanine,Anderson de M; Vieira,Bruno R; Ferreira,Daniele de J; Vieira,Antônio J. M; Silveira,Márcia C. T. da; Siva,Wilton L. da; Cecon,Paulo R.
An experiment was carried out to assess the performance of steers on Brachiaria brizantha and Cynodon dactylon cv. Coast cross pastures by the continuous stocking method with a variable stocking rate. A completely randomized experimental design was used with two pastures representing the treatments, each containing 10 replicates. The results of t-tests demonstrated that the steers grazed for less time (7:19 h) on the B. brizantha grass pasture than the on Coast-cross grass pasture (8:13 h). There was no difference in rumination time from 6:46 and 6:89 h for the B. brizantha and Coast-cross pastures, respectively. There was a significant difference for the values regarding the time that the steers remained idle, and the animals were more frequently idle on...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cattle; Ethology; Grazing; Idleness.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202016000200012
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INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CALVES OF AMAZONIAN MANATEES IN PERU: A STUDY CASE Acta biol.Colomb.
ARÉVALO-SANDI,Alexander Roldán; CASTELBLANCO-MARTÍNEZ,Delma Nataly.
Trichechus inunguis is an endemic species of the Amazon, which inhabits mainly in lakes and calm rivers. The objective of this study case was to describe the social behaviour of two female-orphaned calves, of T. inunguis in captivity. They were kept in the same pool at the facilities of the Amazon Rescue Center (ARC, Iquitos, Peruvian Amazon). Between February and October 2011, the individuals were observed during day and night times, completing 352 hours of observation. Through ad libitum observation of the individuals, we developed a catalogue of social behaviors that includes descriptions of 93 behaviours, classified in eight behavioural categories. The frequency of behaviours was assessed by instantaneous sampling (for states) and continuous recording...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Endangered species; Ethology; Social behaviour; Trichechus inunguis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-548X2016000200004
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L'activite de deplacement et le reperage de la nourriture chez le bar juvenile captif ArchiMer
Anthouard, M; Paris, J.
Movement activity and localization of food were studied dynamically with the objective of establishing the capacities of behavioral adaptation of the young Dicentrarchus labrax faced with a novel situation. The role played by previous rearing conditions was demonstrated, the level of stimulation being a sensitive intervening factor (currents associated with the food). The data show the favourable effects of such treatment, and are in agreement with work carried out on higher vertebrates, which have brought to light the importance of early stimulation in behavioral ontogeny which respect to emotionality as well as capacities of adaptation in subjects reaching adulthood.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dicentrarchus labrax; Serranidae; Pisces; Juveniles; Stimuli; Locating; Locomotion; Fish culture; Nutrition; Ethology.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1253.pdf
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Patagonichnus: a new trace fossil from the Miocene of Patagonia. A probable fodinichnion of gregarious polychaetes Ameghiniana
Olivero,Eduardo B.; López Cabrera,María I..
Miocene tidal deposits from Las Grutas, Patagonia, Argentina, superbly preserve cylindrically laminated burrow systems including Asterosoma radiciforme von Otto and three compound ichnospecies of the newly proposed ichnogenus Patagonichnus ; P. calyciformis n. isp.; P. stratiformis n. isp.; and P . thalassiformis n. isp. Together with large, palmate burrows, probably produced by crustacean decapods, they are elite trace fossils. The Patagonichnus burrow systems consist of many distinctive concentrically laminated elementary components including: horizontal and vertical, conical and helicoidal bulbs and swellings; vertical shafts; straight and paired branches; and cone-in-cone structures. Hollow, branched, straight or helicoidal inner lined tubes connect...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Trace fossils; Patagonichnus; Asterosoma; Miocene; Patagonia; Ethology; Polychaetes.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0002-70142005000200002
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Sur l'utilisation des criteres comportementaux pour determiner l'etat de sante et l'evolution probable des elevages de poissons marins. 1: Cas des prelarves et des larves de Diplodus sargus, Sparus aurata, Puntazzo puntazzo, Lithognatus mormyrus ArchiMer
Kentouri, M; Divanach, P.
In aquaculture and particularly during fish larval rearing when the time between moment of stress application and the non-return point acquisition is very limited, criteria which may provide health state and stock evolution are of great importance. Now, in stress responce chronology, the specific behavioral scheme modification is first noted. This early identification, associated with initial conditions restoration, generaly do not involve after effects. Ethological knowledge beeing the basis of this for-casting strategy, the authors define in this study a simplified behavioral scheme of four sparid larval species in a range of physiological conditions.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lithognathus mormyrus; Puntazzo puntazzo; Sparus aurata; Diplodus sargus; Sparidae; Pisces; Prediction; Biological stress; Ethology; Fish larvae; Pathology.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1255.pdf
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Temporal partitioning of diurnal behavioural patterns of Coris julis and Diplodus vulgaris (Actinopterygii: Perciformes) in Mediterranean coralligenous habitats. ArchiMer
Witkowski, Fanny; Vion, Aurelie; Bouchoucha, Marc.
Background. There is need for more information on behavioural rhythms of fishes in relation to their habitat use in few or not previously monitored areas, such as coralligenous habitats. Some studies have compiled inventories of observable fish species in this habitat, but no studies have been performed on the temporal patterning of fish behaviour, especially at the scale of the day. The presently reported study aims at providing knowledge on finescale fluctuations of abundances and behaviour of two fish species in coralligenous habitats throughout the diurnal period. Materials and methods. Fish fauna was filmed hourly, for several days, from dusk to dawn, with autonomous, programmable, and rotating video systems. Diurnal variations in abundances per...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Activity rhythms; Ethology; Fish; Bioherm; Underwater video.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00359/47038/46944.pdf
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