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Registros recuperados: 44
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A Demand System Analysis of the U.S. Trout Market AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Hilbun, Brian M..
The objective of this study is to analyze how imported trout affects the domestic U.S. trout industry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trout; Demand System; Import; International Relations/Trade; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56414
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A Dynamic Bioeconomic Model of Ivory Trade: Details and Extended Results AgEcon
van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Trade in ivory is banned under CITES in an effort to protect the African elephant. The trade ban is supported by some range states, most notably Kenya, because they see the ban as an effective means for protecting a ‘flagship’ species, one that attracts tourists and foreign aid. It is opposed by some states, mainly in southern Africa, because their elephant populations are exceeding the capacity of local ecosystems with culling and other sources have resulted in the accumulation of large stocks of ivory. They argue that ivory trade will benefit elephant populations. The question of whether an ivory trade ban will protect elephant populations is addressed in this paper using a dynamic partial-equilibrium model that consists of four ivory exporting regions...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economics of elephant conservation; Economics of ivory trade; Trade bans; Cartels and quota; International Relations/Trade; F10; O55; Q26; Q27.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37030
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An Econometric Model of CGE Simulations AgEcon
Hess, Sebastian.
CGE models are widely used tools for economic assessments of trade policy changes. However, overall confidence in their results tends to be low. We employ the methodological framework of meta-analysis in order to approach a quantitative comparison of CGE-based simulation results. Therefore, we compile a dataset of twelve recent Doha simulations and fit a linear regression model that explains the variance between simulation results on the regional level as a function of various modeling characteristics. The estimates are broadly in range with documented qualitative knowledge about modeling assumptions. The size of the sample limits general conclusions; however, an ongoing research project will extend the approach to a larger sample.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CGE; Systematic review; Doha round; Evaluation; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C20; C68; D58; F10; C99.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24713
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An Empirical Investigation of Interproduct Relationships Between Domestic and Imported Seafood in the U.S. AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This study seeks to identify interproduct relationships between domestic catfish and a representative selection of imported seafood. In doing so, this study uses multivariate cointegration and structural analyses. Multivariate cointegration analysis suggests that six imported seafood product groupings form a common market with domestic catfish. Structural analysis reveals that 1) domestic and imported catfish are net and gross quantity substitutes; 2) domestic catfish and imported seafood are normal goods; 3) six imported seafood products are identified as gross quantity substitutes for domestic catfish; and 4) according to the derived Allais coefficients, interaction intensities of imported seafood for domestic catfish (from greatest to least) are as...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Catfish; Multivariate cointegration; Quantity substitutability; Seafood imports; Structural analysis; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D12; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100516
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Autocracies and Development in a Global Economy: A Tale of Two Elites AgEcon
Akerman, Anders; Larsson, Anna; Naghavi, Alireza.
Current version uploaded April 2013.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Development; Economic Institutions; Political Institutions; Trade; Capital Mobility; Capital Accumulation; Comparative Advantage; Capital Mobility; F10; F20; P14; P16; O10; O24.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115848
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Do Trade Agreements Reduce the Volatility of Agricultural Distortions? AgEcon
Cadot, Olivier; Olarreaga, Marcelo; Tschopp, Jeanne.
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the extend to which trade agreements affect agricultural trade policy volatility. Using a new panel database compiled as part of the World Bank's Agricultural Distortions research project, we estimate the effect of regionalism (proxied in various ways) on the volatility of price distortions measured by the absolute value of their first differences, averaged, for each country and year, over all agricultural goods. Using an instrumental-variable approach to correct for the endogeneity of regional trade agreements, (RTAs), we find that participation in RTAs has a significantly negative effect on agricultural trade-policy volatility. We find that the WTO's agricultural agreement also contributed to reducing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural protection; Volatility; Credibility; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18; F10.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50303
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Does the WTO Increase Trade? The Case of U.S. Cocoa Imports from WTO-Member Producing Countries AgEcon
Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman; Shaik, Saleem; Wozniak, Shawn J.; Allen, Albert J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/08/2010.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity models; Exports; Market liberalization; Cocoa; Fixed Effects; Random Effects and Pooled Models; International Relations/Trade; F10; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61647
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Effects of Price and Quality Differences in Source Differentiated Beef on Market Demand AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
In order to estimate demand elasticities of source differentiated beef in South Korea, this study used the quantity of an endogenous demand system derived through maximizing the economic welfare of market participants including local beef consumers and local and foreign beef suppliers. The demand system is then weighted with respect to quality adjustment parameters to identify the effects of quality differences in source differentiated beef on market demand. As implied by the high relative price of locally produced ‘‘Hanwoo’’ beef, substitutability between local and imported beef is shown to be very weak and the own price elasticity of South Korean beef is shown to be inelastic. Related to quality differences between source differentiated beef, South...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Beef; Quality complement; Quality difference; Quality substitute; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48752
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EFFECTS OF TRADE BARRIERS ON U.S. APPLE EXPORTS AgEcon
Sreedharan, Prasanna; Devadoss, Stephen; Stodick, Leroy; Wahl, Thomas I..
We build a spatial equilibrium trade model for apples using demand and supply relations for each importing and exporting country. The model maximizes welfare subject to demand and production constraints. A trade barrier (free trade) scenario which incorporates (removes) import quotas and tariffs is run. Comparison of the solutions of the two scenarios quantifies the impacts of trade barriers on US apple exports.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Apples; Spatial equilibrium model; Trade barriers; International Relations/Trade; F10.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22172
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Exchange Rates, Foreign Income and U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Shane, Mathew; Somwaru, Agapi.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exchange rates; U.S. agricultural trade; U.S. agricultural commodity exports; U.S. agricultural export prices; Foreign income; International Relations/Trade; F10; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12975
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Exchange Rates, Foreign Income, and U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Shane, Mathew; Roe, Terry L.; Somwaru, Agapi.
This paper focuses on estimating the effects of trade partner income and real trade-weighted exchange rates on US agricultural exports. For the period 1970-2003, a one percent annual increase in trade partners’ income is found to increase total agricultural exports by about 1.6 percent while a one percent appreciation of the dollar relative to trade partner trade-weighted currencies decreases total agricultural exports by about 0.8 percent. We find these effects also carry over to 12 commodity subcategories, although the effects are conditioned by differences between bulk and high value commodities, and differences in the export demand from high compared to low income countries. We also find that the negative effect of exchange rate appreciation on exports...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Exchange rates; U.S. agricultural trade; U.S. agricultural commodity exports; U.S. agricultural export prices; Foreign income; International Relations/Trade; F10; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6686
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Export Intensity and Plant Characteristics: What Can We Learn from Quantile Regression? AgEcon
Wagner, Joachim.
Using quantile regression and a rich cross section data set for German manufacturing plants this paper documents that the impact of plant characteristics on export activities varies along the conditional size distribution of the export/sales ratio.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Quantile regression; Heterogeneous firms; International Relations/Trade; F10; D21; L60.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26390
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Firms’ International Status and Heterogeneity in Performance: Evidence From Italy AgEcon
Casaburi, Lorenzo; Gattai, Valeria; Minerva, G. Alfredo.
This paper revisits the empirical evidence about the link between firms’ performance and their international status, based on a large sample of Italian enterprises. To this purpose, we merged two waves of the Capitalia survey (1998-2000, and 2001-2003) retrieving firm level data for roughly 7,000 units. Three results stand out from our empirical exercise. First, firms that engage in the foreign production of final goods, in addition to export activities, are more productive than firms that only export abroad. Second, firms that engage in final goods off-shoring are more productive than firms that engage in inputs off-shoring. Third, in terms of the productivity dynamics over the period 1998-2003, exporters’ performance in Italy was not any better than the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Export; Heterogeneous Firms; Italy; Off-shoring; Productivity; International Relations/Trade; Productivity Analysis; F10; F20; L10; L20; L60.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6360
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Global Coffee Import Demand in a New Era: Implications for Developing Countries AgEcon
Feleke, Shiferaw T.; Walters, Lurleen M..
With coffee prices at their lowest in a century, producing countries, which are mostly developing countries, are facing the worst crisis in history. The International Coffee Organization (ICO) acknowledges that poverty and unemployment are growing so rapidly that the consequences would be dire if nothing is done to halt the decline. This study draws welfare implications for producing countries based on import demand analysis for coffee in the three largest importers – the United States, European Union, and Japan. A differential production approach is employed. Results imply that coffee-producing countries will continue to be worse off with the expansion of exports. Hence, we suggest that they attempt new marketing strategies that include consistent...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coffee; Import; Marketing strategies; International Relations/Trade; F10; F11; Q10.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50274
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Gravity Approach for Exploring Baltic Sea Regional Integration in the Field of International Trade AgEcon
Paas, Tiiu.
The paper is inviting a reader to think to what extent we can use the knowledge resulting from laws of nature for exploring economic processes. In order to look for the answers on this question, the paper is going to explore international trade flows between the Baltic Sea region countries using a gravity approach. Attention is paid to analyzing forces that attract foreign trade flows and to exploring the influence of distance as an indicator that expresses both transportation costs and cultural proximity of the countries. The results of modeling support the statement that the size of economy has statistically significant and positive influence on the bilateral trade relations of the region. The influence of economic development level that is expressed by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International trade; Gravity models; Baltic Sea region; International Relations/Trade; F10; C10.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26379
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Handels- und Finanz- architektur im Umbruch: Globale Integration und die institutionelle Arbeitsteilung von IWF, Weltbank und WTO AgEcon
Hefeker, Carsten.
Das Papier untersucht die Rolle von IWF, Weltbank und WTO und ihre Arbeitsteilung. Ich diskutiere die Gründe für ihre Existenz und ihre ursprünglichen Aufgaben und frage, inwieweit es ihnen gelungen ist, sich den veränderten Bedingungen und ihren neuen Aufgaben anzupassen. Politisch-ökonomische Überlegungen demonstrieren, dass die Organisationen ihren Eigennutz maximieren, andererseits aber auch als Instrument der Mitgliedsländer missbraucht werden. Dies erklärt, warum die Organisationen nicht immer erfolgreich gewesen sind. Mögliche Vorschläge für eine Reform warden diskutiert.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Internationale Organisationen; Bürokratietheorie; Handels- und Finanzarchitektur.; Financial Economics; D7; F0; F10; F3.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26158
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Have Recent Increases in International Cereal Prices Been Transmitted to Domestic Economies? The Experience in Seven Large Asian Countries AgEcon
Dawe, David.
International cereal prices (in US dollar terms) have been increasing since 2003, but it is domestic prices that affect food consumption and production. This paper analyzes, for seven large Asian countries, the extent to which domestic prices have increased since 2003 and presents several conclusions. First, the data show that the increases in world cereal prices have been accompanied by a real depreciation of the US dollar. For many countries (but not all), this depreciation has neutralized a substantial proportion of the increase in world prices. Second, domestic commodity specific policies in several of these Asian countries have further stabilized domestic prices relative to the change in world prices. This has been especially true for rice, the main...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Asia; Price transmission; Rice; Cereals; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; F10; Q10.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37087
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How Cool is C.O.O.L.? AgEcon
Dinopoulos, Elias; Livanis, Grigorios T.; West, Carol Taylor.
This paper develops a partial equilibrium model of a small open-economy producing and trading an unsafe product that is supplied by perfectly competitive producers. The presence of product safety considerations, in this case risks to health, introduces a wedge between the market prices producers receive and the higher risk-adjusted prices consumers respond to. The size of the wedge depends positively on the per-unit cost of illness and the proportion of unsafe units embodied in the parent risky product. The model is used to analyze the welfare effects of trade with and without a country-of-origin labeling (COOL) program. Assuming imports are less safe than domestic production, the welfare gains from trade in the absence of COOL are ambiguous and may...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Country-of-origin labeling; Protection; Product safety; Welfare; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; F10; F13; L15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15658
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Incentive Design to Enhance the Reach of Weight Loss Program AgEcon
You, Wen; Hashemi, Ali; Boyle, Kevin J.; Parmeter, Christopher F.; Kanninen, Barbara; Estabrooks, Paul A..
This study employed stated-preference methods to elicit individuals’ program participation preference towards different financial incentive attributes. The results of this study show promise for the use of carefully designed incentive programs to raise participation in weight loss programs. Results show that a fungible payment form is important for the incentive to be effective in reach (i.e., cash and grocery gift-cards are preferred over gym passes and waivers of insurance co-payments). Furthermore, immediate payment is preferred over delayed payment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial Incentives; Program Reach; Random Parameter Logit; Health Economics and Policy; F10; F13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103669
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Increased Cocoa Bean Exports under Trade Liberalization: A Gravity Model Approach AgEcon
Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman; Shaik, Saleem; Wozniak, Shawn J.; Allen, Albert J..
Gravity models were developed to estimate the potential bilateral exports of cocoa under trade liberalization by the sixteen major cocoa producing countries to the US using panel data from 1989 to 2003. The results indicate that differences between resource endowment, relative size of economies, and the sum of bilateral GDP of U.S. and exporting countries are the major determinants. Thus, as trade is liberalized, farmers share of the world price of cocoa increases and this raises exports.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity models; Bilateral exports; Market liberalization; Cocoa; Fixed Effects Model; Random Effects Model; Pooled O.L.S.; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; F10; F13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6819
Registros recuperados: 44
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