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A brief review of nutritional studies for Penaeus monodon ArchiMer
Liao, I; Liu, F.
In order to develop effective formulated for Penaeus monodon , sufficient information is needed on its nutritional requirements. Unfortunately, research on this area has been very limited. This paper outlines the results of such research. Since data on the nutritional requirements of P. japonicus are relatively well established, some of these data are also reviewed in this paper and are used as a basis for assessing the nutritional requirements of P. monodon . Protein, lipid, carbohydrate, mineral and vitamin requirements are evaluated from the parameters of growth survival and feed efficiency. Studies on the effects of enzymes and the development of microparticulate diet for larvae are also summarized.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus monodon; Pond culture; Shrimp culture; Amino acids; Fatty acids; Marine crustaceans; Diets; Enzymes; Feed efficiency; Survival; Growth; Vitamins; Carbohydrates; Lipids; Proteins.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/acte-1471.pdf
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A comparison of the trophic ecology of Beaufort Sea Gadidae using fatty acids and stable isotopes ArchiMer
Brewster, J. D.; Giraldo, Carolina; Choy, E. S.; Macphee, S. A.; Hoover, C.; Lynn, B.; Mcnicholl, D. G.; Majewski, A.; Rosenberg, B.; Power, M.; Reist, J. D.; Loseto, L. L..
Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) is one of the most studied Arctic marine fishes given its circumpolar distribution and centralised role in the Arctic marine food web. In contrast, relatively little is known about two other Arctic Gadidae: saffron cod (Eleginus gracilis) and Greenland cod (Gadus ogac). Climate change is expected to have an effect on sea ice-associated species, such as polar cod, but due to our lack of knowledge of other arctic gadid species it remains unclear how climate change will impact them and their interactions within the arctic marine ecosystem. Here, we explored the ecology of three Arctic Gadidae that co-occur in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Stable isotope (SI) (niche overlap) and fatty acid (FA) (correspondence analysis and linear...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Niche overlap; Fatty acids; Stable isotopes; Beaufort Sea; Cod.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00397/50797/54141.pdf
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Adaptations biochimiques intestinales chez la truite: Influence de l'aliment et de la salinite sur quelques proprietes membranaires ArchiMer
Leray, C.
The authors report the results of physiological and biochemical experiments which confirm the important role player by fish (Salmo gairdneri ) intestinal mucosa in their osmoregulatory process. The ability of the dietary lipids to modulate this function is described. It was demonstrated that the ionic apical permeability of the enterocytes are related to their membrane lipid composition. The importance of the essential fatty acids is emphasized. The time course changes of the apical permeability are of value in improving sea water adaptation, similar conclusions are reported for Nacl supplementation.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salmonidae; Pisces; Biological membranes; Fatty acids; Diets; Osmotic adaptations; Biochemical phenomena; Intestines; Lipids; Nutrition; Salinity effects; Euryhalinity; Osmoregulation.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1249.pdf
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Advances in the enrichment of rotifers and <i>Artemia</i> as food sources in marine larviculture OMA
Léger, P.; Grymonpré, D.; Van Ballaer, E.; Sorgeloos, P..
A summary is given of experiments conducted regarding the enrichment of rotifers and <i>Artemia</i> for use as food sources marine larviculture, with particular reference to levels of omega 3-HUFA.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brine shrimp culture; Crustacean culture; Fatty acids; Food organisms; Nutritive value; Artemia; Rotifera.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=2880
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Análise da mutação não sinônima g.10329T>C do gene SCD1 associado ao perfil lipídico da carne em raças bovinas. Repositório Alice
SILVA, T. G. da; WALKDER, C. C.; FEIJÓ, G. L. D.; MORAIS, M. da G.; EGITO, A. A. do.
bitstream/item/166471/1/Analise-da-mutacao-nao-sinonima.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Raças localmente adaptadas; Acido graxo; Carne; Qualidade; Melhoramento genético animal; Bovino de corte; Fatty acids; Meat quality; Beef catle.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1079275
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Bacterial colonization of winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus fed live feed enriched with three different commercial diets ArchiMer
Seychelles, L. H.; Audet, C.; Tremblay, R.; Lemarchand, K.; Pernet, Fabrice.
The proliferation of bacteria in intensive aquaculture systems may be responsible for poor growth and mass mortality of marine fish larvae. Essential fatty acids provided in the diet could protect larvae by modulation of the immune response via arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus larvae were fed rotifers Brachionus plicatilis enriched with three commercial diets containing different fatty acid profiles. Bacterial colonization on the gills and skin and in the intestinal lumen was evaluated at the end of the rotifer feeding period (day 26), and growth was surveyed until metamorphosis. At 26 days post hatching, larvae fed rotifers containing the higher AA content and with a higher...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Colonization; Fatty acids; Live feed; Winter flounder.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14273/12399.pdf
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Beef burgers patties incorporated with Boletus edulis extracts: lipid peroxidation inhibition effects IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Barros, Lillian; Barreira, João C.M.; Grangeia, Cátia; Batista, Cátia; Cadavez, Vasco A.P.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R..
The objective of this study was to analyse the lipid peroxidation inhibition in beef burgers after incorporation of Boletus edulis extracts in different concentrations. Beef burgers samples were stored for 8 days, and chemical and nutritional parameters, including the profile in free fatty acids, were evaluated. Furthermore, the inhibition of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) formation, free radical scavenging activity and reducing power were determined. Polyunsaturated fatty acids arachidonic (C20:4n6) and cis-5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic (C20:5n3) acids were protected in the presence of mushroom extract. The antioxidant potential increased with the amount of extract added to beef burgers, giving higher radical scavenging properties and...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Beef burgers; Boletus edulis; Lipid peroxidation; Antioxidant effects; Fatty acids.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/6233
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Bioactive properties and chemical composition of six walnut (Juglans regia L.) cultivars IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Pereira, J.A.; Oliveira, I.; Sousa, A.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.; Bento, Albino; Estevinho, Leticia M..
The chemical composition, antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activity were studied in six walnuts (Juglans regia L.) cultivars (cv. Franquette, Lara, Marbot, Mayette, Mellanaise and Parisienne) produced in Portugal. Concerning their chemical composition the main constituent of fruits was fat ranging from 78.83% to 82.14%, being the nutritional value around 720 kcal per 100 g of fruits. Linoleic acid was the major fatty acid reaching the maximum value of 60.30% (cv. Lara) followed by oleic, linolenic and palmitic acids. The aqueous extracts of walnut cultivars were investigated by the reducing power assay, the scavenging effect on DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radicals and b-carotene linoleate model system. All the walnut extracts exhibited...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Juglans regia L.; Fatty acids; Nutritional value; Antioxidant properties; Antimicrobial activity.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/778
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Biofloc contribution to antioxidant defence status, lipid nutrition and reproductive performance of broodstock of the shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris: Consequences for the quality of eggs and larvae ArchiMer
Cardona, Emilie; Lorgeoux, Benedicte; Chim, Liet; Goguenheim, Jean; Le Delliou, Herve; Cahu, Chantal.
The aim of this study was to determine biofloc contributions to the antioxidant status and lipid nutrition of broodstock of Litopenaeus stylirostris in relationship with their reproductive performance and the health of larvae produced. Shrimp broodstock reared with Biofloc technology (BFT) compared to Clear water (CW) exhibited a higher health status with (i) a better final survival rate during the reproduction period (52.6% in CW against 79.8% in BFT); (ii) higher glutathione level (GSH) and total antioxidant status (TAS), reduced oxidized/reduced glutathione ratio and a higher spawning rate and frequency as well as higher gonado-somatic index and number of spawned eggs. Finally, larvae from broodstock from BFT exhibited higher survival rates at the Zoe 2...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biofloc technology; Shrimp broodstock culture; Litopenaeus stylirostris; Reproductive performance; Antioxidant defences; Fatty acids; Larval survival.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00275/38618/37148.pdf
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Brazil nut oil in diets for breeder cocks Animal Sciences
Rufino, João Paulo Ferreira; Cruz, Frank George Guimarães; Melo, Ramon Duque; Feijó, Julmar da Costa; Melo, Lucas Duque; Costa, Ana Paula Guimarães Cruz; Bezerra, Natalia dos Santos.
 This study aimed to evaluate the inclusion of Brazil nut oil in diets for breeder cocks on performance, semen analyses, biochemical serum profile and testicular morphology. Forty-two Rhode Island Red breeder cocks with 40 weeks of age were used. The experimental design was completely randomized consisting of seven levels of Brazil nut oil (0; 0.30; 0.60; 0.90; 1.20; 1.50 and 1.80%) in the diets. Data collected were evaluated by polynomial regression. Differences (p < 0.05) were detected in feed conversion, semen volume, motility, vigor, pH, swirling and concentration, in which the inclusion of Brazil nut oil in the diets improved the reproductive performance. Differences (p < 0.05) were also detected in the biochemical serum profile (triglycerides,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Additive; Fatty acids; Metabolism; Reproductive performance..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/37472
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Breeding of high lipid producing strain of Geotrichum robustum by ion beam implantation Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Cao,Yuanyuan; Yao,Jianming; Li,Jun; Chen,Xiangsong; Wu,Jinyong.
To obtain an industrial strain with high lipid yield, the wild strain G0 of Geotrichum robustum was mutated by means of nitrogen ions implantation. Mutagenic effects of strain G0 by low energy N+ ion implantation were studied. The experimental results indicated that the survival rate curve took a ?saddle? shape, and the positive mutation rate was increased to 22.00% at the dose of nitrogen ions 2.0 x 10(15) ions/cm² when the survival rate was 28.60%. By repeated screening, a high lipid producing strain G9 was obtained. The biomass, lipid content and lipid yield of the mutant can reach 40.25 g/L, 71.14% and 28.63 g/L after cultured in a 5L fermenter for 8 days, increasing by 52.81%, 68.82% and 157.93% to those of wild strain, respectively. Analysis results...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Fatty acids; Geotrichum robustum; High lipid producing strain; Ion beam implantation.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582010000600002
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Caracterização morfológica da semente seca e mobilização de reservas durante a germinação em Morinda citrifolia L. Repositório Alice
BRITO, E. S. de; SOUSA, J. A. de; PAULA, S. de O.; GALLÃO, M. I..
2016
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Citoquímica; Lípideos; Ácidos graxos; Proteínas; Germinação; Cytochemical; Lipids; Fatty acids; Proteins; Germination.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1048122
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Carne bovina e saúde. Repositório Alice
MEDEIROS, S. R. de; RIBEIRO, C. B..
Ácidos graxos. Carne bovina em dietas. Ácidos graxos de novo. Qualidade de vida.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Bovino de corte; Carne; Qualidade; Ácido graxo; Qualidade de vida; Beef cattle; Meat; Fatty acids; Quality of life.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/326406
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Characterization of collagen and fatty acid composition of “Carne Mirandesa-PDO” veal IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Galvão, Lurdes; Moreira, Olga; Bessa, Rui; Alves, S.; Sousa, Fernando; Ribeiro, José Ramalho; Alves, Virgílio.
The objective of this study was to evaluate chemical parameters related to meat quality, contributing to a better characterization of “Carne Mirandesa-PDO” veal. This study was made in three farms, from the Northeast region of Portugal (PG, FA1 and FA2), where calves were raised permanently indoors, nurse from their dams overnight, and fed with hay and concentrate made with local ingredients and soybean meal. Twenty five calves were slaughtered at 7 months old. Twenty four hours after slaughter, samples were collected from four different muscles: longissimus dorsi (LD), semimembranosus (SM), gluteus biceps femoris (GB) and triceps brachii caput longum (TBL), vacuum packaged and freeze-dried. Determinations of crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE),...
Tipo: BookPart Palavras-chave: PDO meat; Collagen; Fatty acids; Muscles; Mirandesa.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/5962
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Characterization of selected strains of mucorales using fatty acid profiles Rev. Microbiol.
Silva,Manuela da; Manfio,Gilson Paulo; Canhos,Vanderlei Perez.
The fatty acid profiles of several fungi of the order Mucorales (Zygomycetes), including Backusella lamprospora (Lendner) Benny and R.K. Benj., Benjaminiella youngii P.M. Kirk, Circinella simplex van Tieghem, Cunninghamella blakesleeana Lendner, Mortierella ramanniana (Möller) Linnem., Mucor circinelloides f. janssenii (Lendner) Schipper, Mycotypha microspora Fenner, Rhizomucor miehei (Cooney and R. Emerson) Schipper and Rhizomucor pusillus (Lindt) Schipper, and of Volutella sp. Fr., from the class Ascomycetes, were qualitatively analysed by gas-liquid chromatography in order to determine the taxonomic value of these chemotaxonomic markers. The fatty acids present in all strains were palmitic (16:0), oleic (18:1), linoleic (18:2) and <FONT...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Taxonomy; Chemotaxonomic marker; Fatty acids; Mucorales.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37141998000400008
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Chemical and physical composition of grain-type and food-type soybean for food processing. Repositório Alice
SILVA, J. B. da; CARRÃO-PANIZZI, M. C.; PRUDÊNCIO, S. H..
Abstract ? The objective of this work was to evaluate the chemical and physical characteristics of grains of soybean (Glycine max) cultivars for food processing. The soybean cultivars evaluated were: grain-type ? BRS 133 and BRS 258; food-type ? BRS 213 (null lipoxygenases), BRS 267 (vegetable-type) and BRS 216 (small grain size). BRS 267 and BRS 216 cultivars showed higher protein content, indicating that they could promote superior nutritional value. BRS 213 cultivar showed the lowest lipoxygenase activity, and BRS 267, the lowest hexanal content. These characteristics can improve soyfood flavor. After cooking, BRS 267 cultivar grains presented a higher content of aglycones (more biologically active form of isoflavones) and oleic acid, which makes it...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Hexanal; Lipoxigenase; Glycine max; Aminoácido; Ácido graxo; Açúcar; Amino acids; Fatty acids; Isoflavones.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/631892
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Chemical composition, and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of three hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) cultivars. IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Oliveira, I.; Sousa, A.; Morais, Jorge Sá; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.; Bento, Albino; Estevinho, Leticia M.; Pereira, J.A..
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a very popular dry fruit in the world being consumed in different form and presentations. In the present work, three hazelnut cultivars (cv. Daviana, Fertille de Coutard and M. Bollwiller) produced in Portugal, were characterized in respect to their chemical composition, antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activity. The samples were analysed for proximate constituents (moisture, fat, crude protein, ash), nutritional value and fatty acids profile by GC/FID. Antioxidant potential was accessed by the reducing power assay, the scavenging effect on DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radicals and b-carotene linoleate model system. Their antimicrobial capacity was also checked against Gram positive (Bacillus cereus, B....
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Hazelnut; Nutritional value; Fatty acids; Antioxidant potential; Antimicrobial activity.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/777
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Chemical composition and lipoxygenase activity of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill.) genotypes, specific for human consumption, with different tegument colours. Repositório Alice
CIABOTTI, S.; JUHÁSZ, A. C. P.; MANDARINO, J. M. G.; COSTA, L. L.; CORREA, A. D.; SIMÃO, A. A.; SANTOS, E. N. F..
bitstream/item/199633/1/aCiabotti-Chemical.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Tegumento; Fibra; Soja; Ácido Graxo; Fatty acids; Isoflavones; Soybeans.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1110671
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Chemical composition of grains from glyphosate-resistant soybean and its conventional parent under different edaphoclimatic conditions in Brazil Agronomy
Babujia, Letícia Carlos; Silva, Adriana Pereira; Biondo, Polyana Batoqui França; Garcia, Juliana Carla; Mandarino, José Marcos Gontijo; Visentainer, Jesui Vergilio.
Glyphosate-tolerant (Roundup Ready®, RR) soybean is the most widely cultivated genetically modified crop in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a long-term field experiment, the chemical composition of grains in a pair of cultivars composed of the conventional parent (BRS 133) and the nearly isogenic transgenic (BRS 245RR) soybean. Plants were cropped under two different edaphoclimatic conditions in Brazil. The experiments began during the 2003/2004 growing season; samples were collected during the 2011/2012 harvest. Were quantified the contents of isoflavones (high performance liquid chromatography), fatty acids (gas chromatography), lipid and proteins (near infrared spectroscopy in the NIR - Near Infrared Reflectance) and minerals...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.01.00.00-9; 5.07.01.00-2 Glycine max; Transgenic soybean crop; Isoflavones; Fatty acids; Macro and micro minerals. 5.07.01.01-0 5.07.01.01-0.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/25108
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Chemical-physical characteristics of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) meat subjected to different aging times Animal Sciences
Luz, Patrícia Aparecida Cardoso da; Jorge, André Mendes; Francisco, Caroline de Lima; Mello, Juliana Lolli Malagoli de; Santos, Carolina Toledo; Andrighetto, Cristiana.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different aging times on the meat characteristics from young Murrah buffaloes slaughtered at 20–24 months of age (experiment I; n=10) and Murrah buffalo heifers slaughtered at 32-36 months of age (experiment II; n=10), with the purpose of determining the best aging time to tenderize meat from both experiments. Samples of the longissimus thoracis muscle from buffaloes slaughtered at each age were aged for 7, 14, and 21 days (0±1°C). After this period, analysis of cholesterol, pH, cooking loss, shear force, myofibrillar fragmentation index, meat color, and fatty acid profile was performed. Aging greatly improved the tenderness (p < 0.05) but caused a change in color (p < 0.05), which, even without...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 5.07.02.00-9 e 5.07.02.01-7 cholesterol; Fatty acids; Longissimus thoracis; Murrah; Tenderness..
Ano: 2017 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/36799
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