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Registros recuperados: 8
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DIMENSIONS OF CONFLICT AND THE ROLE OF FOREIGN AID IN FIJI AgEcon
Gounder, Rukmani.
As diversity is the strength for economic growth quality domestic institutions and good governance are some of the essential factors to achieve sustainable growth and maintain social stability and harmony. Therefore, necessary social, economic, political and institutional dynamics contribute to higher growth prospects and mitigate conflict in a multi-cultural society. Since the 1987 military coups some of the issues that have confronted the people of Fiji, and others, co-integrate with ethnicity, political instability, conflict and governance. This article links these issues and evaluates the characteristics and factors associated with the dimensions of conflict. In particular, the study highlights the nature and impact of conflict on the civil society and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conflict; Aid; Donor Approaches; Fiji; International Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23699
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Electricity Generation in Fiji: Assessing the Impact of Renewable Technologies on Costs and Financial Risk AgEcon
Dornan, Matthew; Jotzo, Frank.
In recent years, renewable energy technologies have been advocated in Fiji on the basis that they improve energy security and serve as a risk-mitigation measure against oil price volatility. Despite this, there have been few attempts to measure the impact of renewable technologies on energy security. That analysis is important if the benefits of renewable energy technologies in Fiji are to be adequately evaluated. This paper develops and applies a method for assessing the potential contribution of renewable technologies to the security of electricity supply in Fiji. The method is based on an application of portfolio theory, traditionally used in financial markets, to the electricity generation mix in Fiji. The results demonstrate the impact of different...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Renewable energy technologies; Energy policy; Electricity sector; Fiji; Oil prices; Portfolio analysis; Pacific islands; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100544
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Export Performance in Fiji, 1960 to 1999 AgEcon
Fleming, Euan M.; Blowes, Anita.
Stochastic dominance analysis was used to assess export performance in Fiji from 1960 to 1999. A country with reasonably abundant resources, Fiji has made effective use of its quite substantial resources to increase total export values significantly over the study period, with an average rate of growth of 2.6 per cent per annum. Non-agricultural exports were the source of this growth, increasing annually by 7.3 per cent. Growth was particularly strong from the late 1980s despite the loss of skills and capital flight in the wake of the May 1987 coup and military takeover. The economy clearly benefited from a policy switch from a trade protectionist policy with a high degree of government intervention to an export-oriented strategy based on private...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Export performance; Fiji; Stochastic dominance; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12930
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Factors Affecting the Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures: A Case Study of Fijian Cane Farmers AgEcon
Asafu-Adjaye, John.
This study explored the extent to which various factors affect Fijian cane farmers’ adoption of soil conservation measures. The significant factors affecting perception of the soil erosion problem include age, education, ethnicity, and extension services. On the other hand, the significant factors affecting soil conservation effort include perception of the erosion problem, net farm income, farm size, land type, and extension services. In general, personal characteristics appear to affect perceptions of soil erosion while the extent of conservation effort is affected by economic and physical factors. The resulting implications for soil conservation policy are discussed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Fiji; Ordered probit model; Soil conservation; Soil erosion; Sugarcane; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36710
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Pigeonpea improvement AgEcon
Ryan, James G..
This study was commissioned by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) to evaluate the economic impact of two projects (8201 and 8567) for which ACIAR provided support from 1982–89. These projects were aimed at the improvement of the grain yield potential of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) using modern plant breeding, along with associated physiological, agronomic, processing and socioeconomic research. The commissioned organisation in Australia was the University of Queensland. The partners were: Fiji (Ministry of Primary Industries, Native Land Development Corporation); Indonesia (Central Research Institute for Food Crops, Agency for Agricultural Research and Development); India (Indian Council for Agricultural Research,...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Pigeonpea; ACIAR; Economic impact; Yield; Plant breeding; Fiji; Indonesia; India; Thailand; Australia; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47498
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Rising World Food Prices and Poverty in Fiji: A Developing Country Micro-Perspective AgEcon
Haszler, Henry; Natasiwai, Tevita; Gonemaituba, Waisiki.
Until the world financial crisis struck, commodity and food prices seemed to be on an inexorable uptrend. The increases caused widespread concern about the effects of higher food prices on poverty. These concerns are relevant to the poor people everywhere but are especially relevant to poor people in developing countries who must spend high proportions of their incomes on food. In this analysis we use data from the Fiji Islands Household Income and Expenditure Survey of 2002 – 2003 to assess the likely effects of the increase in food prices in Fiji over 2002 to mid 2008 on the incidence of poverty in Fiji. We review and discuss the impacts of some of the Fiji Islands Government’s responses designed to alleviate the impacts on the Fiji Islands community.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food prices; Development; Poverty; Household survey; Case study; Fiji; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47634
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The atyid shrimps of Fiji with description of a new species Naturalis
Choy, S.C..
Fourteen species of shrimps belonging to four genera of the family Atyidae are reported from the Fiji Islands. Three genera are represented by only one species each: Antecaridina lauensis (Edmondson, 1935), Atyoida pilipes (Newport, 1847) and Atyopsis spinipes (Newport, 1847) while the fourth, Caridina is represented by eleven species (including one new, Caridina devaneyi spec. nov. which is described and illustrated). Keys are provided to separate the genera and species. Two species, Caridina japonica De Man, 1892 and C. longirostris H. Milne Edwards, 1837 are recorded from Fiji for the first time. C. devaneyi spec, nov., C. fijiana Choy, 1983 and C. nudirostris Choy, 1984 are so far known only from Fiji and may be endemic to the island of Viti Levu. All...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Shrimps; Decapod Crustacea; Caridea; Atyidae; Antecaridina; Atyoida; Atyopsis; Caridina; Review; Distribution; New records; Description; New species; Fiji; 42.74.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/319000
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Value of traditional oral narratives in building climate-change resilience: insights from rural communities in Fiji Ecology and Society
Janif, Shaiza Z.; Research Office, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands; shaiza.janif@usp.ac.fj; Nunn, Patrick D.; Australian Centre for Pacific Islands Research, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia; pnunn@usc.edu.au; Geraghty, Paul; School of Language, Arts and Media, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands; Department of Linguistics, University of New England, New South Wales, Australia; paul.geraghty@usp.ac.fj; Aalbersberg, William; Institute of Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands; william.aalbersberg@usp.ac.fj; Thomas, Frank R.; Oceania Centre for Arts, Culture and Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands; frank.r.thomas@usp.ac.fj; Camailakeba, Mereoni; Fiji Museum, Suva, Fiji Islands; camailakeba@gmail.com.
In the interests of improving engagement with Pacific Island communities to enable development of effective and sustainable adaptation strategies to climate change, we looked at how traditional oral narratives in rural/peripheral Fiji communities might be used to inform such strategies. Interviews were undertaken and observations made in 27 communities; because the custodians of traditional knowledge were targeted, most interviewees were 70-79 years old. The view that oral traditions, particularly those referring to environmental history and the observations/precursors of environmental change, were endangered was widespread and regretted. Interviewees’ personal experiences of extreme events (natural disasters) were commonplace but no...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Community; Fiji; Oral traditions; Pacific Islands; Resilience; Rural.
Ano: 2016
Registros recuperados: 8
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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