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Registros recuperados: 75
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A Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database for the U.S. AgEcon
Todd, Jessica E.; Mancino, Lisa; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Tripodo, Christina.
This report provides a detailed description of the methodology used to construct ERS’s Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database (Q-FAHPD). As the name suggest, these data provide quarterly observations on the mean price of 52 food categories for specific U.S. markets. We provide a description of the Nielsen Homescan data that was used to create this database, the methodology used to classify foods into food groups, how we determined the appropriate the level of aggregation (sub-regional markets) and our calculation of average prices for each food group. This report also contains an overview and summary of the resulting data.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nielsen Homescan; Food prices; Diet quality; Market prices; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53341
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An Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food Prices and Other Factors on Adult Lifestyles: Choices of Physical Activity and Healthy Weight AgEcon
Chen, Yanni; Huffman, Wallace E..
This paper examines women’s and men’s decisions to participate in physical activity and to attain a healthy weight. These outcomes are hypothesized to be related to prices of food, drink and health care services and products, the respondent’s personal characteristics (such as education, reading food labels (signaling a concern for good health), adjusted family income, opportunity cost of time, occupation, marital status, race and ethnicity) and his or her BMI at age 25. These decisions are represented by a trivariate probit model that is fitted to data for adults in the NLSY79 panel with geocodes that have been augmented with local area food, drink and health care prices. Separate analyses are undertaken for men and women due to basic physiological...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Physical activity; Obesity; Food prices; Adults; Developed country; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I10; D10; J24.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49987
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Analyzing Drivers of World Food Prices: Weather, Growth, and Biofuels AgEcon
Saunders, Caroline M.; Kaye-Blake, William; Cagatay, Selim.
The recent rise of food cost in world markets has accelerated the research examining the underlying factors for this rise. The present research investigated the separate and combined impacts of three factors thought to contribute to the price rise: adverse weather events, strong and sustained growth in high populated countries, and increased biofuels production. The research further analysed the effects of these price rises on consumption expenditures in Brazil, China and India. Analyses were carried out using a partial equilibrium trade model with a focus on the 2004 to 2007 period. The modelling suggests that the most important factor behind the price rise depends on the commodity, with maize/corn, oilseeds, and sugar most affected by biofuels, while...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food prices; Partial equilibrium model; Biofuel; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F11; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51460
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Are Staple Food Markets in Africa Efficient? Spatial Price Analyses and Beyond AgEcon
Rashid, Shahidur; Minot, Nicholas.
Paper to be presented at the Comesa policy seminar “Food price variability: Causes, consequences, and policy options" on 25-26 January 2010 in Maputo, Mozambique under the Comesa-MSU-IFPRI African Agricultural Markets Project (AAMP)
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sub saharan Africa; Food security; Food prices; Markets; Efficiency; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q17.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58562
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Az élelmezés-, energia- és környezetbiztonság összefüggései AgEcon
Popp, Jozsef; Potori, Norbert.
A 2006/2007. gazdasági évtől a legtöbb mezőgazdasági termék ára gyors emelkedésnek indult és rekordokat döntött. A FAO élelmiszerár-indexe 2006 januárja és 2008 januárja között több mint 60 százalékkal emelkedett. Árkilengések persze korábban is előfordultak, de a legutóbbi ársokkot azonban számos tényező együttesen idézte elő. Ezek felsorolásánál első helyen említhető a világ gabona- és olajosmagkészleteinek megcsappanása: a Föld élelmiszermérlege évtizedek óta nem mutatott ilyen szűkös tartalékokat. Ehhez egyértelműen hozzájárult a rövidlátó gazdaságpolitika is. Ugyanakkor a média hajlamos az élelmiszerárak ugrásszerű növekedését inkább a feltörekvő gazdaságok (pl. Kína és India) élelmiszer-fogyasztási szerkezete átalakulásának és a bioüzemanyag-gyártás...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Élelmiszerárak; Fogyasztási struktúra; Bioüzemanyag-gyártás; GM növények; Agrárpolitika; Food prices; Structure of consumption; Manufacture of bio-fuels; GM crops; Agricultural politics; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58897
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Bread Prices, Consumption and Nutrition Implications for Scotland: A Regional Analysis Using Supermarket Scanner Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Toma, Luiza; Leat, Philip M.K.; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased the concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the discussion around the formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has brought back the interest in the price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical ways of cereals use in the UK and nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. This paper aims to answer whether changes in bread prices affect the quantity and composition of the Scottish demand for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109393
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Breaking the Link between Food and Biofuels AgEcon
Babcock, Bruce A..
Production of biofuels from feedstocks that are diverted from food production or that are grown on land that could grow crops has two important drawbacks: higher food prices and decreased reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. If U.S. policy were to change and place greater emphasis on food prices and greenhouse gas reductions, then we would transition away from current feedstocks toward those that do not reduce our ability to produce food. Examples of such feedstocks include crop residues, algae, municipal waste, jatropha grown on degraded land, and by-products of edible oil production. Policy options that would encourage use of these alternative feedstocks include placing a hard cap on ethanol and biodiesel production that comes from corn and refined...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Feedstocks; Food prices; Policy..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37752
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective AgEcon
Guthrie, Joanne F.; Andrews, Margaret S.; Frazao, Elizabeth; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Lin, Biing-Hwan; Mancino, Lisa; Nord, Mark; Prell, Mark A.; Smallwood, David M.; Variyam, Jayachandran N.; Ver Ploeg, Michele.
Food stamp recipients, like other Americans, struggle with nutrition problems associated with choice of foods, as well as amounts. This series of Economic Information Bulletins compiles evidence to help answer the question of whether the Food Stamp Program can do more to improve the food choices of participants. It examines the role of affordability and price of healthful foods in influencing food choices and the likely success of any policy targeted at changing food choices through food stamp bonuses or restrictions. It also examines other approaches to changing food choices, including nutrition education and potential strategies drawn from behavioral economics literature. Meaningful improvements in the diets of food stamp recipients will likely depend on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59417
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective-Food Spending Patterns of Low-Income Households: Will Increasing Purchasing Power Result in Healthier Food Choices? AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Andrews, Margaret S.; Smallwood, David M.; Prell, Mark A..
The Food Stamp Program provides benefits that low-income households can use to purchase food in grocery stores. The rise in obesity has raised the question of whether food stamp participants would purchase more healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, if food stamp benefits were higher. This report examines household food spending patterns and how they differ across income levels to provide insight into how participants might change their food spending in response to additional income.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59430
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective--Higher Cost of Food in Some Areas May Affect Food Stamp Households' Ability To Make Healthy Food Choices AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Hopwood, Heather.
The cost of “enough food,” estimated from the amount that low- and medium-income households in a geographic area report needing to spend to just meet their food needs, differs substantially across States and among metropolitan areas. In areas with high food costs, many food-stamp recipients are likely to have inadequate food resources to support healthy food choices.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59429
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective--How Can We Tell If We Are Making a Difference? ERS Efforts To Improve Evaluation of Nutrition Outcomes AgEcon
Frazao, Elizabeth; Guthrie, Joanne F.; Smallwood, David M..
Currently, the effects of the Food Stamp Program on the food choices and diet quality of participants are the subject of much debate. Improved evaluation of the nutrition and health effects of the program would be of use to program and policy officials, but most of the existing research is limited by three key factors: the difficulty in separating the effect of the program itself from other factors that may be related to program participation (that is, selection bias); relative age of the data (which do not capture current programs or population behaviors); and use of outdated dietary standards and assessment methods. This brief describes current ERS activities to address these problems and improve evaluation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59439
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective-How Do Low-Income Households Respond to Food Prices AgEcon
Lin, Biing-Hwan; Guthrie, Joanne F..
This brief examines how consumers respond to food prices and how consumers’ response to price influences their purchases of particular foods, using examples drawn from previous ERS research. Implications of the findings for the use of price interventions to improve food choices are considered.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59432
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective--Making Healthy Food Choices Easier: Ideas From Behavioral Economics AgEcon
Mancino, Lisa; Andrews, Margaret S..
With obesity the most prevalent nutrition problem facing Americans at all economic levels, promoting diets that provide adequate nutrition without too many calories has become an important objective for the Food Stamp Program. Findings from behavioral economics suggest innovative, low-cost ways to improve the diet quality of food stamp participants without restricting their freedom of choice. Unlike more traditional economic interventions, such as changing prices or banning specific foods, the strategies explored in this brief can be targeted to those participants who want help making more healthful food choices.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59436
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective-Nutrition Information: Can It Improve the Diets of Low-Income Households? AgEcon
Guthrie, Joanne F.; Variyam, Jayachandran N..
The Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE) component of the Food Stamp Program is intended to improve the food choices, diet quality, and health of program participants. This brief discusses the FSNE program, how it operates, and how it has grown over time. The brief also considers the challenges of nutrition education in general and discusses the research and evaluation needs suggested by the findings.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59434
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspectives--Overview: Can Food Stamps Do More To Improve Food Choices? AgEcon
Guthrie, Joanne F.; Lin, Biing-Hwan; Ver Ploeg, Michele; Frazao, Elizabeth.
The increased food purchasing power offered by the Food Stamp Program can promote food security and improve the overall economic well-being of low-income households. Now, as Americans struggle with obesity and other diet-related health problems, there is interest in whether the program can be more effective in encouraging participants to make healthy food choices. ERS has compiled economic research to provide decisionmakers with information on the likely effects of various proposed strategies for improving the food choices of food stamp program participants. This overview summarizes the findings, which are presented in more detail in a series of individual briefs.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59422
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Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? An Economic Perspective-Stretching the Food Stamp Dollar: Regional Price Differences Affect Affordability of Food AgEcon
Leibtag, Ephraim S..
Significant regional differences in food prices affect how far food stamp benefits can go toward enhancing the diet of low-income consumers in a given region. In regions where average food prices exceed the national average, food stamp benefits may not provide the same level of coverage as the same benefit would in below-average-price regions. This report measures average prices paid across U.S. regions. Results show that a household made up of a family of four in the East or West could spend $32-$48 more per month for a similar amount of food than the average U.S. household, whereas a household in the South and Midwest could spend $12-28 less per month than the average U.S. household.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Stamp Program; Food consumption; Food prices; Food expenditures; Nutrition education; Behavioral economics; Food choices; Diet; Health; Fruits and vegetables; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; FANRP; ERS; USDA; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59428
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Cereal Prices, Bread Consumption and Health in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the current formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has revived interest in food price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical forms of cereals use in the UK. Moreover, nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. The overall purpose of the paper is to measure the impact that the increase in the price of cereals during the period 2005 to 2008 would have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61121
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Cereal Prices, Bread Consumption and Health in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Toma, Luiza; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the current formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has revived interest in food price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical forms of cereals use in the UK. Moreover, nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. The overall purpose of the paper is to measure the impact that the increase in the price of cereals during the period 2005 to 2008 would have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51069
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Changing Consumer Food Prices: A User's Guide to ERS Analyses AgEcon
Reed, Albert J.; Hanson, Kenneth; Elitzak, Howard; Schluter, Gerald E..
USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) uses different economic models to estimate the impact of higher input prices on consumer food prices. The present study compares three ERS models. In the first two models, neither consumers nor food producers respond to market prices. We refer to these two models as short-run models. In the third model, both consumers and food producers respond to changing prices, and we refer to this model as a long-run model. Given published parameter estimates, we simulate the impact of a higher energy price on consumer food prices, and our empirical findings are consistent with our understanding of market responses. In the short run, we find that the full effect of an increase in the price of energy is fully (or nearly fully)...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Price-spread model; Input-output model; Variable-proportions model; Food prices; Energy prices; Input prices; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33574
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China's Growth, World Food Prices, and Developing Countries Exports AgEcon
Villoria, Nelson.
This paper explores the impacts of China's growth in the international markets of agricultural products. These impacts are important because they are related to two different ongoing discussions about the role of China in the world economy. One of these discussions have to do with China as a source of price inflation while the other has to do with China as an engine of growth for developing countries, in this case, through increased export opportunities. Our results suggest that China has been a source of aggregated mild price inflation in the largest developed economies that occupy the first ranks as food importers. This is probably related to a more intense pressure on world food supplies. When we look at the counterfactual exports of selected exporters,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity; China; Food prices; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49398
Registros recuperados: 75
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