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Registros recuperados: 11
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ALBERTA AGRICULTURE AND FOOD TRADE: RECENT TRENDS AgEcon
Rosario, Joe A..
Exports have been an integral and essential feature of the agriculture and food industry in Alberta. This is a product of the province’s relatively low population and consumption base on the demand side juxtaposed with a large resource base of prime agriculture land for crop production and an abundance of range and pasture for grazing and forage for raising livestock on the supply side. A host of factors influence the disposition of surplus production or exports including global supply/demand balances, relative cost/price relations, structural changes through farm consolidation and scale economies, market access, exchange rates, sanitary and phyto‐sanitary standards and regulations, disease and pest related issues. The inherent nature of agriculture means...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; Agriculture; Food; Trade; Food trade; Food industry; Commodities; Food production; Policy; Performance; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60426
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Do the BRICs and Emerging Markets Differ in their Agrifood Trade? AgEcon
Haq, Zahoor Ul; Meilke, Karl D..
Contributed Paper prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Beijing, China, August 16-22, 2009
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Emerging economies; BRIC economies; Food trade; Income elasticities; Economic growth; Demand and Price Analysis; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51395
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Elasticity of trade flow to trade barriers: A comparison among emerging estimation techniques AgEcon
Olper, Alessandro; Raimondi, Valentina.
The objective of this study has been to analyze the sensitivity of trade flow to trade barriers from gravity equations, using different econometric techniques recently highlighted in the literature. Specifically, we compare a benchmark OLS fixed effects specification a la Feenstra (2002), with three emerging estimation methods: the standard Heckman correction for selection bias, to account for zero trade flow; its extension, recently proposed by Helpman et al. (2008), to control for firm heterogeneity; and, finally, the Poisson pseudo-maximum-likelihood (PPML) technique to correct for the presence of heteroskedasticity, first proposed by Santos Silva and Tenreyro (2006). Our gravity model includes trade among 211 exporter and 104 importer countries, in 18...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity model; Trade Elasticity; Food trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44119
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ÉLELMISZER-KERESKEDELEM A BALATON KIEMELT ÜDÜLŐKÖR-ZETBEN AgEcon
Peter, Erzsebet.
Megállapítható, hogy a Balatonnál a kis- és közepes vállalkozások csak úgy képesek felvenni a versenyt a globalizáció következtében piacot hódító multina-cionális vállalatokkal, hogy üzlethálózatokba tömörülnek. A kis- és középvállal-kozásoknak kínálnak megoldást a szövetkezetek, amelyek üzletláncok kiépítésé-vel, az ország egészére kiterjedő élelmiszer-kiskereskedelmi hálózattal rendel-keznek. Az azonos logo már maga is forgalomstabilizáló tényező, az egységes ár-politika, az országosan és regionálisan összehangolt árengedményes akciók hoz-zájárulnak a forgalom növekedéséhez, igazodva a magyarországi fogyasztói pi-achoz és vásárlási szokásokhoz. Tulajdonosi és szerkezeti viszonyait illetően sajá-tos kettősség jellemzi a kereskedelmet. Az egyik oldalon a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Élelmiszer-kereskedelem; Koncentráció; Kisvállalkozások; Lehetőségek; Food trade; Concentration; Small enterprises; Facilities; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57655
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EU Market Access: The Way Of Licensed Warehousing System for Turkish Food Producers and Exporters AgEcon
Ulas, Dilber.
Licensed warehousing system plays a very important role in all transfers of food products from the place of origin to ultimate users in developed countries. Public warehouses, operated as an independent business offering a range of services, such as storage, handling and transportation. “Licensed Warehousing Law”, was accepted on 10.02.2005 and this is a new subject in Turkey. In this research, the licensed warehousing system in Turkey is evaluated from the point of view of industrial and agriculture officials. Confidential face to face interviews were held with the authorities of Industry and Trade Ministry in Ankara. The very new licensed warehousing law connote many questions. Who will be getting the benefits of qualified storing, small-sized...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Licensed warehousing; Agriculture; Food produce; Food trade; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7860
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Explaining National Border Effects in the Quad Food Trade AgEcon
Olper, Alessandro; Raimondi, Valentina.
Starting from a theoretically consistent gravity model, this paper first provides estimates of bilateral 'border effects' in food trade among Quad countries (Canada, USA, Japan and EU) at the ISIC 4-digit level. Then, it investigates the underlying reasons of border effect, assessing the role played by policy barriers (tariffs and non-tariff barriers) with respect to barriers unrelated to trade policy, such as information related costs and cultural proximity. In contrast with several previous findings, we show that policy barriers are part of the story in explaining the strong trade reduction effect induced by national borders, and this is especially true when we control for the endogeneity of trade policy to imports, as suggested by political economy...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Border effect; Food trade; Market access; Gravity; QUAD countries; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25467
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Magyarországi eredetű élelmiszerek részesedése a hazai kiskereskedelemben AgEcon
Kasza, Gyula; Feher, Orsolya; Kispal, Judit; Ozsvari, Laszlo.
A kutatás célja az, hogy áttekintést adjunk a magyarországi eredetű élelmiszertermékek piaci részesedéséről a hazai kiskereskedelemben. A Magyarországon tevékenykedő legnagyobb – három hazai és kilenc nemzetközi tulajdonú – kiskereskedelmi lánc egy-egy véletlenszerűen kiválasztott kereskedelmi egységében 2010 októberében lefolytatott, egyszeri állapotfelvételben 10 termékcsoport (húskészítmény, tálcás baromfihús, tálcás sertéshús, tojás, joghurt-kefir-tejföl, sajt-sajtkészítmény-túró, tej, zöldség-gyümölcs – szezonális minta –, méz, lekvár) magyarországi beszállítói részarányát mértük fel. A termékcsoportok kiválasztásánál meghatározó szempont volt, hogy az idetartozó élelmiszerek Magyarországon előállíthatók legyenek. A felmérés eredménye szerint minden...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Magyarországi élelmiszer; Piaci részesedés; Élelmiszer-kiskereskedelem; Hungarian foods; Market share; Food trade; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119896
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Market Access Asymmetry in Food Trade among Quad Countries AgEcon
Olper, Alessandro; Raimondi, Valentina.
This paper uses a gravity-like structure derived from a monopolistic competition model to measure market access among Canada, USA, Japan and EU – Quad countries – over the 1996-2001 period. We explore the overall asymmetry and 18 food industrial-level asymmetries of bilateral trade openness. Using actual bilateral estimates of tariffs and nontariff barriers, we investigate their role in explaining the trade reduction effect of national borders. A representative estimate of market access shows that higher asymmetries exist in USA, Canada and EU trade with Japan. Quite surprisingly, the last country is always more open than the reverse. Finally, we found that tariffs and NTBs explain a significant part of the border effects and that the NTB role is often...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market access; Food trade; Asymmetry; Gravity; QUAD countries; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24596
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MARKET ACCESS FOR HIGH-VALUE FOODS AgEcon
Regmi, Anita; Gehlhar, Mark J.; Wainio, John; Vollrath, Thomas L.; Johnston, Paul V.; Kathuria, Nitin.
Market access remains a major impediment for expansion of global trade in high-value foods, particularly processed foods. Countries use tariffs and other measures that effectively stimulate imports of relatively unprocessed agricultural commodities at the expense of processed products. Tariff escalation, in which tariffs rise with the level of processing, discourages trade in high-value foods, and trade remedy measures, such as antidumping duties, are concentrated among high-value products. Globalization has provided countries with easier access to capital and technology needed to produce processed food, further affecting trade patterns and markets for high-value foods. A uniform cut in tariffs increases trade in high-value foods more than trade in raw...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food trade; Processed food; High-value foods; Tariff; Tariff escalation; Trade remedy measures; Sanitary and phytosanitary measures; Safeguard measures; Revealed comparative advantage; Trade complementarities; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33999
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The challenge of the international organic certification: a new opportunity for agricultural trading? AgEcon
Canavari, Maurizio; Cantore, Nicola.
The successful literature about gravitational models stresses that bilateral trade flows among countries is influenced by GDP factors and transaction costs. In other words the mass of bilateral trade would be related to the typical demand-supply factors which explain the quantity of traded goods in perfect competition models and a wide series of variables which express transaction costs whose role is strongly highlighted by institutional economists. If compared to the previous literature our paper shows a twofold novelty. First it is the first attempt to analyse the bilateral trade of specific agricultural goods for Italy by a cross country and panel analysis and second it provides an original specification for transaction costs. In particular, we assume...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food trade; Gravitational models; Harmonisation; Organic agriculture; Italy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7902
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The Role of Income Growth in Emerging Markets and the BRICs in Agrifood Trade AgEcon
Haq, Zahoor Ul; Meilke, Karl D..
This study develops an import demand model to explore the role of income in explaining the trade performance of low, middle and high-income countries with a special emphasis on Brazil, Russia, India and China – the BRIC economies. The study estimates the impact of the growth in per capita income on the trade of agrifood products using data for 52 countries and 20 agrifood products for the years 1990 to 2006. The results suggest that China, Russia and Brazil have more income elastic import demand than other middle-income countries. Conversely, the income elasticities of import demand in India are similar to other low-income countries and for the most part statistically equal to zero.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Emerging economies; BRIC economies; Food trade; Income elasticities; Economic growth; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48122
Registros recuperados: 11
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