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Registros recuperados: 33
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AGRONEGÓCIO E INVESTIMENTO DIRETO ESTRANGEIRO: UMA ANÁLISE DO IMPACTO SOBRE AS EXPORTAÇÕES BRASILEIRAS AgEcon
Coelho, Alexandre Braganca; Fernandes, Elaine Aparecida; Sampaio, Danilo De Oliveira.
O agronegócio vem contribuindo com superávits expressivos na balança comercial nos últimos anos. Esses superávits serviram para contrabalançar déficits em outros setores e foram fundamentais para a obtenção dos grandes superávits da balança comercial a partir de 2002 O Brasil, na década de noventa, assumiu posição de destaque como importante receptor de investimento direto estrangeiro (IDE). O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar até que ponto a entrada de IDE no agronegócio levou a um aumento da exportação do setor. O método utilizado na investigação foi a análise multivariada discriminante. Esse método é bastante adequado, já que possibilita identificar grupos de atividades que mais exportam e, assim, fornece ferramentas de planejamento às agências...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investimento direto estrangeiro; Exportação e agronegócio; Foreign direct investment; Exports; Agribusiness; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109768
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Competitiveness in the Food Industry: a CGE Modelling Approach to assess Foreign Direct Investment in Transition Countries AgEcon
Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M..
For transition countries, the food industry sector is a key industry in terms of output and employment shares. As a competitive sector that receives substantial foreign direct investments (FDI), it plays an important role as an element in the process of integration in the European and world market. The GLOBE Computable General Equilibrium model is applied to analyse scenarios of alternative development pathways of the food industry sector, taking into account the impact of FDI in the European food industry. The scenario analyses of this study identify that with an enhanced attraction of FDI in the food processing industries in the New Member States (NMS) the integration of the agri-food sectors in the NMS into the Single European Market will become even...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food industry; Foreign direct investment; CGE; Transition countries; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8525
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Dynamic Relationship between Agricultural Trade and FDI in China AgEcon
Fei, Ping; Xu, Liqing.
On the basis of time series data from 1984 to 2006, co-integration analysis and VAR model are used to carry out empirical analysis on the dynamic relationship between the foreign direct investment in agriculture and the variable volume of international trade of agricultural products. Result shows that there is long-term co-integration relationship between the two. But it is probable that foreign direct investment (FDI) has substituted for improving in the short term and shows deviation from the long-run equilibrium relationship. Therefore, we put forward two policy proposals which are improving market system and strengthening the import management of foreign-funded enterprises.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment; Agricultural products; International trade; China; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53528
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Economic Performance of U.S. Multinational Agribusinesses: Foreign Direct Investment and Firm Strategy AgEcon
Garcia-Fuentes, Pablo A.; Ferreira, Gustavo F.C.; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This paper empirically assesses the sequential relationships among firm strategic factors, FDI activity, and economic performance for a sample of U.S.-based Multinational agribusinesses. The most important findings of this research is a positive direct effect of FDI on performance, the complementary effect between FDI and firm strategic factors (positive and significant interaction terms) on performance, and the positive effect of FDI on performance given some thresholds of firm strategic factors. Specifically, it provides insights about the direct effect of FDI on performance, as well as about the joint effect of firm size and FDI, marketing intensity and FDI, and capital intensity and FDI on performance. These findings provide evidence that FDI activity...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic performance; Foreign direct investment; Firm strategic factors; Agribusiness; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; F230; L250.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119763
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Economic Significance of Specific Export Promotion on Poverty Reduction and Inter- Industry Growth of Ethiopia AgEcon
Chala, Zelalem T.; Norton, George W.; Grant, Jason H..
Micro simulated general equilibrium approach was used to analyze the economic significance of the current export promotion policy of Ethiopia. Simulation results, in general, indicated little achievements of economic growth and poverty reduction under selective export promotion. In this policy approach, only rural households were able to acquire higher income and lower poverty incidence. These achievements however were transmitted to small and big urban households when export promotion was assumed to be implemented across the board of all agricultural activities. Significant economic and inter-industrial growths were attained when the coffee industry was given equal policy treatments like other export agriculture
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Selective export promotion policy; Computable general equilibrium; Poverty reduction; Foreign direct investment; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61739
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Export Growth In India: Has FDI Played a Role? AgEcon
Sharma, Kishor.
Export growth in India has been much faster than GDP growth over the past few decades. Several factors appear to have contributed to this phenomenon including foreign direct investment (FDI). However, despite increasing inflows of FDI especially in recent years there has not been any attempt to assess its contribution to India's export performanceone of the channels through which FDI influences growth. Using annual data for 1970-98 we investigate the determinants of export performance in India in a simultaneous equation framework. Results suggest that demand for Indian exports increases when its export prices fall in relation to world prices. Furthermore, the real appreciation of the rupee adversely effects India's exports. Export supply is positively...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Commercial policy; Export subsidies; Foreign direct investment; Exchange rates and India; F21; International Relations/Trade; F1; F13; F14.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28372
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Exports, Foreign Direct Investment, and Productivity: Evidence from German Firm Level Data AgEcon
Wagner, Joachim.
This paper presents the first empirical test with German establishment level data of a hypothesis derived by Helpman, Melitz and Yeaple in a model that explains the decision of heterogeneous firms to serve foreign markets either trough exports or foreign direct investment: only the more productive firms choose to serve the foreign markets, and the most productive among this group will further choose to serve these markets via foreign direct investments. Using a non-parametric test for first order stochastic dominance it is shown that, in line with this hypothesis, the productivity distribution of foreign direct investors dominates that of exporters, which in turn dominates that of national market suppliers.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exports; Foreign direct investment; Productivity; Heterogeneous firms; Stochastic dominance; International Relations/Trade; F14; F23; D21.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26205
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Foreign Direct Investment in China's Power Sector: Trends, Benefits and Barriers AgEcon
Blackman, Allen; Wu, Xun.
In the early 1990s, hoping to reduce chronic electricity shortages and enhance the efficiency of Chinese power plants, China opened its doors to foreign direct investment (FDI) in electricity generation. Using data from an original survey of US private investors, official Chinese statistics, and other sources, we assess the volume and characteristics of FDI in China's power sector, its impact on energy efficiency, and the factors that limit this impact. Our five principal findings are as follows. First, the volume FDI in China's power sector will likely fall short of the government's 1995 - 2000 capacity expansion target by a substantial margin, most likely because of persistent institutional barriers to FDI. Second, to avoid the lengthy central government...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment; China; Electricity; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10606
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Foreign Direct Investment in Manufacturing Sector in Malaysia AgEcon
Abdul Karim, Noor Al-Huda; Winters, Paul C.; Coelli, Tim J.; Fleming, Euan M..
This paper analyses the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the manufacturing sector in Malaysia from eleven countries during the period 1988 to 2000. The empirical results indicate that gross domestic product, lending interest rate, labour productivity, exports to home country and imports from home country significantly influenced the level of FDI inflows into Malaysia. However, exchange rate, exchange rate variation, wage and openness index were not important in influencing FDI.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment; Manufacturing sector; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57903
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FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN SERBIA – STATE AND PERSPECTIVES AgEcon
Ljubenovic Ralevic, Ivana; Djuric, Dejan; Djuric, Dragana.
The last decade of the twentieth century was very successful for a number of ex socialist countries of Central Europe. That was the decade of prosperity, progress, and getting closer to the modern and developed European countries. This region (Slovenia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia) comprises group of countries in transition, which are in the front line in the process oh transformation of their economic systems, implementation of economic reforms and attracting private foreign investments, first of all, foreign direct investment. In contrast to these countries, in the area of former Yugoslavia, the early 1990s were the years of complete disintegration, marked by economic sanctions, huge human causalities, and vast destructions. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Capital flow; Foreign direct investment; Serbian economy; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57489
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India's Reform of External Sector Policies and Future Multilateral Trade Negotiations AgEcon
Srinivasan, T.N..
I evaluate India's transition from an inward-oriented development strategy to greater participation in the world economy. While tariff rates have decreased significantly over the past decade, India is still one of the more autarkic countries. Despite improvement over the past in export performance, India continues to lag behind its South- and East Asian neighbors. Second, official debt flows have been largely replaced by foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio investment in the 1990s. India's ability to attract FDI would be greatly enhanced by further reforms. I argue that India's participation in a future round of multilateral trade negotiations would benefit India. I outline the further reforms most needed: reform of labour and bankruptcy laws,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: India; Antidumping; Developing countries; Economic reform; Export performance; Foreign direct investment; Intellectual property rights; Multilateral trade negotiations; Quantitative restrictions; Real exchange rate; Tariff and non-tariff barriers; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; F15; F21; F35; H54; K31; O34; O38; O53; P11.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28428
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INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT: SUBSTITUTES OR COMPLEMENTS? AgEcon
Marchant, Mary A.; Cornell, Dyana N.; Koo, Won W..
International agricultural trade has evolved over time. Processed foods and developing countries have become major growth markets for U.S. agricultural exports, and foreign direct investment (FDI) has become even more important than exports as a means of accessing foreign markets. The critical question is whether FDI is a substitute for or a complement of exports. This research builds upon an existing theoretical FDI model and contributes to the literature through the development of a simultaneous equation system for FDI and exports, which is estimated using two-stage least squares. Empirical analyses were used to examine the relationship between U.S. FDI and exports of processed foods into East Asian countries - China, Japan, Singapore, South Korea,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: East Asia; Exports; Foreign direct investment; International trade; Processed foods; International Relations/Trade; F47; Q17; C3; F17.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15471
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Internationalisierung der Dienstleistungserstellung: Konsequenzen fur den schweizerischen Arbeitsmarkt AgEcon
Henneberger, Fred; Ziegler, Alexandre.
This paper analyses the potential employment effects of foreign direct investment in the Swiss services industry. First, the theoretical analysis considers the consequences on domestic employment resulting from the specific characteristics of services compared with those of industrial goods. It is demonstrated that conventional research in this field systematically ignores important factors which influence domestic employment. We point out that, not only the degree of tradability of services, but also the mobility of consumers and producers, as well as the motives underlying the decisions for foreign investment have a crucial influence on the consequences to be expected for the domestic labour market. Second, an initial attempt was undertaken to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment; Employment effects; Services; Tourism; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; F21; F23; J23; L80; L83.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26248
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MIRAGE, Updated Version of the Model for Trade Policy Analysis: Focus on Agriculture and Dynamics AgEcon
Decreux, Yvan; Valin, Hugo.
MIRAGE is a multi-region, multi-sector computable general equilibrium model, devoted to trade policy analysis. It incorporates imperfect competition, horizontal and vertical product differentiation, and foreign direct investment, in a sequential dynamic set-up where installed capital is assumed to be immobile. Adjustment inertia is linked to capital stock reallocation. MIRAGE draws upon a very detailed measure of trade barriers and of their evolution under given hypotheses, thanks to the MAcMap database. The most recent version, presented in this paper, offers improvements in the modelling of agriculture policy and dynamics.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Computable general equilibrium model; Trade policy; Dynamics; Foreign direct investment; Imperfect competition; International Relations/Trade; D58; F12; F13.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7284
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Multilateral Trade Liberalisation and FDI: An Analytical Framework for the Implications for Trading Blocs AgEcon
Ghazalian, Pascal L.; Cardwell, Ryan T..
The proliferation of regional integration agreements (RIAs) over the past several years has led to significant changes in the global configuration of trade and investment activity. Multinational enterprises now face the prospect of multilateral trade liberalisation that could significantly affect the foreign direct investment (FDI) incentive structures that were established within the range of current RIAs. RIAs that provide preferential market access to member countries modify firms’ incentives to undertake FDI activities and can lead to various permutations of trade and investment creation and diversion. This article provides an analytical framework for understanding the implications of multilateral trade liberalisation for the incentive structures of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment; Incentives; Multilateral trade liberalisation; Regional integration agreements; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90590
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Police-powers, regulatory takings and the efficient compensation of domestic and foreign investors AgEcon
Aisbett, Emma; Karp, Larry S.; McAusland, Carol.
In customary international and public law, “takings” resulting from regulations designed to protect the public good are generally excluded from compensation rules; this exclusion is known as a police powers carve-out (PPCO). Increasingly, this PPCO is being challenged, particularly in international investment law. This paper analyzes the efficiency properties of a PPCO in a model with endogenous regulation, investment and entry. We design a one-parameter family of carve-out/compensation schemes that induce efficient regulation and firm level investment even when the regulator suffers fiscal illusion and the social benefit from regulation is private information to the regulator. We show that offering a carve-out reduces the subsidy to risky industry...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regulatory takings; Expropriation; Environment; Foreign direct investment; NAFTA; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; F21; H4; K3; Q58.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42842
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Price or politics? An investigation of the causes of expropriation AgEcon
Duncan, Roderick.
Expropriations of foreign direct investment in developing countries are typically blamed on political and economic crises in those countries. Developing a new database of expropriations in the minerals sectors of developing country exporters, I show that expropriations were correlated with mineral price booms and that democratic governments were more likely to expropriate. No link is found between expropriations and political or economic crises, except at independence. A better explanation of expropriation would be opportunistic behaviour by host governments when profits of investments are high. In two developed countries, Australia and Canada, expropriations are also found to occur during price booms.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Expropriation; Foreign direct investment; Natural resources; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116859
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PROCESSED FOOD TRADE AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT UNDER NAFTA AgEcon
Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
Trade in processed food products is rapidly growing. Trade with Canada and Mexico has especially been growing since free trade agreements have been implemented. The U.S. presence in the processed food industry in other countries through foreign direct investment (FDI) is also large and has been expanding. The relationship between trade and FDI is uncertain and subject to much debate. Japan and Canada are the largest importers of processed foods from the United States, followed by Mexico and Korea. Canada is the leading exporter of food products to the United States, followed by France, Mexico, and Italy. Canada and Mexico have, in recent years, become increasingly important trading partners in processed foods. Results from this study do not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade; Processed foods; Foreign direct investment; Canada; Mexico; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23566
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Redesigning the Food Chain: Trade, Investment and Strategic Alliances in the Orange Juice Industry AgEcon
Azevedo, Paulo Furquim de; Chaddad, Fabio Ribas.
Change in trade barriers and capital flow creates opportunities for redesigning the food chain. The orange juice chain in U.S. and Brazil provides an interesting illustration of how institutional harmonization, high import tariff rates and complementary capabilities open new opportunities for strategic alliances and the re-arrangement in the FCOJ chain. This finding has the following implications. First, trade barriers are not enough to support FDI and related internationalization decisions. Second, the perspective of market integration creates a positive environment for new strategic alliances and the re-design of the food chain. And third, the existence of complementary capabilities between foreign and domestic companies is a necessary condition for this...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: FTAA; Foreign direct investment; Orange Juice Industry; Strategic alliances; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8212
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Regulatory Takings and Environmental Regulation in NAFTA's Chapter 11 AgEcon
Aisbett, Emma; Karp, Larry S.; McAusland, Carol.
NAFTA's investment treaty has led to several expropriation compensation claims from investors hurt by new environmental regulations. Expropriation clauses in international treaties solve post-investment moral hazard problems such as hold-ups. However, these clauses can interact with National Treatment clauses in a manner that hinders investment. A police powers carve-out from the definition of expropriation can be Pareto-improving and can increase the level of foreign investment.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Foreign direct investment; Regulatory takings; Expropriation; NAFTA; National Treatment; Environment; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; K3; Q58; F21.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7195
Registros recuperados: 33
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