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A FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE INDUSTRY STRATEGIC PLANNING AgEcon
Lyford, Conrad P.; Ricks, Donald J.; Peterson, H. Christopher; Sterns, James A..
As agricultural commodity industries strategically plan for their future, they need to consider the systemic and synergistic effects of such factors as changing government regulations, demand expansion or contraction, globalized markets, increased competitive pressures, and greater customer quality requirements. This article discusses a framework developed to help industries strategically plan within the context of these dynamic factors. This framework, based upon relevant theory and an accumulation of experiences with this type of strategic planning, provides one possible approach for addressing the strategic needs of an entire industry. In this way, a commodity industry as a whole can identify and address key industrywide strategic issues to maintain and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Framework; Industry; Strategic planning; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14721
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A Framework for Estimating U.S. WTO Domestic Support to 2015 AgEcon
Quiroga, Jose.
The framework allows comprehensive and consistent measurement and classification of U.S. domestic support to 2015 under different assumptions. Projections of future U.S. domestic support patterns are made with estimates published in the USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections. We also use information from the OECD, FAPRI, NASS, and our own estimates. We present key elements and an overview of our analytical framework, assumptions of a baseline scenario, and some analytical results and observations arising from our analysis. The baseline scenario extends the classification of programs in WTO notifications to 2015. The framework consists of 65 spreadsheets, which are grouped into 4 analytical stages: calculation of program estimates by commodity; calculation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; AMS; De minimis; Domestic support; WTO; Framework; International Relations/Trade; F1; Q1; Q17; Q18; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25412
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A framework for selecting a suite of indicators for fisheries management ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
We develop a framework for the objective selection of a suite of indicators for use in fisheries management. The framework encompasses eight steps, and provides guidance on pitfalls to be avoided at each step. Step I identifies user groups and their needs, featuring the setting of operational objectives, and Step 2 identifies a corresponding list of candidate indicators. Step 3 assigns weights to nine screening criteria for the candidate indicators: concreteness, theoretical basis, public awareness, cost, measurement, historic data, sensitivity, responsiveness, and specificity. Step 4 scores the indicators against the criteria, and Step 5 summarizes the results. Steps 3-5 offer technical aspects on which guidance is provided, including scoring standards...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scoring; Objectives; Indicators; Guidelines; Framework; Ecosystem; Criteria.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-484.pdf
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Assessing potential efficiency gains in irrigated water use in New Zealand. AgEcon
Ford, Stuart; Harris, Simon; Doak, Murray.
This paper reports a research project carried out on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry New Zealand designed to scope the issue of water efficiency in New Zealand and demonstrate where the most significant gains in efficiency can occur. The paper describes the efficiency framework developed based on the key areas of allocative, technical and dynamic efficiency. The areas of significant gains based on the theoretical analysis are tested against three community irrigation schemes. Although the case study findings support the theoretical conclusions there is a significant range of potential areas of improvement according to the nature of each case study.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical; Allocative; Dynamic efficiency; Framework; Case studies..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48056
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Comparison of Frameworks for Analyzing Social-ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Binder, Claudia R.; University of Munich; claudia.binder@lmu.de; Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum e.V. (GCF) Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Bots, Pieter W. G.; Delft University of Technology; P.W.G.Bots@tudelft.nl.
In this paper we compare 10 established frameworks for analyzing social-ecological systems. We limited ourselves to frameworks that were explicitly designed to be used by a wider community of researchers and practitioners. Although all these frameworks seem to have emerged from the need for concepts that permit structured, interdisciplinary reasoning about complex problems in social-ecological systems, they differ significantly with respect to contextual and structural criteria, such as conceptualization of the ecological and social systems and their interrelation. It appears that three main criteria suffice to produce a classification of frameworks that may be used as a decision tree when choosing a framework for analysis. These criteria are (i) whether a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Anthropocentric; Conceptualization; Decision tree; Dynamics; Ecocentric; Ecological system; Framework; Human-environment systems; Social-ecological systems; Social system.
Ano: 2013
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Consequences of oil spills: a review and framework for informing planning Ecology and Society
Chang, Stephanie E.; University of British Columbia; stephanie.chang@ubc.ca; Stone, Jeremy; University of British Columbia; jeremy@recoveryandrelief.org; Demes, Kyle; University of British Columbia; Simon Fraser University; kyle.demes@gmail.com; Piscitelli, Marina; University of British Columbia; piscitellim@gmail.com.
As oil transportation worldwide continues to increase, many communities are at risk of oil spill disasters and must anticipate and prepare for them. Factors that influence oil spill consequences are myriad and range from the biophysical to the social. We provide a summary literature review and overview framework to help communities systematically consider the factors and linkages that would influence consequences of a potential oil spill. The focus is on spills from oil tanker accidents. Drawing primarily on empirical studies of previous oil spill disasters, we focused on several main domains of interest: the oil spill itself, disaster management, the physical marine environment, marine biology, human health, economy, and policy. Key variables that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Framework; Impacts; Oil spills; Vancouver.
Ano: 2014
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Enhancing the Ostrom social-ecological system framework through formalization Ecology and Society
Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Bots, Pieter W. G.; Delft University of Technology; p.w.g.bots@tudelft.nl.
Frameworks play an important role in analyzing social-ecological systems (SESs) because they provide shared concepts and variables that enable comparison between and accumulation of knowledge across multiple cases. One prominent SES framework focusing on local resource use has been developed by Elinor Ostrom and her colleagues. This framework is an extensive multi-tier collection of concepts and variables that have demonstrated relevance for explaining outcomes in a large number of case studies in the context of fishery, water, and forestry common-pool resources. The further development of this framework has raised a number of issues related to the formal relationships between the large number of concepts and variables involved. In particular, issues...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Formalization; Framework; Ontology; SES; Social-ecological system; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2014
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Participatory Impact Pathways Analysis: A practical method for project planning and evaluation AgEcon
Douthwaite, Boru; Alvarez, Sophie; Thiele, Graham; Mackay, Ronald.
Participatory Impact Pathways Analysis (PIPA) is a practical planning, and monitoring and evaluation approach developed for use with complex projects in the water and food sectors . PIPA begins with a participatory workshop where stakeholders make explicit their assumptions about how their project will achieve an impact. Participants construct problem trees, carry out a visioning exercise and draw network maps to help them clarify their 'impact pathways'. These are then articulated in two logic models. The outcomes logic model describes the project's medium term objectives in the form of hypotheses: which actors need to change, what are those changes and which strategies are needed to realise these changes. The impact logic model describes how, by helping...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: PIPA; Impact pathway; PME; Evaluation; Framework; Tool; Planning; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52527
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Risk Mapping for Avian Influenza: a Social–Ecological Problem Ecology and Society
Cumming, Graeme S.; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town; graeme.cumming@uct.ac.za.
Pathogen dynamics are inseparable from the broader environmental context in which pathogens occur. Although some pathogens of people are primarily limited to the human population, occurrences of zoonoses and vector-borne diseases are intimately linked to ecosystems. The emergence of these diseases is currently being driven by a variety of influences that include, among other things, changes in the human population, long-distance travel, high-intensity animal-production systems, and anthropogenic modification of ecosystems. Anthropogenic impacts on ecosystems have both direct and indirect (food-web mediated) effects. Therefore, understanding disease risk for zoonoses is a social–ecological problem. The articles in this special feature focus on...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Disease; Framework; Health; Influenza; Pathogen; Resilience; Social– Ecological system.
Ano: 2010
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Toward an analytical framework for understanding complex social-ecological systems when conducting environmental impact assessments in South Africa Ecology and Society
Bowd, Rebecca; School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal; rebecca@greendoorgroup.co.za; Quinn, Nevil W.; Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of the West of England ; nevil.quinn@uwe.ac.uk; Kotze, Donovan C.; School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal; kotzed@ukzn.ac.za.
Consideration of biophysical impacts has historically dominated environmental impact assessment (EIA) practice. Despite the emergence of social impact assessment, the consideration of socioeconomic impacts in EIA is variable, as is the extent of their integration in EIA findings. There is growing recognition for the need to move EIA practice toward sustainability assessment, characterized by comprehensiveness, i.e., scope of impacts, integration, i.e., of biophysical and socioeconomic impacts, and a greater strategic focus. This is particularly the case in developing regions and in countries like South Africa, which have statutory requirements for the full consideration of socioeconomic impacts in EIA. We suggest that EIA practice could benefit from...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Environmental impact assessment (EIA); Framework; Participation; Social-ecological system (SES); Sustainability assessment.
Ano: 2015
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