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Registros recuperados: 15
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Acordos comerciais e o setor produtivo de carne bovina: estimativas de ganhos para o Mercosul AgEcon
Waquil, Paulo Dabdab; Alvim, Augusto Mussi.
This study identifies the effects of free trade agreements at the multilateral (WTO) and regional (FTAA and MERCOSUR-EU) levels on the bovine meat markets in several regions. In order to evaluate these effects, we used a spatial allocation model, presented as a mixed complementarity problem (MCP). The study identifies the changes in production and consumption levels, as well as the changes in producer and consumer surplus, in four possible scenarios. In general, gains to bovine meat producers in the MERCOSUR countries are expected in all scenarios. Although, these gains are greater when we simulate a multilateral trade liberalization, with or without the elimination of subsidies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Free trade; Regional integration; Mixed complementarity problem; Bovine meat; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55190
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AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN VIETNAM: PRODUCER SUPPORT ESTIMATES, 1986-2002 AgEcon
Nguyen, Hoa; Ulrike, Grote.
Since 1986, Vietnam started to move from a centrally-planned towards a market-oriented system. It underwent several major economic and trade reforms – a process which is still not completed. At the same time, it also started to open its economy. Vietnam has become a member of the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA), signed several bilateral trade agreements and is currently negotiating accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). First positive results of the reform process became visible in the early 1990s when poverty declined to a large extent. Since then, the Vietnamese agricultural sector has also experienced high growth and impressive export achievements. The country changed from a food importer to one of the major exporters worldwide. The question...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural policies; Markets; Free trade; Trade agreements; World Trade Organization; Poverty; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60456
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ALBERTA’S EXPORT EXPERIENCE UNDER FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS: 1988 - 2007 AgEcon
Mirus, Rolf; Tanerguclu, Hande.
The international involvement of Alberta-based businesses covers trade in goods, trade in services, and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), both inward and outward. Increasingly FDI is linked to trade in goods and services. Indeed, the export of services like consulting or construction engineering tends to involve the setting up of supporting facilities abroad (outward FDI), and exports of goods frequently necessitate the provision of maintenance services in their wake, either across the border or through an office abroad. Data on outward FDI by Alberta-based firms are not available, nor are data on exports of services by province of origin. Therefore an analysis of what has been happening to Alberta’s international commercial relations is of necessity...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Alberta; NAFTA; FTA; Free trade agreement; Free trade; Imports; Exports; Mexico; United States; Israel; Chile; Costa Rica; Energy sector; FDI; Investment; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60431
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Defining a trade strategy for southern Mediterranean countries AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine.
The objective of this paper is to analyze the best trade approach for Southern Mediterranean countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Turkey) that helps them increase market access and develop trade policies which will facilitate the most efficient economic development. The study uses, the MacMap-HS6 database on market access and the Modeling International Relations under Applied General Equilibrium (MIRAGE) model of the global economy. While most South Mediterranean (SM) countries are very protectionist, they enjoy a fairly good access to world markets, either due to product specialization or to preferences granted by the European Union in the industrial sector. Today, these countries are simultaneously opting for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade strategy; Market access; Trade policies; Economic development; MIRAGE model; Multilateralism; Regional strategies; Free trade; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58568
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Doha scenarios, trade reforms, and poverty in the Philippines: A CGE Analysis AgEcon
Cororaton, Caesar B.; Cockburn, John; Corong, Erwin L..
The paper examines the possible impact of Doha agreement on Philippine poverty. Using a detailed CGE analysis, the agreement is observed to depress world demand for Philippine agricultural exports, and thus slightly increase poverty, especially among rural households. However, an ambitious full trade liberalization scenario, which involves free world trade and domestic liberalization, leads to increased industrial exports that favor urban households. These impacts are driven primarily by domestic trade liberalization, as free world trade favors the agricultural sector by increasing the cost of competing agricultural imports.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Doha agreement; Computable general equilibrium (CGE); Free trade; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59825
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Environmental Provisions in Free Trade Agreements AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Numbers of free trade ageements and those with environmental provisons have grownn rapidly. Enviomental measures include those to protect and enhance the environment, environmental cooperation and citizen particpation activties. Many appear to have made important contributions to environmental activities although often constrained by limited funds.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Free trade; Trade agreements; Environment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123723
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Environmental Provisions in Recent Regional Trade Agreements (2008 & 2009) AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Despite a failure to achieve closure on the Doha Round of WTO negotiations, regional and bilateral trade agreements involving a variety of countries have continued to be negotiated, signed and implemented. Most of the recent trade agreements have contained some environmental provisions, ranging from a pledge to protect the environment to very extensive environmental requirements. These results appear to reflect a recognition that trade has environmental consequences and that trade agreements can be constructed to help mitigate such effects.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environment; Environmental provisions; Free trade; Trade agreements; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90937
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Jordan’s Accession to the WTO: Retrospective and Prospective AgEcon
Malkawi, Bashar H..
Jordan acceded to the WTO in 1999. In its accession Jordan agreed, for example, to reduce tariffs on imported products and open its services market; it also modified its intellectual property regime. Jordan enjoyed special and differential treatment in few areas and was not able to designate olive oil as a good eligible for special safeguards. The WTO agreements required fundamental changes in the domestic laws and regulations of Jordan. The article concludes by arguing that Jordan's accession to the WTO was a lengthy and costly process. Jordan agreed to an arduous package of legal and economic reforms. Given that Jordan agreed to greater commitments compared to the obligations of the original WTO members, the multilateral trading system witnessed an...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Accession; Free trade; Intellectual property; Jordan; Market access; WTO; Financial Economics; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57329
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National Policies and the Limits of International Integration AgEcon
Gerber, James.
In spite of the rapid growth of merchandise trade since the end of World War II, the world economy is far from integrated. Services trade, capital flows, population migration, and price differences demonstrate far more scope for international economic integration. Even among nations with preferential trade agreements, networks of merchandise trade relations are far denser intra-nationally than internationally. The absence of goods trade predicted by trade models when nations have few policy barriers implies that crossing national boundaries is a significant indicator of increased transaction costs. These patterns have caused the world trade agenda to examine some unintended trade restrictions which make up a part of national domestic policies. This focus...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Deeper integration; Free trade; Heckscher-Ohlin model; Integration; Trade barriers; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23829
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Philippine Rice and Rural Poverty: An Impact Analysis of Market Reform Using CGE AgEcon
Cororaton, Caesar B..
This paper looks at how Philippine trade reform which consists of tariff reduction and elimination of quantitative restrictions (QR) on rice imports will affect poverty within two world trade scenarios: Doha and free world trade. The impact of Doha is very small and generates biased effects against agriculture. The impact of Philippine trade reform within the Doha agenda magnifies this biased effect, making rural households worse-off compared to urban households. However, eliminating rice QR generates a set of effects where consumer price reduction dominates nominal income decline. Thus, real income improves and poverty declines across household groups, but the net effects are lower in rural than in urban households. The impact of a free world trade...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rice; Impact analysis; Agriculture; Poverty; Computable general equilibrium CGE; Trade reform; Doha agreement; Free trade; Rural households; Urban households; Consumer prices; Philippines; Food Security and Poverty; Marketing; F1; I3; N5; O5; Q0; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58578
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The Farmers' Plea to Environmentalists AgEcon
Avery, Dennis T..
This paper critically examines linkages between alternative farming practices and environmental quality. Environmental impacts of high-yield farming are contrasted to those of low-yield farming. Traditional low-yield farming systems, while being promoted by environmental groups, have resulted in massive famine, higher cancer rates, soil erosion, and losses in wildlife habitat. Organic farming and other low-yield systems are land intensive and invade marginal farmland, thereby destroying wildlife habitat and biodiversity. Low-yield farming has not and cannot produce enough food to meet the food needs of the world’s population. By contrast, high-yield farming minimizes land use for food production and increase the availability of land for wildlife habitat...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: High-yield farming; Environmental quality; Wildlife habitat; Biodiversity; Population growth; Hunger; Free trade; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90375
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The Problem of Inclusion, Developing Countries, and Global Trade AgEcon
Mazzacano, Peter J..
Anger and optimism are coexisting themes related to the growing liberalization of international trade and the resultant transforming forces of globalization. While international trade and globalization offer the world community many benefits, there also appear to be negative consequences, particularly for least developed countries (LDCs). With increased trade and globalization has come an uneven distribution of the costs and benefits. This appears to have exacerbated inequalities of wealth and power within and between countries. The result is asymmetric interdependence where certain countries seem to prosper while others suffer. If trade is to benefit the LDCs and their poor constituents, more must be done to make them full and equal participants in the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Free trade; Globalization; Liberalization; Least developed countries; Less developed countries; Trade; United Nations; World Bank; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23904
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นโยบายดินและปุ๋ยเพื่อเพิ่มโอกาสข้าวไทย Thai Agricultural
Maturos Wongkrut.
Tipo: Collection Palavras-chave: Soils and fertilizers policy; Soil management; Chemical fertilizer; Organic fertilizer; Thailand's rice crisis; Free trade; AFTA; ข้าว; นโยบายดินและปุ๋ย; การจัดการดิน; ปุ๋ยเคมี; ปุ๋ยอินทรีย์; วิกฤตข้าวไทย; การค้าเสรี; เทคโนโลยีชีวภาพ; สินค้าเกษตรและอาหาร.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5303
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ศักยภาพการแข่งขันของธุรกิจโคนมไทยในลุ่มน้ำโขง Thai Agricultural
Siriporn Kiratikarnkul; Varaporn Punyavadee; Dumrong Leenanuruksa.
Tipo: PhysicalObject Palavras-chave: Dairy cow; Animal production; Supply chain; Developement economics; Competitive agriculture; Economic competition; Free trade; Technology gaps; Mekong basin; โคนม; การผลิตโคนม; การพัฒนาเศรษฐกิจ; การแข่งขันภาคการเกษตร; การค้าเสรี; การปรับตัว; การสร้างขีดความสามารถ; การวิเคราะห์จุดอ่อน; ลุ่มน้ำโขง.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5825
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ศักยภาพการแข่งขันของภาคการเกษตรไทยหลังเปิดประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน (ASEAN economic community: AEC) Thai Agricultural
Patcharee Suriya.
Tipo: PhysicalObject Palavras-chave: Economic community; Supply chain; Thai agriculture; Developement economics; Competitive agriculture; ASEAN community; Free trade; Economic competition; ASEAN; ประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน; สินค้าเกษตร; ภาคการเกษตร; การพัฒนาเศรษฐกิจ; การแข่งขันภาคการเกษตร; การค้าเสรี; การส่งออกสินค้า; กลุ่มประเทศอาเซียน; การสร้างขีดความสามารถ; การปรับตัว; อาเซียน.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5752
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