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Constraints on fluid origins and migration velocities along the Marmara Main Fault (Sea of Marmara, Turkey) using helium isotopes ArchiMer
Burnard, P.; Bourlange, S.; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis; Tryon, M. D.; Natal'In, B.; Sengor, A. M. C.; Ozeren, M. S.; Cagatay, M. N..
Fluids venting from the submarine portion of the Marmara Main Fault (part of the North Anatolian Fault system, Turkey) were sampled in Ti bottles deployed by submersible. The fluids consist of mixtures of fault derived gases, fault related cold seep fluids, and ambient seawater; these components can readily be distinguished using the isotopes of He and the He/Ne ratios. He-3/He-4 ratios range between 0.03 +/- 0.1 and 4.9 +/- 0.4 Ra, indicating that both crustal and mantle derived sources of helium are sampled by the fault. The dominant gas in all the samples analyzed is methane with the abundance of CO2 below detection (<= 2%) in the mantle rich (high He-3/He-4) fluids. This is in contrast to nearly all mantle derived fluids where the C species are...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fluids; Gas emission; Helium; Marmara Sea; North Anatolian Fault.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00098/20954/18576.pdf
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Developing a nationally appropriate mitigation measure from the greenhouse gas abatement potential from livestock production in the Brazilian Cerrado. Repositório Alice
SILVA, R. de O.; BARIONI, L. G.; ALBERTINI, T. Z.; EORY, V.; TOPP, C. F. E.; FERNANDES, F. A.; MORAN, D..
Brazil is one of the first major developing countries to commit to a national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions target that requires a reduction of between 36.1% and 38.9% relative to baseline emissions by 2020. The country intends to submit to agricultural emissions reductions as part of this target with livestock production identified as offering significant abatement potentia.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Emissão de gás; Gases do efeito estufa; Greenhouse gas emissions; Gas emission; Livestock production.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/988772
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Gas emissions and active tectonics within the submerged section of the North Anatolian Fault zone in the Sea of Marmara ArchiMer
Geli, Louis; Henry, P; Zitter, T; Dupre, Stephanie; Tryon, M; Cagatay, M; De Lepinay, B; Le Pichon, X; Sengor, A; Gorur, N; Natalin, B; Ucarkus, G; Oezeren, S; Volker, D; Gasperini, L; Burnard, P; Bourlange, S.
The submerged section of the North Anatolian fault within the Marmara Sea was investigated using acoustic techniques and submersible dives. Most gas emissions in the water column were found near the surface expression of known active faults. Gas emissions are unevenly distributed. The linear fault segment crossing the Central High and forming a seismic gap - as it has not ruptured since 1766, based on historical seismicity [Ambraseys, N.N., and Jackson, J.A., (2000), Seismicity of the Sea of Marmara (Turkey) since 1500, Geophys. J. Int., 141, (3), F1-F6. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2000.00137.x: Ambraseys, N., (2002), The seismic activity of the Marmara Region over the last 2000 years, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 92, 1-18; Parson, T., (2004), Recalculated...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: North Anatolian Fault; Marmara Sea; Gas emission; Fluids; Seismicity.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4681.pdf
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Methane release from warming-induced hydrate dissociation in the West Svalbard continental margin: Timing, rates, and geological controls ArchiMer
Thatcher, K. E.; Westbrook, Graham; Sarkar, S.; Minshull, T. A..
Hundreds of plumes of methane bubbles, first observed in 2008, emanate from an area of the seabed off West Svalbard that has become 1 degrees C warmer over the past 30 years. The distribution of the plumes, lying close to and upslope from the present upper limit of the methane hydrate stability zone, indicates that methane in the plumes could come from warming-induced hydrate dissociation, a process commonly invoked as contributing to rapid climate change. We used numerical modeling to investigate the response of hydrate beneath the seabed to changes in bottom-water temperature over periods of up to 1000 years B. P. The delay between the onset of warming and emission of gas, resulting from the time taken for thermal diffusion, hydrate dissociation, and gas...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Methane hydrate; Gas emission; Arctic warming; Geological controls; Thermal history.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00137/24779/22838.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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