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Registros recuperados: 36
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Ancillary Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution in the United States from Moderate Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in the Electricity Sector AgEcon
Burtraw, Dallas; Krupnick, Alan J.; Palmer, Karen L.; Paul, Anthony; Toman, Michael; Bloyd, Cary.
This paper considers how moderate actions to slow atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel use also could reduce conventional air pollutants in the United States. The benefits that result would be "ancillary" to greenhouse gas abatement. Moreover, the benefits would tend to accrue locally and in the near term, while benefits from reduced climate change mostly accrue globally and over a time frame of several decades or longer. The previous literature suggests that changes in nitrogen oxides (NOx) would be the most important consequence of moderate carbon policies. We calculate these changes in a detailed electricity model linked to an integrated assessment framework to value changes in human health. A tax of $25 per metric ton of carbon...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Greenhouse gas; Ancillary benefits; Air pollution; Co-control benefits; Nitrogen oxides; Sulfur dioxide; Carbon dioxide; Particulates; Health; Environmental Economics and Policy; H23; I18; Q48.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10664
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Annual methane emissions of production systems in lowlands of Rio Grande do Sul. Repositório Alice
SCIVITTARO, W. B.; JARDIM, T. M.; GUEVARA, M, D. F.; BARROS, L. M.; RODRIGUES, R. A.; SOUSA, R. O. de.; CASTILHOS, R. M. V..
bitstream/item/189871/1/Walkyria-trabalho-1436.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas; Mitigation; Flooded rice; Pasture; Crop rotation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1103187
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Are Compact Cities Environmentally (and Socially) Desirable? AgEcon
Gaigne, Carl; Riou, Stephane; Thisse, Jacques-Francois.
There is a wide consensus among international institutions and national governments in favor of compact (i.e. densely populated) cities as a way to improve the ecological performance of the transport system. Indeed, when both the intercity and intra-urban distributions of activities are given, a higher population density makes cities more environmentally friendly as the average commuting length is reduced. However, when we account for the possible relocation of activities within and between cities in response to a higher population density, the latter may cease to hold. Because changes in population density affect land rents and wages, firms and workers re-optimize and choose new locations. We show that this may reshape the urban system in a way that...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas; Commuting costs; Transport costs; Cities; Environmental Economics and Policy; D61; F12; Q54; Q58; R12.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121692
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ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF CAP-AND-TRADE CLIMATE POLICY ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS IN THE NORTHERN PLAINS: A POLICY SIMULATION WITH FARMER PREFERENCES AND ADAPTATION AgEcon
Jiang, Yong; Koo, Won W..
The purpose of this study is to examine the possible local impacts of cap-and-trade climate policy on agricultural producers in the Northern Plains. This study explicitly considers farmer behavior with respect to agricultural opportunity in carbon offset provision and ability of adaptation to mitigate the production cost impact under a cap-and-trade climate policy. Based on empirically estimated farmer behavior models, a policy simulation with agricultural census data identifies farmer acreage enrollment in carbon offset provision, carbon offset supplies and revenues, the production cost impacts of carbon prices, and impacts on net farm income and their distributions among heterogeneous farmers. Our analysis find that: 1) farmer ex ante preferences in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas; Cap-and-trade; Climate change; Agricultural impact; Economics; Carbon offsets; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91278
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Combining Supply and Demand Estimates for Ecosystem Services from Cropland AgEcon
Ma, Shan; Swinton, Scott M.; Lupi, Frank.
Payment-for-Ecosystem-Services (PES) programs are gaining appeal as flexible approaches to inducing the voluntary provision of ecosystem services (ES). Farmers, who manage agricultural ecosystems, provide important nonmarket ecosystem services to the public by their choice of production inputs and management practices. Although there exist various PES programs in the United States and Europe, we are aware of none that was designed based on a comprehensive understanding of the underlying supply and demand of ecosystem services. Taking advantage of unique, coupled datasets of stated preferences, this paper combines a supply-side cost function of farmers’ willingness to adopt practices that provide increased ES with a demand-side social benefit function of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Payment-for-Ecosystem-Services (PES); Contingent valuation; Aggregate supply and demand; Cropland; Eutrophication; Greenhouse gas; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q11; Q51; Q57; Q58.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103501
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Daycent Simulation of Methane Emissions, Grain Yield, and Soil Organic Carbon in a Subtropical Paddy Rice System Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Weiler,Douglas Adams; Tornquist,Carlos Gustavo; Zschornack,Tiago; Ogle,Stephen Michael; Carlos,Filipe Selau; Bayer,Cimélio.
ABSTRACT The DayCent ecosystem model, widely tested in upland agroecosystems, was recently updated to simulate waterlogged soils. We evaluated the new version in a paddy rice experiment in Southern Brazil. DayCent was used to simulate rice yield, soil organic carbon (SOC), and soil CH4 fluxes. Model calibration was conducted with a multiple-year dataset from the conventional tillage treatment, followed by a validation phase with data from the no-tillage treatment. Model performance was assessed with statistics commonly used in modeling studies: root mean square error (RMSE), model efficiency (EF), and mean difference (M). In general, DayCent slightly underestimated rice yields under no-tillage (by 0.07 Mg ha-1, or 9.2 %) and slightly overestimated soil C...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Modeling; Soil potential redox; Flooded soil; Greenhouse gas; Soil tillage.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832018000100523
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Development and evaluation of prediction equations for methane emission from Nellore cattle Dry matter intake (DMI Animal Sciences
Sobrinho, Tatiana Lucila Pires; Branco, Renata Helena; Magnani, Elaine; Berndt, Alexandre; Canesin, Roberta Carrilho; Mercadante, Maria Eugênia Zerlotti.
  
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Beef cattle; Dry matter intake; Greenhouse gas; Prediction; Sulfur hexafluoride..
Ano: 2018 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAnimSci/article/view/42559
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Dynamics of methane and nitrous oxide emissions in lowland production systems. Repositório Alice
GUEVARA, M. D. F.; JARDIM, T. M.; SCIVITTARO, W. B.; BARROS, L. M.; RODRIGUES, R. A.; WEINERT, C.; VEÇOZZI, T. A.; SILVEIRA, A. D.; SOUSA, R. O. de.; SILVA, J. T. da..
bitstream/item/189856/1/Walkyria-trabalho-2408.pdf
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas; Irrigated rice; Grassland; Crop rotation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1103172
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Enteric methane mitigation strategies in ruminants: a review. Repositório Alice
PEREIRA, L. G. R.; MACHADO, F. S.; CAMPOS, M. M.; GUIMARAES JUNIOR, R.; TOMICH, T. R.; REIS, L. G.; COOMBS, C..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Climate change; Global warming; Greenhouse gas; Livestock; Sustainability.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1035234
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Estimating on-farm methane emissions for sheep production on the Northern Tablelands: establishment of demonstration site AgEcon
McPhee, Malcolm J.; Edwards, Clare; Meckiff, Jim; Ballie, Neil; Schneider, Derek; Arnott, Paul; Cowie, Annette l.; Savage, Darryl; Lamb, David; Guppy, Chris; McCorkell, Bruce E.; Hegarty, Roger S..
Special Edition Sheep and Cattle Production in New South Wales
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas; High fertility; Low fertility; Pasture production; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121466
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Global warming potential of three swine manure management systems used in Brazil. Repositório Alice
SARDÁ, L. G.; GRAVE, R. A.; FALKOSKY, C.; RIBEIRO, S. M. S.; NICOLOSO, R. da S.; HIGARASHI, M. M..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Composting; Greenhouse gas; Lagoon; Livestock waste; Raw slurry deposit.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1033296
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Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Ethanol from Iowa Corn: Life Cycle Analysis versus System-wide Accounting AgEcon
Feng, Hongli; Rubin, Ofir D.; Babcock, Bruce A..
Life cycle analysis (LCA) is the standard approach used to evaluate the greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits of biofuels. However, it is increasingly recognized that LCA results do not account for some impacts—including land use changes—that have important implications on GHGs. Thus, an alternative accounting system that goes beyond LCA is needed. In this paper, we contribute to the literature by laying out the basics of a system-wide accounting (SWA) method that takes into account all potential changes in GHGs resulting from biofuel expansion. We applied both LCA and SWA to assess the GHG impacts of ethanol based on Iowa corn. Growing corn in rotation with soybeans generated 35% less GHG emissions than growing corn after corn. Based on average corn production,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Corn ethanol; Greenhouse gas; Life cycle analysis; System-wide accounting; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6312
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Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Ethanol from Iowa Corn: Life Cycle Analysis versus System-wide Accounting AgEcon
Feng, Hongli; Rubin, Ofir D.; Babcock, Bruce A..
Life cycle analysis (LCA) is the standard approach used to evaluate the greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits of biofuels. However, it is increasingly recognized that LCA results do not account for some impacts including land use changes that have important implications on GHGs. Thus, an alternative accounting system that goes beyond LCA is needed. In this paper, we contribute to the literature by laying out the basics of a system-wide accounting (SWA) method that takes into account all potential changes in GHGs resulting from biofuel expansion. We applied both LCA and SWA to assess the GHG impacts of ethanol based on Iowa corn. Growing corn in rotation with soybeans generated 35% less GHG emissions than growing corn after corn. Based on average corn production,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Corn ethanol; Greenhouse gas; Life cycle analysis; System-wide accounting; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6503
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Greenhouse gases emission and sustainable development of animal agriculture OAK
Takahashi, Junichi; 高橋, 潤一.
2006年8月3日とかちプラザ・レインボーホールで開催、日本ユネスコ国内委員会主催の帯広農村開発教育国際セミナー(OASERD)国際連合ユネスコアジア太平洋地域教育開発計画事業(APEID)シンポジウム「地球にやさしい農畜産業をめざして : 温室効果ガスの発生と制御」講演資料
Palavras-chave: Global warming; Greenhouse gas; Nitrous oxide; Methane; Kyoto Protocol.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1892
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Implications of Biodiesel-Induced Land-Use Changes for CO2 Emissions: Case Studies in Tropical America, Africa, and Southeast Asia Ecology and Society
Achten, Wouter M. J.; Department Earth and Environmental Sciences, K.U.Leuven; Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); wouter.achten@ees.kuleuven.be; Verchot, Louis V; Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); l.verchot@cgiar.org.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Carbon; Carbon debt; Greenhouse gas; Life-cycle assessment; Repayment time.
Ano: 2011
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Intake, apparent digestibility, and methane emission in bulls receiving a feed supplement of monensin, virginiamycin, or a combination. Repositório Alice
FONSECA, M. P. da; BORGES, A. L. da C. C.; SILVA, R. R. e; LAGE, H. F.; FERREIRA, A. L.; LOPES, F. C. F.; PANCOTI, C. G.; RODRIGUES, J. A. S..
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the feed supplements monensin, virginiamycin, or a combination of the two, on intake, digestibility, and methane emission in the male cattle breed F1 Holstein· Gir. We used acomplete randomised design with four treatments consisting of the control, monensin, virginiamycin, and a combination of the two. The basal diets were composed of sorghum silage with Tanzania grass and the concentrate in the 1 : 1 ratio. Nutrient intake (P>0.05) and the apparent digestibility coefficients (P>0.05) were not affected by the supplementation with monensin, virginiamycin, or both. The combination of the supplements did affect methane emission (P<0.05) when expressed in L/day, L/(kg DM), and L/(kg DM digestible)....
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Additives; Cattle; Feed supplement; Greenhouse gas; Respirometric chamber.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1049316
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Life cycle inventory-based assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from arable-land farming systems in the Tokachi region of Hokkaido, northern Japan OAK
Koga, N.
2006年8月3日とかちプラザ・レインボーホールで開催、日本ユネスコ国内委員会主催の帯広農村開発教育国際セミナー(OASERD)国際連合ユネスコアジア太平洋地域教育開発計画事業(APEID)シンポジウム「地球にやさしい農畜産業をめざして : 温室効果ガスの発生と制御」講演資料
Palavras-chave: Arable land; Fuel consumption; Greenhouse gas; Life cycle inventory; Soil organic carbon.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/1893
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Metano entérico de bovinos leiteiros em condições tropicais brasileiras. Repositório Alice
PRIMAVESI, O.; FRIGHETTO, R.T.S.; PEDREIRA, M. dos S.; LIMA, M.A. de; BERCHIELLI, T.T.; BARBOSA, P.F..
O objetivo deste trabalho foi quantificar a taxa de emissão de metano (CH4) pela técnica do gás traçador, hexafluoreto de enxofre (SF6), em bovinos leiteiros a pasto em condições tropicais brasileiras. As medições foram realizadas na estação das chuvas, com adequada oferta de forragem, em animais da raça Holandesa e Mestiça Leiteira Brasileira em pastagem de capim-tobiatã (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tobiatã) adubada, com vacas em lactação, vacas secas e novilhas, e em pastagem de capim-braquiária (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf.) não adubada com novilhas. As concentrações de CH4 e SF6 foram determinadas por cromatografia gasosa. A emissão de CH4 pelas vacas em lactação foi de 13,8 a 16,8 g/hora, pelas vacas secas de 11,6 a 12,3 g/hora, pelas novilhas em...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Traçador interno; Hexafluoreto de enxofre; Metano ruminal; Gás de efeito estufa; Internal tracer; Sulfur hexafluoride; Ruminal methane; Greenhouse gas.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/110098
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Methane efflux in rice paddy field under different irrigation managements Rev. Bras. Ciênc. Solo
Moterle,Diovane Freire; Silva,Leandro Souza da; Moro,Vagner João; Bayer,Cimélio; Zschornack,Tiago; Avila,Luis Antonio de; Bundt,Ângela da Cas.
Paddy rice fields may contribute to methane (CH4) emission from soil due to anaerobic conditions after flooding. Alternatives to continuous flooding irrigation in rice have been developed to mitigate CH4 efflux into the atmosphere. This study aims to investigate the effects of irrigation managements in the CH4 efflux during the rice growing season. An experiment was carried out at in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, during 2007/08 and 2009/10 growing seasons. The treatments were continuous flooding and intermittent irrigation in 2007/08 and continuous flooding, intermittent irrigation and flush irrigation in 2009/10. Intermittent irrigation is effective in mitigating CH4 efflux from rice fields when climatic conditions enable water absence...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Greenhouse gas; Flooding irrigation; Intermittent irrigation; Redox potential.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-06832013000200014
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Methane emissions from ruminants in integrated crop-livestock systems. Repositório Alice
PONTES, L. da S.; BARRO, R. S.; CAMARGO, E. F. de; PORFIRIO-DA-SILVA, V.; CEZIMBRA, I. M.; BERNDT, A.; BAYER, C.; CARVALHO, P. C. de F..
2014
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Gás metano; Emissão; Gás de efeito estufa; Sistemas de integração lavoura-pecuária; Methane; Emission; Greenhouse gas; Grasses.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1005347
Registros recuperados: 36
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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