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AN EXAMINATION OF TRENDS IN GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION IN U.S. HOG PRODUCTION, 1974-96 AgEcon
Hubbell, Bryan J.; Welsh, Rick.
Geographic concentration in U.S. hog production from 1974-96 is investigated using a measure based on Theil's entropy index. For the U.S. as a whole, geographic concentration is occurring at a slow rate, both for hog farms and hog numbers. However, for particular states, primarily in the new Southern Atlantic production region, concentration is high and increasing at a rapid pace. Concentration was increasing for the 23-year period for 16 out of the 20 states in the analysis. Results indicate that geographic concentration by augmentation is occurring to the greatest degree in Arkansas, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Entropy; Geographic concentration; Hog production; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15566
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Changes in Manure Management in the Hog Sector AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D.; Ribaudo, Marc.
In recent years, structural changes in the hog sector, including increasing farm size and regional shifts in production, have altered manure management practices. Over the same period, changes to the Clean Water Act, new state regulations, and increasing local conflicts over odor have influenced manure management decisions. This study uses data from two national surveys of hog farmers to examine how hog manure management practices vary with the scale of production and how these practices evolved between 1998 and 2004. The findings provide insights into the effects of structural changes and recent policies on manure management technologies and practices, the use of nutrient management plans, and manure application rates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hog production; Manure management; Structural change; Environmental regulation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6071
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Characteristics and Production Costs of U.S. Hog Farms, 2004 AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Key, Nigel D..
Hog production in 2004 was characterized by wide variation in the types, sizes, and economic performance of operations. Operations specializing in a single production phase generated more than three times the product value, on average, of those using the traditional farrow-to-finish approach. Low-cost operations tended to be larger, located in the Heartland, and operated by farmers whose primary occupation was farming. Small and medium operations far outnumbered large and very large operations, but large and very large operations accounted for most of the production. Average production costs declined as the size of the hog operation increased, a result of reduced capital costs and more efficient input use. Hog production was highly concentrated in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Swine; Hogs; Hog production; Hog operations; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Production costs; Economies of size; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6385
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Contract and Exit Decisions in Finisher Hog Production AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Hennessy, David A.; Jensen, Helen H..
Finisher hog production in North America has seen a shift toward larger production units and contract-organized production since circa 1990. Given the efficiency gains and conversion costs associated with contract production, growers may have to choose between long term commitment through investments and atrophy with intent to exit in the intermediate term. A model is developed to show that growers with any of three efficiency attributes (lower innate hazard of exit, variable costs, or fixed contract adoption costs) are not only more likely to contract but will also produce more and expend more on lowering business survival risks. Using the 2004 U.S. Agricultural Resource Management Survey for hogs, a recursive bivariate probit model is estimated in which...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural industrialization; Hog production; Occupation choice; Production contracts; Recursive bivariate probit; Relationship-specific investments; Sector dynamics.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; D23; Q12; J26; J43..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49343
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Contract and Exit Decisions in Finisher Hog Production AgEcon
Dong, Fengxia; Hennessy, David A.; Jensen, Helen H..
Finisher hog production in North America has seen a shift toward larger production units and contract-organized production since around 1990. Given the efficiency gains and conversion costs associated with contract production, growers may have to choose between long-term commitment through investments and atrophy with intent to exit in the intermediate term. A model is developed to show that growers with any of three efficiency attributes (lower innate hazard of exit, variable costs, or fixed contract adoption costs) are not only more likely to contract but will also produce more and expend more on lowering business survival risks. Using the 2004 U.S. Agricultural Resource Management Survey for hogs, a recursive bivariate probit model is estimated in which...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural industrialization; Hog production; Occupation choice; Production contracts; Recursive bivariate probit; Relationship-specific investments; Sector dynamics..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37331
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Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D.; Mosheim, Roberto.
The U.S. hog industry has experienced dramatic structural changes and rapid increases in farm productivity. A stochastic frontier analysis is used to measure hog enterprise total factor productivity (TFP) growth between 1992 and 2004 and to decompose this growth into technical change and changes in technical efficiency, scale efficiency, and allocative efficiency. Productivity gains over the 12-year period are found to be explained almost entirely by technical progress and by improvements in scale efficiency. Differences in TFP growth rates in the Southeast and Heartland regions were found to be explained primarily by differences in farm size growth rates.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Hog production; Scale efficiency; Stochastic frontier; Technical change; Total factor productivity growth; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; D24; Q12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45512
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ECONOMIC AND STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIPS IN U.S. HOG PRODUCTION AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Key, Nigel D..
Rapid change in the size and ownership structure of U.S. hog production has created new and varied challenges for the industry. This report describes an industry becoming increasingly concentrated among fewer and larger farms, and becoming more economically efficient. These changes have not come without problems. The increasing market control and power concentrated among packers and large hog operations, and the manure management problem posed by an increasing concentration of hog manure on fewer operations, are paramount concerns. Addressing these concerns through regulations would likely impose economic costs that could be passed on to consumers. In addition, the relative mobility of the hog industry means that regulations could result in significant...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hog production; Industry structure; Structural change; Production costs; Contract production; Manure management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33971
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IMPACTS OF CONCENTRATION IN HOG PRODUCTION ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN RURAL ILLINOIS: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS AgEcon
Gomez, Miguel I.; Zhang, Liying.
This paper evaluates the impact of increasing concentration of the livestock sector on the economic welfare of rural Illinois. A pooled time-series, cross-sectional model is developed to study the dynamics of structural changes in hog production for the period 1981-1997. The model tests the efficient-market hypothesis on local rural economies. Keywords: hog production, concentration, economic impacts, rural communities
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hog production; Concentration; Economic impacts; Rural communities; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21846
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LOCATION OF PRODUCTION AND ENDOGENOUS WATER QUALITY REGULATION: A LOOK AT THE U.S. HOG INDUSTRY AgEcon
Metcalfe, Mark R..
This paper examines the effect of state regulation of water quality on the location of hog production across states in the US. A qualitative measure is developed from states' water quality legislation in 1994 and 1998. No evidence is found that increased stringency is detrimental to hog production.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hog production; Environmental regulation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21631
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Okonomische Hysterese in der Veredlungsproduktion AgEcon
Hinrichs, Jan; Musshoff, Oliver; Odening, Martin.
German hog production responds only very limited to price fluctuations in the pork market. The hog production concentrates in a few regions though it does not depend on special natural conditions. Furthermore, the production volume does hardly vary over time. Relatively high market risks, sunk costs, and the flexibility of the decision maker to defer investments characterize decision problems hog production. Thus the real option approach is chosen to explain the inertia in production capacity. Using panel data of specialised hog farms from the German farm accountancy data network (FADN) an empirical investment model is estimated. Formally, the model has the structure of an ordered probit model. This approach allows to test for economic hysteresis in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic Hysteresis; Risk; Real options; Hog production; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18813
Registros recuperados: 10
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