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Registros recuperados: 18
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Cultural attitudes are stronger predictors of bushmeat consumption and preference than economic factors among urban Amazonians from Brazil and Colombia Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Schor, Tatiana; Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Brazil; tatiana.schor@gmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Beliefs; Bushmeat sharing; Human behavior; Hunting; Income; Legality; Social norms; Social relations; Taboos; Wealth.
Ano: 2015
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Effects of selective logging on large mammal populations in a remote indigenous territory in the northern Peruvian Amazon Ecology and Society
Bowler, Mark; San Diego Zoo Global Institute for Conservation Research; marktbowler@icloud.com; Puertas, Pablo E; FundAmazonia; Center for International Forestry Research; puertas118@hotmail.com; Kirkland, Maire; FundAmazonia; maire.kirkland@hotmail.co.uk; Bodmer, Richard; FundAmazonia; Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent; R.Bodmer@kent.ac.uk.
We examined the effects of selective timber logging carried out by local indigenous people in remote areas within indigenous territories on the mammal populations of the Yavari-Mirin River basin on the Peru-Brazil border. Recent findings show that habitat change in the study area is minimal, and any effect of logging activities on large mammal populations is highly likely to be the result of hunting associated with logging operations. We used hunting registers to estimate the monthly and yearly biomass extracted during timber operations and to calculate the catch per unit effort (CPUE) in subsistence hunting in the community of Esperanza 2 to 5 years before logging activities started and 4 to 7 years after logging began. We also used line transects and the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Amazon; Catch per unit effort; Hunting; Mammal density; Timber logging.
Ano: 2015
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Effects of social change on wildlife consumption taboos in northeastern Madagascar Ecology and Society
Golden, Christopher D; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health; Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Health & Health Policy, HEAL (Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) Program; golden@hsph.harvard.edu; Comaroff, Jean; Departments of African and African American Studies and Anthropology, Harvard University; jeancomaroff@fas.harvard.edu.
In Madagascar, the constellation of taboos serves as a form of informal regulatory institution and is foundational to Malagasy culture, regardless of class, ethnic group affiliation, and educational background. Many researchers have credited rapid social change as a crucial mechanism for disturbing taboos. Others suggest that taboos are innately historical. However, very little empirical research has assessed the effects of social change on taboos or quantified the stability of taboo systems over time. Here, we use a case study of the ensemble of taboos in northeastern Madagascar, still a critical aspect of social life there, as a lens through which we investigate its degree of stability over time. Our aim was: (1) to describe the food taboos of local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Conservation policy; Cultural change; Hunting; Immigration; Migration; Modernization; Religion; Wildlife.
Ano: 2015
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Evaluating the use of local ecological knowledge to monitor hunted tropical-forest wildlife over large spatial scales Ecology and Society
Peres, Carlos A.; School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK; C.Peres@uea.ac.uk.
Monitoring the distribution and abundance of hunted wildlife is critical to achieving sustainable resource use, yet adequate data are sparse for most tropical regions. Conventional methods for monitoring hunted forest-vertebrate species require intensive in situ survey effort, which severely constrains spatial and temporal replication. Integrating local ecological knowledge (LEK) into monitoring and management is appealing because it can be cost-effective, enhance community participation, and provide novel insights into sustainable resource use. We develop a technique to monitor population depletion of hunted forest wildlife in the Brazilian Amazon, based on the local ecological knowledge of rural hunters. We performed rapid interview surveys to estimate...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazon; Brazil; Game; Harvesting; Hunting; Interviews; Large mammals.
Ano: 2015
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Evolving hunting practices in Gabon: lessons for community-based conservation interventions Ecology and Society
Schleicher, Judith; Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK; School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, S Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK; schleicher.judith@gmail.com; Hymas, Olivier; Human Ecology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, University College London, UK; Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK; ohymas@onetel.com; Coad, Lauren; Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford University, UK; Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia; lauren.coad@ouce.ox.ac.uk.
Addressing today’s environmental challenges is intimately linked to understanding and improving natural resource governance institutions. As a result conservation initiatives are increasingly realizing the importance of integrating local perspectives of land tenure arrangements, natural resource rights, and local beliefs into conservation approaches. However, current work has not sufficiently considered the dynamic nature of natural resource governance institutions over time and the potential implications for current conservation interventions. We therefore explored how and why hunting governance has changed since the precolonial period in two ethnic hunting communities in Gabon, Central Africa, integrating various ethnographic methods with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Gabon; Historical ecology; Hunting; Natural resource governance.
Ano: 2015
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HUNTER AND ANGLER EXPENDITURES, CHARACTERISTICS, AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS, NORTH DAKOTA, 2001-2002 - SUMMARY AgEcon
Leistritz, F. Larry; Bangsund, Dean A..
The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic effects of hunting and fishing activities during the 2001-2002 season on the North Dakota economy, and to compare current information to previous studies to identify trends in hunting and angling activities. A mail survey of 29,034 resident hunters and anglers and 7,199 nonresident hunters and anglers was conducted to solicit information on 21 hunting and fishing activities during the 2001-2002 season. Total spending by hunters and anglers in North Dakota during the 2001-2002 season was estimated at $468.5 million, excluding purchases of licenses. Resident hunter and angler expenditures were estimated at $402.7 million, and nonresident hunter and angler expenditures were estimated at $65.9...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hunting; Fishing; Expenditures; Economic effects; North Dakota; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23511
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Linking Hunter Knowledge with Forest Change to Understand Changing Deer Harvest Opportunities in Intensively Logged Landscapes Ecology and Society
Brinkman, Todd J; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; fttjb2@uaf.edu; Chapin, Terry; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; terry.chapin@uaf.edu; Kofinas, Gary; University of Alaska-Fairbanks; ffgpk@uaf.edu; Person, David K; Alaska Department of Fish and Game; david.person@alaska.gov.
The effects of landscape changes caused by intensive logging on the availability of wild game are important when the harvest of wild game is a critical cultural practice, food source, and recreational activity. We assessed the influence of extensive industrial logging on the availability of wild game by drawing on local knowledge and ecological science to evaluate the relationship between forest change and opportunities to harvest Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis) on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. We used data collected through interviews with local deer hunters and GIS analysis of land cover to determine relationships among landscape change, hunter access, and habitat for deer hunting over the last 50 yr. We then used these...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Access; Forest change; Hunting; Local knowledge; Logging; Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis; Sitka black-tailed deer; Subsistence.
Ano: 2009
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Managing hunting under uncertainty: from one-off ecological indicators to resilience approaches in assessing the sustainability of bushmeat hunting Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Fa, John; Center for International Forestry Research; jfa949@gmail.com; Nasi, Robert; Center for International Forestry Research; r.nasi@cgiar.org.
Despite the fact that sustainability of bushmeat hunting in tropical areas is of major concern for conservation and development practitioners, we still know very little about how to measure sustainability and how to put in place sustainable bushmeat hunting systems. We review the current limits of traditional methods used to investigate sustainability of bushmeat hunting, discuss the need to incorporate the characteristics of complex systems into sustainability assessments, and suggest how resilience theories could assist in understanding bushmeat sustainability and more effective conservation of wildlife in tropical areas. Traditional methods used to assess the sustainability of bushmeat hunting include demographic models of population growth, one-off...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Hunting; Resilience analysis; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability; Tropical areas.
Ano: 2015
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O extrativismo animal na Amazônia: o caso de uma economia ilegal. Infoteca-e
HOMMA, A. K. O..
A relação entre a presa e o predador. A questão da propriedade comum. A caça como atividade econômica. A caça como atividade ilegal. A domesticação de animais silvestres. A importância da caça na alimentação humana. A tecnologia da caça na Amazônia. A caça auto-sustentada das comunidades indígenas.
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Extrativismo animal; Caça; Alimento; Alimentação humana; Animal silvestre; Domesticação; Economia; Amazônia; Wild animals; Human food; Economy; Hunting.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/385226
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Percepção de pantaneiros sobre a importância do porco monteiro: avaliação preliminar. Repositório Alice
PIOVEZAN, U.; FEIDEN, A.; CAMPOLIN, A. I..
Estudou-se a percepção de Pantaneiros sobre o porco monteiro (Sus scrofa, em estado asselvajado). Treze peões e dois proprietários rurais das sub-regiões: Paiaguás, Abobral e Nhecolândia foram entrevistados. Todos reconheceram a existência do porco monteiro em suas regiões, apresentando em 87,5 dos casos densidades alta ou moderada. O tipo de pelagem mais comumente observada nos animais é preta, seguida de vermelho e colorações com manchas. Todos os entrevistados consideraram que o porco monteiro é importante, porém a maioria não comercializa os animais. Dentre os entrevistados, 26,66% manifestaram interesse em comercializar porcos monteiros. Quando perguntados sobre o que fariam em dias de folga, se não houvesse o porco monteiro no Pantanal, 38,46% dos...
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sus scrofa; Pantanal; Peões; Caça; Potencial agroecológico; Pantanal Wetland; Cowboys; Hunting; Agro ecological viability.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/938447
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Predicting hunter behavior of indigenous communities in the Ecuadorian Amazon: insights from a household production model Ecology and Society
Maldonado, Jorge H; CEDE - Department of Economics, Universidad de los Andes; jmaldona@uniandes.edu.co.
Many indigenous communities living in the Amazon rely on hunting and fishing to meet the majority of their protein needs. Despite the importance of these practices, few studies from the region have analyzed the socioeconomic drivers of hunting and fishing at the household level. We propose a household production model to assess the effect of key economic parameters on hunting and fishing in small indigenous communities located in the Ecuadorian Amazon, whose principal source of protein is derived from hunting and fishing. The model was validated using empirical data from two communities that reflect different levels of market integration and forest conservation. Demand and supply functions were generated from household data gathered over 19 months....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Economic model; Ecuador; Fishing; Food security; Hunting.
Ano: 2015
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RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT HUNTER AND ANGLER EXPENDITURES, CHARACTERISTICS, AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS, NORTH DAKOTA, 2001-2002 AgEcon
Bangsund, Dean A.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic effects of hunting and fishing activities during the 2001-2002 season on the North Dakota economy, and to compare current information to previous studies to identify trends in hunting and angling activities. A mail survey of 29,034 resident hunters and anglers and 7,199 nonresident hunters and anglers was conducted to solicit information on 21 hunting and fishing activities during the 2001-2002 season. Total spending by hunters and anglers in North Dakota during the 2001-2002 season was estimated at $468.5 million, excluding purchases of licenses. Resident hunter and angler expenditures were estimated at $402.7 million, and nonresident hunter and angler expenditures were estimated at $65.9...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hunting; Fishing; Expenditures; Economic effects; North Dakota; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23549
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Ride, shoot, and call: wildlife use among contemporary urban hunters in Três Fronteiras, Brazilian Amazon Ecology and Society
van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Jonhson Neves de Aquino, Lindon; Universidade Federal do Amazonas; lj.aquino@bol.com.br; Ribeiro, Rairon; Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Instituto Natureza e Cultura; ribeiromae@gmail.com; Fa, John; Center for International Forestry Research; jfa949@gmail.com.
Most bushmeat studies in the Amazon region focus on hunting patterns of indigenous populations in rural settings. Our study describes the existence of urban hunters in medium-sized towns. Using a variety of data collection methods, we describe the main socioeconomic characteristics of urban hunters in Benjamin Constant and Atalaia do Norte, Brazil. We analyze the patterns and motivations of urban hunters as well as the type of prey harvested and quantities traded. All interviewed hunters are caboclos, people of mixed Brazilian indigenous and European origins from rural areas who now live in urban and peri-urban areas. Living in these more populated spaces allows these hunters better market options for their harvest and allows them to alternate hunting with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Brazil; Bushmeat; Hunting; Subsistence hunting; Trê S Fronteiras; Urban hunters.
Ano: 2015
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Suitability of Local Resource Management Practices Based on Supernatural Enforcement Mechanisms in the Local Social-cultural Context Ecology and Society
Sasaoka, Masatoshi; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); m.sasaoka@cgiar.org.
Environmental anthropological studies on natural resource management have widely demonstrated and thematized local resource management practices based on the interactions between local people and supernatural agencies and their role in maintaining natural resources. In Indonesia, even though the legal status of local people’s right to the forest and forest resources is still weak, the recent transition toward decentralization presents a growing opportunity for local people to collaborate with outsiders such as governmental agencies and environmental nongovernmental organizations in natural resource management. In such situations, in-depth understanding of the value of local resource management practices is needed to promote self-directed and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Forest management; Game resources; Hunting; Local resource management; Local social-cultural context; Seram; Supernatural enforcement mechanism.
Ano: 2012
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The human health and conservation relevance of food taboos in northeastern Madagascar Ecology and Society
Golden, Christopher D.; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health; Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Health and Health Policy, HEAL (Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages) Program; golden@hsph.harvard.edu; Comaroff, Jean; Harvard University, Departments of African and African American Studies and Anthropology; jeancomaroff@fas.harvard.edu.
Anthropologists and ecologists investigating the dialectical relationship between human environments and the cultural practices that shape and are shaped by them have been talking past each other for too long: the one looking purely at metaphor and the other purely at function. Our mixed-method data analysis set out to explore whether it was possible to determine empirically the human health and conservation value of the local Malagasy taboo system. This involved qualitative examination of the content of taboo origin stories collected through ethnographic approaches, when the story was remembered. The ethnographic substance of these stories included historicizing events, accounts of symptoms associated with breaching taboos, and incentives for abiding by...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Allergies; Betsimisaraka; Bushmeat; Hunting; Traditional epidemiological knowledge; Traditional etiological knowledge; Tsimihety; Wildlife; Zoonotic disease.
Ano: 2015
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The Relation Between Income and Hunting in Tropical Forests: an Economic Experiment in the Field Ecology and Society
Cardenas, Juan Camilo; Universidad de los Andes; jccarden@uniandes.edu.co.
Hunting in tropical forests is both a major cause of biodiversity loss and an important food source for millions of people. A question with important policy implications is how changes in income level affect how much people hunt. This study, which was carried out in an indigenous community in the Amazon, explored the relation between income and consumption of wild meat using an economic experiment in the form of a lottery, and involved the local people, not only as experimental subjects, but also in the interpretation of results. The results suggested that an increase in steady employment, rather than in income alone, may lead to the substitution of non-hunted foods for wild meat. The kind of social learning that participation in this type of economic...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazon; Economic development; Experimental economics; Hunting; Income; Lottery; Participatory research; Tropical forest; Wild meat.
Ano: 2006
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TRENDS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF HUNTER AND ANGLER SPENDING, NORTH DAKOTA, 1981 THROUGH 2001 AgEcon
Bangsund, Dean A.; Leistritz, F. Larry.
Macro-economic forces, technological innovations in equipment, abundant wildlife populations, changing participation levels, and land access are all contributing to a changing environment for wildlife managers and outdoor recreationists. Since the late 1970s, numerous studies have periodically examined hunter and angler spending in North Dakota; however, comprehensive assessments of changes in spending over time have not been conducted. The purpose of this report was to evaluate changes in hunter and angler spending from 1981 through 2001 and evaluate spending patterns based on selected participant characteristics. For resident hunters, increasing trends in miles traveled, spending on lodging, and spending on durable goods were observed, while overall...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hunting; Fishing; Expenditures; North Dakota; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23492
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Wildlife Conservation in Bornean Timber Concessions Ecology and Society
Meijaard, Erik; The Nature Conservancy-East Kalimantan; emeijaard@TNC.ORG; Sheil, Douglas; Center for International Forestry Research; d.sheil@cgiar.org; Stanley, Scott A.; The Nature Conservancy-East Kalimantan; sstanley@tnc.org.
Based on an extensive review of the literature, and broad consultation with experts, we have assessed the sensitivity of Bornean vertebrates to the direct and indirect effects of timber harvest. Well-implemented selective logging has a relatively limited direct impact on wildlife populations: few species appear quite sensitive, some benefit, some decline. However, current management practices in Indonesian Borneo generally cause a decline in wildlife populations. Guidelines for sustainable forest management are primarily focused on trees, with few specific recommendations on how to sustainably manage wildlife populations in timber concessions. Based on our findings, we provide extensive wildlife management guidelines, pointing out the importance of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Asia; Biodiversity; Borneo; Disturbance; Hunting; Sustainable forest management..
Ano: 2006
Registros recuperados: 18
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