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Registros recuperados: 14
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Agri-environmental evaluation of traditional and alternative corn production systems in Chiapas, Mexico JARTS
Aguilar-Jiménez, Carlos Ernesto; Tolón-Becerra, Alfredo; Lastra-Bravo, Xavier Bolívar.
This study evaluates the effects of environmental variables on traditional and alternative agroecosystems in three Ejidos (communal lands) in the Chiapas rainforest in Mexico. The tests occurred within two seasonal agricultural cycles. In spring-summer, experiments were performed with the traditional slash, fell and burn (S-F-B) system, no-burn systems and rotating systems with Mucuna deeringiana Bort., and in the autumn-winter agricultural cycle, three no-burn systems were compared to evaluate the effect of alternative sowing with corn (no-burn and topological modification of sowing). The results show a high floristic diversity in the study area (SS = 4 - 23%), with no significant differences among the systems evaluated. In the first cycle, the analysis...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agroecology; Agronomy; Environmental science Traditional land use; Slash-and-fell-and-burn; Environmental indicators; Maize; Indigenous; Chiapas.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2012011640325
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Capital humano y social. Factores que determinan la viabilidad de las empresas de turismo rural en la Sierra Nororiente del Estado de Puebla. Caso Red de Turismo Alternativo (RETA) Totaltikpak, A.C. Colegio de Postgraduados
Pérez Serrano, Adriana Montserrat.
En la Sierra Nororiente del Estado de Puebla convergen una serie de elementos que la han colocado como una región de atención prioritaria; socialmente enfrenta agudos problemas de pobreza extrema y marginación, producto de un desarrollo histórico, donde la política agrícola y los bajos precios del café en los últimos años han jugado un importante papel. Asimismo, la riqueza que posee esta región se refleja en un mosaico de paisajes, tradiciones y etnias; recursos capaces de ser aprovechados para desarrollar actividades de turismo rural. El objetivo del estudio fue conocer el recurso turístico que es aprovechado por las siete empresas que integran la Red de Turismo Alternativo Totaltikpak, A.C., la cual opera en la Sierra Norte del Estado de Puebla; e...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Recursos turísticos; Turismo rural; Empleo no agrícola; Ingreso; Pobreza; Índígena; México; Maestría; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; Tourist resourses; Rural tourism; I not use agricultural; Income; Poverty; Indigenous.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1337
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Capital Humano y Social. Factores que determinan la viabilidad de las empresas de turismo rural en la Sierra Nororiente del Estado de Puebla. Caso Red de Turismo Alternativo (RETA) Totaltikpak, A.C. Colegio de Postgraduados
Pérez Serrano, Adriana Montserrat.
En la Sierra Nororiente del Estado de Puebla convergen una serie de elementos que la han colocado como una región de atención prioritaria; socialmente enfrenta agudos problemas de pobreza extrema y marginación, producto de un desarrollo histórico, donde la política agrícola y los bajos precios del café en los últimos años han jugado un importante papel. Asimismo, la riqueza que posee esta región se refleja en un mosaico de paisajes, tradiciones y etnias; recursos capaces de ser aprovechados para desarrollar actividades de turismo rural. El objetivo del estudio fue conocer el recurso turístico que es aprovechado por las siete empresas que integran la Red de Turismo Alternativo Totaltikpak, A.C., la cual opera en la Sierra Norte del Estado de Puebla; e...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Recursos turísticos; Turismo rural; Empleo no agrícola; Ingreso; Pobreza; Indígena; México Tourist resourses; Rural tourism; I not use agricultural; Income; Poverty; Indigenous; Mexico.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1047
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Collaborative Measurement of Performance of Jointly Managed Protected Areas in Northern Australia Ecology and Society
Stacey, Natasha; CDU; natasha.stacey@cdu.edu.au; Izurieta, Arturo; Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University; arturo.izurieta@cdu.edu.au; Garnett, Stephen T; Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University; stephen.garnett@cdu.edu.au.
Responsibility for the management of many protected areas in the Northern Territory, Australia, is shared between the management agency and the aboriginal owners of that land. We describe (1) the creation and types of indicators developed by partners in a participatory process to measure management effectiveness, (2) the assessment method used to monitor progress, and (3) the results of the first cycle of evaluations in four jointly managed parks. Although each pilot park area has distinctive features, we were able to identify a set of twelve common indicators that were applied across the four park areas. The agreed indicators, which were scored using a color scale to indicate level of achievement, were primarily concerned with process rather than outcome,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Effectiveness; Indicators; Indigenous; Joint management; National parks; Participatory monitoring and evaluation; Traditional owners.
Ano: 2013
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Community owned solutions: identifying local best practices for social-ecological sustainability Ecology and Society
Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Royal Holloway University of London, UK; j.mistry@rhul.ac.uk; Berardi, Andrea; The Open University, UK; andrea.berardi@open.ac.uk; Bignante, Elisa; University of Torino, Italy; elisa.bignante@unito.it; Haynes, Lakeram; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; lakehays@gmail.com; Benjamin, Ryan; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; garybejamin@gmail.com; Albert, Grace; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; grace.albert.cobra@gmail.com; Xavier, Rebecca; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; rebeccaxavier86@gmail.com; Robertson, Bernie; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; robertsotis1@yahoo.com; Davis, Odacy; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; odacyd@gmail.com; Jafferally, Deirdre; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; deirdre.jafferally@gmail.com.
Policies and actions that come from higher scale structures, such as international bodies and national governments, are not always compatible with the realities and perspectives of smaller scale units including indigenous communities. Yet, it is at this local social-ecological scale that mechanisms and solutions for dealing with unpredictability and change can be increasingly seen emerging from across the world. Although there is a large body of knowledge specifying the conditions necessary to promote local governance of natural resources, there is a parallel need to develop practical methods for operationalizing the evaluation of local social-ecological systems. In this paper, we report on a systemic, participatory, and visual approach for engaging local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Best practices; Community owned solutions; Environmental governance; Guiana Shield; Guyana; Indigenous; Participatory; System viability; Visual.
Ano: 2016
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Fenologia reprodutiva de maçaranduba (Manilkara huberi Standley) na Floresta Nacional do Tapajós, Santarém, PA. Repositório Alice
LEÃO, N. V. M.; OLIVEIRA, F. C. de..
1997
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Espécie nativa; Maçaranduba; Fenologia reprodutiva; Floração; Frutificação; Inventário florestal; Manilkara hubery; Floresta Nacional do Tapajós; Pará; Amazônia; Brasil; Forest trees; Indigenous; Forest inventories; Phenology; Reproduction; Flovering; Fruiting.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/395097
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Identifying National and International Vacuums Potentially Impacting NAFTA and Indigenous Peoples AgEcon
Phillips, Valerie J..
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was made among three nation-states, Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Each of these nation-states has indigenous populations within its borders. Each has chosen different legal mechanisms for interacting with indigenous peoples. For example, the United States has an extensive web of treaties with the tribes within its borders while Canada, in contrast, has relatively few. All three nation-states have grappled with armed conflicts with indigenous peoples well into the 20th century. Indigenous peoples within each have long social, cultural, economic, and political histories which cross the borders of these countries. Within the provisions of NAFTA, each nation-state reserved the right to deny investors...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: FTAA; Indigenous; Investor; NAFTA; Nation-state; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23875
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Learning from one another: evaluating the impact of horizontal knowledge exchange for environmental management and governance Ecology and Society
Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Royal Holloway University of London, UK; j.mistry@rhul.ac.uk; Berardi, Andrea; The Open University, UK; andrea.berardi@open.ac.uk; Bignante, Elisa; University of Torino, Italy; elisa.bignante@unito.it; Simpson, Matthew; Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (Consulting) Ltd, UK; matthew.simpson@wwtconsulting.co.uk; Haynes, Lakeram; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; lakehays@gmail.com; Benjamin, Ryan; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; garybejamin@gmail.com; Albert, Grace; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; grace.albert.cobra@gmail.com; Xavier, Rebecca; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; rebeccaxavier86@gmail.com; Robertson, Bernie; North Rupununi District Development Board, Guyana; robertsotis1@yahoo.com; Davis, Odacy; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; odacyd@gmail.com; Verwer, Caspar; IUCN National Committee of The Netherlands, The Netherlands; caspar.verwer@iucn.nl; Jafferally, Deirdre; Iwokrama International Centre, Guyana; deirdre.jafferally@gmail.com.
There is increasing advocacy for inclusive community-based approaches to environmental management, and growing evidence that involving communities improves the sustainability of social-ecological systems. Most community-based approaches rely on partnerships and knowledge exchange between communities, civil society organizations, and professionals such as practitioners and/or scientists. However, few models have actively integrated more horizontal knowledge exchange from community to community. We reflect on the transferability of community owned solutions between indigenous communities by exploring challenges and achievements of community peer-to-peer knowledge exchange as a way of empowering communities to face up to local environmental and social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Best practices; Community owned solutions; Environmental governance; Guiana Shield; Guyana; Indigenous; Knowledge exchange; Participatory; Visual.
Ano: 2016
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Participación de mujeres en proyectos productivos y cambios en las relaciones de género y las identidades masculinas y femeninas, en Tetela de Ocampo, Puebla Colegio de Postgraduados
Arellano Abasolo, Antonio.
En México recientemente, se han impulsado programas de desarrollo, dirigidos al medio rural, debido a que es ahí donde se encuentran más acentuados los problemas de pobreza y marginación. En algunos de éstos programas se dirigen apoyos a grupos de mujeres organizados. El objetivo de la investigación fue conocer y analizar los cambios percibidos en las relaciones de género e identidades de hombres y mujeres asociados a la participación de éstas en tres proyectos productivos. Los cuales se ubican en las comunidades de Tetela y San Nicolás, en el municipio de Tetela de Ocampo y, en el municipio de Cuautempan, en la Sierra Norte de Puebla. La población participante en el estudio es mestiza y del grupo étnico náhuatl. En la metodología empleada se incluyen...
Palavras-chave: Género; Identidad; Etnia; Masculinidad; Desarrollo rural Gender; Identity; Masculinity; Development; Rural; Indigenous.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/850
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Participación de mujeres en proyectos productivos y cambios en las relaciones de género y las identidades masculinas y femeninas, en Tetela de Ocampo, Puebla Colegio de Postgraduados
Arellano Abasolo, Antonio.
En México recientemente, se han impulsado programas de desarrollo, dirigidos al medio rural, debido a que es ahí donde se encuentran más acentuados los problemas de pobreza y marginación. En algunos de éstos programas se dirigen apoyos a grupos de mujeres organizados. El objetivo de la investigación fue conocer y analizar los cambios percibidos en las relaciones de género e identidades de hombres y mujeres asociados a la participación de éstas en tres proyectos productivos. Los cuales se ubican en las comunidades de Tetela y San Nicolás, en el municipio de Tetela de Ocampo y, en el municipio de Cuautempan, en la Sierra Norte de Puebla. La población participante en el estudio es mestiza y del grupo étnico náhuatl. En la metodología empleada se incluyen...
Palavras-chave: Género; Identidad; Etnia; Masculinidad; Desarrollo rural Gender; Identity; Masculinity; Development; Rural; Indigenous.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/832
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Participación de mujeres en proyectos productivos y cambios en las relaciones de género y las identidades masculinas y femeninas, en Tetela de Ocampo, Puebla Colegio de Postgraduados
Arellano Abasolo, Antonio.
En México recientemente, se han impulsado programas de desarrollo, dirigidos al medio rural, debido a que es ahí donde se encuentran más acentuados los problemas de pobreza y marginación. En algunos de éstos programas se dirigen apoyos a grupos de mujeres organizados. El objetivo de la investigación fue conocer y analizar los cambios percibidos en las relaciones de género e identidades de hombres y mujeres asociados a la participación de éstas en tres proyectos productivos. Los cuales se ubican en las comunidades de Tetela y San Nicolás, en el municipio de Tetela de Ocampo y, en el municipio de Cuautempan, en la Sierra Norte de Puebla. La población participante en el estudio es mestiza y del grupo étnico náhuatl. En la metodología empleada se incluyen...
Tipo: Tesis Palavras-chave: Género; Identidad; Etnia; Masculinidad; Desarrollo rural; Maestría; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; Gender; Identity; Masculinity; Development; Rural; Indigenous.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1223
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Relevance of a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area to the Bering Strait Region: a Policy Analysis Using Resilience-Based Governance Principles Ecology and Society
Hillmer-Pegram, Kevin; Resilience and Adaptation Program and Political Science Department, University of Alaska Fairbanks; khillmerpegram@alaska.edu; Robards, Martin D.; Wildlife Conservation Society; mrobards@wcs.org.
The Bering Strait, separating the North American and Asian continents, is a productive social–ecological marine system that is vulnerable to increasing maritime traffic. In other parts of the world, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), an agency of the United Nations, has designated similar marine systems as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) in an effort to protect vulnerable resources from international shipping. We present information about the 14 existing PSSAs around the world and the political process by which designation is achieved. We examine specific characteristics of the Bering Strait system that are relevant to a PSSA application; these include vulnerable resources such as marine mammals and their contribution to the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Arctic; Ecosystem services; Indigenous; International shipping; Law; Marine protected area; Praxis; Transboundary; Whale.
Ano: 2015
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The influence of cultural identity on willingness to pay values in contingent valuation surveys AgEcon
Awatere, Shaun.
Current New Zealand resource management legislation requires local government actively recognise and take into account Māori values in resource management planning. This means the decision process and participants must interact with evidence based on Māori epistemologies. The Māori world-view is holistic in nature in that it embodies historical, environmental, and spiritual values, as well as modern experiences. Concerns arise for Māori communities when planners and developers utilise economic tools such as willingness to pay surveys to determine the total value of a proposed project. Other concerns are caused by surveys that ask a participant “are you Māori” and fail to recognise the diverse realities that exist for Māori. This paper draws from a survey...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Māori; Indigenous; Culture; Natural Resource Management; Well-being; Values; Contingent Valuation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98522
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The Many Elements of Traditional Fire Knowledge: Synthesis, Classification, and Aids to Cross-cultural Problem Solving in Fire-dependent Systems Around the World Ecology and Society
Huffman, Mary R.; The Nature Conservancy; mhuffman@tnc.org.
I examined the hypothesis that traditional social-ecological fire systems around the world include common elements of traditional fire knowledge (TFK). I defined TFK as fire-related knowledge, beliefs, and practices that have been developed and applied on specific landscapes for specific purposes by long time inhabitants. In all, 69 distinct elements of TFK were documented in 35 studies, including accounts from 27 countries on 6 continents. On all 6 continents, 21 elements (30%) were recorded, and 46 elements (67%) were recorded on 4 or more continents. The top 12 most commonly reported elements, which were included in > 50 % of the studies, were fire effects on vegetation; season of the year; fire effects on animals; moisture of live or dead fuels; the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Ecological anthropology; Fire management; Indigenous; Pyrogeography; Traditional ecological knowledge; Traditional fire knowledge; Wildland fire.
Ano: 2013
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