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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH: BENEFITS AND BENEFICIARIES OF ALTERNATIVE FUNDING MECHANISM AgEcon
Huffman, Wallace E.; Just, Richard E..
The United States has developed a very successful R&D system for agriculture. It is a system with shared cost/financing and performance by the federal and state governments and by the private sector. The paper presents an economic analysis of alternative organization, management, incentive, and funding mechanisms for agricultural research under budget constraints, including some emphasis on the kinds of benefits that are generated and the groups that receive them. We conclude that the private sector should be permitted to carry out research that it finds profitable to undertake with minimal competition from the public sector. The public research institutions should focus on general and pretechnology science programs that complement private R&D...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research; R&D; Funding; Innovations; Science; Agriculture; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18259
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An assessment of five different theoretical frameworks to study the uptake of innovations AgEcon
Botha, Neels; Atkins, Kris.
There are several theoretical frameworks one can draw upon to study the adoption process. Extension Theory, Bounded Rationality, Diffusion Theory, the Theory of Reasoned Action and Consumer Behaviour Theory were of particular interest to us. In assessing the frameworks we looked for contradictions, and how and whether these frameworks could be used to study the adoption process. The assessment was done by using our own conceptual framework of the adoption process and we discuss the results in this paper. We found that the different frameworks don‘t contradict each other and when combined into our conceptual framework they offer very useful constructs for studying the adoption process.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Innovations; Theory; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98497
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AS INOVAÇÔES TÉCNICAS NA TRANSIÇÂO AGROECOLÒGICA: O CASO DA ASSOCIAÇÂO DOS AGRICULTORES ECOLOGISTAS DE IPÊ E ANTÔNIO PRADO (AECIA) AgEcon
Moura, Luciane D. De; Diesel, Vivien.
A questão da constituição de uma estratégia adequada para a promoção da inovação constitui um dos elementos-chave para os atores sociais comprometidos com os processos de transição agroecológica. Embora do ponto de vista propositivo encontrem-se referências relativamente consolidadas, há pouco conhecimento sobre a configuração que assume o sistema de informação e conhecimento local que sustenta a transição agroecológica em experiências concretas. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho propõe-se a investigar esta problemática no âmbito de atuação da Associação de Agricultores Ecologistas de Ipê e Antônio Prado (AECIA), no RS, recorrendo a consulta à documentos e outros estudos, observação participante e entrevistas à agentes de ongs e agricultores. Os...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura sustentável; Agricultura familiar; Inovações; Experimentação participativa; Sustainable agriculture; Smallholders; Innovations; Participatory research; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107927
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Assessing Private Sector Agriculture Research and Innovation in South Africa AgEcon
Kirsten, Johann F.; Haankuku, Choolwe; Stander, Ruan.
Reliable data on private sector agricultural research and development is globally scarce, particularly in developing countries. In South Africa, it has been observed that research performance by the public sector via the Agricultural Research Council has declined in recent years and consequently, the private sector has embarked on a much larger role in South Africa’s agriculture research than before. However, the extent of this engagement remains unknown as data quantifying private sector agricultural R&D is limited. This study identified 51 private firms that perform agriculture related research activities and attempts to gather primary data to determine the nature and extent of private R&D in South Africa. However due to the large number of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Private sector agriculture Research and Development; Innovations; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95981
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Creating an innovative environment in total quality management system within companies AgEcon
Mitreva, Elizabeta; Prodanovska, Vesna.
The decision for development of the quality providing system could go in line with the company’s expansion and with the concept of the total quality management (TQM). The most diligent-untouchable assets within the companies are referring to the relation with the customers/consumers, employee’s skills and their knowledge and building an organizational culture tending towards innovations, problem solving and total working promotion. The paper discusses attitude of companies in Macedonia to promoting employees’ motivations to knowledge sharing and innovations.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Qualities; Innovations; Organizational culture; Buyers; Quality providing systems; Total quality management.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; M10; M12; O32.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94588
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROP INNOVATIONS AND PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION: TRADE AND WELFARE EFFECTS IN THE SOYBEAN COMPLEX AgEcon
Sobolevsky, Andrei; Moschini, GianCarlo; Lapan, Harvey E..
We develop a new partial equilibrium, four-region world trade model for the soybean complex comprising soybeans, soybean oil, and soybean meal. In the model, some consumers view genetically modified Roundup Ready (RR) soybeans and products as weakly inferior to conventional ones; the RR seed is patented and sold worldwide by a U.S. firm; and producers employ a costly segregation technology to separate conventional and biotech products in the supply chain. The calibrated model is solved for equilibrium prices, quantities, production patterns, trade flows, and welfare changes under different assumptions regarding regional government's production and trade policies, differentiated consumer tastes, and several other demand and supply parameters. Incomplete...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Differentiated demand; Food labeling; Genetically modified products; Identity preservation; Innovations; Intellectual property rights; International trade; Loan deficiency payments; Market failure; Monopoly; Roundup Ready soybeans; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18348
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Globalization of innovation activity by transnational corporations: and its importance in the present economic crisis AgEcon
Zorska, Anna.
The research aims to investigate the process of globalizing innovation activity conducted by transnational corporations (TNCs), in a wider context of economic changes outside and inside companies. The process has been triggered by decentralization and internationalization of R&D, “creative transition” of foreign subsidiaries as well as implementing research networks and the open innovation model of TNCs’ innovation activity. Under the present economic crisis some slowdown and reorientation of innovation programs are implemented in order to reduce their costs and increase effectiveness. The globalization of corporate innovation activity can contribute to reaching some of TNCs’ goals both under the present crisis and the future revival of the world...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Globalization; Innovations; Economic crisis; TNC.; International Development; D21; F23; L22; O32.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94610
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IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE POULTRY SECDTOR IN ARGENTINA AgEcon
Senesi, Sebastian; Vilella, Fernando; Palau, Hernan.
The Argentine “industrial aviculture” started by 1960. The great development of the poultry sector was during the 1990s as a consequence of the direct price transfer due to technological and organizational improvements achieved in the sector. The objective of this paper is to identify how leadership and entrepreneurship have been important elements in the development of the Argentine poultry sector. The poultry sector is one of the faster development in Argentina and one that offers higher quality. This was achieved only because of great coordination due to leadership and entrepreneurship both at micro and macro level.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coordination; Innovations; Social Capital; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108584
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Innovations in the nursery culture and maturation of bivalves ArchiMer
Flassch, Jean-pierre.
Innovations in the nursery culture and maturation of bivalves are being worked on at aIl levels of research and production, but transfer to the development stage must be effected differently in each case. Over the past twenty years, there have been a great many innovations in bivalve rearing, most of which may be described in terms of rearing conditions: higher and lower densities; confined or open environemnt; overflow; upwelling; floating, suspended, raised or ground systems, etc. The quality of an innovation is characterized by its influence on the efficient operation of the specific culture program and by how easily it may be transferred.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Maturation; Bivalves; Molluscs; Innovations; Grossissement; Prégrossissement; Bivalves; Mollusques; Innovations.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-6225.PDF
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PROCESSORS’ PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOME CASSAVA PROCESSING INNOVATIONS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA AgEcon
Adebayo, K.; Sangosina, M.A..
The current drive towards higher levels of commercialisation of cassava processing under the Presidential Initiative on Cassava requires that the scale of cassava processing be increased in Nigeria. Primary data obtained from 112 respondents selected from the 4 extension zones of Ogun State was used to examine the perception of effectiveness of innovations by cassava processors and the factors responsible for adoption of these innovations. The processors’ perception of effectiveness of cassava processing innovations was measured on a 5-point Likert-type scale containing 20 items. Most of the respondents (75%) are indifferent in their perception of the effectiveness of innovations in cassava processing. All the cassava processing innovations considered in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Perception; Cassava processing; Innovations; Nigeria; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54395
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Technologies for improving rural livelihoods in rainfed systems in South Asia. International Rice Research Institute
International Rice Research Institute.; Islam, Z.; Hossain, M.; Paris, T.; Hardy, B.; Gorsuch, J..
124 p. : col. ill.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Technology; Rainfed rice; Technology trasnfer; Innovations; Rural development; Rural areas; South Asia.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/949
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The contribution of innovations in total factor productivity of organic olive enterprises AgEcon
Karafillis, C.C.; Papanagiotou, Evangelos.
This paper measures the contribution of innovations in total factor productivity(TFP) of organic olive farmers. By constructing an innovation variable instead of the use of a time trend, technical change is replaced by technical difference and TFP growth becomes TFP difference. Primary cross section data on organic olive enterprises from a Greek region is used in the application of the restricted frontier profit function. Farmers are classified into groups according to their innovative ‘profile’. TFP difference among consecutive innovation groups is decomposed into technical difference and adjustment in innovativeness effects. Furthermore, efficiency differences among innovation groups are estimated. Results indicate that more innovative farmers perform...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovations; Total factor productivity; Profit efficiency; Organic farming; Greece; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43645
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THE DETERMINANTS OF INNOVATION IN THE ITALIAN FOOD INDUSTRY: THE ROLE OF R&D NETWORKING AgEcon
D'Alessio, Massimiliano; Maietta, Ornella Wanda.
Objective of the paper is to verify which are the determinants of innovations in the Italian food industry and which role R&D networking, through the cooperative nature of firm, plays among these determinants. The data used are the 9th (2001-2003) wave of Capitalia surveys based on a representative sample of manufacturing firms with information on firm characteristics, employee education levels, innovation and R&D investments. The approach is a bivariate probit analysis where the two dependent variables are the presence of firm R&D and of innovations and the independent variables are firm characteristics. The results of the analysis show that, among the determinants of firm R&D intra moenia and of firm innovations in the Italian food...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Innovations; R&D networking; Firm property rights.; Consumer/Household Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O31; O32; D21.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44856
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The Forest Sector: Important Innovations AgEcon
Sedjo, Roger A..
Unlike other resources such as petroleum, coal, and copper, forests are renewable. Yet, in many respects forests historically have been treated as a nonrenewable resource in that forest stocks were depleted or "mined" and loggers moved on to exploit other "deposits." The lands were often put to other uses, typically agricultural, or allowed to regenerate naturally. This paper looks at technical change in forest extraction, i.e., logging under a number of different conditions. It finds that, on average, labor productivity has been increasing in recent decades. However, total factor productivity in the US has declined in recent years. In addition, the study examines the tree-growing potential of plantation forestry. It finds that there is underway a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Productivity; Resources; Forests; Timber; Technology; Innovations; Plantations; Logging; Genetics; Extraction; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; O31; O32; O50; O51; Q23.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10667
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The impact of technological change on resource productivity in Korean agriculture : a simulation analysis International Rice Research Institute
Shin, In Sik.
225 l. : ill. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Santo Tomas
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Innovations; Technological change; Economic development; Productivity; Simulation models; Mathematical models; Rice; Korea Republic.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1191
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Theoretical bases of construction of logistical systems in territories of the bordering states and their role in industrial-innovative development AgEcon
Koshumbaev, Maksat.
Logistical systems, vertical and horizontal, micro- and macro-, play important role in optimizing economic cooperative relations among economic agents in territories of the bordering states. The author also thinks that logistical systems can stimulate creation of innovative productions and clusters.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Logistical systems; Industrial cooperation; Production management; Innovations; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; L90; R4.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94539
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Transferencia de tecnología en el manejo integrado de ácaros en el agroecosistema con base en papayo (Carica papaya L.). Colegio de Postgraduados
Cano Reyes, Octavio.
Se integra el análisis de redes sociales aplicado a los procesos de transferencia de tecnología (TT) para el manejo integrado de ácaros (MIA) en papayo, mediante el modelo ascendente de TT “Grupos de Crecimiento Productivo Simultáneo” (GCPS), aplicado por socios de “Productora y Comercializadora de Papaya de Cotaxtla S.P.R. de R.L.” Los objetivos fueron determinar las redes y actores centrales presentes en la asociación, construir un programa de TT en forma participativa para el MIA y proponer mejoras al modelo GCPS. La información de redes sociales se analizó mediante UCINET 6. Se evaluaron los conocimientos antes y después del proceso, y el plan de transferencia mediante escala Likert. La red la conforman 32 participantes, 27 difunden activamente las...
Palavras-chave: Redes sociales; Modelos de transferencia de tecnología; Innovación; Investigación participativa; Grupos de crecimiento productivo simultáneo; Social networks; Technology transfer models; Innovations; Participatory research; Simultaneous productive growth groups; Agroecosistemas Tropicales; Maestría.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1985
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