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A 1998 SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX FOR MALAWI AgEcon
Chulu, Osten; Wobst, Peter.
The last few years have seen a proliferation of attempts by various institutions to create a framework that would enable analysts to have a broad overview of all transactions in the Malawian economy. A first attempt was made by Lodh and Chulu (1994) to construct a macro accounting framework using data from the National Statistical Office's 1990-1991 Household Expenditure and Small Scale Economic Activities Survey and the National Sample Survey of Agriculture complemented by other data sets such as the Government Budget Estimates, National Accounts and External Trade Statistics. This framework consisted of 9 sectors using 1987 as the base year. However, this framework was lacking in detail such that it was extremely limited in its usefulness as a basis for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16282
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A 1998 SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX (SAM) FOR THAILAND AgEcon
Li, Jennifer Chung-I..
This paper documents the features of a 1998 social accounting matrix (SAM) for Thailand. It begins with a description of the overall economy both via a macro SAM and a national accounts balance sheet. The macro SAM was the result of aggregating a micro SAM; a mapping of the final micro SAM to the macro SAM is presented. The micro SAM was a modified version of a SAM obtained from the Thai Development Research Institute (TDRI). The paper describes the modification process in detail. The original dataset obtained from TDRI was a 'balanced' matrix. The converted SAM, after the modification, was still balanced. It was therefore unnecessary to apply any balancing procedure. The final 1998 micro SAM for Thailand has 61 sectors, 3 household types, and 3 factors...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16305
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A Brief Overview of Mozambique's Rural Development and the Role of U.S. Assistance AgEcon
Kyle, Steven C..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121119
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A CANBERRA VIEW OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NEW GUINEA AgEcon
Crocombe, R.G..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1967 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22758
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A Case Study of Regulation in Zambia’s Cotton Sector. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Kabwe, Stephen.
Cotton is an unquestioned success of Zambia’s turn towards a market economy. After privatization in late 1994, seed cotton production rose from 32,000 metric tons (mt) to about 180,000 mt a decade later (three-year averages centered on 1994 and 2005). The number of farmers involved in the sector grew similarly, yields trended upwards (though slowly), and the country dramatically improved the quality of its lint, becoming the outstanding performer in Sub-Saharan Africa in this regard by the mid-2000s. Yet the sector has experienced two serious crashes since reform, both involving rampant credit default by farmers supported with seasonal input credit by ginning companies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Cotton; Africa; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q10; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62145
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A CES APPROACH TO THE MEASUREMENT OF INDUCED FACTOR AUGMENTATION: A TEST FOR JAPAN AgEcon
Yeung, Patrick; Roe, Terry L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14278
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A CGE MODEL FOR MALAWI: TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION AgEcon
Lofgren, Hans.
Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models are a class of economywide models that are widely used for policy analysis in developing countries. This paper provides a detailed documentation of an applied CGE model of Malawi – the first ever for Malawi – developed in the context of the project “Collaborative Research and Capacity Strengthening for Multi-Sector Policy Analysis in Malawi and Southern Africa.” The purpose of this paper is to serve as a source of background information for analysts using the model in the context of the current project and in the future. The model is built around a 1998 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Malawi, which was developed in the context of the current project, is based on data from the 1998 Integrated Household Survey...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16264
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A COMPARISON OF ANNUAL, QUARTERLY AND MONTHLY TURKEY EXPORT MODELS AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Structural time series models of turkey exports were estimated using monthly, quarterly and annual data. The trend is statistically significant in all three models, seasonals are significant in the quarterly and monthly models. Exchange rates, lagged prices, and lagged production were explanatory factors in the monthly model; exchange rates and prices in the quarterly model; but only the exchange rates in the annual model.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Turkey exports; International trade; Structural time series; International Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19106
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A Comparison of Household Food Security in Canada and the United States AgEcon
Nord, Mark; Hopwood, Heather.
Food security—consistent access to enough food for an active, healthy life—is essential for health and good nutrition. The extent to which a nation’s population achieves food security is an indication of its material and social well-being. Differences in the prevalence of household level food insecurity between Canada and the United States are described at the national level and for selected economic and demographic subpopulations. Associations of food security with economic and demographic characteristics are examined in multivariate analyses that hold other characteristics constant. Comparable measures of household food security were calculated from the nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 (2004) and the U.S. Current...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56488
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A Critical Evaluation of the Capital Theory Approach to Sustainable Development AgEcon
de Wit, M.P.; Blignaut, J.N..
Irrigation farmers in the lower reaches of the Vaal and Riet Rivers are experiencing substantial yield reductions in certain crops and more profitable crops have been withdrawn from production, hypothesised, as a result of generally poor but especially fluctuating water quality. In this paper secondary data is used in a linear programming model to test this hypothesis by calculating the potential loss in farm level optimal returns. The model is static with a time frame of two production seasons. Linear crop-water quality production functions (Ayers & Westcot, 1983; adapted from Maas & Hoffmann, 1977) are used to calculate net returns for the eight most common crops grown. Results show optimal enterprise composition under various water quality...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56172
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A decomposition of China's productivity through calibration of an endogenous growth model AgEcon
Luckstead, Jeff; Choi, Seung Mo; Devadoss, Stephen; Mittelhammer, Ronald C..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; IST; Human capital; International Development; O30.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103072
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A Dynamic CGE Model of R&D Based Growth in the U.S. Economy: An Experiment Using the New Growth Theory AgEcon
Diao, Xinshen; Roe, Terry L..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50866
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A Economia Agrícola do Norte de Moçambique: Desenvolvimentos Recentes e Perspectivas AgEcon
Arlindo, Pedro; Santos, Ana Paula; Abdula, Danilo Carimo; Tschirley, David L..
Resultados das investigações do Departamento de Análise de Políticas MADER-Direcção de Economía
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Mozambique; International Development; Q18.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55224
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A Estrutura e Tendência da Despesa Pública Agrícola em Moçambique AgEcon
Zavale, Helder; Mlay, Gilead; Boughton, Duncan; Chamusso, Adriano; Gemo, Helder; Chilonda, Pius.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Mozambique; Food policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121862
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A Farm Level Analysis of the Economic Impact of the MARENA Program in Honduras AgEcon
Bravo-Ureta, Boris E.; de Almeida, Alexandre; Solis, Daniel; Inestroza, Aaron.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact Evaluation; Propensity Score Matching; Fixed Effects; Internal Rate of Return; Technical Efficiency; Honduras; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55658
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A framework for assessing impacts of community-based enterprises on poverty reduction: a case study in northern Thailand AgEcon
Terrakul, Nuttamon; Villano, Renato A.; Wood, Fiona; Mounter, Stuart W..
Poverty alleviation remains a challenge for Thailand’s socio-economic development. A key strategy of the Thai government to help meet this challenge at the ‘grass roots’ level has been the promotion of Community-Based Enterprises (CBEs). And national statistics and descriptive studies have shown that CBEs have led to both income improvement and employment creation. However, poverty is a multi-dimensional concept and also some groups are more adversely affected (such a women) than others. By investigating poverty from a number of different angles, this research aims to assess whether CBES are a genuine tool for poverty reduction at the individual household level. This paper provides an outline of the framework developed for assessing CBE impact on poverty...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact assessment; Community-based enterprise; Poverty reduction; Gender empowerment; Northern Thailand; International Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59165
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A Framework for Assessing of the Impact of Capacity Building AgEcon
Templeton, Deborah J..
Capacity building is widely recognised as an important component of most research-for-development activities. However despite the fact that around $15 billion is spent annually on capacity building activities, there has been limited assessment of the economic returns to that investment. In recent years, the Impact Assessment Program of the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research has turned its attention to quantifying the benefits from capacity-building. This paper sets out a framework for assessing of the impact of capacity building and presents four case studies. It does not purport to be a definitive paper by any means. Rather, it is an account of just one organisations experience. It is hoped that as work on this important area...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Capacity building; Impact assessment; Attribution; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51716
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A FRAMEWORK FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIAL PRODUCTS WITHIN THE WTO: A CLOSER LOOK AT FOUR COMMODITIES IN BARBADOS AgEcon
Marcus-Burnett, Emalene.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Special products; Sensitive commodities; WTO; CARICOM Single Market and Economy; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36951
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A GENDERED 1993-94 SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX FOR BANGLADESH AgEcon
Fontana, Marzia; Wobst, Peter.
This working paper documents the construction of a 1993-94 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Bangladesh. 1 The SAM distinguishes 10 agricultural sectors—including two different kinds of rice technology—and 19 manufacturing sectors, out of 43 sectors in total. It also differentiates between twelve socio-economic groups, allowing detailed analysis of household welfare and poverty. The SAM has ten factors of production: one type of capital, one type of land and eight different types of labor which are disaggregated by both level of education and gender. The innovative feature of the SAM is that it separates out female and male labor value-added for each educational level and in each sector of the economy, providing a base for gender-sensitive analyses of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16285
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A HISTÓRICA CONCEPÇÃO DE DESENVOLVIMENTO FRENTE ÀS IDENTIDADES REGIONAIS: O CASO DO RINCÃO DOS MENDES NO MUNICÍPIO DE ROSÁRIO DO SUL/RS AgEcon
Rozalino, Luciano; Brito, Andreia Nunes Sa; Neumann, Pedro Selvino; Silveira, Paulo Roberto Cardoso da; Genro, Cicero Joao Malmann.
O presente artigo propõe uma reflexão sobre o enfoque convencional de desenvolvimento da região denominada de Metade Sul do Rio Grande do Sul, tomando como referência uma comunidade situada na APA do Ibirapuitã, no município de Rosário do Sul. As abordagens atuais, apoiadas em indicadores como PIB per capta, Valor Adicionado Fiscal e geração de postos de trabalho, consideram a região como pouco desenvolvida. Entre as estratégias utilizadas para reversão desse quadro destacam-se a expansão das modernas lavouras empresarias de arroz e soja e o fomento aos empreendimentos no ramo florestal. Assim, a pergunta central desse artigo é sobre a capacidade dessas estratégias em promover verdadeiramente o “desenvolvimento” da metade sul do RS. O estudo destaca os...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Desenvolvimento; Metade sul do RS; Identidade Territorial; Development; Southern half of the RS; International Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114161
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