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Registros recuperados: 36
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A HAZAI LAKOSSÁG MEGTAKARÍTÁSI HAJLANDÓSÁGÁNAK VIZSGÁLATA AgEcon
Baranyai, Aranka; Szeles, Zsuzsanna.
The aim of our research is to observe and analyse how the preferred saving forms changed since the transformation and what kind of changes have been there in the amount of the savings. The amount of savings is largely influenced by the aggressive marketing activities of the banks and by governmental regulations like the interest tax since September 2006. We started our research with the concept of savings that have been analysed by many well-known economists during the last decades. In the 80’s the net financial savings of the households were practically zero and at the end of the 80’s it became negative. Nowadays 14 percent of the households have their savings in short term debits and this is still the most popular form in Hungary. The interest towards...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Megtakarítási elméletek; Lakossági megtakarítások; Befektetési alapok; Earning theories; Personal earnings; Investments; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43322
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An Equilibrium Approach to the Theory of Futures Markets AgEcon
Berck, Peter; Cecchetti, Stephen G..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Future trading; Investments; Risk.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42847
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Asymmetric property rights in China's economic growth AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaobo.
This paper highlights the difference between secure investor property rights and loosely defined individual property rights. Globalization and fiscal decentralization have intensified this difference. On the one hand, in the presence of mobile foreign direct investments and under the arrangement of fiscal decentralization, local governments compete vigorously to offer various protections on the property rights of investors; on the other hand, local governments and developers attempt to acquire land at as low price as possible by taking advantage of the loopholes inherent in the Chinese law. Secure investor property rights together with weak protections on individuals’ land property rights is argued to be one of the major drivers of China’s rapid economic...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Property rights; Investments; Economic growth; China; Individual land property; Fiscal policies; Decentralization; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55406
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Co-innovation: what are the success factors? AgEcon
Bremmers, Harry J.; Sabidussi, Anna.
The problem we address in this paper is that in projects focusing on public-private cooperation to stimulate innovation in the Netherlands, initiatives often lack continuation after the study-phase. We extracted possible influencing variables from business and (transaction) cost economic theorizing, stakeholder and capability theory. Moreover, we used measures for classifying projects with respect to financial interdependencies between participants. We supposed that project characteristics influence managerial behavior to continue or stop. We studied 28 projects (20 supply chain projects and 8 biological product development projects). Our aim was to explore the barriers and success factors for these co-innovation projects: innovation as a cooperative...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Marketing; Co-innovation; Food industry; Supply chains; Investments.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49224
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Democratic Institutions and Environmental Quality: Effects and Transmission Channels AgEcon
Romuald, Kinda Somlanare.
This paper aims at analysing the effect of democratic institutions on environmental quality (carbon dioxide per capita, sulfure dioxide per capita) and at identifying potential channel transmissions. We use panel data from 1960 to 2008 in 122 developing and developed countries and modern econometric methods. The results are as follows: Firstly, we show that democratic institutions have opposite effects on environment quality: a positive direct effect on environment quality and a negative indirect effect through investments and income inequality. Indeed, democratic institutions attract investments that hurt environment quality. Moreover, as democratic institutions reduce income inequality, they also damage environment. Secondly, we find that the direct...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Democratic institutions; Air pollution; Panel data; Income inequality; Investments; Environmental Economics and Policy; O43; Q53; C23; D31; E22.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120396
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EDUCATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS INTENDED TO IMPROVE FARM OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT AgEcon
Subic, Jonel; Vasiljevic, Zorica; Ivanovic, Sanjin.
Having in mind that rural areas occupy the greatest part of Serbian territory, where agricultural production represents the basic source of income, development of this sector is of great importance not only for local community, but also for entire Serbian rural area. At the end of previous decade in developed European countries it was promoted a model of rural development which assumes multifunctional nature of European agriculture, as well as its development role in economy and entire society. In the first decade of this millennium Serbia has made decision to develop the same concept. By possession of adequate training for utilization of scientific and research methods in identification of local community advantages and disadvantages, as well as for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Education; Investments; Rural development; Tourism; Local community; Agribusiness; Labor and Human Capital; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57404
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EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS – SUPPORT FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM AND RURAL AREAS IN SERBIA AgEcon
Subic, Jonel; Vasiljevic, Zorica; Ivanovic, Sanjin.
The paper presents three mini-projects that have been implemented by The Institute of Agricultural Economics – Belgrade in the 2006–2008 period. Those were special educational projects in agriculture and rural development, whereas extension activities were concentrated onto three topics: farm management, support of rural development and improvement of small farms. Implementation of projects took place on the territory of the South Banat County and some Belgrade city communes. The projects intended to solve current problems of sustainable agriculture and rural development. Within the projects there were identified priorities related to investments, strategic planning and tourism. Educational activities were aimed at a number of holders or members of their...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Education; Rural areas; Tourism; Investments; Agribusiness; Food Security and Poverty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91114
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EX-ANTE EVALUATION OF AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL SCHEMES: COMBINING ELEMENTS OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC DECISION MAKING AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to set a complete ex-ante evaluation to support Decision Makers in designing more efficient and effective agri-environmental contracts, through an integrated modelling of elements of private and public decision making. Ex-ante comparison of policy design options in terms of overall effectiveness requires both simulations of farmers' behaviour and evaluation of the farms simulations outcomes. An intermediate step is the aggregation of single farms impacts at territorial level, in order to identify the aggregate impact of each alternative. Alternatives are several contract design, based on different levels of payments. Farm level analysis is based on a real options approach including in the simulations the timing of choice and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Real Options; Investments; Decoupled payments; Uncertainty; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6639
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Financial considerations of public inventory holdings in developing countries AgEcon
Adelman, Irma; Berck, Peter.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumption; Investments; Public finance; Risk.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43739
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Hidden harvest: U.S. benefits from international research aid AgEcon
Pardey, Philip G.; Alston, Julian M.; Christian, Jason E.; Fan, Shenggen.
This report spells out the benefits to the United States from its partnership with the CGIAR. Using wheat and rice to illustrate the gains from international research on important food crops, the report shows that U.S. investments in CGIAR wheat and rice research have paid off many times over for U.S. farmers
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural assistance; American; Economic aspects; Developing countries; Agricultural research; Developing countries; Finance; Investments; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55649
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IMPACT OF PHASING OUT MILK QUOTAS ON STRUCTURE AND PRODUCTION OF FINNISH DAIRY SECTOR AgEcon
Lehtonen, Heikki.
We evaluate impacts of milk quota abolition in Finland where production costs and producer price of milk are among the highest in the EU. We analyse several price scenarios for dairy products corresponding to 10-30% reductions in raw milk prices in the EU following milk quota expansion of 2% per year. The sector model includes 18 dairy products and regions and other agricultural activities. Armington -assumption is used in modelling foreign trade. Trade of milk quotas and structural change are endogenous in the model. The results suggest that 10-15% reductions in the EU milk prices would result in less than 10% decrease in Finnish dairy production. Investments to large farm units would still increase. However, if the EU milk prices decreased by 15-20%...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Milk quotas; EU; Milk production; Dairy product processing; Farm size; Investments; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6465
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Impacts of considering climate variability on investment decisions in Ethiopia AgEcon
Block, Paul J.; Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Diao, Xinshen.
Extreme interannual variability of precipitation within Ethiopia is not uncommon, inducing droughts or floods and often creating serious repercussions on agricultural and non-agricultural commodities. An agro-economic model, including mean climate variables, was developed to assess irrigation and road construction investment strategies in comparison to a baseline scenario over a 12-year time horizon. The motivation for this work is to evaluate whether the inclusion of climate variability in the model has a significant effect on prospective investment strategies and the resulting country-wide economy. The mean climate model is transformed into a variable climate model by dynamically adding yearly climate-yield factors, which influence agricultural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Climate variability; Climate change; Water; Droughts; Flooding; Irrigation; Economic aspects; Road construction; Investments; Economic situation; Agro-economic model; Food and water security; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55419
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Informe de las actividades realizadas en el Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta Betín durante el año de 1976 OceanDocs
Roldán-Pérez, G..
El Acuerdo de Cooperación Técnica entre COLCIENCIAS, República de Colombia y la UNIVERSIDAD JUSTUS LIEBIG de Giessen, República Federal de Alemania, entró en toda su vigencia a partir del I9 de enero de 1976 y el mismo se prolongará hasta el 3 1 de diciembre de 1978. Los objetivos propuestos en el Convenio, relacionados con la investigación básica, la investigación aplicada y la formación de personal científico colombiano, se cumplieron de acuerdo con lo esperado. Precisamente esta publicación refleja lo fructífera que ha sido la labor de INVEMAR en los últimos años. Digo en los últimos años, pues es lógico, que buena parte de los trabajos científicos que aquí se publican, tienen sus raíces desde antes de firmarse el Convenio entre ambos países. Los...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Investments; Marine scientists; Development projects; Development projects; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2229.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3895
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Investment Spikes in Dutch Horticulture: An Analysis at Firm and Aggregate Firm Level Over the Period 1975-1999 AgEcon
Goncharova, Natalia V.; Oskam, Arie J..
An intermittent and lumpy pattern of investments is observed in the Dutch horticulture sector: only 16.5% of firms experience of investment spike, but they account for 67.7% of total investment. The objective of this paper is to examine the impact of time-varying and time-invariant variables on the probability of observing an investment spieke. This paper investigates the spells between investment spikes in a discrete-time proportional hazard framework. Duration models were estimated on two data sets: on an unbalanced panel and on a grouped into 10 groups data of Dutch glasshouse firms over the period 1975-1999. Different specifications of the model were estimated. Theoretically based model can sufficiently explain the occurrence of investment spikes. Both...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investments; Discrete-hazard duration model; Dutch greenhouse horticulture; Gamma heterogeneity; Crop Production/Industries; Q12; D9.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25621
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Investments in Energy-Saving Systems in Dutch Horticultural Farms AgEcon
Aramyan, Lusine H.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M.; Verstegen, Jos A.A.M..
In the Netherlands the greenhouse sector is a major user of energy. It accounts for 7% of the total amount of energy used in the Netherlands and for 79% of the total amount of energy used in agriculture. In order to sustain this sector on the long term, it is important that its use of energy is lowered. One way of reducing energy use for horticultural producers is investing in energy-saving systems. The purpose of this paper is to provide a better understanding of the investment behavior of farm operators. A two-stage econometric model has been applied to analyze the factors influencing the decision of farmers to invest and the level of investments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investments; Two-stage model; Management theory; Option value; Adjustment costs; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24285
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Land Inequality and Economic Growth: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach AgEcon
Fort, Ricardo; Ruben, Ruerd.
The growing body of literature devoted to study the impact of inequality on economic growth have centred its attention in the income distribution effect, even though the theoretical relationships are more related to assets distributions than to income distribution. While some recent studies have tried to overcome this limitation by introducing indicators of this type, they found a new constraint when dealing only with time-invariant measurements for this explanatory variable. This article provides a theoretical discussion and some novel empirical tests to better understand the relationships between assets distribution and economic growth. We assembled a new panel database that includes observations for more than 30 countries over the last three decades....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land inequality; Economic growth; Investments; System GMM estimation; International Development; Land Economics/Use; Q15; C23; I3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25582
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Making Investments in Dryland Development Work: Participatory Scenario Planning in the Makanya Catchment, Tanzania Ecology and Society
Enfors, Elin I; Natural Resources Management, Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Sweden; elin@ecology.su.se; Gordon, Line J; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Sweden; Natural Resources Management, Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Sweden; line@stockholmresilience.su.se; Peterson, Garry D; Department of Geography and McGill School of Environment, McGill University, Canada; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Sweden; garry.peterson@mcgill.ca; Bossio, Deborah; International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Sri Lanka; d.bossio@iwmi.cgiar.org.
The agro-ecosystems of semi-arid and dry sub-humid SSA are inherently dynamic. At this point in time they are also experiencing a series of complex social–ecological changes that make their future even more uncertain. To ensure that development investments made today in the small-scale farming systems that dominate these regions make sense also in a long-term perspective they should benefit the local communities over a range of potential futures. We applied a participatory scenario planning approach to a smallholder farming community in semi-arid Tanzania, exploring four alternative development trajectories for the area, to increase the robustness of current investments in small-scale water system technologies. We found that water system...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Dryland regions; Future; Investments; Participatory scenario planning; Small-scale farming; Sub-Saharan Africa; Uncertainty; Water system technologies.
Ano: 2008
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Milk Chain in Romania at the Start of Romania's Integration Into the European Union AgEcon
Grodea, Mariana.
In the perspective of accession to the EU, the Romanian dairy sector will have to comply with the EU norms and standards. Institutional capacity building, the creation and operation of certain specific market structures, sector revamping until the accession moment represent a priority objective of the domestic agricultural policy. The calculations regarding the EU direct support reveal that Romania will need additional funding sources in order to cover the needs in relation to the allocated milk quota.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct support (direct and additional payments); Milk quota; Investments; International Relations/Trade; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24752
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Modelling the Impact of the CAP Reform on Farm Investments AgEcon
Sckokai, Paolo; Moro, Daniele.
In this paper we evaluate empirically the impact of policies on farm investment and output decisions, considering risk-averse farmers making inter-temporal choices on current and future profits. We refer specifically to the recent reform of the CAP, while estimation and simulation results are carried out on a FADN sample of Italian arable crop farms. The main message of the paper is that a policy change that shifts resources from price support to direct payments tend to consistently reduce farm investments, mainly as a result of the increased output price volatility, which increases the level of uncertainty faced by farmers. However, this is not clearly reflected in a negative impact on farm output.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investments; Common Agricultural Policy; Decoupling; Uncertainty; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24468
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National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Capacity in Developing Countries AgEcon
Cohen, Joel I.; Komen, John; Zepeda, Jose Falck.
Adequate public research capacity is key to the appropriate development of biotechnology, including genetically modified (GM) crops. While commercial crops can be introduced without intensive local research (i.e. insect resistant GM cotton), introducing products of public research depend on indigenous capacity. This paper defines capacity for agricultural biotechnology research and then provides national funding levels for such work in six developing countries. As one indicator of capacity and outputs, GM crops developed from public research in developing countries are documented, and attention given to issues remaining for capacity, research and development. Knowledge of investments in public biotechnology improves policy decisions, clarifies roles of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Research Capacity; GMO; Biosafety; Investments; Funding.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O31; O38; Q16.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23790
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