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AGROHOLDINGS AND CLUSTERS IN KAZAKHSTAN’S AGRO-FOOD SECTOR AgEcon
Wandel, Jurgen.
The paper provides an overview of the institutional arrangements on the micro level that have evolved in the agro-food sector of Kazakhstan in the course of transition. Emphasis is laid on more complex arrangements like "agroholdings" and "clusters", hitherto mostly unknown in the agro-food sectors of established market economies. It is shown that "agroholdings" are concentrated mainly in the northern part of Kazakhstan and to a large extent in the grain sector, while in the south a scattered small scale (individual) farm structure has emerged. Parallel to this market-driven development, the Kazakhstani government tries to promote other institutional arrangements that it deems to be of superior competitiveness, especially agro-food clusters. Refering to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agroholdings; Cluster; Kazakhstan; Agricultural policy; Institutional change; Agroholdings; Cluster; Kasachstan; Agrarpolitik; Institutioneller Wandel.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Q13; Q18; L 22.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91766
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THE CLUSTER-BASED DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY IN KAZAKHSTAN’S AGRO-FOOD SECTOR: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT FROM AN "AUSTRIAN" PERSPECTIVE AgEcon
Wandel, Jurgen.
This paper challenges the uselfullness of the cluster-based development strategy to diversify and increase the competitiveness of Kazakhstan’s economy, regarding the case of the country’s agro-food sector. For this it refers to insights of the Austrian Market Process Theory. It is argued that already the theoretical foundations of the cluster concept suffer from severe difficiencies, because it widely neglects the function of competition as a discovery procedure with alert entrepreuneurs as the driving force. Moreover, it ignores the knowledge requirements and limitations in a modern market economy for any outside third party to identify and promote successful industry structures. The closer examination of the implementation of the cluster development...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cluster; Kazakhstan; Industrial policy; Institutional change; Cluster; Kasachstan; Industriepolitik; Institutioneller Wandel; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; B 53; Q 13; L 22; L 52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91760
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WIRTSCHAFTLICHE ANALYSE UND RISIKOBEWERTUNG DER DIVERSIFIZIERUNG DER LANDWIRTSCHAFT IN KASACHSTAN AgEcon
Tonkoshkur, Tetyana; Zeddies, Jurgen.
Mangelhafte Reformen in der Landwirtschaft Kasachstans am Anfang der Transformationsperiode sowie die Finanzkrise 1998 hatten stark negative Auswirkungen auf den Umfang und die Struktur der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion. Wegen der schwierigen finanziellen Lage Anfang bis Ende der 90-ger Jahre haben viele Landwirtschaftsunternehmen und Farmwirtschaften die Tierbestände fast vollständig abgeschafft und sich auf die Getreideproduktion spezialisiert. Die Tierhaltung befindet sich überwiegen in privaten Hauswirtschaften1. In vielen Betrieben wird Weizen als Monokultur angebaut. Solche enge Spezialisierung birgt erhebliche Produktions- und Preisrisiken, bedroht die Liquidität der Betriebe und führt zur Erschöpfung der Böden. Dabei bestehen gute Voraussetzungen...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Kasachstan; Landwirtschaft; Diversifizierung; Risiko; MOTAD; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114739
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