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Registros recuperados: 14
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A gazdálkodók képzettsége és a tanácsadás AgEcon
Szekely, Erika.
A magyarországi gazdálkodók az EU 27 tagállama közötti képzettségi rangsorban a 19. helyet foglalják el. Ezért rendkívül fontos a tanácsadás igénybevételének szorgalmazása. A gazdálkodók leginkább a falugazdász hálózat és az alapanyag forgalmazók képviselőivel tartanak kapcsolatot, jórészt az adminisztratív tennivalók miatt. A termelési-technológiai tanácsadást gyakorlatilag az inputanyag-forgalmazók látják el, ami erős konkurenciát jelent a névjegyzéki szaktanácsadásnak. A szaktanácsadási rendszer szereplőinek elsődleges feladata a tanácsadás piaci keresletének bővítése.------------------------------------------------------- By European comparison the professional expertise of Hungarian agricultural producers can be considered poor, although not among the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Szakképzettség; Szakismeret; Szaktanácsadás; Kihívások; Ismeretátadás; Vocational training; Advisory services; Knowledge transfer; Forms of advisory services; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119914
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A MEZŐGAZDASÁGI VÁLLALATI GAZDASÁGTAN FEJLŐDÉSE ÉS A MAI GYAKORLAT AgEcon
Szekely, Csaba.
The development of Hungarian agricultural business economics and management used to evolve in accordance with international leaders of the sector. On the other hand, a paradox situation has emerged in Hungary in the last two decades, in which such knowledge is only partially applied as a consequence of insufficient knowledge transfer and highly restructured agriculture. In the framework of an EU-6 research project, reviewing the agricultural risk management practices of some EU Member States, including Hungary, became possible. The study highlights those issues that are the most characteristic in terms of the level of information, management, marketing and finance. As a conclusion, it can be stated that the level of management of Hungarian agricultural...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Tudástranszfer; Kockázat menedzsment; Felmérés; Szaktanácsadás; Knowledge transfer; Risk management; Survey; Extension; Agribusiness; Risk and Uncertainty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43414
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Bridging the Science–Management Divide: Moving from Unidirectional Knowledge Transfer to Knowledge Interfacing and Sharing Ecology and Society
Roux, Dirk J; CSIR; droux@csir.co.za; Rogers, Kevin H; University of the Witwatersrand; kevinr@gecko.biol.wits.ac.za; Biggs, Harry C; South African National Parks; Biggs@sanparks.org; Ashton, Peter J; CSIR; pashton@csir.co.za; Sergeant, Anne; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; sergeant.anne@epa.gov.
Sustainable ecosystem management relies on a diverse and multi-faceted knowledge system in which techniques are continuously updated to reflect current understanding and needs. The challenge is to minimize delay as ideas flow from intent through scientific capability, and finally to implementation to achieve desired outcomes. The best way to do this is by setting the stage for the flow of knowledge between researchers, policy makers, and resource managers. The cultural differences between these groups magnify the challenge. This paper highlights the importance of the tacit dimension of knowledge, and how this renders the concept of knowledge transfer much less useful than the concepts of information transfer and technology transfer. Instead of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Communities of practice; Knowledge interface; Knowledge transfer; Science– Management divide; R& D programs; Shared understanding; Tacit knowledge.
Ano: 2006
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Caracteristicas pedologicas de ambientes agricolas nos chapadoes do rio corrente, sudoeste da Bahia. Repositório Alice
MUGGLER, C.C.; CURI, N.; SILVA, M.L.N.; LIMA, J.M. de.
Objetivou-se com este estudo a caracterizacao pedologica de ambientes agricolas, visando a fixacao de bases para uso e manejo sustentado dos solos e transferencia de conhecimentos para areas similares. A area em estudo localiza-se na parte sudoeste do Estado da Bahia, a margem direita do rio Corrente, afluente da margem esquerda do rio Sao Francisco. Nesta area de consideravel potencial agricola e hidrografico,varios projetos de irrigacao estao em andamento, na quase totalidade das vezes, sem estar embasados em estudos sistematicos de solos. Foram identificados cinco ambientes: varzeas; terracos; patamares localizados acima dos terraco; areas de chapada; e areas dissecadas, cada qual com seu conjunto de solos caracteristicos. Os fatores cruciais...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Solos; Uso sustentado; Transferencia de conhecimento; Soils; Sustainable use; Knowledge transfer.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/104073
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Education and Knowledge Transfer: A Priority for the Future AgEcon
Akintunde, Ogundeji Abiodun.
This is an Executive Interview with Lucas Vokurda, Research Coordinator School of Agriculture and Technology, INHOLLAND University, Netherlands
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Research; Capacity building; Knowledge transfer; Chain management; Food Security and Poverty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44904
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Framing sustainability in a telecoupled world. Repositório Alice
LIU, J.; HULL, V.; BATISTELLA, M.; DEFRIES, R.; DIETZ, T.; FU, F.; HERTEL, T. W.; IZAURRALDE, R. C.; LAMBIN, E. F.; LI, S.; MARTINELLI, L. A.; MCCONNELL, W. J.; MORAN, E. F.; NAYLOR, R.; OUYANG, Z.; POLENSKE, K. R.; REENBERG, A.; ROCHA, G. DE M.; SIMMONS, C. S.; VERBURG, P. H.; VITOUSEK, P. M.; ZHANG, F.; ZHU, C..
Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studies have been conducted within a particular place with little attention to the impacts of distant interactions on sustainability in multiple places. although distant forces have been studied, they are usually treated as exogenous variables and feedbacks have rarely been considered. To understand and integrate various distant interactions better, we propose an integrated framework based on telecoupling, an umbrella concept that refers to socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances. The concept of telecoupling is a logical extension of research on...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agents; Causes; Coupled human-environment systems; Coupled human and natural systems; Coupled socialecological systems; Dispersal; Distant interactions; Effects; Feedbacks; Flows; Globalization; Investment; Knowledge transfer; Migration; Socioeconomic and environmental interactions; Species invasion; Sustainability; Technology transfer; Teleconnection; Telecoupling; Trade; Transnational land deals; Water transfer.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/961534
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Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World Ecology and Society
Liu, Jianguo; Michigan State University, USA; liuji@msu.edu; Hull, Vanessa; Michigan State University, USA; hullvane@csis.msu.edu; Batistella, Mateus; EMBRAPA Satellite Monitoring, Campinas, SP, Brazil; mb@cnpm.embrapa.br; DeFries, Ruth; Columbia University, USA; rd2402@columbia.edu; Dietz, Thomas; Michigan State University, USA; tdietz@msu.edu; Fu, Feng; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; fufengenergy@gmail.com; Hertel, Thomas W.; Purdue University, USA; hertel@purdue.edu; Izaurralde, R. Cesar; University of Maryland, USA; cesar.izaurralde@pnnl.gov; Lambin, Eric F.; Stanford University, USA; elambin@stanford.edu; Li, Shuxin; Michigan State University, USA; lishu@msu.edu; McConnell, William J.; Michigan State University, USA; mcconn64@msu.edu; Moran, Emilio F.; Michigan State University, USA; moranef@msu.edu; Naylor, Rosamond; Stanford University, USA; Roz@stanford.edu; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn; Polenske, Karen R.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; krp@mit.edu; Reenberg, Anette; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Ar@geogr.ku.dk; Simmons, Cynthia S.; Michigan State University, USA; simmo108@msu.edu; Verburg, Peter H.; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands; Peter.Verburg@ivm.vu.nl; Vitousek, Peter M.; Stanford University, USA; vitousek@leland.stanford.edu; Zhang, Fusuo; China Agricultural University, Beijing, China; zhangfs@cau.edu.cn; Zhu, Chunquan; International Union for Conservation of Nature, China; caomu1963@126.com.
Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studies have been conducted within a particular place with little attention to the impacts of distant interactions on sustainability in multiple places. Although distant forces have been studied, they are usually treated as exogenous variables and feedbacks have rarely been considered. To understand and integrate various distant interactions better, we propose an integrated framework based on telecoupling, an umbrella concept that refers to socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances. The concept of telecoupling is a logical extension of research on...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Agents; Causes; Coupled human-environment systems; Coupled human and natural systems; Coupled social-ecological systems; Dispersal; Distant interactions; Effects; Feedbacks; Flows; Globalization; Investment; Knowledge transfer; Migration; Socioeconomic and environmental interactions; Species invasion; Sustainability; Technology transfer; Teleconnection; Telecoupling; Trade; Transnational land deals; Water transfer.
Ano: 2013
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Helping Farmers Adjust to Policy Reforms through Demonstration Farms: Lessons from a Project in England AgEcon
Bailey, Alison P.; Garforth, Chris; Angell, Brian; Scott, Tricia; Beedell, Jason; Beechener, Sam; Rana, Ram.
Market pressures and policy changes have heightened interest in knowledge and technology transfer in English agriculture. A government funded project, Forward Farming (2002-2004) established three separate pilots to test different ways of using demonstration to encourage change at farm level: a network of monitor farms covering the arable and livestock sectors; farms demonstrating integration between agriculture and the local community, landscape and markets; and a web-based virtual demonstration farm for the pig sector. This paper reports the results of a government-commissioned evaluation of the project. The methodology for the evaluation is described: quantitative and qualitative methods were used to collect information from host farmers, a wide array...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Knowledge transfer; Demonstration farms; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24287
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Interoperability of Knowledge Units in Plant Protection: Case Studies AgEcon
Berankova, Martina; Houska, Milan; Kvasnicka, Roman.
In this work, we provide two case studies on interoperability and transfer of knowledge in the environment of a company dealing with plant protection. We find that the area of plant protection is highly oriented on working with knowledge. In this case interoperability of knowledge can play an important role in acquiring knowledge from different environments to solve specific problem in companies dealing with plant protection. Nevertheless, the concept of interoperability is well-developed on the level of data and information only. We stem from our previous works, where we defined a logical concept for the interoperability of knowledge on the level of knowledge units. The objective of this work is to show how to apply our process model of knowledge...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Interoperability; Knowledge transfer; Plant protection; Knowledge unit; Process model; Environmental Economics and Policy; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; GA; IN.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99226
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Knowledge transfer: a case study approach AgEcon
Ticha, Ivana; Havlicek, Jaroslav.
The article builds on the growing importance of knowledge as a strategic resource for maintaining the competitive advantage of a business. We illustrate one of the initiatives contributing to effective knowledge transfer by describing a case study approach which suggests how universities might assist in disseminating knowledge and enhancing industry competitiveness. The case study approach is apparently an effective way to share best practices, and with the use of appropriate ICT tools, it provides for an enormous diffusion of codified (explicit) knowledge in the industry. The example in the focus of this article describes a Virtual Portal designed as a single-point access to information and tools (case studies, decision models and software), with the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Knowledge transfer; Knowledge economy; Decision-making support; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48329
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Knowledge Transfer in the Irish Food Innovation System: Industry and Researcher Perspectives AgEcon
Kelly, Debbie; Henchion, Maeve M.; O'Reilly, Paul.
The new EU Animal Health Strategy suggests a shift in emphasis away from control towards prevention and surveillance activities for the management of threats to animal health. The optimal combination of these actions will differ among diseases and depend on largely unknown and uncertain costs and benefits. This paper reports an empirical investigation of this issue for the case of Avian Influenza. The results suggest that the optimal combination of actions will be dependent on the objective of the decision maker and that conflict exists between an optimal strategy which minimises costs to the government and one which maximises producer profits or minimises negative effects on human health. From the perspective of minimising the effects on human health,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Knowledge transfer; Technology transfer; Irish food sector; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44201
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Optimisation methods for assisting policy decisions on endemic diseases AgEcon
Stott, Alistair W..
Endemic disease of animals is an economic problem as it deprives humans of scarce resources that might otherwise satisfy human wants. Optimisation methods identify the strategies that minimise this economic problem. Given the potentially vast extent of the deprivation, not only in terms of lost wealth but also in terms of animal welfare, human health and environmental damage, this subject offers great benefits to decision-makers from the individual farm to the global level. This paper uses examples to illustrate the basic economic principles concerned. It shows how these principles may be extended to deal with current limitations in theory and practice. Lack of data is a common problem that may be dealt with by using computer simulation, theoretical...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economics; Decision analysis; Optimisation; Modelling; Endemic disease; Knowledge transfer; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46000
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Perceptions of Australian marine protected area managers regarding the role, importance, and achievability of adaptation for managing the risks of climate change Ecology and Society
Cvitanovic, Christopher; Climate Adaptation Flagship, CSIRO; Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University; christopher.cvitanovic@csiro.au; Marshall, Nadine A.; Climate Adaptation Flagship, CSIRO, based at James Cook University; nadine.marshall@csiro.au; Wilson, Shaun K.; Marine Science Program, Department of Parks and Wildlife, Australia; Oceans Institute, University of Western Australia; Shaun.Wilson@DPaW.wa.gov.au; Dobbs, Kirstin; Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Australia; kirstin.dobbs@gbrmpa.gov.au; Hobday, Alistair J.; Climate Adaptation Flagship, CSIRO, Tasmania; alistair.hobday@csiro.au.
The rapid development of adaptation as a mainstream strategy for managing the risks of climate change has led to the emergence of a broad range of adaptation policies and management strategies globally. However, the success of such policies or management interventions depends on the effective integration of new scientific research into the decision-making process. Ineffective communication between scientists and environmental decision makers represents one of the key barriers limiting the integration of science into the decision-making process in many areas of natural resource management. This can be overcome by understanding the perceptions of end users, so as to identify knowledge gaps and develop improved and targeted strategies for communication and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Decision making; Knowledge exchange; Knowledge transfer; Science impact; Science integration; Trust.
Ano: 2014
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การจัดการศัตรูข้าวแบบผสมผสานในนาชลประทานภาคใต้ Thai Agricultural
Chanasirin Klinmanee; Orak Tongdej; Wattana Posiri.
Integrated pest management trials were conducted in order to test pest management practices in Phatthalung, Nakhon Si Thammarat and Songkhla provinces during 2011-2013 wet seasons. The data on population of insect pests, natural enemies, percent damage of diseases, percent damage of animal pests, weed species with wet weight, grain yield per rai, input costs, price of paddy and net benefit were collected comparing to the farmers’ practice trials. The results showed that the integrated pest management trials having more natural enemies than the farmers’ practice trials. The major pests were rice thrips, green leafhoppers, rice leaf-folder, zigzag planthopper, whitebacked planthopper, rice bug. Rice diseases found were blast and brown spot. The animal...
Tipo: PhysicalObject Palavras-chave: Integrated pest management; Major pests; Input cost; Net benefit; Rice; Rice production; Knowledge transfer; Rice irrigation; Southern; การจัดการศัตรูพืชแบบผสมผสาน; ศัตรูพืช; ต้นทุนการผลิต; ผลตอบแทนสุทธิ; ข้าว; ชลประทาน; การผลิตข้าว; ระดับเศรษฐกิจ; การถ่ายทอดองค์ความรู้; การลดต้นทุน; ภาคใต้.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/5669
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