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Registros recuperados: 5
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An Empirical Investigation of the Impact of Imperfect Information on Wages in Canada AgEcon
Sharif, Najma R.; Dar, Atul A..
Most studies of wage differentials explain such differentials in terms of factors like gender, race, and human capital. But systematic gaps in earnings can arise even among homogenous individuals as a result of asymmetric employer and worker information gaps, thereby reflecting labour market inefficiency. This paper estimates these gaps in terms of wage differentials across various population groups in Canada. We examine 21 populations groups, which include a number of immigrant groups as well. Information gaps are likely to be important in the context of immigrants, especially those new to Canadian labour markets. Our special interest is not only to compare information gaps of immigrant and other population groups, but also to assess whether (and how)...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Labour markets; Information gaps; Wages; Labor and Human Capital; J31; J61; J64.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50162
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Defining an Institutional Framework for the Labour Market AgEcon
Donnellan, Trevor; Hanrahan, Kevin F.; Hennessy, Thia C..
This paper describes a conceptual framework for the empirical analysis of farmers’ labour allocation decisions. The paper presents a brief overview of previous farm household labour allocation studies. Following this, the agricultural household model, developed by Singh, Squire and Strauss (1986), which has been frequently applied to the study of labour allocation, is described in more depth. The agricultural household model, the theoretical model to be used in this analysis, is based on the premise that farmers behave to maximise utility, which is a function of consumption and leisure. It follows that consumption is bound by a budget constraint and leisure by a time constraint. The theoretical model can then be used to explain how farmers decide to...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Labour markets; Institutional framework; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123280
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Determinants of the Extension of Part-time Farming--Results from a Probit Approach AgEcon
Harsche, Johannes.
This paper presents a Probit model explaining the employment decisions of farmers located in the German State of Hesse. The model is based on a cross-section analysis including data from 74 Hessian farmers. It indicates empirically a strong impact from wages on employment decisions of farmers. It also verifies the importance of the personal type of entrepreneur for their working behaviour. Finally, we can conclude that, regarding working behaviour, farmers react to signals from the labour market conditions as well as to the structural transformation process in the agricultural sector.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Probit models; Part-time farming; Microeconomic household models; Employment behaviour; Labour markets; Farm Management; C25; D13; Q12; J22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24491
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Structural changes and labour adjustments in rural Bulgaria AgEcon
Mishev, Plamen Dimitrov; Ivanova, Nedka Momtscheva; Harizanova, Christina Stefanova.
The rural areas in Bulgaria cover more then 80% of the country territory and account for about 29% of the population. Their development depends strongly on agricultural sector. The paper examines structural changes in agriculture, labour market situation in rural areas and presents the main results of the survey performed in three region of Bulgaria. The study shows a substantial decline in the number of farm with economic size between 0,5 and 3 ESU and a stable increase in the number of large farms. Major factors having impact on farm restructuring are: improvements in economic situation, in particular the increase in real income, positive developments of land market, deterioration of age structure of rural population and the habits of rural population...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development; Farm restructuring; Labour markets; Community/Rural/Urban Development; J21; R23.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95317
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Unequal Gains of Nations from Economic Globalisation AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A.; Svizzero, Serge; Laselle, Laurence.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Globalisation; Labour markets; Income inequality; Inequality of nations; Labour mobility; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90516
Registros recuperados: 5
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