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Registros recuperados: 24
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Adaptation to Climate Change: Land Use and Livestock Management Change in the U.S. AgEcon
Mu, Jianhong H.; McCarl, Bruce A..
Replaced with revised version of paper 01/26/11
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate Change; Stocking Rate; Land Use; Livestock Management; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98708
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Climate Change Assessment and Agriculture in General Equilibrium Models: Alternative Modeling Strategies AgEcon
Palatnik, Ruslana Rachel; Roson, Roberto.
Agricultural sectors play a key role in the economics of climate change. Land as an input to agricultural production is one of the most important links between economy and the biosphere, representing a direct projection of human action on the natural environment. Agricultural management practices and cropping patterns have a vast effect on biogeochemical cycles, freshwater availability and soil quality. Agriculture also plays an important role in emitting and storing greenhouse gases. Thus, to consistently investigate climate policy and future pathways for the economic and natural environment, a realistic representation of agricultural land-use is essential. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models have increasingly been used to this purpose. CGE models...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Computable General Equilibrium (CGE); Partial Equilibrium (PE); Agriculture; Land Use; Climate Change; Environmental Economics and Policy; C68; D58; Q24; Q51; Q54.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54284
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DETERMINANTS OF GRASSLAND USE RIGHT TRANSFER IN INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE: EVIDENCE FROM PASTORAL CHINA AgEcon
Yu, Lu; Wang, Xiaoxi.
This paper focuses on factors influencing grassland lease, which will contribute to the heated debate about land use in China by extending to more extensive and vulnerable grassland regions. Based on review of grassland institutional change and analysis of data from 12 villages, this paper examines the impact of variables such as grassland property rights, grazing policies and physical attributes of actors on grassland lease. This paper also draws attention to widely existed illegal grazing and the implementation of grazing quota, as well as their impact on grassland lease and governance.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Use; Land Ownership and Tenure; Grassland lease; China; Landnutzen; Landbesitz; Graslandleasing; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114521
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Ecological Goods and Services Survey Summary Prepared for: Lower Souris Watershed Committee AgEcon
Entem, Alicia; Unterschultz, James R.; Jeffrey, Scott R..
An interview based survey of farm landowners in the south east corner of Saskatchewan was undertaken to evaluate the provision of wildlife habitat by agriculture. Producers were asked to provide management information regarding a piece of their land that was managed as a unit. Within the past ten years there has been a reduction in the conversion of remaining native land to crop land, an increase in conversion of annual crop land to perennial cover crops, an increase in the use of minimum disturbance (no-till) farming, and a decrease in the use of fire on stubble fields and sloughs. Many producers in the area often stated economic reasons for their current land use division. Even ecological reasons (productive capacity of the soil, poor cropping soil,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Use; Tillage; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q150; Q240.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91410
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Effects of Poverty on Deforestation: Distinguishing Behavior from Location AgEcon
Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander S.P.; Cavatassi, Romina; Davis, Benjamin; Lipper, Leslie; Sanchez, Arturo; Timmins, Jason.
We summarize existing theoretical claims linking poverty to rates of deforestation and then examine this linkage empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an econometric approach that addresses the irreversibilities in deforestation. Our data facilitate an empirical analysis of the implications for deforestation of where the poor live. Without controlling for this, impacts of poverty per se are confounded by richer areas being different from the areas inhabited by the poor, who we expect to find on more marginal lands, for instance less profitable lands. Controlling for locations' characteristics, we find that poorer areas are cleared more rapidly. This result suggests that poverty reduction aids forest conservation.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Use; Deforestation; Poverty; Climate Change; Development; Costa Rica.; Food Security and Poverty; I32; O13; Q51; Q54; Q56.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23792
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Entwicklungspotenziale für Forstbetriebsgemeinschaften - Ergebnisse einer institutionsökonomischen Analyse AgEcon
Harsche, Johannes; Jaensch, Kerstin; Krokel, Karin.
In dem vorliegenden Beitrag werden am Beispiel des Landes Hessen die Entwicklungsperspektiven von Forstbetriebsgemeinschaften aufgezeigt. Die strukturelle Bedeutung derartiger Zusammenschlüsse für die hessische Forstwirtschaft ist auch daraus ersichtlich, dass gegenwärtig etwa die Hälfte der hessischen Waldfläche auf forstwirtschaftliche Zusammenschlüsse entfällt. In einem ersten Untersuchungsschritt werden anhand von theoretischen Überlegungen aus der Institutionenökonomie Optionen für die zukünftige Ausrichtung der Forstbetriebsgemeinschaften beleuchtet. In einem zweiten Untersuchungsschritt erfolgt die qualitative Auswertung von 19 leitfadengestützten Expertengesprächen mit Vertretern der Forst- und Holzwirtschaft. Die Untersuchungsergebnisse weisen...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Forstpolitik; Forstliche Betriebswirtschaftslehre; Strukturwandel; Institutionenökonomie; Landnutzung; Forest Policy; Forestry Management; Structural Change; Institutional Economics; Land Use; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114486
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Estimated Impacts of New Zealand Agriculture Climate Policy: A Tale of Two Catchments AgEcon
Daigneault, Adam J.; Greenhalgh, Suzie; Samarasinghe, Oshadhi.
Agricultural and forestry greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a key feature of New Zealand’s emissions profile, and New Zealand is the only country, to date, to have indicated that agricultural and forestry emissions will be covered under their domestic climate policy – the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZETS). Forestry entered the NZETS in 2008 while agricultural emissions are expected to enter in 2015. Coupled with climate policy development is the increasing scrutiny of agricultural impacts on water in New Zealand. Given the multiple forms of environmental regulation facing the agricultural and forestry industries we explore, at the catchment level, the impacts of climate policy on the agricultural and forestry industries, including those on farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture and Forestry Modelling; Land Use; Climate Policy; Greenhouse Gas Emissions; Nutrient Loadings; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115352
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Estimating Amenity Values: Will It Improve Farmland Preservation Policy? AgEcon
Duke, Joshua M..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Land Use; Conservation; Conservation Easements; Stated Preference; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q28; Q51; Q58.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94682
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Estimating Co-benefits of Agricultural Climate Policy in New Zealand: A Catchment-Level Analysis AgEcon
Daigneault, Adam J.; Greenhalgh, Suzie; Samarasinghe, Oshadhi; Sinclair, Robyn.
This paper uses an economic catchment model to assess changes in land use, enterprise distribution, greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient loading levels from a series of policies that introduce carbon prices or nutrient reduction caps on land-based production in the Hurunui Catchment in Canterbury, New Zealand. At $20/tCO2e, net revenue for the catchment is reduced by 7% from baseline levels while GHGs are reduced by 3%. At $40/ tCO2e, net revenue is reduced by 15% while GHGs are reduced by 21%. Nitrogen and phosphorous loading levels within the catchment were also reduced when landowners face a carbon price, thus providing other benefits to the environment. Additional scenarios in this paper assess the impacts from developing a large-scale irrigation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture and Forestry Modeling; Land Use; Climate Policy; Greenhouse Gas Emissions; Water Quantity; Water Quality; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q23; Q24; Q25; Q54.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103855
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Implications of the Biofuels Boom for the Global Livestock Industry: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis AgEcon
Taheripour, Farzad; Hertel, Thomas W.; Tyner, Wallace E..
In this paper, we offer a general equilibrium analysis of the impacts of US and EU biofuel mandates for the global livestock sector. Our simulation boosts biofuel production in the US and EU from 2006 levels to mandated 2015 levels. We show that mandates will encourage crop production in both biofuel and non biofuel producing regions, while reducing livestock and livestock production in most regions of the world. The non-ruminant industry curtails its production more than other livestock industries. The numerical results suggest that the biofuel mandates reduce food production in most regions while they increase crude vegetable oils in almost all regions. Implementing biofuel mandates in the US and EU will increase croplands within the biofuel and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Livestock; Feed Ration; Biofuel Co-Product; Land Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49330
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IWRM and Food Security Project in Kafue Basin: Process Documentation AgEcon
Chisaka, Jonathan.
The purpose of this report is to show the process of the intervention made through the implementation of the IWRM and Food Security Demonstration Project in Zambia. The report gives details of the project processes, showing the steps the project went through, the outcomes and its impact on the communities where it was implemented. The report is the result of a number of field visits made to the completed project sites, the sources of information have been; focus group meetings, interviews, discussions with key informants, beneficiaries the youth, male and female stakeholders and reviews of project activity reports, and direct observations. Therefore, what is presented here is a cumulative “factual and real time” opinion as to what has been observed and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Project planning; Project management; Water storage; Pumping; Wells; Participatory management; Leadership; Water policy; Central government; Local government; Irrigation water; Zambia; Kafue River Basin; Katuba; Namwala; Chibombo; Agribusiness; Community; Rural; Urban Development; Crop Production; Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics; Land Use; Production Economics; Research and Development; Emerging Technologies; Research Methods; Statistical Methods; Resource; Energy Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Community involvement; Tech Change.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91805
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Land Use and Greenhouse Gas Implications of Biofuels: Role of Technology and Policy AgEcon
Chen, Xiaoguang; Huang, Haixiao; Khanna, Madhu.
This paper examines the extensive and intensive margin changes in land use in the U.S. likely to be induced by biofuel policies and the implications of these policies for GHG emissions over the 2007-2022 period. The policies considered here include the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) by itself as well as combined with current biofuel tax credits or a carbon price policy. We use a dynamic, spatial, multi-market equilibrium model, Biofuel and Environmental Policy Analysis Model (BEPAM), to endogenously determine the effects of these policies on cropland allocation, food and fuel prices, and the mix of first and second-generation biofuels. We find that the increase in crop prices under the RFS is likely to be less than 20% in most cases and this increase is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuel Mandates; Land Use; GHG Emissions; Technology; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103216
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Land Use, Production Growth, and the Institutional Environment of Smallholders: Evidence from Burkinabe Cotton Farmers AgEcon
Kaminski, Jonathan; Thomas, Alban.
The cotton boom in Burkina Faso consisted of a growth in cotton land shares together with an overall increase in total cultivated land. This paper examines the impact of institutional changes in the cotton sector on the evolution of smallholders’ land-use decisions. The empirical analysis is supported by a structural model that takes into account the specific institutional features of the Burkinabè cotton sector and builds upon household level data collected in rural Burkina Faso. We attribute most of the change in land use to the newly established institutional arrangements between producers and stakeholders, mechanization, and slackening of the food security constraint.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Burkina Faso; Cotton; Land Use; Commodity Reform; Institutional Arrangements; Farm Management; Financial Economics; N57; 013; O33; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93136
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Modeling Linkages Between Climate Policy and Land Use: An Overview AgEcon
van der Werf, Edwin; Peterson, Sonja.
Agriculture and forestry play an important role in emitting and storing greenhouse gases. For an efficient and cost-effective climate policy it is therefore important to explicitly include land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) in economy-climate models. This paper gives an overview and assessment of existing approaches to include land use, land-use change, and forestry into climate-economy models or to link economy-climate models to land-use models.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate Change; Climate Policy; Modeling; Land Use; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q23; Q24; Q25; Q42.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9545
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Modelling economic impacts of water storage in North Canterbury AgEcon
Daigneault, Adam J.; Greenhalgh, Suzie; Lennox, James A..
Despite the importance of the agricultural and downstream processing sectors in the New Zealand economy, there is no tradition of using partial or general equilibrium models to evaluate policies or other measures directed at the agricultural sector. Policy-makers have instead relied on the development of ad hoc scenarios of land use change, farm budget models, and simple multiplier analysis of flow-on effects. To redress this situation, we have developed a catchment-scale partial equilibrium framework based on the US REAP model, which we have thus far calibrated for two different catchments. In this paper, we present an application of the model to the Hurunui Catchment in North Canterbury in which we assess several scenarios for the development of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Partial Equilibrium Modelling; Agriculture & Forestry Sector; Land Use; Water Quality; Water Quantity; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100541
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Remittances, Income Distribution, and Rural Asset Accumulation AgEcon
Adams, Richard H., Jr..
This paper examines the direct, first-rounds impact of two types of remittances—internal and external remittances—on income distribution and asset accumulation in rural Pakistan. Using income decomposition techniques on a three-year panel household data set, the paper finds that internal remittances have a positive effect on equity and that external remittances have a negative effect. The study also uses an asset-accumulation model to pinpoint the effect of remittances on five types of rural assets: irrigated land owned, rainfed land owned, livestock assets, agricultural capital, and nonfarm assets. The results show that remittances do have an effect on rural asset accumulation. While external remittances have a positive and significant effect on the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income Distribution; Land Use; Agricultural Economics; Livestock; Pakistan; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97305
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Structural Agricultural Land Use Modelling AgEcon
Fezzi, Carlo; Bateman, Ian J..
This paper develops a structural econometric model of agricultural land use and production based on the joint multi-output technology representation introduced by Chambers and Just (1989). Starting from a flexible specification of the farm profit function we derive land use allocation, input applications, crops yield and livestock number equations in a joint and theoretically consistent framework. We present an empirical application using fine-scale spatial data covering the entirety of England and Wales and including the main economic, policy and environmental drivers of land use change in the past 40 years. To account for the presence of censored observations in this micro-level data we estimate the model as a system of two-limits Tobit equations via...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Use; Structural Econometric Modelling; Agro-Environmental Policy; System of Censored Equations; Multivariate Tobit; Quasi-Maximum Likelihood.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q15; Q53; C34..
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51423
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Supporting Cellulosic Ethanol Biomass Production and its Impact on Land Use Conversion AgEcon
Wu, Feng; Guan, Zhengfei.
One of the problems facing the cellulosic ethanol industry is the cellulose material supply. The U.S. forestlands have considerable potential to become one of the main sources of biomass to meet the 2022 renewable fuel target. Focusing on the land exiting the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), the article finds that few landowners are willing to convert their land to forestland after the CRP contract is expired. Our econometric estimates show the choice decision is responsive to net returns of land use alternatives, especially cropland. Two policy initiatives are suggested to provide direct incentives for land use change. The nested logit estimates are used to simulate landowners‘ responses to policy mechanism. The results show that subsidies can...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cellulosic Ethanol; Biomass; Land Use; The CRP; Forestland; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49451
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THE INFLUENCE OF SPATIAL LAND USE PATTERNS ON RURAL AMENITY VALUES AND WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR GROWTH MANAGEMENT: EVIDENCE FROM A CONTINGENT CHOICE SURVEY AgEcon
Johnston, Robert J.; Bauer, Dana Marie; Swallow, Stephen K..
This paper reports on a contingent choice study in which residents of a rural Rhode Island community were asked to express their preferences for packages of growth management outcomes, where surveys presented both spatial and non-spatial attributes of growth management outcomes. Survey results provide insight on the extent to which estimated willingness to pay (WTP) for marginal changes in specific landscape features or land uses may be influenced by spatial considerations. Results also characterize the potential impact of spatial context on public preferences and WTP for coordinated packages of growth management outcomes. Keywords: Land Use, Spatial, Contingent Choice, Growth Management, Economics, Valuation
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Use; Spatial; Contingent Choice; Growth Management; Economics; Valuation; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21766
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The Preferences of Trieste Inhabitants for the Re-use of the Old Port: A Conjoint Choice Experiment AgEcon
Massiani, Jerome; Rosato, Paolo.
In many developed countries, abandoned (derelict or underused) industrial areas often occupy important parts of the cities. This raises issues about the possibilities of reusing these areas as well as on the conservation of industrial heritage they often entail. Conjoint Analysis (CA) can shed light on these issues as it can elicit the preferences of inhabitants for different scenarios of reuse. So far, only a limited number of applications of CA have been made on this topic. In this article, we present the results of a CA experiment on the reuse of a large, mainly abandoned, port area in Trieste (Italy) featuring buildings with some historical and industrial heritage value. Three hundred computer assisted interviews have been made on a representative...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Use; Port; Trieste; Conjoint Analysis; Land Economics/Use; Community/Rural/Urban Development; H43; R52; R10.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44224
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